Presentation on theme: "Anthropology and sociology Anthropology is the study of humanity (mankind, its nature, behavior, origin, physical, social, and cultural development). The."— Presentation transcript:
Anthropology and sociology Anthropology is the study of humanity (mankind, its nature, behavior, origin, physical, social, and cultural development). The word anthropology comes from the Greek words νθρωπος (human) and λογία (study). Word was first used by the French naturalist François Péron (1775-1810), who researched the life of aboriginals in Tasmania in order of Napoleon.
The study of humanity (anthropology) boils down to 4 questions: 1.Who is man? 2.Where did he come from? 3.What is the meaning and purpose of his existence? 4.If man was created by a good God, why is there evil in the world? Creation of Man
fundamental conflict between Christianity (the Bible)Humanistic secular cultures assumes that man is purely material, the product of mindless, purposeless forces teaches that man consists of both body and spirit and is created in the image of God man is basically good Jean-Jacques Rousseau Swiss/French philosopher 1712–1778 says that man has rebelled against God and fallen from his original state of innocence asserts that self-actualization is the key to happiness and fulfillment affirms man's need for divine grace, redemption, and regeneration suggests one solution to the problem of evil in the world: man must throw off the restraints of superimposed social conventions and institutions (moral standard) and pursue self-fulfillment to the fullest possible extent represents evil as the product of the cosmic battle that rages within man – the conflict between humanity as it was meant to be and what it has actually become as a result of sin.
Self-actualization: Maslows theory that advocates getting in touch with one's inner- desires in order to help develop or achieve one's full potential. The Farther Reaches of Human Nature, New York, 1971 key terms in anthropology Christianity (the Bible)Humanistic naturalistic cultures Monistic: man is material, made of one substance, and has no spiritual dimension. Man was not created but has evolved, is a product of chance. Dualistic: man is comprised of both natural and supernatural elements, both flesh and spirit (soul+spirit); dichotomy Man remain human beings and are random products. Views man as monistic, good by nature and evil is not inherent in human nature (Rogers), and in need of self-actualization (Maslow). Imago Goo (Dr. Del Tackett) Imago Dei: Man was created in the image of God. Man bear the divine image of God as His created beings (Gen. 1:26-27). Though created in God's image, man is fallen by nature and in need of redemption (Luke 19:9-10). Abraham Maslow (1908-1970) Carl Rogers (1902-1987) States/modes of man: states through which man has passed or in which he currently exists: innocence, fallen, redeemed, and death (hell or glorified). Genesis 1:26-27:Then God said, "Let us make man in our image, in our likeness, and let them rule over the fish of the sea and the birds of the air, over the livestock, over all the earth, and over all the creatures that move along the ground. So God created man in his own image, in the image of God he created him; male and female he created them. Luke 19:9-10: Jesus said to him (Zacchaeus), "Today salvation has come to this house, because this man, too, is a son of Abraham. For the Son of Man came to seek and to save what was lost." Cosmic battle is going on! Galatians 5:16-18:So I say, live by the Spirit, and you will not gratify the desires of the sinful nature. For the sinful nature desires what is contrary to the Spirit, and the Spirit what is contrary to the sinful nature. They are in conflict with each other, so that you do not do what you want. But if you are led by the Spirit, you are not under law.
mans essence Christianity (the Bible)Humanistic secular cultures naturalistic philosophy implications: no gods or purposive forces no foundation for ethics no free will no meaning in life no life after death states of man: Innocent (Gen. 1:27) Fallen (Rom. 5:12, Gen. 6:5) or Hell (Rev. 20:15, Heb. 9:27) or Redeemed (Rev. 5:9) and Glorified (1 Cor. 15:42) Mans needs and moral state man's objective is self-actualization and getting in touch with your inner nature, hierarchy of human needs (Maslow), evil is not inherent in human nature (Rogers). Sick people are made by a sick culture (Maslow), cultural influences cause our evil behaviors (Rogers); social institutions and authority structures are blamed for man's evil actions Mans needs and moral state Allow God to put to death your earthly nature (Rom. 8:13, Col. 3:5-10)
Tozer writes: The Christian believes that in Christ he has died, yet he is more alive than before and he fully expects to live forever. He walks on earth while seated in heaven and though born on earth He finds that after his conversion he is not at home here. To better understand the Biblical worldview on anthropology, you can read besides the Bible as primary source the following books: Lewis, C. S. 1980. Mere Christianity. New York, NY: Simon & Schuster. Packer, J. I. 1978. Knowing Man. Westchester, IL: Cornerstone Books. Schaeffer, Francis A. 1981. True Spirituality. Wheaton, IL: Tyndale House Publishers. Tozer, A. W. 1964. That Incredible Christian. Camp Hill, PA: Christian Publications. Jesus says in John 12:24-25: I tell you the truth, unless a kernel of wheat falls to the ground and dies, it remains only a single seed. But if it dies, it produces many seeds. The man who loves his life will lose it, while the man who hates his life in this world will keep it for eternal life.
Sociology is the study of society. The word sociology comes from the Latin word socius (companion) and the Greek word λόγος (word, knowledge). The word was first used by the French essayist Emmanuel-Joseph Sieyès (1748–1836)
God designed social institutions in social order as a divine imprint containing: authority, submission, roles, relationships, intimacy, and unity The very nature of the triune God, a God of order FamilyChurch God Son Holy Spirit Children Wife Husband Father State King Citizens Jesus Leaders Flock Gen. 2:18 After God in the creation days said several times: It was good He says in Genesis 2:18 The LORD God said, "It is not good for the man to be alone. I will make a helper suitable for him." Eph. 5 Gods design for society; Ephesians 5:1-12 Be imitators of God, therefore, as dearly loved children and live a life of love, just as Christ loved us and gave himself up for us as a fragrant offering and sacrifice to God. But among you there must not be even a hint of sexual immorality, or of any kind of impurity, or of greed, because these are improper for God's holy people. Nor should there be obscenity, foolish talk or coarse joking, which are out of place, but rather thanksgiving. For of this you can be sure: No immoral, impure or greedy personsuch a man is an idolaterhas any inheritance in the kingdom of Christ and of God. Let no one deceive you with empty words, for because of such things God's wrath comes on those who are disobedient. Therefore do not be partners with them. For you were once darkness, but now you are light in the Lord. Live as children of light (for the fruit of the light consists in all goodness, righteousness and truth) and find out what pleases the Lord. Have nothing to do with the fruitless deeds of darkness, but rather expose them. For it is shameful even to mention what the disobedient do in secret. …. and vs 13-21:But everything exposed by the light becomes visible, for it is light that makes everything visible. This is why it is said: "Wake up, O sleeper, rise from the dead, and Christ will shine on you." Be very careful, then, how you livenot as unwise but as wise, making the most of every opportunity, because the days are evil. Therefore do not be foolish, but understand what the Lord's will is. Do not get drunk on wine, which leads to debauchery. Instead, be filled with the Spirit. Speak to one another with psalms, hymns and spiritual songs. Sing and make music in your heart to the Lord, always giving thanks to God the Father for everything, in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ. Submit to one another out of reverence for Christ. …. and Gods design for marriage vs 22-33:Wives, submit to your husbands as to the Lord. For the husband is the head of the wife as Christ is the head of the church, his body, of which he is the Savior. Now as the church submits to Christ, so also wives should submit to their husbands in everything. Husbands, love your wives, just as Christ loved the church and gave himself up for her to make her holy, cleansing her by the washing with water through the word, and to present her to himself as a radiant church, without stain or wrinkle or any other blemish, but holy and blameless. In this same way, husbands ought to love their wives as their own bodies. He who loves his wife loves himself. After all, no one ever hated his own body, but he feeds and cares for it, just as Christ does the church for we are members of his body. For this reason a man will leave his father and mother and be united to his wife, and the two will become one flesh. This is a profound mystery but I am talking about Christ and the church. However, each one of you also must love his wife as he loves himself, and the wife must respect her husband.