Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Social gaps in healthy life years across Europe Why, what and how should we measure them? Emmanuelle Cambois INED - France & the JA-EHLEIS project Estimating.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Social gaps in healthy life years across Europe Why, what and how should we measure them? Emmanuelle Cambois INED - France & the JA-EHLEIS project Estimating."— Presentation transcript:

1 Social gaps in healthy life years across Europe Why, what and how should we measure them? Emmanuelle Cambois INED - France & the JA-EHLEIS project Estimating social inequalities in Healthy Life Years in Belgium : Challenges and opportunities Brussels, February 10 th 2012

2 Health expectancies, essentials indicators for monitoring health trends: to measure not only the average length of life but also the quality of the year lived adding health to years, not only years to life appraising the quality of life to address crucial public health questions regarding health trends in the aging context health care needs to address crucial social question regarding sustainability of policies ( participation in mid & late adulthood) (un)equal chances of healthy aging across countries. Why should we measure SES differentials in HLY across EU?

3 Active ageing can give the baby-boom generation and tomorrow's older adults the opportunity to: stay in the workforce and share their experience keep playing an active role in society live as healthy and fulfilling lives as possible. Increasing by two years the healthy life years of the EU by 2020 Monitoring inequalities between and within EU countries 2012 European year for active aging:

4 How should we measure SES differentials in HLY across EU? Healthy life years HLY is part of the family of health expectancies indicators HLY measures the share of the life expectancy indicators between years in an healthy status and years of unhealthy status It allows monitoring mortality/health dynamics over time, between countries, within countries

5 The observed mortality and hypothetical morbidity and disability survival curves for females. United States of America, (WHO, 1984) How should we measure SES differentials in HLY across EU? Health expectancy is the number of years one can expect to live in good health, giving the social, medical, sanitary context.

6 The observed mortality and hypothetical morbidity and disability survival curves for females. United States of America, (WHO, 1984) How should we measure SES differentials in HLY across EU? Several methods: Panel data allows to compute the transition probabilities and provide multistate life tables, Cross-sectional data on health providing only prevalence (and not incidence or transition probabilities). Age-specific prevalence are injected in usual life table There are as many health expectancies as dimensions of health, as soon as one can measure the prevalence of this dimension in the population (disease-free, good perceived health…)

7 Functional limitations Sensory, motor, mental Wood, 1975, OMS 1980, Verbrugge… Disease, Injuries… Restriction in Social participation DEPENDENCY Need help for shopping Dont go out/get isolated Macular degeneration Cannot drive/read Difficulties to focus on details Activity restrictions Work, home, care Environmental and individual resources allowing to cope and maintain activities How should we measure SES differentials in HLY across EU?

8 Wood, 1975, OMS 1980, Verbrugge… How should we measure SES differentials in HLY across EU? Using a conceptual framework: There are differences at the level of exposure (to diseases, functional limitations) There are differences in the risk that functional limitations induce activity restrictions It is therefore crucial 1) to provide measures at the different levels and/or 2) to refer to the level at which measures are made

9 Diffulties with elementary activities : ADL, IADL, work… Difficulty for walking, hearing, bending, remembering…. Functional Limitations (sensory, motor…) Activity Restrictions Activity Restrictions Functional Limitations (Sensory, motor…) Incapacité Diseases, Injuries… Technical aids, home Workplace adjustment… Human assistance, benefits pension… Existing data and their relevance GALI How should we measure SES differentials in HLY across EU?

10 Numerous calculations since the mid 1980s: Research network REVES (www.reves.net)www.reves.net European programmes (www.eurohex.eu) EURO-REVES to promote EU harmonization in health measurement EHEMU to coordinate and interprete Euro-HLY calculations (trends and differentials) JA EHLEIS to promote the HLY indicators and conduct advanced researches on measures and determinants How should we measure SES differentials in HLY across EU?

11 Wide variation in the HLY in the EU Jagger C, Gillies C, Moscone F, et al. Inequalities in Healthy life expectancies in EU25: a cross-national meta-regression analysis. Lancet 2008;9656: What should we measure to account for SES differentials in HLY across EU? What do we already know?

12 What about inequalities within countries? On which health/disability dimension should this apply? Social interventions are possible triggers to reduce disparities? Why these variations in the HLY in the EU? What should we measure to account for SES differentials in HLY across EU? What do we already know?

13 By education: Bossuyt et al. 2004; Bronnum-Hansen et al Bronnum-Hansen, Baadsgaard 2008 Lievre, Alley, and Crimmins 2008 Matthews et al Matthews, Jagger, and Hancock 2006 Minicuci and Noale 2005 Pérès et al Van Oyen et al A recent study using the European panel Majer et al By occupational status Bronnum-Hansen 2000 Melzer et al Cambois et al, 2001 and 2011 The shorter the LE, the longer the LE with disability Can we learn from each other? Which disability dimension? Can we monitor trends? What should we measure to account for SES differentials in HLY across EU? What do we already know?

14 +7 years of ADL free LE (4 years for women) +8 years of HLY (6 years for women) +10 years of functional free LE (8 years for women) More years with disability: +3/+7 years with functional limitations +1/+3 years with ADL % What should we measure to account for SES differentials in HLY across EU? +6 years of LE +2 years of LE

15 What should we measure to account for SES differentials in HLY across EU? In the years old span, a 9 year-slot of « healthy » life for male (and female) manual workers Men partial DFLE (50-65 years old) Cambois E, Laborde C, Romieu I, et al. Occupational inequalities in health expectancies in France in the early 2000s: Unequal chances of reaching and living retirement in good health. Demographic Research 2011;25:

16 1.Social differential in DFLE are almost twofold the LE differentials, 2.The shortest LE go along longest LE with disability Double burden of social conditions ( gender differential) Large social disparities in the quality of the years lived Specific damaging effect of manual activities regarding functional limitation & impact on daily life Sustainability of the objective of a late work/social participation of the babyboomers? What should we measure to account for SES differentials in HLY across EU?

17 How should we approach SES differentials in HLY across EU?

18 HLY is expected to be routinely produced not only for the all MS populations but also for each MS for social groups. Major issue is the availability of the requested data to compute such indicators, more specifically regarding mortality stratified by SES In this workpackage, we plan to produce such indicators in countries for which mortality data is available by social groups and where national computations have been performed (with national health data). Exploring the feasability of measuring SES HLY dispartitiesacross EU27 Starting with countries in which such estimates have been produced Assessing the availability, robustness, comparability of the requested data Interpreting country specific situations in the light of the national situation Objectives of the WP6 How should we approach SES differentials in HLY across EU?

19 Overview of the national experience in these indicators with national data on health and disability, and to gather the available mortality data stratified by social status, Evaluation of the comparability of the mortality data available for the countries involved : years, social status and the compatibility with the European micro data stratified by social variables (SILC, SHARE, EHIS), Computation of HLY by SES with SILC and/or other possible HE indicators depending on the available data and to interpret and comment country specific patterns Several steps would be followed to achieve this objective How should we approach SES differentials in HLY across EU?

20 Census of the existing data on mortality by SES in partners countries Are they linked data (census/survey matched with vital statitistics)? Which social criteria used (occupational status, education)? Availability (periods, level of agregation for age and SES…)? Assessment of the quality Assessing the comparability of the SES mortality data How should we approach SES differentials in HLY across EU? Using tables from other programmes (SES criteria, period…) Methodological issues Relevant social criteria within the national context Availability of data on institutionalization by SES status Comments on limitations/scope of national studies Centralized computation of relevant life tables (IMach?)

21 Methodological issues Sample size, Response rate Size of the SES groups… Descriptive analysis Prevalence of GALI by SES Assessment of the relevance in regards of national experiences Assessment of European comparability Recommandations for HLY computation Intermediary technical report Analysis of the SILC data for the partners countries How should we approach SES differentials in HLY across EU?

22 Centralized computation after agreement on methods Collection of life table/raw data, Collection of information on % institutionalized Preparation of SILC data Stratification by appropriate SES groups Collect weigthed/unweithed data for confidence intervals Comparison of SES_HLY in the partners countries Results to be commented/circulated Assessment of the quality/relevance Computing HLY whenever it seems possible How should we approach SES differentials in HLY across EU?

23 Social gaps in healthy life years across Europe Why, what and how should we measure them? Emmanuelle Cambois INED - France & the JA-EHLEIS project Estimating social inequalities in Healthy Life Years in Belgium : Challenges and opportunities Brussels, February 10 th 2012 Thank you for your attention


Download ppt "Social gaps in healthy life years across Europe Why, what and how should we measure them? Emmanuelle Cambois INED - France & the JA-EHLEIS project Estimating."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google