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Materials Materials 1.

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Presentation on theme: "Materials Materials 1."— Presentation transcript:

1 Materials Materials 1

2 Aim: At the end of this session you should know exactly what the difference is between hardwoods and softwoods and also know what the properties are of a few named varieties of timber Using the www and a few suggested urls create an A3 table that details the properties of the following types of timber: Hardwoods: Beech, Ash, Elm, Oak, Mahogany, Teak Softwoods : Scots Pine (Redwood), Western Red Cedar, Parana Pine, Whitewood ( Spruce ) You should be able to explain why the structure of hardwoods makes them better suited to using outdoors and also for some applications such as furniture and toy making The task should take about 1 hour 2

3 Materials Look at the words that appear in this list – Can you see why the ones that are there, relate to the topic of types of timber ? 3

4 Hardwoods + softwoods Your final chart should look something like this. NameSourceProperties / Working characteristics Uses Beech Ash Elm Oak Mahogany Teak Redwood Red Cedar Parana Pine Whitewood -Spruce © W. Richmond 2010 4 Download

5 Hardwoods + softwoods Text © W. Richmond 2010 Examiners can ask you questions that say Why is a particular materials suitable for making an item that is being used in ….. - or they can describe the characteristics of a material and ask you to name it. Either way a table like this has to be remembered – and that is much easier to do if you understand what the differences between two named materials is – and that comes from knowing how the structure of hardwoods and softwoods is different.. Which of these types has more densely-packed late-wood cells and narrower fibres ? Why do you think hardwoods are often used outdoors for furniture, etc. ? 5

6 MDF Man-made materials ~ Manufactured boards 6

7 Manufactured Boards Try to find better images of your own – or better still take your own digital images and be 100% original NameImageProperties / Working characteristics Uses Plywood MDF Chipboard Block-board Sterling Board © W. Richmond 2010 7 Download

8 Manufactured boards Text © W. Richmond 2010 Find out what veneers are and how they can be used. Which of the man made boards uses thin laminated sheets of veneer glued together with the grain of one veneer going one way and the next layer going the opposite way … and so on ? Why does this board product always have an odd number of layers glued together ? Draw a diagram to show how the veneers are made up into larger sheets of man-made boards 8 Back to start

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