4Who is he ? Almost 1.2 Billion bear witness he is the Messenger of God *1,126,325,000
5ENCYCLOPAEDIA BRITANNICA MUHAMMAD is the most successful of all Prophets and religious personalities.“ (11th Edition under Koran)
6ENCYCLOPAEDIA BRITANNICA “.... A mass of detail in the early sources show that he was an honest and upright man who had gained the respect and loyalty of others who were like-wise honest and upright men." (Vol. 12)
7MICHAEL H. HART, ranked him 1st in the list of the Most Influential Persons in History : "My choice of Muhammad to lead the list of the world's most influential persons may surprise some readers and may be questioned by others, but he was the only man in history who was supremely successful on both the religious and secular levels.”** THE 100: A RANKING OF THE MOST INFLUENTIAL PERSONS IN HISTORY, New York, 1978, p. 33)
8LAMAR TINE,The renowned historian, speaking on the essentials of human greatness wonders:Ifgreatness of purpose,smallness of means andastounding resultsare the three criteria of human genius, who could dare to compare any great man in modern history than MUHAMMAD?
9He did it…He was by far the most remarkable man that ever set foot on this earthHe preached a religion, founded a state, built a nation, laid down a moral code, initiated numerous social and political reformsHe established a powerful and dynamic society to practice and represent his teachings and completely revolutionized the worlds of human thought and behavior for all times to come
10His Mission Impossible He was born in Arabia in the year 570, started his mission of preaching the religion of Truth, Islam (submission to One God) at the age of forty and departed from this world at the age of sixty-three.During this short period of 23 years as a Prophet, he changed the complete Arabian peninsula
11His Mission Impossible From paganism and idolatry to SUBMISSION to the One True God,From tribal quarrels and wars to national solidarity and cohesion,From drunkenness and debauchery to sobriety and piety,From lawlessness and anarchy to disciplined living,From utter bankruptcy to the highest standards of moral excellence.
12His Mission Impossible Human history has never known such a complete transformation of a society or a place before or sinceIMAGINE all these unbelievable wonders in JUST OVER TWO DECADES.Yes, this was done by Prophet MUHAMMAD (pbuh)
13WHY PROPHETS ?? Sources of human knowledge - limited Normal realities can be understood by observationHigher level realities - deductive reasoning + scientific investigation.Ultimate realities (esp. why?)Science + Philosophy can only speculate
14WHY PROPHETS ??No other source except divine guidance conveyed thru prophets.God did not leave us without guidance. From first man till the last.
15Mission of a Prophet To lay down: Framework of belief Mode of worship Moral codeRules of culture and civilizationIn fact to prescribe whole system of thought and action (Al-Deen), which includes all aspects of life.
16Mission of a Prophet Read the book to people Purify them (belief and actions)Teach the book and WisdomBe a practical modelTrain the individuals and society to establish Islamic system of life (Kingdom of God on earth)
17Mission of a ProphetNot all the prophets succeeded because of the prejudice and intolerance of people. Muhammad (pbuh) did succeed in establishing the kingdom of God.
18ProphethoodGod conveyed his message to man thru Muhammad (pbuh) in two formsQuran - The BookSunnah - Sayings, practices, and approvals of the prophet. (PRACTICAL DEMO)Belief in Prophethood brings the life into real worship and obedience, otherwise, the belief remains just the theory.
19Requirements (of Belief in Prophethood) Believe in him (as required)Obey him in all spheres of lifeHis Sunnah is the explanation of Quran, nobody can contradict his explanation.No independent decision in a matter prescribed by the prophet
20Position of a Prophet Servant of God Makes people to obey God and worship Him and not himself, by conveying, No Force !!Just a human being. No share in divinity (4 areas mentioned above, entity, attributes, rights, and powers)Not a superhuman. So, Islam has saved its followers from any exaggeration in this belief.
21What Distinguishes Muhammad (pbuh) from Others ?? Last ProphetRevived the faith conveyed by all prophetsPure message retransmitted thru himNo messenger after himBook is preservedSunnah (practice, sayings, approvals) is recorded in details (No better compilation of any person in history is present)
22Why follow Muhammad (pbuh) For instruction, we turn to Muhammad (pbuh), not because of prejudice, but becauseLast Prophet latest guidanceWord of God in pure divine, living languageHistorical record of his Sunnah is preserved
23Muhammad's (pbuh) Mission - Universal Quran confirms itLogical consequence of finalityComplete code supports finalityNo man in the last 1400 yrs like him
24ENCYCLOPAEDIA BRITANNICA MUHAMMAD is the most successful of all Prophets and religious personalities.“ (11th Edition under Koran)
25MICHAEL H. HART, ranked him 1st in the list of the Most Influential Persons in History : "My choice of Muhammad to lead the list of the world's most influential persons may surprise some readers and may be questioned by others, but he was the only man in history who was supremely successful on both the religious and secular levels.”** THE 100: A RANKING OF THE MOST INFLUENTIAL PERSONS IN HISTORY, New York, 1978, p. 33)
26Appearance Muhammad (pbuh) was of a height a little above the average. He was fair of complexion and altogether very handsome.
27AppearanceHe did not speak unnecessarily and what he said was always to the point and without any padding.At times he would make his meaning clear by slowly repeating what he had said.His laugh was mostly a smile.He kept his feelings under firm control.
28DressHis dress generally consisted of a shirt, tamad (trousers), a sheet thrown round the shoulders and a turban.His blanket had several patches (Tirmidhi).He had very few spare clothes, but he kept them spotlessly clean (Bukhari).
29DressOnce he enquired of a person in dirty clothes whether he had any income. Upon getting a reply in the affirmative, he observed, "When Allah has blessed you with His bounty, your appearance should reflect it." [Abu Dawood]
30House & Belongings!!!His house was but a hut with walls of unbaked clay and a thatched roof of palm leaves covered by camel skin. It containeda rope cot,a pillow stuffed with palm leaves ,the skin of some animal spread on the floor and a waterbag of leatherand some weapons.
31House & Belongings!!! These were all his earthly belongings, besides a camel,a horse, andan ass andsome land which he had acquired in the later part of his life (Bukhari, Muslim, Abu Dawood).
32MAHATMA GANDHI, says in ‘Young India’.. "I wanted to know the best of one who holds today's undisputed sway over the hearts of millions of mankind.. I became more than convinced that it was not the sword that won a place for Islam in those days in the scheme of life.”
33MAHATMA GANDHI, says in ‘Young India’.. "It was the rigid simplicity, the utter self-effacement of the Prophet the scrupulous regard for pledges, his intrepidity, his fearlessness, his absolute trust in God and in his own mission….”
34House & Belongings!!!Sometimes he slept on his cot, sometimes on a skin or ordinary mattress, and sometimes on the ground.To his disciples (who wanted to offer him a soft bed)"What have I to do with worldly things. My connection with the world is like that of a traveller resting for a while underneath the shade of a tree and then moving on."
35House & Belongings!!!His wife A'isha (ra) says that there was hardly a day in his life when he had two square meals. [Sahih Muslim]This was so inspite of him being the most beloved ruler of the Islamic State of all times.
36For his family!He had declared unlawful for himself and his family anything given by the people by way of Zakat (obligatory donation of 2.5% of savings) or sadaqa (charity).
37REV. REGINALD BOSWORTH SMITH, "He was Caesar and Pope in one; but he was Pope without Pope's pretensions, Caesar without the legions of Caesar: without a standing army, without a bodyguard, without a palace, without a fixed revenue;
38REV. REGINALD BOSWORTH SMITH, If ever any man had the right to say that he ruled by the right divine, it was Mohammed, for he had all the power without its instruments and without its supports."
39Extremely humble!Though virtual king of Arabia and an apostle of Allah, he never assumed an air of superiority.He used to invite people be they slaves, servants or the poorest believers, to partake with him of his scanty meals. [Tirmidhi]He did not like people to get up for him and used to say, "Let him who likes people to stand up in his honour, he should seek a place in hell." [Abu Dawud]
40At home!His wife A'isha (ra) said, "He always joined in household work and would at times mend his clothes, repair his shoes and sweep the floor. He would milk, tether, and feed his animals and do the household shopping." [Qazi Iyaz: Shifa; Sahih Bukhari]
41Spend his time… According to the demands on him for: offering worship to Allahpublic affairs, andpersonal matters.
42Spend his time…All his activities were full of supplications and prayers.His Love, Devotion, Dedication is transparent through all these supplcns. (not just 5 prayers).A full 300 page-books is there just on the prayers he used to recite.
43Supplications… MIRACULOUS ASPECT Establish / Correct the relationship with GodMaintain itMillions of Muslims throughout centuries have been reciting these everyday.Of course, they want to follow him in all aspects (name, dress, beard, living style…).
44Supplications…And don’t forget that he was not just a spiritual guide… He was a leader in all aspects of life.
45LAMARTINE,Philosopher, orator, apostle, legislator, warrior, conqueror of ideas, restorer of rational dogmas, of a cult without images, the founder of twenty terrestrial empires and of one spiritual empire, that is MUHAMMAD.
46LAMARTINE,The most famous men created arms, laws and empires only. They founded, if anything at all, no more than material powers which often crumbled away before their eyes.
47LAMARTINE,This man moved not only armies, legislation, empires, peoples and dynasties, but millions of men in one- third of the then inhabited world; and more than that, he moved the altars, the gods, the religions, the ideas, the beliefs and souls....
48LAMARTINE,As regards all the standards by which Human Greatness may be measured, we may well ask, IS THERE ANY MAN GREATER THAN HE ?"(ALPHONSE DE LAMAR TINE, HISTOIRE DE LA TURQUIE, PARIS, 1854, VOL. II, PP )
49His BehaviorBy nature he was gentle and kind-hearted, always inclined to be gracious and to overlook the faults of others.Politeness and courtesy,compassion and tenderness,simplicity and humility,sympathy and sinceritywere some of the keynotes of his character.
50His CharacterAbout himself the Prophet (pbuh) said “Allah has sent me as an apostle so that I may demonstrate perfection of character, refinement of manners and loftiness of deportment." [Malik]
51His BehaviorHe was not annoyed if anyone interrupted him even during the SERMONS for anything.Bedouin (desert-man)His grandson
52His BehaviorThe Prophet (pbuh) said: “He is a bad person in the sight of Allah * who does not behave courteously, and * people shun his company because of his bad manners.[Sahih Bukhari]
53Messenger of MercyWe have sent you except as a mercy for the worlds (al-Qur’an)Extremely kind and merciful for believersEven for his enemies - After Makkah’s victory
54Kindness to Animals"Indeed, there is heavenly reward for every act of kindness done to a living animal.“If he saw any animal over-loaded he would pull up the owner and say, "Fear Allah in your treatment of animals."
55Love for the poorHe said: "He is not a perfect Muslim who eats his fill and lets his neighbour go hungry."To his wife he said, "O A'isha, love the poor and let them come to you and Allah will draw you near to Himself." [Sahih Bukhari]
56Messenger of MercyHe achieved a huge revolution without almost any bloodshed!Only few hundreds were killed (initiated by wars from others).Just compare it with any other revolution of the world!!!
57GEORGE BERNARD SHAWI have studied him - the wonderful man and in my opinion far from being an anti- Christ, he must be called the Savior of Humanity.“
58His Life in Brief!!! Born in Makkah Married Khadijah (R) a widow of 40 years at the age of 25. Stayed with her till her deathMade Prophet at 40 years; Spread the messageOpposition by Makkans (egos; positions; vested interests; establishments)Migrated to Madinah at 53 (after 13 years); His followers migrated too.
59His Life in Brief!!!Established Islamic State in Madinah; Taught Muslims how to live (in all aspects of life: Spiritual, moral, social, political, … all aspects of life… in all types of situations).Attacked continuously by surrounding enemies including those from MakkahBecame victorious within 10 years!Whole Arabia became MuslimDied at the age of 63.
61Basic Definitions Islam: Peaceful, willing submission to God. Islam is not a religion alone. It is a code/way of life (Deen). It encompasses all spheres of life.Religion guides in the area of 'ibadaat (worship) only. Whereas Deen guides all spheres of life of a man i.e. in mosque/church and state affairs.
62Basic DefinitionsA Muslim is the one who submits himself to God willfully and peacefully.A Muslim's belief is:There is no God except the one true Godand Muhammad is the messenger and slave of God. (Peace be upon him)
63Who was the first Muslim on earth? Adam not Muhammad (peace be on them both)Islam is not a new religion. It is the religion given by God to the first man and is the same for the last one too and for every one in between.
64MisconceptionsMuhammad pbuh is not the founder of Islam. He came with the last edition of Islam.Muslims are not Muhammadans.Muslims do not worship Muhammad pbuh.
65The Miracle given to Muhammad pbuh – Al-Qur’an A UNIQUE BOOKMemorized in Full by hundreds of thousandsTOP in being read daily by millions all over the world (Encyclopedia Britannic, 11th edition)Preserved in its ORIGINAL form for the last 14 centuries
66Center, The KAABA in Makkah Built by Prophets ABRAHAM and ISHMAEL 3000 years agoMuslims throughout the world face towards it while praying1.5 MILLION Muslims in Hajj; 1.5 in UmrahWhere everybody (males) dress the same and race, wealth, status, etc., all are removed.
67The FASTEST Growing Religion in the world: Not by Sword or Money ! “Today it is 'perhaps' the fastest growing religion in US” (Maston Speight, Director of the office of Christian Muslim relations of the national council of churches of Christ of the USA)'World's fastest growing religion' (Robert Morey, Director of research and education foundation, Austin, TX) in spite of the Muslims powerlessness and decadence in the past 2 centuries.'In modern times it has made great gains in Africa' (The 1990 Almanac, Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston) .
68The FASTEST Growing Religion in the world: Never witnessed large scale desertions: As against all other religions.Devoid of Major Splits: Divisions (Shiites, Zaidi, etc.,) are around 10% only.
69MUSLIMS: A GLOBAL COMMUNITY Total Population: 1 BillionIndian Subcontinent: 30%sub-Saharan Africa: 20%Arab World: 18%Southeast Asia: 17%USSR and China: 10%Non-Arab Middle East: 10%Countries with more than 50% Muslim population: 57
70Famous Books of Islam 1. Psalms of David 2. Torah: The old testament 3. Bible: The new testament4. Quran: The final testament
71Famous Prophets of Islam ADAMNOAHABRAHAMMOSESJESUSMOHAMMED(Peace be on them all)
72Basic Sources of Islam Quran : The Book of Allah Sunnah: The sayings, practice, and approvals of the prophet Muhammad (pbuh).
73Three Main Elements of Islam Sovereignty of God on all matters of life; spiritual and material.Prophethood: Guidance (spiritual and material) is sent thru prophets from Adam thru Mohammed (peace be upon them.)The Hereafter (Life after death) Obedience...…..Paradise for ever Disobedience….Hell for ever
74BASIC PILLARS OF ISLAMEvery act done with the consciousness that it fulfills the divine will is considered an act of worship in Islam.Nevertheless, the specific acts of worship termed as the Pillars of Islam are on the higher plane of spirituality.
75BASIC PILLARS OF ISLAM They are: The Declaration of Faith (Shahadah): 'I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship except God and that Muhammad is His servant and messenger.The Prayer (Salah): 5 times a day as a duty towards God. To strengthen the belief in God. To inspires man to higher morality.Fasting (Siyam): Cultivates piety, patience and love for the poor.
76BASIC PILLARS OF ISLAMThe poor-Tax (Zakat): To give 2.5% annually of one's net savings as alms to the poor. (Life insurance in a Muslim community)Pilgrimage (Hajj): To Makkah, provided one has the means (financial and physical).
77Articles of Faith Existence, oneness and Attributes of Allah Belief in AngelsBelief in Holy BooksBelief in ProphetsBelief in the HereafterBelief in the Destiny (All past, present, and future events are from Allah and in His Knowledge.)
78Universality of Message Quran always address "O Mankind", "O Son of Adam". And Not to people of any particular race, tribe, are, color, language.."The believers are like brothers" (Quran)."All men are equal in Islam. The Arab has no superiority over non-Arab, nor does the non-Arab have superiority over Arabs except in the fear of God." - Prophet Muhammad (pbuh)
79FAITH IN GOD Not just that HE exists but Creator, Master, Ruler, Administrator of the universe;No one has share in HisEntity (Asma)Attributes (Sifaat)Rights (Huqooq)Authority/powers (Ekhtiaraat)
80Purity of Faith Say: He is God, The One and Only In the name of God, Most Gracious, Most MercifulSay: He is God, The One and OnlyGod, the Eternal, the AbsoluteHe begets not, nor is he begottenAnd there is none like unto Him. [Quran 131:1-5]
81Requirements (of Faith in God) Worship Him alonePray Him aloneHave hope and fear from Him aloneTake the law from Him alone. Law making should be within the limits prescribed by Him and under His permission.
82BELIEF IN THE HEREAFTER This life is a test.At the end AccountabilityTime for accountability - fixed by Godpresent order of things will be replaced by anotherAll human beings will rise once again in the new worldEveryone will face God individually
83BELIEF IN THE HEREAFTER Judgment based on not just God's knowledge but Proofs from angles, his environment, his book of deeds etc.,No undue intercession. No bribery, No advocacy without His permission.Criteria: Did the man conduct himself a/c to Islam?
84BELIEF IN THE HEREAFTER In one of his sermons calculated to instil the fear of Allah and the day of reckoning in the hearts of men, Prophet Muhammad pbuh said:O people of Quraish be prepared for the hereafter, I cannot save you from the punishment of Allah;O Bani Abd Manaf, ….; O Abbas… O Fatima, daughter of Muhammad, even you I cannot save you from the punishment of Allah."
85Three Categories of people Who Reject - Hellfire foreverWho Believe, but distorted way - (a/c to scholars, such people will be sent to Hell for sometime and then sent to Heaven)Who accept and practice - Paradise forever
86Three Categories of people Every thing in this life is pure blessing of God and it is impossible for human to deserve any reward. The prophet Muhammad (pbuh) clarified that even he also will enter paradise because of the mercy of Allah and not based upon his actions. The actions we do just enable us to receive that mercy which will send us to paradise.
87SOME ISLAMIC PRINCIPLES Oneness of GodOneness of mankind: No one can claim that he is better than others. It is only God Who knows who is better. It depends on piety and righteousness.
88SOME ISLAMIC PRINCIPLES Oneness of Messengers and the Message:Muslims believe that God sent different messengers throughout the history of mankind.All came with the same message and the same teachings.Muslims believe in Noah, Abraham, Isaac, Ismail, Jacob, Moses, David, Jesus, and Muhammad. They are all the Prophets of Islam.
89Equality in Islam (POLICY) O' Mankind! We created you from a single (pair) of a male and a female, and made you into nations and tribes, that ye may know each other (not that ye may despise each other). Verily the most honored of you in the sight of God is (he who is) the most righteous of you. Quran 49:13God looks not to your FIGURES nor to your WEALTH but to your HEARTS and to your DEEDS - Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him)
90Equality in Islam (PROGRAM) Group prayers - a part of the program5 times a day for every localityOnce a week for the whole cityOnce a year for the whole Muslim world i.e. pilgrimage to Makkah.Where everybody prays shoulder to shoulder.
91SAROJINI NAIDU, the famous Indian poetess says … "It was the first religion that preached and practiced democracy; for, in the mosque, when the call for prayer is sounded and worshippers are gathered together, the democracy of Islam is embodied five times a day when the peasant and king kneel side by side and proclaim: 'God Alone is Great'...(S.NAIDU, IDEALS OF ISLAM, VIDE SPEECHES & WRITINGS, MADRAS, 1918)
92PROF. JULES MASSERMAN of USA Psychiatric Association : Leaders must fulfill three functionsprovide for the well being of the led,provide a social organization in which people feel relatively secureprovide them with one set of beliefs
93PROF. JULES MASSERMAN of USA Psychiatric Association : People like Pasteur and Salk are leaders in the first sense.People like Gandhi and Confucius, on one hand, and Alexander, Caesar and Hitler on the other, are leaders in the second and perhaps the third sense.Jesus and Buddha belong in the third category alone.
94PROF. JULES MASSERMAN of USA Psychiatric Association : Perhaps the greatest leader of all times was MUHAMMAD, who combined all three functions.To a lesser degree, Moses did the same."
95ANNIE BESANT in The Life & Teaching of MUHAMMAD says "It is impossible for anyone who studies the life & character of the great Prophet of Arabia, …., to feel anything but reverence for that mighty Prophet, one of the great messengers of the Supreme. …I myself feel whenever I re-read them, a new way of admiration, a new sense of reverence for that mighty Arabian teacher."