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The Glyco World The Glyco World saccharides, glycosides & glycans saccharides, glycosides & glycans The Glyco World The Glyco World saccharides, glycosides.

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1 The Glyco World The Glyco World saccharides, glycosides & glycans saccharides, glycosides & glycans The Glyco World The Glyco World saccharides, glycosides & glycans saccharides, glycosides & glycans Whats the (sugar) buzz?Whats the (sugar) buzz? Carbohydrates: The language of glycoscienceCarbohydrates: The language of glycoscience The glycosidic bond and glycan nomenclatureThe glycosidic bond and glycan nomenclature Major carbohydrate classes: sugars, polysaccharides, oligosaccharides and glycoconjugatesMajor carbohydrate classes: sugars, polysaccharides, oligosaccharides and glycoconjugates Definitions and resourcesDefinitions and resources Whats the (sugar) buzz?Whats the (sugar) buzz? Carbohydrates: The language of glycoscienceCarbohydrates: The language of glycoscience The glycosidic bond and glycan nomenclatureThe glycosidic bond and glycan nomenclature Major carbohydrate classes: sugars, polysaccharides, oligosaccharides and glycoconjugatesMajor carbohydrate classes: sugars, polysaccharides, oligosaccharides and glycoconjugates Definitions and resourcesDefinitions and resources

2 The Glyco World The Glyco World saccharides, glycosides & glycans saccharides, glycosides & glycans The Glyco World The Glyco World saccharides, glycosides & glycans saccharides, glycosides & glycans Whats the (sugar) buzz?Whats the (sugar) buzz? Carbohydrates: The language of glycoscienceCarbohydrates: The language of glycoscience The glycosidic bond and glycan nomenclatureThe glycosidic bond and glycan nomenclature Major carbohydrate classes: sugars, polysaccharides, oligosaccharides and glycoconjugatesMajor carbohydrate classes: sugars, polysaccharides, oligosaccharides and glycoconjugates Definitions and resourcesDefinitions and resources Whats the (sugar) buzz?Whats the (sugar) buzz? Carbohydrates: The language of glycoscienceCarbohydrates: The language of glycoscience The glycosidic bond and glycan nomenclatureThe glycosidic bond and glycan nomenclature Major carbohydrate classes: sugars, polysaccharides, oligosaccharides and glycoconjugatesMajor carbohydrate classes: sugars, polysaccharides, oligosaccharides and glycoconjugates Definitions and resourcesDefinitions and resources

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4 Understanding the structures and functions of glycans is central to understanding biology. … Glycoscience researchers have developed a knowledge base that can be used to address many of todays major research problems. When combined with current tools, it is a powerful resource to better understand human, plant, and microbial biology.. National Academies Press (2012)

5 Scanning electron microscopy of C. neoformans yeast cells. Van Duin et al. (2004) Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy 48:2014 Light microscopy micrograph of Cryptococcus neoformans Steenbergen et al. (2003) Microbes and Infection 5:667 What if a MAJOR cell component was invisible by standard microscopy? Light microscopy micrograph of Cryptococcus neoformans capsule delineated by India ink. The inner circle represents the fungal cell, with the wide outer circle being the capsule. Steenbergen et al. (2003) Microbes and Infection 5:667

6 Electron microscopic thin section of Escherichia coli K1 Amako et al. (1988) J Bacteriol 170:4960 Unique to yeast – NO! Electron microscopic thin section of Klebsiella pneumoniae Amako et al. (1988) J Bacteriol 170:4960

7 The Eukaryotic Cell Surface Tiny sugar decorations.. added as an afterthought Lodish, et al. (1995) Molecular Cell Biology 3rd ed. ?

8 The glycocalyx surrounding a fibroblast – glycans stained black lipid bilayer fibroblast extracellular intracellular Martinez-Palomo, A., et al. Cancer Res. 29, 925-937, 1969 Eukaryotic cell surface Evolution has failed to generate a [single] living cell devoid of surface glycosylation - A. Varki Every eukaryotic cell is covered with a dense and complex array of glycans, which also feature prominently in extracellular matrix and secreted soluble molecules. … in fact…

9 Ajit Varki, Perspectives on the Future of Glycobiology, Athens, GA, 14-Mar-2011 Tropical Forest Canopy

10 Cohen & Varki (2010) OMICS 4:455 Ajit Varki, Perspectives on the Future of Glycobiology, Athens, GA, 14-Mar-2011

11 fibroblast Martinez-Palomo, A., et al. Cancer Res. 29, 925-937, 1969 The Cell Surface Textbook image Real image

12 Cohen & Varki (2010) OMICS 4:455 Glycobiology = Language (semiotics)

13 The Glyco World The Glyco World saccharides, glycosides & glycans saccharides, glycosides & glycans The Glyco World The Glyco World saccharides, glycosides & glycans saccharides, glycosides & glycans Whats the (sugar) buzz?Whats the (sugar) buzz? Carbohydrates: The language of glycoscienceCarbohydrates: The language of glycoscience The glycosidic bond and glycan nomenclatureThe glycosidic bond and glycan nomenclature Major carbohydrate classes: sugars, polysaccharides, oligosaccharides and glycoconjugatesMajor carbohydrate classes: sugars, polysaccharides, oligosaccharides and glycoconjugates Definitions and resourcesDefinitions and resources Whats the (sugar) buzz?Whats the (sugar) buzz? Carbohydrates: The language of glycoscienceCarbohydrates: The language of glycoscience The glycosidic bond and glycan nomenclatureThe glycosidic bond and glycan nomenclature Major carbohydrate classes: sugars, polysaccharides, oligosaccharides and glycoconjugatesMajor carbohydrate classes: sugars, polysaccharides, oligosaccharides and glycoconjugates Definitions and resourcesDefinitions and resources

14 The Glyco World The Glyco World saccharides, glycosides & glycans saccharides, glycosides & glycans The Glyco World The Glyco World saccharides, glycosides & glycans saccharides, glycosides & glycans Whats the (sugar) buzz?Whats the (sugar) buzz? Carbohydrates: The language of glycoscienceCarbohydrates: The language of glycoscience The glycosidic bond and glycan nomenclatureThe glycosidic bond and glycan nomenclature Major carbohydrate classes: sugars, polysaccharides, oligosaccharides and glycoconjugatesMajor carbohydrate classes: sugars, polysaccharides, oligosaccharides and glycoconjugates Definitions and resourcesDefinitions and resources Whats the (sugar) buzz?Whats the (sugar) buzz? Carbohydrates: The language of glycoscienceCarbohydrates: The language of glycoscience The glycosidic bond and glycan nomenclatureThe glycosidic bond and glycan nomenclature Major carbohydrate classes: sugars, polysaccharides, oligosaccharides and glycoconjugatesMajor carbohydrate classes: sugars, polysaccharides, oligosaccharides and glycoconjugates Definitions and resourcesDefinitions and resources

15 Carbohydrates – the building blocks of Glycobiology (CH 2 O) n = carbo hydrate Generalized Ketose Generalized Aldose

16 glucose fructose Generalized Ketose Generalized Aldose

17 Glycoaldehyde

18 Enantiomers: mirror images of each other that are not superimposable. Diastereomers: stereoisomers that are not enantiomers. Generalized Aldose

19 Fischer projection D-glyceraldehyde

20 L-glyceraldehydeD-glyceraldehyde Enantiomers * * * Highest numbered asymmetric carbon = reference carbon

21 Diasteriomers * * *

22 Enantiomers & Diasteriomers * Highest numbered asymmetric carbon = reference carbon * * * * carbons asymmetric carbons diaster- iomers diasteriomers & enantiomers 3102 4224 5348 64816

23 Essentials of Glycobiology Second Edition * * ** * * * epimers: differ in only stereogenic center

24 Monosaccharides equilibrate between open chain and ring forms. Two ring forms (anomeric configurations) are possible, α and β Taylor & Drickamer (2011) Introduction to Glycobiology, 3 rd edition

25 Lee & Lee (1999) J Chinese Chem Soc 46:283-291 Same direction as reference carbon = α Different direction from reference carbon = β Determining anomeric configuration [PDB]

26 Monosaccharide conformation – Chair configuations Taylor & Drickamer (2006) Introduction to Glycobiology, 2 nd edition

27 Seven eukaryotic sugars and their relationship to glucose Taylor & Drickamer (2011) Introduction to Glycobiology, 3 rd edition

28 Two important terminal eukaryotic sugars Taylor & Drickamer (2011) Introduction to Glycobiology, 3 rd edition

29 Glycan properties for molecular recognition and binding energy Glycan properties for molecular recognition and binding energy Glycan properties for molecular recognition and binding energy Glycan properties for molecular recognition and binding energy Glucose Galactose Sialic Acid Mannose

30 The Glyco World The Glyco World saccharides, glycosides & glycans saccharides, glycosides & glycans The Glyco World The Glyco World saccharides, glycosides & glycans saccharides, glycosides & glycans Whats the (sugar) buzz?Whats the (sugar) buzz? Carbohydrates: The language of glycoscienceCarbohydrates: The language of glycoscience The glycosidic bond and glycan nomenclatureThe glycosidic bond and glycan nomenclature Major carbohydrate classes: sugars, polysaccharides, oligosaccharides and glycoconjugatesMajor carbohydrate classes: sugars, polysaccharides, oligosaccharides and glycoconjugates Definitions and resourcesDefinitions and resources Whats the (sugar) buzz?Whats the (sugar) buzz? Carbohydrates: The language of glycoscienceCarbohydrates: The language of glycoscience The glycosidic bond and glycan nomenclatureThe glycosidic bond and glycan nomenclature Major carbohydrate classes: sugars, polysaccharides, oligosaccharides and glycoconjugatesMajor carbohydrate classes: sugars, polysaccharides, oligosaccharides and glycoconjugates Definitions and resourcesDefinitions and resources

31 The Glyco World The Glyco World saccharides, glycosides & glycans saccharides, glycosides & glycans The Glyco World The Glyco World saccharides, glycosides & glycans saccharides, glycosides & glycans Whats the (sugar) buzz?Whats the (sugar) buzz? Carbohydrates: The language of glycoscienceCarbohydrates: The language of glycoscience The glycosidic bond and glycan nomenclatureThe glycosidic bond and glycan nomenclature Major carbohydrate classes: sugars, polysaccharides, oligosaccharides and glycoconjugatesMajor carbohydrate classes: sugars, polysaccharides, oligosaccharides and glycoconjugates Definitions and resourcesDefinitions and resources Whats the (sugar) buzz?Whats the (sugar) buzz? Carbohydrates: The language of glycoscienceCarbohydrates: The language of glycoscience The glycosidic bond and glycan nomenclatureThe glycosidic bond and glycan nomenclature Major carbohydrate classes: sugars, polysaccharides, oligosaccharides and glycoconjugatesMajor carbohydrate classes: sugars, polysaccharides, oligosaccharides and glycoconjugates Definitions and resourcesDefinitions and resources

32 When a glycosidic bond is formed the anomeric configuration is locked Glycosidic bonds link sugars together Taylor & Drickamer (2011) Introduction to Glycobiology, 3 rd edition (lactose) CCRC

33 Nomenclature: -Name the non-reducing (left-most) sugar (Gal) -Name the anomeric configuration (β) -Name the anomeric carbon number (1) -Name the substituted carbon number (4) -Name the substituted sugar (Glc) -Name the non-reducing (left-most) sugar (Gal) -Name the anomeric configuration (β) -Name the anomeric carbon number (1) -Name the substituted carbon number (4) -Name the substituted sugar (Glc) RESULT: Gal β1-4 Glc Taylor & Drickamer (2011) Introduction to Glycobiology, 3 rd edition

34 NeuAc α2-3 Gal β1-4 (Fuc α1-3) GlcNAc Nomenclature: Branches are placed in parentheses

35 Varki et al. (2009) Proteomics. 9:5398

36 The Glyco World The Glyco World saccharides, glycosides & glycans saccharides, glycosides & glycans The Glyco World The Glyco World saccharides, glycosides & glycans saccharides, glycosides & glycans Whats the (sugar) buzz?Whats the (sugar) buzz? Carbohydrates: The language of glycoscienceCarbohydrates: The language of glycoscience The glycosidic bond and glycan nomenclatureThe glycosidic bond and glycan nomenclature Major carbohydrate classes: sugars, polysaccharides, oligosaccharides and glycoconjugatesMajor carbohydrate classes: sugars, polysaccharides, oligosaccharides and glycoconjugates Definitions and resourcesDefinitions and resources Whats the (sugar) buzz?Whats the (sugar) buzz? Carbohydrates: The language of glycoscienceCarbohydrates: The language of glycoscience The glycosidic bond and glycan nomenclatureThe glycosidic bond and glycan nomenclature Major carbohydrate classes: sugars, polysaccharides, oligosaccharides and glycoconjugatesMajor carbohydrate classes: sugars, polysaccharides, oligosaccharides and glycoconjugates Definitions and resourcesDefinitions and resources

37 The Glyco World The Glyco World saccharides, glycosides & glycans saccharides, glycosides & glycans The Glyco World The Glyco World saccharides, glycosides & glycans saccharides, glycosides & glycans Whats the (sugar) buzz?Whats the (sugar) buzz? Carbohydrates: The language of glycoscienceCarbohydrates: The language of glycoscience The glycosidic bond and glycan nomenclatureThe glycosidic bond and glycan nomenclature Major carbohydrate classes: sugars, polysaccharides, oligosaccharides and glycoconjugatesMajor carbohydrate classes: sugars, polysaccharides, oligosaccharides and glycoconjugates Definitions and resourcesDefinitions and resources Whats the (sugar) buzz?Whats the (sugar) buzz? Carbohydrates: The language of glycoscienceCarbohydrates: The language of glycoscience The glycosidic bond and glycan nomenclatureThe glycosidic bond and glycan nomenclature Major carbohydrate classes: sugars, polysaccharides, oligosaccharides and glycoconjugatesMajor carbohydrate classes: sugars, polysaccharides, oligosaccharides and glycoconjugates Definitions and resourcesDefinitions and resources

38 Sugars, polysaccharides, oligosaccharides and glycoconjugates Sugars, polysaccharides, oligosaccharides and glycoconjugates Sugars, polysaccharides, oligosaccharides and glycoconjugates Sugars, polysaccharides, oligosaccharides and glycoconjugates Simple mono- or disaccharides: often from plants or breakdown products of plant polysaccharides.Simple mono- or disaccharides: often from plants or breakdown products of plant polysaccharides. –Examples: glucose, sucrose (glucose α1-2 fructose), maltose (Glc α1-4 Glc), lactose (Gal β1-4 Glc). Polysaccharides: long polymers (linear or branched) of a single monosaccharidePolysaccharides: long polymers (linear or branched) of a single monosaccharide –Examples: Cellulose, amylose (starch), glycogen, chitin Oligosaccharides: groups of monosaccharides (e.g. 3 or more) in linear or branched glycosidic linkageOligosaccharides: groups of monosaccharides (e.g. 3 or more) in linear or branched glycosidic linkage –Examples: Sugars groups bound to proteins or lipids to form glycoconjugates (see below) GlycoconjugatesGlycoconjugates –Examples: Glycoproteins, glycolipids, proteoglycans Simple mono- or disaccharides: often from plants or breakdown products of plant polysaccharides.Simple mono- or disaccharides: often from plants or breakdown products of plant polysaccharides. –Examples: glucose, sucrose (glucose α1-2 fructose), maltose (Glc α1-4 Glc), lactose (Gal β1-4 Glc). Polysaccharides: long polymers (linear or branched) of a single monosaccharidePolysaccharides: long polymers (linear or branched) of a single monosaccharide –Examples: Cellulose, amylose (starch), glycogen, chitin Oligosaccharides: groups of monosaccharides (e.g. 3 or more) in linear or branched glycosidic linkageOligosaccharides: groups of monosaccharides (e.g. 3 or more) in linear or branched glycosidic linkage –Examples: Sugars groups bound to proteins or lipids to form glycoconjugates (see below) GlycoconjugatesGlycoconjugates –Examples: Glycoproteins, glycolipids, proteoglycans

39 Examples of polysaccharides: Cellulose Examples of polysaccharides: Cellulose Examples of polysaccharides: Cellulose Examples of polysaccharides: Cellulose (β1-4 Glc β1-4 Glc) n Most abundant organic compound on Earth. ~90% of cotton fiber, 50% of wood, 33% of all plant matter. Intra- and inter-strand hydrogen bonding provides strength http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cellulose Material sciences

40 Examples of polysaccharides: Amylose Examples of polysaccharides: Amylose Examples of polysaccharides: Amylose Examples of polysaccharides: Amylose Linear (amylose) and branched (amylopectin) forms are the carbohydrates of starch. This major food source is enzymatically broken down to glucose during digestion… http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amylopectin (α1-4 Glc α1-4 Glc) n α1-6 Glc branches …and during ethanol production

41 Examples of polysaccharides: Glycogen Examples of polysaccharides: Glycogen Examples of polysaccharides: Glycogen Examples of polysaccharides: Glycogen http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Glycogen Tissue storage form of glucose (primarily in the liver & muscle). Animal Starch – same general structure as plant starch, but more branched & compact. Broken down to glucose at need to quickly increase blood glucose levels. (α1-4 Glc α1-4 Glc) n α1-6 Glc branches

42 Examples of polysaccharides: Chitin Examples of polysaccharides: Chitin Examples of polysaccharides: Chitin Examples of polysaccharides: Chitin (β1-4 GlcNAc β1-4 GlcNAc) n Among the most abundant of organic molecules on Earth, it is the main component of the cell walls of fungi, the exoskeletons of arthropods such as insects and crustaceans (e.g., crabs, lobsters and shrimps). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chitin

43 Cohen & Varki (2010) OMICS 4:455 Glycobiology = Language (semiotics)

44 Oligosaccharides: Molecular diversity of glycans PolypeptidesGlycans Building blocks amino acids monosaccharides Number of different monomers 20 common 9 common Linkage sites per monomer 13-4 Possible linkage configurations 12 Possible homodimer structures 16-8 Linkage modes linear linear or branched

45 Three different amino acids (Ala, Ser, Tyr) – 6 structures Ala-Ser-TyrAla-Tyr-SerSer-Ala-TyrSer-Tyr-AlaTyr-Ala-SerTyr-Ser-Ala Three different sugars (Glc, Gal, Man) – 1,056 structures …

46 Gal a1-2 Glc a1-2 Man a1- Gal a1-3 Glc a1-2 Man a1- Gal a1-4 Glc a1-2 Man a1- Gal a1-6 Glc a1-2 Man a1- Gal b1-2 Glc a1-2 Man a1- Gal b1-3 Glc a1-2 Man a1- Gal b1-4 Glc a1-2 Man a1- Gal b1-6 Glc a1-2 Man a1- Gal a1-2 Glc a1-3 Man a1- Gal a1-3 Glc a1-3 Man a1- Gal a1-4 Glc a1-3 Man a1- Gal a1-6 Glc a1-3 Man a1- Gal b1-2 Glc a1-3 Man a1- Gal b1-3 Glc a1-3 Man a1- Gal b1-4 Glc a1-3 Man a1- Gal b1-6 Glc a1-3 Man a1- Gal a1-2 Glc a1-4 Man a1- Gal a1-3 Glc a1-4 Man a1- Gal a1-4 Glc a1-4 Man a1- Gal a1-6 Glc a1-4 Man a1- Gal b1-2 Glc a1-4 Man a1- Gal b1-3 Glc a1-4 Man a1- Gal b1-4 Glc a1-4 Man a1- Gal b1-6 Glc a1-4 Man a1- Gal a1-2 Glc a1-6 Man a1- Gal a1-3 Glc a1-6 Man a1- Gal a1-4 Glc a1-6 Man a1- Gal a1-6 Glc a1-6 Man a1- Gal b1-2 Glc a1-6 Man a1- Gal b1-3 Glc a1-6 Man a1- Gal b1-4 Glc a1-6 Man a1- Gal b1-6 Glc a1-6 Man a1- Gal a1-2 Glc b1-2 Man a1- Gal a1-3 Glc b1-2 Man a1- Gal a1-4 Glc b1-2 Man a1- Gal a1-6 Glc b1-2 Man a1- Gal b1-2 Glc b1-2 Man a1- Gal b1-3 Glc b1-2 Man a1- Gal b1-4 Glc b1-2 Man a1- Gal b1-6 Glc b1-2 Man a1- Gal a1-2 Glc b1-3 Man a1- Gal a1-3 Glc b1-3 Man a1- Gal a1-4 Glc b1-3 Man a1- Gal a1-6 Glc b1-3 Man a1- Gal b1-2 Glc b1-3 Man a1- Gal b1-3 Glc b1-3 Man a1- Gal b1-4 Glc b1-3 Man a1- Gal b1-6 Glc b1-3 Man a1- Gal a1-2 Glc b1-4 Man a1- Gal a1-3 Glc b1-4 Man a1- Gal a1-4 Glc b1-4 Man a1- Gal a1-6 Glc b1-4 Man a1- Gal b1-2 Glc b1-4 Man a1- Gal b1-3 Glc b1-4 Man a1- Gal b1-4 Glc b1-4 Man a1- Gal b1-6 Glc b1-4 Man a1- Gal a1-2 Glc b1-6 Man a1- Gal a1-3 Glc b1-6 Man a1- Gal a1-4 Glc b1-6 Man a1- Gal a1-6 Glc b1-6 Man a1- Gal b1-2 Glc b1-6 Man a1- Gal b1-3 Glc b1-6 Man a1- Gal b1-4 Glc b1-6 Man a1- Gal b1-6 Glc b1-6 Man a1- Gal a1-2 Glc a1-2 Man b1- Gal a1-3 Glc a1-2 Man b1- Gal a1-4 Glc a1-2 Man b1- Gal a1-6 Glc a1-2 Man b1- Gal b1-2 Glc a1-2 Man b1- Gal b1-3 Glc a1-2 Man b1- Gal b1-4 Glc a1-2 Man b1- Gal b1-6 Glc a1-2 Man b1- Gal a1-2 Glc a1-3 Man b1- Gal a1-3 Glc a1-3 Man b1- Gal a1-4 Glc a1-3 Man b1- Gal a1-6 Glc a1-3 Man b1- Gal b1-2 Glc a1-3 Man b1- Gal b1-3 Glc a1-3 Man b1- Gal b1-4 Glc a1-3 Man b1- Gal b1-6 Glc a1-3 Man b1- Gal a1-2 Glc a1-4 Man b1- Gal a1-3 Glc a1-4 Man b1- Gal a1-4 Glc a1-4 Man b1- Gal a1-6 Glc a1-4 Man b1- Gal b1-2 Glc a1-4 Man b1- Gal b1-3 Glc a1-4 Man b1- Gal b1-4 Glc a1-4 Man b1- Gal b1-6 Glc a1-4 Man b1- Gal a1-2 Glc a1-6 Man b1- Gal a1-3 Glc a1-6 Man b1- Gal a1-4 Glc a1-6 Man b1- Gal a1-6 Glc a1-6 Man b1- Gal b1-2 Glc a1-6 Man b1- Gal b1-3 Glc a1-6 Man b1- Gal b1-4 Glc a1-6 Man b1- Gal b1-6 Glc a1-6 Man b1- Gal a1-2 Glc b1-2 Man b1- Gal a1-3 Glc b1-2 Man b1- Gal a1-4 Glc b1-2 Man b1- Gal a1-6 Glc b1-2 Man b1- Gal b1-2 Glc b1-2 Man b1- Gal b1-3 Glc b1-2 Man b1- Gal b1-4 Glc b1-2 Man b1- Gal b1-6 Glc b1-2 Man b1- Gal a1-2 Glc b1-3 Man b1- Gal a1-3 Glc b1-3 Man b1- Gal a1-4 Glc b1-3 Man b1- Gal a1-6 Glc b1-3 Man b1- Gal b1-2 Glc b1-3 Man b1- Gal b1-3 Glc b1-3 Man b1- Gal b1-4 Glc b1-3 Man b1- Gal b1-6 Glc b1-3 Man b1- Gal a1-2 Glc b1-4 Man b1- Gal a1-3 Glc b1-4 Man b1- Gal a1-4 Glc b1-4 Man b1- Gal a1-6 Glc b1-4 Man b1- Gal b1-2 Glc b1-4 Man b1- Gal b1-3 Glc b1-4 Man b1- Gal b1-4 Glc b1-4 Man b1- Gal b1-6 Glc b1-4 Man b1- Gal a1-2 Glc b1-6 Man b1- Gal a1-3 Glc b1-6 Man b1- Gal a1-4 Glc b1-6 Man b1- Gal a1-6 Glc b1-6 Man b1- Gal b1-2 Glc b1-6 Man b1- Gal b1-3 Glc b1-6 Man b1- Gal b1-4 Glc b1-6 Man b1- Gal b1-6 Glc b1-6 Man b1- Gal a1-2 Man a1-2 Glc a1- Gal a1-3 Man a1-2 Glc a1- Gal a1-4 Man a1-2 Glc a1- Gal a1-6 Man a1-2 Glc a1- Gal b1-2 Man a1-2 Glc a1- Gal b1-3 Man a1-2 Glc a1- Gal b1-4 Man a1-2 Glc a1- Gal b1-6 Man a1-2 Glc a1- Gal a1-2 Man a1-3 Glc a1- Gal a1-3 Man a1-3 Glc a1- Gal a1-4 Man a1-3 Glc a1- Gal a1-6 Man a1-3 Glc a1- Gal b1-2 Man a1-3 Glc a1- Gal b1-3 Man a1-3 Glc a1- Gal b1-4 Man a1-3 Glc a1- Gal b1-6 Man a1-3 Glc a1- Gal a1-2 Man a1-4 Glc a1- Gal a1-3 Man a1-4 Glc a1- Gal a1-4 Man a1-4 Glc a1- Gal a1-6 Man a1-4 Glc a1- Gal b1-2 Man a1-4 Glc a1- Gal b1-3 Man a1-4 Glc a1- Gal b1-4 Man a1-4 Glc a1- Gal b1-6 Man a1-4 Glc a1- Gal a1-2 Man a1-6 Glc a1- Gal a1-3 Man a1-6 Glc a1- Gal a1-4 Man a1-6 Glc a1- Gal a1-6 Man a1-6 Glc a1- Gal b1-2 Man a1-6 Glc a1- Gal b1-3 Man a1-6 Glc a1- Gal b1-4 Man a1-6 Glc a1- Gal b1-6 Man a1-6 Glc a1- Gal a1-2 Man b1-2 Glc a1- Gal a1-3 Man b1-2 Glc a1- Gal a1-4 Man b1-2 Glc a1- Gal a1-6 Man b1-2 Glc a1- Gal b1-2 Man b1-2 Glc a1- Gal b1-3 Man b1-2 Glc a1- Gal b1-4 Man b1-2 Glc a1- Gal b1-6 Man b1-2 Glc a1- Gal a1-2 Man b1-3 Glc a1- Gal a1-3 Man b1-3 Glc a1- Gal a1-4 Man b1-3 Glc a1- Gal a1-6 Man b1-3 Glc a1- Gal b1-2 Man b1-3 Glc a1- Gal b1-3 Man b1-3 Glc a1- Gal b1-4 Man b1-3 Glc a1- Gal b1-6 Man b1-3 Glc a1- Gal a1-2 Man b1-4 Glc a1- Gal a1-3 Man b1-4 Glc a1- Gal a1-4 Man b1-4 Glc a1- Gal a1-6 Man b1-4 Glc a1- Gal b1-2 Man b1-4 Glc a1- Gal b1-3 Man b1-4 Glc a1- Gal b1-4 Man b1-4 Glc a1- Gal b1-6 Man b1-4 Glc a1- Gal a1-2 Man b1-6 Glc a1- Gal a1-3 Man b1-6 Glc a1- Gal a1-4 Man b1-6 Glc a1- Gal a1-6 Man b1-6 Glc a1- Gal b1-2 Man b1-6 Glc a1- Gal b1-3 Man b1-6 Glc a1- Gal b1-4 Man b1-6 Glc a1- Gal b1-6 Man b1-6 Glc a1- Gal a1-2 Man a1-2 Glc b1- Gal a1-3 Man a1-2 Glc b1- Gal a1-4 Man a1-2 Glc b1- Gal a1-6 Man a1-2 Glc b1- Gal b1-2 Man a1-2 Glc b1- Gal b1-3 Man a1-2 Glc b1- Gal b1-4 Man a1-2 Glc b1- Gal b1-6 Man a1-2 Glc b1- Gal a1-2 Man a1-3 Glc b1- Gal a1-3 Man a1-3 Glc b1- Gal a1-4 Man a1-3 Glc b1- Gal a1-6 Man a1-3 Glc b1- Gal b1-2 Man a1-3 Glc b1- Gal b1-3 Man a1-3 Glc b1- Gal b1-4 Man a1-3 Glc b1- Gal b1-6 Man a1-3 Glc b1- Gal a1-2 Man a1-4 Glc b1- Gal a1-3 Man a1-4 Glc b1- Gal a1-4 Man a1-4 Glc b1- Gal a1-6 Man a1-4 Glc b1- Gal b1-2 Man a1-4 Glc b1- Gal b1-3 Man a1-4 Glc b1- Gal b1-4 Man a1-4 Glc b1- Gal b1-6 Man a1-4 Glc b1- Gal a1-2 Man a1-6 Glc b1- Gal a1-3 Man a1-6 Glc b1- Gal a1-4 Man a1-6 Glc b1- Gal a1-6 Man a1-6 Glc b1- Gal b1-2 Man a1-6 Glc b1- Gal b1-3 Man a1-6 Glc b1- Gal b1-4 Man a1-6 Glc b1- Gal b1-6 Man a1-6 Glc b1- Gal a1-2 Man b1-2 Glc b1- Gal a1-3 Man b1-2 Glc b1- Gal a1-4 Man b1-2 Glc b1- Gal a1-6 Man b1-2 Glc b1- Gal b1-2 Man b1-2 Glc b1- Gal b1-3 Man b1-2 Glc b1- Gal b1-4 Man b1-2 Glc b1- Gal b1-6 Man b1-2 Glc b1- Gal a1-2 Man b1-3 Glc b1- Gal a1-3 Man b1-3 Glc b1- Gal a1-4 Man b1-3 Glc b1- Gal a1-6 Man b1-3 Glc b1- Gal b1-2 Man b1-3 Glc b1- Gal b1-3 Man b1-3 Glc b1- Gal b1-4 Man b1-3 Glc b1- Gal b1-6 Man b1-3 Glc b1- Gal a1-2 Man b1-4 Glc b1- Gal a1-3 Man b1-4 Glc b1- Gal a1-4 Man b1-4 Glc b1- Gal a1-6 Man b1-4 Glc b1- Gal b1-2 Man b1-4 Glc b1- Gal b1-3 Man b1-4 Glc b1- Gal b1-4 Man b1-4 Glc b1- Gal b1-6 Man b1-4 Glc b1- Gal a1-2 Man b1-6 Glc b1- Gal a1-3 Man b1-6 Glc b1- Gal a1-4 Man b1-6 Glc b1- Gal a1-6 Man b1-6 Glc b1- Gal b1-2 Man b1-6 Glc b1- Gal b1-3 Man b1-6 Glc b1- Gal b1-4 Man b1-6 Glc b1- Gal b1-6 Man b1-6 Glc b1- Man a1-2 Glc a1-2 Gal a1- Man a1-3 Glc a1-2 Gal a1- Man a1-4 Glc a1-2 Gal a1- Man a1-6 Glc a1-2 Gal a1- Man b1-2 Glc a1-2 Gal a1- Man b1-3 Glc a1-2 Gal a1- Man b1-4 Glc a1-2 Gal a1- Man b1-6 Glc a1-2 Gal a1- Man a1-2 Glc a1-3 Gal a1- Man a1-3 Glc a1-3 Gal a1- Man a1-4 Glc a1-3 Gal a1- Man a1-6 Glc a1-3 Gal a1- Man b1-2 Glc a1-3 Gal a1- Man b1-3 Glc a1-3 Gal a1- Man b1-4 Glc a1-3 Gal a1- Man b1-6 Glc a1-3 Gal a1- Man a1-2 Glc a1-4 Gal a1- Man a1-3 Glc a1-4 Gal a1- Man a1-4 Glc a1-4 Gal a1- Man a1-6 Glc a1-4 Gal a1- Man b1-2 Glc a1-4 Gal a1- Man b1-3 Glc a1-4 Gal a1- Man b1-4 Glc a1-4 Gal a1- Man b1-6 Glc a1-4 Gal a1- Man a1-2 Glc a1-6 Gal a1- Man a1-3 Glc a1-6 Gal a1- Man a1-4 Glc a1-6 Gal a1- Man a1-6 Glc a1-6 Gal a1- Man b1-2 Glc a1-6 Gal a1- Man b1-3 Glc a1-6 Gal a1- Man b1-4 Glc a1-6 Gal a1- Man b1-6 Glc a1-6 Gal a1- Man a1-2 Glc b1-2 Gal a1- Man a1-3 Glc b1-2 Gal a1- Man a1-4 Glc b1-2 Gal a1- Man a1-6 Glc b1-2 Gal a1- Man b1-2 Glc b1-2 Gal a1- Man b1-3 Glc b1-2 Gal a1- Man b1-4 Glc b1-2 Gal a1- Man b1-6 Glc b1-2 Gal a1- Man a1-2 Glc b1-3 Gal a1- Man a1-3 Glc b1-3 Gal a1- Man a1-4 Glc b1-3 Gal a1- Man a1-6 Glc b1-3 Gal a1- Man b1-2 Glc b1-3 Gal a1- Man b1-3 Glc b1-3 Gal a1- Man b1-4 Glc b1-3 Gal a1- Man b1-6 Glc b1-3 Gal a1- Man a1-2 Glc b1-4 Gal a1- Man a1-3 Glc b1-4 Gal a1- Man a1-4 Glc b1-4 Gal a1- Man a1-6 Glc b1-4 Gal a1- Man b1-2 Glc b1-4 Gal a1- Man b1-3 Glc b1-4 Gal a1- Man b1-4 Glc b1-4 Gal a1- Man b1-6 Glc b1-4 Gal a1- Man a1-2 Glc b1-6 Gal a1- Man a1-3 Glc b1-6 Gal a1- Man a1-4 Glc b1-6 Gal a1- Man a1-6 Glc b1-6 Gal a1- Man b1-2 Glc b1-6 Gal a1- Man b1-3 Glc b1-6 Gal a1- Man b1-4 Glc b1-6 Gal a1- Man b1-6 Glc b1-6 Gal a1- Man a1-2 Glc a1-2 Gal b1- Man a1-3 Glc a1-2 Gal b1- Man a1-4 Glc a1-2 Gal b1- Man a1-6 Glc a1-2 Gal b1- Man b1-2 Glc a1-2 Gal b1- Man b1-3 Glc a1-2 Gal b1- Man b1-4 Glc a1-2 Gal b1- Man b1-6 Glc a1-2 Gal b1- Man a1-2 Glc a1-3 Gal b1- Man a1-3 Glc a1-3 Gal b1- Man a1-4 Glc a1-3 Gal b1- Man a1-6 Glc a1-3 Gal b1- Man b1-2 Glc a1-3 Gal b1- Man b1-3 Glc a1-3 Gal b1- Man b1-4 Glc a1-3 Gal b1- Man b1-6 Glc a1-3 Gal b1- Man a1-2 Glc a1-4 Gal b1- Man a1-3 Glc a1-4 Gal b1- Man a1-4 Glc a1-4 Gal b1- Man a1-6 Glc a1-4 Gal b1- Man b1-2 Glc a1-4 Gal b1- Man b1-3 Glc a1-4 Gal b1- Man b1-4 Glc a1-4 Gal b1- Man b1-6 Glc a1-4 Gal b1- Man a1-2 Glc a1-6 Gal b1- Man a1-3 Glc a1-6 Gal b1- Man a1-4 Glc a1-6 Gal b1- Man a1-6 Glc a1-6 Gal b1- Man b1-2 Glc a1-6 Gal b1- Man b1-3 Glc a1-6 Gal b1- Man b1-4 Glc a1-6 Gal b1- Man b1-6 Glc a1-6 Gal b1- Man a1-2 Glc b1-2 Gal b1- Man a1-3 Glc b1-2 Gal b1- Man a1-4 Glc b1-2 Gal b1- Man a1-6 Glc b1-2 Gal b1- Man b1-2 Glc b1-2 Gal b1- Man b1-3 Glc b1-2 Gal b1- Man b1-4 Glc b1-2 Gal b1- Man b1-6 Glc b1-2 Gal b1- Man a1-2 Glc b1-3 Gal b1- Man a1-3 Glc b1-3 Gal b1- Man a1-4 Glc b1-3 Gal b1- Man a1-6 Glc b1-3 Gal b1- Man b1-2 Glc b1-3 Gal b1- Man b1-3 Glc b1-3 Gal b1- Man b1-4 Glc b1-3 Gal b1- Man b1-6 Glc b1-3 Gal b1- Man a1-2 Glc b1-4 Gal b1- Man a1-3 Glc b1-4 Gal b1- Man a1-4 Glc b1-4 Gal b1- Man a1-6 Glc b1-4 Gal b1- Man b1-2 Glc b1-4 Gal b1- Man b1-3 Glc b1-4 Gal b1- Man b1-4 Glc b1-4 Gal b1- Man b1-6 Glc b1-4 Gal b1- Man a1-2 Glc b1-6 Gal b1- Man a1-3 Glc b1-6 Gal b1- Man a1-4 Glc b1-6 Gal b1- Man a1-6 Glc b1-6 Gal b1- Man b1-2 Glc b1-6 Gal b1- Man b1-3 Glc b1-6 Gal b1- Man b1-4 Glc b1-6 Gal b1- Man b1-6 Glc b1-6 Gal b1- Man a1-2 Gal a1-2 Glc a1- Man a1-3 Gal a1-2 Glc a1- Man a1-4 Gal a1-2 Glc a1- Man a1-6 Gal a1-2 Glc a1- Man b1-2 Gal a1-2 Glc a1- Man b1-3 Gal a1-2 Glc a1- Man b1-4 Gal a1-2 Glc a1- Man b1-6 Gal a1-2 Glc a1- Man a1-2 Gal a1-3 Glc a1- Man a1-3 Gal a1-3 Glc a1- Man a1-4 Gal a1-3 Glc a1- Man a1-6 Gal a1-3 Glc a1- Man b1-2 Gal a1-3 Glc a1- Man b1-3 Gal a1-3 Glc a1- Man b1-4 Gal a1-3 Glc a1- Man b1-6 Gal a1-3 Glc a1- Man a1-2 Gal a1-4 Glc a1- Man a1-3 Gal a1-4 Glc a1- Man a1-4 Gal a1-4 Glc a1- Man a1-6 Gal a1-4 Glc a1- Man b1-2 Gal a1-4 Glc a1- Man b1-3 Gal a1-4 Glc a1- Man b1-4 Gal a1-4 Glc a1- Man b1-6 Gal a1-4 Glc a1- Man a1-2 Gal a1-6 Glc a1- Man a1-3 Gal a1-6 Glc a1- Man a1-4 Gal a1-6 Glc a1- Man a1-6 Gal a1-6 Glc a1- Man b1-2 Gal a1-6 Glc a1- Man b1-3 Gal a1-6 Glc a1- Man b1-4 Gal a1-6 Glc a1- Man b1-6 Gal a1-6 Glc a1- Man a1-2 Gal b1-2 Glc a1- Man a1-3 Gal b1-2 Glc a1- Man a1-4 Gal b1-2 Glc a1- Man a1-6 Gal b1-2 Glc a1- Man b1-2 Gal b1-2 Glc a1- Man b1-3 Gal b1-2 Glc a1- Man b1-4 Gal b1-2 Glc a1- Man b1-6 Gal b1-2 Glc a1- Man a1-2 Gal b1-3 Glc a1- Man a1-3 Gal b1-3 Glc a1- Man a1-4 Gal b1-3 Glc a1- Man a1-6 Gal b1-3 Glc a1- Man b1-2 Gal b1-3 Glc a1- Man b1-3 Gal b1-3 Glc a1- Man b1-4 Gal b1-3 Glc a1- Man b1-6 Gal b1-3 Glc a1- Man a1-2 Gal b1-4 Glc a1- Man a1-3 Gal b1-4 Glc a1- Man a1-4 Gal b1-4 Glc a1- Man a1-6 Gal b1-4 Glc a1- Man b1-2 Gal b1-4 Glc a1- Man b1-3 Gal b1-4 Glc a1- Man b1-4 Gal b1-4 Glc a1- Man b1-6 Gal b1-4 Glc a1- Man a1-2 Gal b1-6 Glc a1- Man a1-3 Gal b1-6 Glc a1- Man a1-4 Gal b1-6 Glc a1- Man a1-6 Gal b1-6 Glc a1- Man b1-2 Gal b1-6 Glc a1- Man b1-3 Gal b1-6 Glc a1- Man b1-4 Gal b1-6 Glc a1- Man b1-6 Gal b1-6 Glc a1- Man a1-2 Gal a1-2 Glc b1 Man a1-3 Gal a1-2 Glc b1 Man a1-4 Gal a1-2 Glc b1 Man a1-6 Gal a1-2 Glc b1 Man b1-2 Gal a1-2 Glc b1 Man b1-3 Gal a1-2 Glc b1 Man b1-4 Gal a1-2 Glc b1 Man b1-6 Gal a1-2 Glc b1 Man a1-2 Gal a1-3 Glc b1 Man a1-3 Gal a1-3 Glc b1 Man a1-4 Gal a1-3 Glc b1 Man a1-6 Gal a1-3 Glc b1 Man b1-2 Gal a1-3 Glc b1 Man b1-3 Gal a1-3 Glc b1 Man b1-4 Gal a1-3 Glc b1 Man b1-6 Gal a1-3 Glc b1 Man a1-2 Gal a1-4 Glc b1 Man a1-3 Gal a1-4 Glc b1 Man a1-4 Gal a1-4 Glc b1 Man a1-6 Gal a1-4 Glc b1 Man b1-2 Gal a1-4 Glc b1 Man b1-3 Gal a1-4 Glc b1 Man b1-4 Gal a1-4 Glc b1 Man b1-6 Gal a1-4 Glc b1 Man a1-2 Gal a1-6 Glc b1 Man a1-3 Gal a1-6 Glc b1 Man a1-4 Gal a1-6 Glc b1 Man a1-6 Gal a1-6 Glc b1 Man b1-2 Gal a1-6 Glc b1 Man b1-3 Gal a1-6 Glc b1 Man b1-4 Gal a1-6 Glc b1 Man b1-6 Gal a1-6 Glc b1 Man a1-2 Gal b1-2 Glc b1 Man a1-3 Gal b1-2 Glc b1 Man a1-4 Gal b1-2 Glc b1 Man a1-6 Gal b1-2 Glc b1 Man b1-2 Gal b1-2 Glc b1 Man b1-3 Gal b1-2 Glc b1 Man b1-4 Gal b1-2 Glc b1 Man b1-6 Gal b1-2 Glc b1 Man a1-2 Gal b1-3 Glc b1 Man a1-3 Gal b1-3 Glc b1 Man a1-4 Gal b1-3 Glc b1 Man a1-6 Gal b1-3 Glc b1 Man b1-2 Gal b1-3 Glc b1 Man b1-3 Gal b1-3 Glc b1 Man b1-4 Gal b1-3 Glc b1 Man b1-6 Gal b1-3 Glc b1 Man a1-2 Gal b1-4 Glc b1 Man a1-3 Gal b1-4 Glc b1 Man a1-4 Gal b1-4 Glc b1 Man a1-6 Gal b1-4 Glc b1 Man b1-2 Gal b1-4 Glc b1 Man b1-3 Gal b1-4 Glc b1 Man b1-4 Gal b1-4 Glc b1 Man b1-6 Gal b1-4 Glc b1 Man a1-2 Gal b1-6 Glc b1 Man a1-3 Gal b1-6 Glc b1 Man a1-4 Gal b1-6 Glc b1 Man a1-6 Gal b1-6 Glc b1 Man b1-2 Gal b1-6 Glc b1 Man b1-3 Gal b1-6 Glc b1 Man b1-4 Gal b1-6 Glc b1 Man b1-6 Gal b1-6 Glc b1 Glc a1-2 Man a1-2 Gal a1- Glc a1-3 Man a1-2 Gal a1- Glc a1-4 Man a1-2 Gal a1- Glc a1-6 Man a1-2 Gal a1- Glc b1-2 Man a1-2 Gal a1- Glc b1-3 Man a1-2 Gal a1- Glc b1-4 Man a1-2 Gal a1- Glc b1-6 Man a1-2 Gal a1- Glc a1-2 Man a1-3 Gal a1- Glc a1-3 Man a1-3 Gal a1- Glc a1-4 Man a1-3 Gal a1- Glc a1-6 Man a1-3 Gal a1- Glc b1-2 Man a1-3 Gal a1- Glc b1-3 Man a1-3 Gal a1- Glc b1-4 Man a1-3 Gal a1- Glc b1-6 Man a1-3 Gal a1- Glc a1-2 Man a1-4 Gal a1- Glc a1-3 Man a1-4 Gal a1- Glc a1-4 Man a1-4 Gal a1- Glc a1-6 Man a1-4 Gal a1- Glc b1-2 Man a1-4 Gal a1- Glc b1-3 Man a1-4 Gal a1- Glc b1-4 Man a1-4 Gal a1- Glc b1-6 Man a1-4 Gal a1- Glc a1-2 Man a1-6 Gal a1- Glc a1-3 Man a1-6 Gal a1- Glc a1-4 Man a1-6 Gal a1- Glc a1-6 Man a1-6 Gal a1- Glc b1-2 Man a1-6 Gal a1- Glc b1-3 Man a1-6 Gal a1- Glc b1-4 Man a1-6 Gal a1- Glc b1-6 Man a1-6 Gal a1- Glc a1-2 Man b1-2 Gal a1- Glc a1-3 Man b1-2 Gal a1- Glc a1-4 Man b1-2 Gal a1- Glc a1-6 Man b1-2 Gal a1- Glc b1-2 Man b1-2 Gal a1- Glc b1-3 Man b1-2 Gal a1- Glc b1-4 Man b1-2 Gal a1- Glc b1-6 Man b1-2 Gal a1- Glc a1-2 Man b1-3 Gal a1- Glc a1-3 Man b1-3 Gal a1- Glc a1-4 Man b1-3 Gal a1- Glc a1-6 Man b1-3 Gal a1- Glc b1-2 Man b1-3 Gal a1- Glc b1-3 Man b1-3 Gal a1- Glc b1-4 Man b1-3 Gal a1- Glc b1-6 Man b1-3 Gal a1- Glc a1-2 Man b1-4 Gal a1- Glc a1-3 Man b1-4 Gal a1- Glc a1-4 Man b1-4 Gal a1- Glc a1-6 Man b1-4 Gal a1- Glc b1-2 Man b1-4 Gal a1- Glc b1-3 Man b1-4 Gal a1- Glc b1-4 Man b1-4 Gal a1- Glc b1-6 Man b1-4 Gal a1- Glc a1-2 Man b1-6 Gal a1- Glc a1-3 Man b1-6 Gal a1- Glc a1-4 Man b1-6 Gal a1- Glc a1-6 Man b1-6 Gal a1- Glc b1-2 Man b1-6 Gal a1- Glc b1-3 Man b1-6 Gal a1- Glc b1-4 Man b1-6 Gal a1- Glc b1-6 Man b1-6 Gal a1- Glc a1-2 Man a1-2 Gal b1- Glc a1-3 Man a1-2 Gal b1- Glc a1-4 Man a1-2 Gal b1- Glc a1-6 Man a1-2 Gal b1- Glc b1-2 Man a1-2 Gal b1- Glc b1-3 Man a1-2 Gal b1- Glc b1-4 Man a1-2 Gal b1- Glc b1-6 Man a1-2 Gal b1- Glc a1-2 Man a1-3 Gal b1- Glc a1-3 Man a1-3 Gal b1- Glc a1-4 Man a1-3 Gal b1- Glc a1-6 Man a1-3 Gal b1- Glc b1-2 Man a1-3 Gal b1- Glc b1-3 Man a1-3 Gal b1- Glc b1-4 Man a1-3 Gal b1- Glc b1-6 Man a1-3 Gal b1- Glc a1-2 Man a1-4 Gal b1- Glc a1-3 Man a1-4 Gal b1- Glc a1-4 Man a1-4 Gal b1- Glc a1-6 Man a1-4 Gal b1- Glc b1-2 Man a1-4 Gal b1- Glc b1-3 Man a1-4 Gal b1- Glc b1-4 Man a1-4 Gal b1- Glc b1-6 Man a1-4 Gal b1- Glc a1-2 Man a1-6 Gal b1- Glc a1-3 Man a1-6 Gal b1- Glc a1-4 Man a1-6 Gal b1- Glc a1-6 Man a1-6 Gal b1- Glc b1-2 Man a1-6 Gal b1- Glc b1-3 Man a1-6 Gal b1- Glc b1-4 Man a1-6 Gal b1- Glc b1-6 Man a1-6 Gal b1- Glc a1-2 Man b1-2 Gal b1- Glc a1-3 Man b1-2 Gal b1- Glc a1-4 Man b1-2 Gal b1- Glc a1-6 Man b1-2 Gal b1- Glc b1-2 Man b1-2 Gal b1- Glc b1-3 Man b1-2 Gal b1- Glc b1-4 Man b1-2 Gal b1- Glc b1-6 Man b1-2 Gal b1- Glc a1-2 Man b1-3 Gal b1- Glc a1-3 Man b1-3 Gal b1- Glc a1-4 Man b1-3 Gal b1- Glc a1-6 Man b1-3 Gal b1- Glc b1-2 Man b1-3 Gal b1- Glc b1-3 Man b1-3 Gal b1- Glc b1-4 Man b1-3 Gal b1- Glc b1-6 Man b1-3 Gal b1- Glc a1-2 Man b1-4 Gal b1- Glc a1-3 Man b1-4 Gal b1- Glc a1-4 Man b1-4 Gal b1- Glc a1-6 Man b1-4 Gal b1- Glc b1-2 Man b1-4 Gal b1- Glc b1-3 Man b1-4 Gal b1- Glc b1-4 Man b1-4 Gal b1- Glc b1-6 Man b1-4 Gal b1- Glc a1-2 Man b1-6 Gal b1- Glc a1-3 Man b1-6 Gal b1- Glc a1-4 Man b1-6 Gal b1- Glc a1-6 Man b1-6 Gal b1- Glc b1-2 Man b1-6 Gal b1- Glc b1-3 Man b1-6 Gal b1- Glc b1-4 Man b1-6 Gal b1- Glc b1-6 Man b1-6 Gal b1- Glc a1-2 Gal a1-2 Man a1- Glc a1-3 Gal a1-2 Man a1- Glc a1-4 Gal a1-2 Man a1- Glc a1-6 Gal a1-2 Man a1- Glc b1-2 Gal a1-2 Man a1- Glc b1-3 Gal a1-2 Man a1- Glc b1-4 Gal a1-2 Man a1- Glc b1-6 Gal a1-2 Man a1- Glc a1-2 Gal a1-3 Man a1- Glc a1-3 Gal a1-3 Man a1- Glc a1-4 Gal a1-3 Man a1- Glc a1-6 Gal a1-3 Man a1- Glc b1-2 Gal a1-3 Man a1- Glc b1-3 Gal a1-3 Man a1- Glc b1-4 Gal a1-3 Man a1- Glc b1-6 Gal a1-3 Man a1- Glc a1-2 Gal a1-4 Man a1- Glc a1-3 Gal a1-4 Man a1- Glc a1-4 Gal a1-4 Man a1- Glc a1-6 Gal a1-4 Man a1- Glc b1-2 Gal a1-4 Man a1- Glc b1-3 Gal a1-4 Man a1- Glc b1-4 Gal a1-4 Man a1- Glc b1-6 Gal a1-4 Man a1- Glc a1-2 Gal a1-6 Man a1- Glc a1-3 Gal a1-6 Man a1- Glc a1-4 Gal a1-6 Man a1- Glc a1-6 Gal a1-6 Man a1- Glc b1-2 Gal a1-6 Man a1- Glc b1-3 Gal a1-6 Man a1- Glc b1-4 Gal a1-6 Man a1- Glc b1-6 Gal a1-6 Man a1- Glc a1-2 Gal b1-2 Man a1- Glc a1-3 Gal b1-2 Man a1- Glc a1-4 Gal b1-2 Man a1- Glc a1-6 Gal b1-2 Man a1- Glc b1-2 Gal b1-2 Man a1- Glc b1-3 Gal b1-2 Man a1- Glc b1-4 Gal b1-2 Man a1- Glc b1-6 Gal b1-2 Man a1- Glc a1-2 Gal b1-3 Man a1- Glc a1-3 Gal b1-3 Man a1- Glc a1-4 Gal b1-3 Man a1- Glc a1-6 Gal b1-3 Man a1- Glc b1-2 Gal b1-3 Man a1- Glc b1-3 Gal b1-3 Man a1- Glc b1-4 Gal b1-3 Man a1- Glc b1-6 Gal b1-3 Man a1- Glc a1-2 Gal b1-4 Man a1- Glc a1-3 Gal b1-4 Man a1- Glc a1-4 Gal b1-4 Man a1- Glc a1-6 Gal b1-4 Man a1- Glc b1-2 Gal b1-4 Man a1- Glc b1-3 Gal b1-4 Man a1- Glc b1-4 Gal b1-4 Man a1- Glc b1-6 Gal b1-4 Man a1- Glc a1-2 Gal b1-6 Man a1- Glc a1-3 Gal b1-6 Man a1- Glc a1-4 Gal b1-6 Man a1- Glc a1-6 Gal b1-6 Man a1- Glc b1-2 Gal b1-6 Man a1- Glc b1-3 Gal b1-6 Man a1- Glc b1-4 Gal b1-6 Man a1- Glc b1-6 Gal b1-6 Man a1- Glc a1-2 Gal a1-2 Man b1- Glc a1-3 Gal a1-2 Man b1- Glc a1-4 Gal a1-2 Man b1- Glc a1-6 Gal a1-2 Man b1- Glc b1-2 Gal a1-2 Man b1- Glc b1-3 Gal a1-2 Man b1- Glc b1-4 Gal a1-2 Man b1- Glc b1-6 Gal a1-2 Man b1- Glc a1-2 Gal a1-3 Man b1- Glc a1-3 Gal a1-3 Man b1- Glc a1-4 Gal a1-3 Man b1- Glc a1-6 Gal a1-3 Man b1- Glc b1-2 Gal a1-3 Man b1- Glc b1-3 Gal a1-3 Man b1- Glc b1-4 Gal a1-3 Man b1- Glc b1-6 Gal a1-3 Man b1- Glc a1-2 Gal a1-4 Man b1- Glc a1-3 Gal a1-4 Man b1- Glc a1-4 Gal a1-4 Man b1- Glc a1-6 Gal a1-4 Man b1- Glc b1-2 Gal a1-4 Man b1- Glc b1-3 Gal a1-4 Man b1- Glc b1-4 Gal a1-4 Man b1- Glc b1-6 Gal a1-4 Man b1- Glc a1-2 Gal a1-6 Man b1- Glc a1-3 Gal a1-6 Man b1- Glc a1-4 Gal a1-6 Man b1- Glc a1-6 Gal a1-6 Man b1- Glc b1-2 Gal a1-6 Man b1- Glc b1-3 Gal a1-6 Man b1- Glc b1-4 Gal a1-6 Man b1- Glc b1-6 Gal a1-6 Man b1- Glc a1-2 Gal b1-2 Man b1- Glc a1-3 Gal b1-2 Man b1- Glc a1-4 Gal b1-2 Man b1- Glc a1-6 Gal b1-2 Man b1- Glc b1-2 Gal b1-2 Man b1- Glc b1-3 Gal b1-2 Man b1- Glc b1-4 Gal b1-2 Man b1- Glc b1-6 Gal b1-2 Man b1- Glc a1-2 Gal b1-3 Man b1- Glc a1-3 Gal b1-3 Man b1- Glc a1-4 Gal b1-3 Man b1- Glc a1-6 Gal b1-3 Man b1- Glc b1-2 Gal b1-3 Man b1- Glc b1-3 Gal b1-3 Man b1- Glc b1-4 Gal b1-3 Man b1- Glc b1-6 Gal b1-3 Man b1- Glc a1-2 Gal b1-4 Man b1- Glc a1-3 Gal b1-4 Man b1- Glc a1-4 Gal b1-4 Man b1- Glc a1-6 Gal b1-4 Man b1- Glc b1-2 Gal b1-4 Man b1- Glc b1-3 Gal b1-4 Man b1- Glc b1-4 Gal b1-4 Man b1- Glc b1-6 Gal b1-4 Man b1- Glc a1-2 Gal b1-6 Man b1- Glc a1-3 Gal b1-6 Man b1- Glc a1-4 Gal b1-6 Man b1- Glc a1-6 Gal b1-6 Man b1- Glc b1-2 Gal b1-6 Man b1- Glc b1-3 Gal b1-6 Man b1- Glc b1-4 Gal b1-6 Man b1- Glc b1-6 Gal b1-6 Man b1- Gal a1-2 (Glc a1-3) Man a1- Gal a1-2 (Glc a1-4) Man a1- Gal a1-2 (Glc a1-6) Man a1- Gal a1-3 (Glc a1-2) Man a1- Gal a1-3 (Glc a1-4) Man a1- Gal a1-3 (Glc a1-6) Man a1- Gal a1-4 (Glc a1-2) Man a1- Gal a1-4 (Glc a1-3) Man a1- Gal a1-4 (Glc a1-6) Man a1- Gal a1-6 (Glc a1-2) Man a1- Gal a1-6 (Glc a1-3) Man a1- Gal a1-6 (Glc a1-4) Man a1- Gal b1-2 (Glc a1-3) Man a1- Gal b1-2 (Glc a1-4) Man a1- Gal b1-2 (Glc a1-6) Man a1- Gal b1-3 (Glc a1-2) Man a1- Gal b1-3 (Glc a1-4) Man a1- Gal b1-3 (Glc a1-6) Man a1- Gal b1-4 (Glc a1-2) Man a1- Gal b1-4 (Glc a1-3) Man a1- Gal b1-4 (Glc a1-6) Man a1- Gal b1-6 (Glc a1-2) Man a1- Gal b1-6 (Glc a1-3) Man a1- Gal b1-6 (Glc a1-4) Man a1- Gal a1-2 (Glc b1-3) Man a1- Gal a1-2 (Glc b1-4) Man a1- Gal a1-2 (Glc b1-6) Man a1- Gal a1-3 (Glc b1-2) Man a1- Gal a1-3 (Glc b1-4) Man a1- Gal a1-3 (Glc b1-6) Man a1- Gal a1-4 (Glc b1-2) Man a1- Gal a1-4 (Glc b1-3) Man a1- Gal a1-4 (Glc b1-6) Man a1- Gal a1-6 (Glc b1-2) Man a1- Gal a1-6 (Glc b1-3) Man a1- Gal a1-6 (Glc b1-4) Man a1- Gal b1-2 (Glc b1-3) Man a1- Gal b1-2 (Glc b1-4) Man a1- Gal b1-2 (Glc b1-6) Man a1- Gal b1-3 (Glc b1-2) Man a1- Gal b1-3 (Glc b1-4) Man a1- Gal b1-3 (Glc b1-6) Man a1- Gal b1-4 (Glc b1-2) Man a1- Gal b1-4 (Glc b1-3) Man a1- Gal b1-4 (Glc b1-6) Man a1- Gal b1-6 (Glc b1-2) Man a1- Gal b1-6 (Glc b1-3) Man a1- Gal b1-6 (Glc b1-4) Man a1- Gal a1-2 (Glc a1-3) Man b1- Gal a1-2 (Glc a1-4) Man b1- Gal a1-2 (Glc a1-6) Man b1- Gal a1-3 (Glc a1-2) Man b1- Gal a1-3 (Glc a1-4) Man b1- Gal a1-3 (Glc a1-6) Man b1- Gal a1-4 (Glc a1-2) Man b1- Gal a1-4 (Glc a1-3) Man b1- Gal a1-4 (Glc a1-6) Man b1- Gal a1-6 (Glc a1-2) Man b1- Gal a1-6 (Glc a1-3) Man b1- Gal a1-6 (Glc a1-4) Man b1- Gal b1-2 (Glc a1-3) Man b1- Gal b1-2 (Glc a1-4) Man b1- Gal b1-2 (Glc a1-6) Man b1- Gal b1-3 (Glc a1-2) Man b1- Gal b1-3 (Glc a1-4) Man b1- Gal b1-3 (Glc a1-6) Man b1- Gal b1-4 (Glc a1-2) Man b1- Gal b1-4 (Glc a1-3) Man b1- Gal b1-4 (Glc a1-6) Man b1- Gal b1-6 (Glc a1-2) Man b1- Gal b1-6 (Glc a1-3) Man b1- Gal b1-6 (Glc a1-4) Man b1- Gal a1-2 (Glc b1-3) Man b1- Gal a1-2 (Glc b1-4) Man b1- Gal a1-2 (Glc b1-6) Man b1- Gal a1-3 (Glc b1-2) Man b1- Gal a1-3 (Glc b1-4) Man b1- Gal a1-3 (Glc b1-6) Man b1- Gal a1-4 (Glc b1-2) Man b1- Gal a1-4 (Glc b1-3) Man b1- Gal a1-4 (Glc b1-6) Man b1- Gal a1-6 (Glc b1-2) Man b1- Gal a1-6 (Glc b1-3) Man b1- Gal a1-6 (Glc b1-4) Man b1- Gal b1-2 (Glc b1-3) Man b1- Gal b1-2 (Glc b1-4) Man b1- Gal b1-2 (Glc b1-6) Man b1- Gal b1-3 (Glc b1-2) Man b1- Gal b1-3 (Glc b1-4) Man b1- Gal b1-3 (Glc b1-6) Man b1- Gal b1-4 (Glc b1-2) Man b1- Gal b1-4 (Glc b1-3) Man b1- Gal b1-4 (Glc b1-6) Man b1- Gal b1-6 (Glc b1-2) Man b1- Gal b1-6 (Glc b1-3) Man b1- Gal b1-6 (Glc b1-4) Man b1- Gal a1-2 (Man a1-3) Glc a1- Gal a1-2 (Man a1-4) Glc a1- Gal a1-2 (Man a1-6) Glc a1- Gal a1-3 (Man a1-2) Glc a1- Gal a1-3 (Man a1-4) Glc a1- Gal a1-3 (Man a1-6) Glc a1- Gal a1-4 (Man a1-2) Glc a1- Gal a1-4 (Man a1-3) Glc a1- Gal a1-4 (Man a1-6) Glc a1- Gal a1-6 (Man a1-2) Glc a1- Gal a1-6 (Man a1-3) Glc a1- Gal a1-6 (Man a1-4) Glc a1- Gal b1-2 (Man a1-3) Glc a1- Gal b1-2 (Man a1-4) Glc a1- Gal b1-2 (Man a1-6) Glc a1- Gal b1-3 (Man a1-2) Glc a1- Gal b1-3 (Man a1-4) Glc a1- Gal b1-3 (Man a1-6) Glc a1- Gal b1-4 (Man a1-2) Glc a1- Gal b1-4 (Man a1-3) Glc a1- Gal b1-4 (Man a1-6) Glc a1- Gal b1-6 (Man a1-2) Glc a1- Gal b1-6 (Man a1-3) Glc a1- Gal b1-6 (Man a1-4) Glc a1- Gal a1-2 (Man b1-3) Glc a1- Gal a1-2 (Man b1-4) Glc a1- Gal a1-2 (Man b1-6) Glc a1- Gal a1-3 (Man b1-2) Glc a1- Gal a1-3 (Man b1-4) Glc a1- Gal a1-3 (Man b1-6) Glc a1- Gal a1-4 (Man b1-2) Glc a1- Gal a1-4 (Man b1-3) Glc a1- Gal a1-4 (Man b1-6) Glc a1- Gal a1-6 (Man b1-2) Glc a1- Gal a1-6 (Man b1-3) Glc a1- Gal a1-6 (Man b1-4) Glc a1- Gal b1-2 (Man b1-3) Glc a1- Gal b1-2 (Man b1-4) Glc a1- Gal b1-2 (Man b1-6) Glc a1- Gal b1-3 (Man b1-2) Glc a1- Gal b1-3 (Man b1-4) Glc a1- Gal b1-3 (Man b1-6) Glc a1- Gal b1-4 (Man b1-2) Glc a1- Gal b1-4 (Man b1-3) Glc a1- Gal b1-4 (Man b1-6) Glc a1- Gal b1-6 (Man b1-2) Glc a1- Gal b1-6 (Man b1-3) Glc a1- Gal b1-6 (Man b1-4) Glc a1- Gal a1-2 (Man a1-3) Glc b1- Gal a1-2 (Man a1-4) Glc b1- Gal a1-2 (Man a1-6) Glc b1- Gal a1-3 (Man a1-2) Glc b1- Gal a1-3 (Man a1-4) Glc b1- Gal a1-3 (Man a1-6) Glc b1- Gal a1-4 (Man a1-2) Glc b1- Gal a1-4 (Man a1-3) Glc b1- Gal a1-4 (Man a1-6) Glc b1- Gal a1-6 (Man a1-2) Glc b1- Gal a1-6 (Man a1-3) Glc b1- Gal a1-6 (Man a1-4) Glc b1- Gal b1-2 (Man a1-3) Glc b1- Gal b1-2 (Man a1-4) Glc b1- Gal b1-2 (Man a1-6) Glc b1- Gal b1-3 (Man a1-2) Glc b1- Gal b1-3 (Man a1-4) Glc b1- Gal b1-3 (Man a1-6) Glc b1- Gal b1-4 (Man a1-2) Glc b1- Gal b1-4 (Man a1-3) Glc b1- Gal b1-4 (Man a1-6) Glc b1- Gal b1-6 (Man a1-2) Glc b1- Gal b1-6 (Man a1-3) Glc b1- Gal b1-6 (Man a1-4) Glc b1- Gal a1-2 (Man b1-3) Glc b1- Gal a1-2 (Man b1-4) Glc b1- Gal a1-2 (Man b1-6) Glc b1- Gal a1-3 (Man b1-2) Glc b1- Gal a1-3 (Man b1-4) Glc b1- Gal a1-3 (Man b1-6) Glc b1- Gal a1-4 (Man b1-2) Glc b1- Gal a1-4 (Man b1-3) Glc b1- Gal a1-4 (Man b1-6) Glc b1- Gal a1-6 (Man b1-2) Glc b1- Gal a1-6 (Man b1-3) Glc b1- Gal a1-6 (Man b1-4) Glc b1- Gal b1-2 (Man b1-3) Glc b1- Gal b1-2 (Man b1-4) Glc b1- Gal b1-2 (Man b1-6) Glc b1- Gal b1-3 (Man b1-2) Glc b1- Gal b1-3 (Man b1-4) Glc b1- Gal b1-3 (Man b1-6) Glc b1- Gal b1-4 (Man b1-2) Glc b1- Gal b1-4 (Man b1-3) Glc b1- Gal b1-4 (Man b1-6) Glc b1- Gal b1-6 (Man b1-2) Glc b1- Gal b1-6 (Man b1-3) Glc b1- Gal b1-6 (Man b1-4) Glc b1- Glc a1-2 (Man a1-3) Gal a1- Glc a1-2 (Man a1-4) Gal a1- Glc a1-2 (Man a1-6) Gal a1- Glc a1-3 (Man a1-2) Gal a1- Glc a1-3 (Man a1-4) Gal a1- Glc a1-3 (Man a1-6) Gal a1- Glc a1-4 (Man a1-2) Gal a1- Glc a1-4 (Man a1-3) Gal a1- Glc a1-4 (Man a1-6) Gal a1- Glc a1-6 (Man a1-2) Gal a1- Glc a1-6 (Man a1-3) Gal a1- Glc a1-6 (Man a1-4) Gal a1- Glc b1-2 (Man a1-3) Gal a1- Glc b1-2 (Man a1-4) Gal a1- Glc b1-2 (Man a1-6) Gal a1- Glc b1-3 (Man a1-2) Gal a1- Glc b1-3 (Man a1-4) Gal a1- Glc b1-3 (Man a1-6) Gal a1- Glc b1-4 (Man a1-2) Gal a1- Glc b1-4 (Man a1-3) Gal a1- Glc b1-4 (Man a1-6) Gal a1- Glc b1-6 (Man a1-2) Gal a1- Glc b1-6 (Man a1-3) Gal a1- Glc b1-6 (Man a1-4) Gal a1- Glc a1-2 (Man b1-3) Gal a1- Glc a1-2 (Man b1-4) Gal a1- Glc a1-2 (Man b1-6) Gal a1- Glc a1-3 (Man b1-2) Gal a1- Glc a1-3 (Man b1-4) Gal a1- Glc a1-3 (Man b1-6) Gal a1- Glc a1-4 (Man b1-2) Gal a1- Glc a1-4 (Man b1-3) Gal a1- Glc a1-4 (Man b1-6) Gal a1- Glc a1-6 (Man b1-2) Gal a1- Glc a1-6 (Man b1-3) Gal a1- Glc a1-6 (Man b1-4) Gal a1- Glc b1-2 (Man b1-3) Gal a1- Glc b1-2 (Man b1-4) Gal a1- Glc b1-2 (Man b1-6) Gal a1- Glc b1-3 (Man b1-2) Gal a1- Glc b1-3 (Man b1-4) Gal a1- Glc b1-3 (Man b1-6) Gal a1- Glc b1-4 (Man b1-2) Gal a1- Glc b1-4 (Man b1-3) Gal a1- Glc b1-4 (Man b1-6) Gal a1- Glc b1-6 (Man b1-2) Gal a1- Glc b1-6 (Man b1-3) Gal a1- Glc b1-6 (Man b1-4) Gal a1- Glc a1-2 (Man a1-3) Gal b1- Glc a1-2 (Man a1-4) Gal b1- Glc a1-2 (Man a1-6) Gal b1- Glc a1-3 (Man a1-2) Gal b1- Glc a1-3 (Man a1-4) Gal b1- Glc a1-3 (Man a1-6) Gal b1- Glc a1-4 (Man a1-2) Gal b1- Glc a1-4 (Man a1-3) Gal b1- Glc a1-4 (Man a1-6) Gal b1- Glc a1-6 (Man a1-2) Gal b1- Glc a1-6 (Man a1-3) Gal b1- Glc a1-6 (Man a1-4) Gal b1- Glc b1-2 (Man a1-3) Gal b1- Glc b1-2 (Man a1-4) Gal b1- Glc b1-2 (Man a1-6) Gal b1- Glc b1-3 (Man a1-2) Gal b1- Glc b1-3 (Man a1-4) Gal b1- Glc b1-3 (Man a1-6) Gal b1- Glc b1-4 (Man a1-2) Gal b1- Glc b1-4 (Man a1-3) Gal b1- Glc b1-4 (Man a1-6) Gal b1- Glc b1-6 (Man a1-2) Gal b1- Glc b1-6 (Man a1-3) Gal b1- Glc b1-6 (Man a1-4) Gal b1- Glc a1-2 (Man b1-3) Gal b1- Glc a1-2 (Man b1-4) Gal b1- Glc a1-2 (Man b1-6) Gal b1- Glc a1-3 (Man b1-2) Gal b1- Glc a1-3 (Man b1-4) Gal b1- Glc a1-3 (Man b1-6) Gal b1- Glc a1-4 (Man b1-2) Gal b1- Glc a1-4 (Man b1-3) Gal b1- Glc a1-4 (Man b1-6) Gal b1- Glc a1-6 (Man b1-2) Gal b1- Glc a1-6 (Man b1-3) Gal b1- Glc a1-6 (Man b1-4) Gal b1- Glc b1-2 (Man b1-3) Gal b1- Glc b1-2 (Man b1-4) Gal b1- Glc b1-2 (Man b1-6) Gal b1- Glc b1-3 (Man b1-2) Gal b1- Glc b1-3 (Man b1-4) Gal b1- Glc b1-3 (Man b1-6) Gal b1- Glc b1-4 (Man b1-2) Gal b1- Glc b1-4 (Man b1-3) Gal b1- Glc b1-4 (Man b1-6) Gal b1- Glc b1-6 (Man b1-2) Gal b1- Glc b1-6 (Man b1-3) Gal b1- Glc b1-6 (Man b1-4) Gal b1- Man a1-4 Gal a1-3 Glc b1 Man a1-6 Gal a1-3 Glc b1 Man b1-2 Gal a1-3 Glc b1 Man b1-3 Gal a1-3 Glc b1 Man b1-4 Gal a1-3 Glc b1 Man b1-6 Gal a1-3 Glc b1 Man a1-2 Gal a1-4 Glc b1 Man a1-3 Gal a1-4 Glc b1 Man a1-4 Gal a1-4 Glc b1 Man a1-6 Gal a1-4 Glc b1 Man b1-2 Gal a1-4 Glc b1 Man b1-3 Gal a1-4 Glc b1 Man b1-4 Gal a1-4 Glc b1 Man b1-6 Gal a1-4 Glc b1 Man a1-2 Gal a1-6 Glc b1 Man a1-3 Gal a1-6 Glc b1

47 Major Glycoconjugates of Eukaryotes GlycoproteinsGlycoproteins GlycolipidsGlycolipids ProteoglycansProteoglycans

48 The Glyco World The Glyco World saccharides, glycosides & glycans saccharides, glycosides & glycans The Glyco World The Glyco World saccharides, glycosides & glycans saccharides, glycosides & glycans Whats the (sugar) buzz?Whats the (sugar) buzz? Carbohydrates: The language of glycoscienceCarbohydrates: The language of glycoscience The glycosidic bond and glycan nomenclatureThe glycosidic bond and glycan nomenclature Major carbohydrate classes: sugars, polysaccharides, oligosaccharides and glycoconjugatesMajor carbohydrate classes: sugars, polysaccharides, oligosaccharides and glycoconjugates Definitions and resourcesDefinitions and resources Whats the (sugar) buzz?Whats the (sugar) buzz? Carbohydrates: The language of glycoscienceCarbohydrates: The language of glycoscience The glycosidic bond and glycan nomenclatureThe glycosidic bond and glycan nomenclature Major carbohydrate classes: sugars, polysaccharides, oligosaccharides and glycoconjugatesMajor carbohydrate classes: sugars, polysaccharides, oligosaccharides and glycoconjugates Definitions and resourcesDefinitions and resources

49 The Glyco World The Glyco World saccharides, glycosides & glycans saccharides, glycosides & glycans The Glyco World The Glyco World saccharides, glycosides & glycans saccharides, glycosides & glycans Whats the (sugar) buzz?Whats the (sugar) buzz? Carbohydrates: The language of glycoscienceCarbohydrates: The language of glycoscience The glycosidic bond and glycan nomenclatureThe glycosidic bond and glycan nomenclature Major carbohydrate classes: sugars, polysaccharides, oligosaccharides and glycoconjugatesMajor carbohydrate classes: sugars, polysaccharides, oligosaccharides and glycoconjugates Definitions and resourcesDefinitions and resources Whats the (sugar) buzz?Whats the (sugar) buzz? Carbohydrates: The language of glycoscienceCarbohydrates: The language of glycoscience The glycosidic bond and glycan nomenclatureThe glycosidic bond and glycan nomenclature Major carbohydrate classes: sugars, polysaccharides, oligosaccharides and glycoconjugatesMajor carbohydrate classes: sugars, polysaccharides, oligosaccharides and glycoconjugates Definitions and resourcesDefinitions and resources

50 What are: What are: Glycobiology? Glycosciences? Glycomics? What are: What are: Glycobiology? Glycosciences? Glycomics?

51 Glycobiology The study of the biological functions, structures, recognition and biosynthesis of glycans (sugar chains, saccharides) in the context of the biological scaffolds to which they are attached (e.g. glycolipids & glycoproteins). The study of the biological functions, structures, recognition and biosynthesis of glycans (sugar chains, saccharides) in the context of the biological scaffolds to which they are attached (e.g. glycolipids & glycoproteins). Glycobiology The study of the biological functions, structures, recognition and biosynthesis of glycans (sugar chains, saccharides) in the context of the biological scaffolds to which they are attached (e.g. glycolipids & glycoproteins). The study of the biological functions, structures, recognition and biosynthesis of glycans (sugar chains, saccharides) in the context of the biological scaffolds to which they are attached (e.g. glycolipids & glycoproteins).

52 Glycosciences Glycobiology & Glycochemistry, including… Glycobiology & Glycochemistry, including… -Chemical synthesis -Chemoenzymatic synthesis -Metabolic engineering -Glycomimetics -Glycan conformation and structure -Material Sciences -Plant and bacterial polysaccharides -Chemical synthesis -Chemoenzymatic synthesis -Metabolic engineering -Glycomimetics -Glycan conformation and structure -Material Sciences -Plant and bacterial polysaccharides Glycosciences Glycobiology & Glycochemistry, including… Glycobiology & Glycochemistry, including… -Chemical synthesis -Chemoenzymatic synthesis -Metabolic engineering -Glycomimetics -Glycan conformation and structure -Material Sciences -Plant and bacterial polysaccharides -Chemical synthesis -Chemoenzymatic synthesis -Metabolic engineering -Glycomimetics -Glycan conformation and structure -Material Sciences -Plant and bacterial polysaccharides

53 Glycomics - Analytical glycosciences -Glycan bioinformatics - Analytical glycosciences -Glycan bioinformatics Glycome – The total complement of glycans in a cell or organism Glycome – The total complement of glycans in a cell or organism Glycomics - Analytical glycosciences -Glycan bioinformatics - Analytical glycosciences -Glycan bioinformatics Glycome – The total complement of glycans in a cell or organism Glycome – The total complement of glycans in a cell or organism

54 Glycobiology resources Glycobiology resources Glycobiology resources Glycobiology resources Oxford University Press, New York Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, Cold Spring Harbor, NY. Content freely available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK1908

55 http://glycam.ccrc.uga.edu/ccrc/pages/3dspt.html


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