Presentation on theme: "Son of God: Baptism And a voice came from heaven: "You are my Son, whom I love; with you I am well pleased." (1:11) On the verge of his public life, Jesus."— Presentation transcript:
Son of God: Baptism And a voice came from heaven: "You are my Son, whom I love; with you I am well pleased." (1:11) On the verge of his public life, Jesus presents himself to John for baptism in the Jordan. John s baptism was a sign to repent and make ready for the Messiah. Why did Jesus ask for it? Notice the symbols of the Trinity (Three-in-One-God): voice (sign of Father), Jesus (Son), dove (sign of Spirit).
Son of God: Transfiguration Then a cloud appeared and enveloped them, and a voice came from the cloud: This is my Son, whom I love. Listen to him! (9:7) This seems a sneak preview of the resurrection. symbols of the divine: the mountain; the dazzling brilliance; a cloud; the mysterious voice Moses (representing the Law) and Elijah (representing the Prophets) appear either side of Jesus.
Son of God: Sanhedrin Trial Jesus answers: I am...and you will all see the Son of Man seated on the right of the Almighty and coming with the clouds of heaven. He is quoting from Daniel This secures for the Sanhedrin the blasphemy charge. Again the high priest asked him, Are you the Christ, the Son of the Blessed One? (14:61)
Son of God: the High Priest The High Priest tore his garments when he heard Jesus answer. Why? Jesus is then mocked and hit.
Son of God: Sanhedrin The president of the Sanhedrin was the high priest. The 70 members of the Sanhedrin were drawn mainly from the Sadducees and the Pharisees. The name Sanhedrin means council. The Sanhedrin was the highest court of Jewish law.
Son of God: Christians Today A messianic title It means that one has come from God and is Gods presence on earth Not a title the Jews would chuck at anyone Belongs only to the long-promised Messiah who would establish Gods reign in justice and peace and would defeat evil So for Christians today, to call Jesus the Son of God means accepting that Jesus is the Messiah, God s promised one. Jesus is sent by the Father, possesses the Holy Spirit, and so presents the true face of God to humanity. For Christians, Jesus is not just a great prophet or leader, like Elijah or Moses. Listen to him gets across that Jesus is the focus of all the teaching and prophecy in Hebrew Scriptures. He is the fulfilment of these scriptures.
Rewrite the False Statements Son of God was the most common title Jesus gave himself in St Mark s Gospel. Baptism comes from a Greek word for plunging. In the account of Jesus baptism the dove is a symbol of peace. It was shortly before he died when Jesus was baptised by John. The Baptism of John the Baptist has the same meaning as the Baptism in Christianity. In St Mark s Gospel there are two incidents when a mysterious voice speaks from heaven. The Sanhedrin was the Highest Roman Court of Justice. In answering the High Priest, Jesus quoted from the Prophet Isaiah. Moses and Elijah appeared either side of Jesus during the Transfiguration. Peter, Andrew & John were part of the inner circle of Jesus disciples.
Christ/Messiah Christ is not Jesus surname. It is a title. The Hebrew version is Messiah - in English it means anointed one. To be anointed is to have oil poured on your head. It was a sign that God had chosen someone for a special purpose Priests, prophets and kings were anointed in the OT
Messiah – King David s line The line of kings from David died out in 586 BC Yearning for a new king, a Messiah of David s line People expected a Messiah who would bring God s rule to earth, to establish peace and justice in the land. Some thought of a warrior-king, someone to smash the Romans and free Israel of all occupying armies. Rejoice heart and soul, daughter of Zion! Shout with gladness, daughter of Jerusalem! See now, your king comes to you; he is victorious, he is triumphant, humble and riding on a donkey, on a colt, the foal of a donkey. He will banish chariots from Ephraim and horses from Jerusalem; the bow of war will be banished. He will proclaim peace for the nations. His empire shall stretch from sea to sea, from the River to the ends of the earth. from Zechariahs prophecy (c. 520-517) after the Jewish exile.
Caesarea Philippi 8: 27-30 A classy town some 40 km to the north of Galilee It was near here that there is a crucial turning point in the Gospel Jesus asks his disciples who people say he is Various answers – Elijah or another prophet, John the Baptist returned, and so on. Jesus directs the question at them. What do they think?
Caesarea Philippi 8: 27-30 Who do you say I am? Peter answered, You are the Messiah. (8:29) An incredible insight – you are the one promised, the one prophesied of old, the one to establish God s reign on earth Jesus then predicts his coming suffering
Blind Bartimaeus 10: 46-52 The setting, Jericho, is on the pilgrim s Passover route to Jerusalem. It was an ancient city, lying well below sea level Journey to Jerusalem is a steep climb
Blind Bartimaeus 10: 46-52 Jesus! Son of David! Take pity on me! (10:47) Son of David is a messianic title Means David s descendant Bartimaeus follows Jesus on the road, suggesting that he s now a new disciple.
Entry to Jerusalem 11: 1-11 Praise God! God bless him who comes in the name of the Lord! God bless the coming kingdom of King David, our father! Praise God! (11:9-10) The pilgrims flocking to Jerusalem acclaim Jesus with messianic cries. Echoes of the Prophet Zechariah: See now, your king comes to you; he is victorious, he is triumphant, humble and riding on a donkey, on a colt, the foal of a donkey. (Zc 9:9)
Entry to Jerusalem 11: 1-11 Kings like David and Solomon would have ridden in for their coronation on a splendid warhorse Jesus rides in on a lowly beast of burden, a young donkey. How many of the people who shouted God bless him! will be shouting Crucify him! in five days time? St Mark will spend a third of his Gospel on this last week
For Christians today Christians believe that Jesus is the Messiah, the Christ … … the one who sets up God s Kingdom on earth, establishes justice and peace and conquers enemies. What enemies? The answer is evil, slavery to sin and death. These inner oppressors block humans having life in all its fullness – now and in eternity.
Exercise What title did St Mark first give Jesus? A Lord B Christ C Son of God Which event in Jewish history led to increased expectation of the Messiah? A Exodus led by Moses from Egypt B Exile in Babylon C Building of Solomons Temple Near to which town did Peter declare Jesus to be the Christ? AJericho BCaesarea Philippi CCaesarea Which of the following is not an alternative for Christ? AMessiah BSon of Man CAnointed One When, in Marks Gospel, does Jesus first speak of his coming suffering? A after the Transfiguration B after Peter declares him as Christ C during the Last Supper Jesus asked his disciples for secrecy about his being the Messiah – why? A charges of blasphemy, not a warrior-messiah B wasnt really sure of himself C pagans might hear about him