We think you have liked this presentation. If you wish to download it, please recommend it to your friends in any social system. Share buttons are a little bit lower. Thank you!
Presentation is loading. Please wait.
Published byDarien Holloman
Modified over 2 years ago
Chapter 2: Realism Is international anarchy the permissive cause of war? © 2014 Cynthia Weber
Learning aims: Understand the international anarchy myth Tell the difference between realism and neorealism Understand developments in Waltzs thinking and why these matter Critically reflect on the work that fear does for the international anarchy myth © 2014 Cynthia Weber
Last week: Introduction Culture: an ensemble of stories we tell about ourselves (Geertz, 1975) Ideology: Conscious (e.g. liberalism) and unconscious (e.g. boys will be boys) The myth function in IR: cultural interpretation Myth functionNatural Fact © 2014 Cynthia Weber
(Neo) Realism Flashcard Concepts: Sovereign States Human Nature International Anarchy Fear Myth: international anarchy is the permissive cause of war Key thinkers: Hans Morgenthau & Kenneth Waltz © 2014 Cynthia Weber
Realism vs. Neorealism (table 2.1) RealismNeorealism Interest of StatesSurvival How to achieve survivalIncrease power because world government is unachievable Human natureMan is flawed and therefore prone to conflict. This explains why cooperation is never guaranteed and world government is unachievable Man may or may not be flawed. Human nature is not essential to an explanation of conflict AnarchyThe environment in which sovereign nation-states act Describes the social relations among sovereign nation-states that causally explain why wars occur © 2014 Cynthia Weber
Causes of war for Waltz (table 2.2) LocationDescriptionType of cause First imageNature of manImmediate Second imageInternational organization of states and societies Immediate Third imageInternational anarchyPermissive © 2014 Cynthia Weber
Waltzian neorealism (table 2.3) Structure Ordering principleFormal differentiationDistribution of power Domestic Hierarchy Centered Heterogeneous Dissimilar Monopoly Global Anarchy Decentered HeterogeneousOligopoly Consequences Political processesRelationshipsGoals DomesticSpecializationHigh interdependenceMaximize welfare Global Intimidation Balancing Low interdependenceMaximize security © 2014 Cynthia Weber
Theory activity: International anarchy is the permissive cause of war Aim: Be able to understand the workings of Waltzs myth (international anarchy is the permissive cause of war) through a real world example Scenario: Iran has acquired nuclear weapons Divide into five groups: Iran, USA, US ally (Britain), Neutral state (Sweden) and World government (quasi world government/ UN) © 2014 Cynthia Weber
Theory activity cont. What would your country do in the different scenarios? Use the table to chart out the different possibilities USAUKIranSweden World government Quasi-world government No world or quasi-world government © 2014 Cynthia Weber
How does Lord of the Flies represent hierarchy and anarchy? How does Lord of the Flies represent hierarchy and anarchy? (table 2.4) HierarchyAnarchy Characterized by rules, reason, law and order, all of which are guaranteed by the presence of adults Characterized by the absence of guarantees to order or reason because of the absence of adults © 2014 Cynthia Weber
What is typical and what is deviant in the two worlds of the Lord of the Flies? (table 2.5) Typical Familiar world: Hierarchy Island world: Anarchy Deviant Familiar world: Anarchy Island world: Hierarchy © 2014 Cynthia Weber
Lord of the Flies (box 2.2) 1. Loss of hierarchy (lack of adults) 2. Reestablishment of hierarchy with rules and elections (conch shell) Fear becomes widespread (belief in beast) This is what goes without saying in Waltzs myth 3. Hierarchy fails (Jack leaves and starts rival group) 4. Conflict occurs (Jack and Ralphs groups fight/Piggy is killed) 5. Anarchy ends (boys rescued and reintroduction of adults) Where does fear figure in Waltzs myth as enacted in Lord of the Flies? © 2014 Cynthia Weber
Lord of the Flies (table 2.6) The locations of fear in Lord of the Flies LocationDescriptionIllustration First imageHuman natureJack and his followers increasing savagery Second imageInternational organization of states and societies Jacks bad tribe against Ralphs good tribe Third imageInternational anarchyCompetitive, self-help system in which boys create security dilemma on island None of Waltzs imagesIrrationally generated by the boys themselves and externalized The beast © 2014 Cynthia Weber
Film activity: Lord of the Flies and fear Aim Use film Lord of the Flies to investigate how Waltzs myth international anarchy is the permissive cause of war functions and to show that FEAR is a necessary supplement to this myth Discuss Discuss content of film: plot, characters and cinematic effects Answer How does the film make sense of the world? What does the film say is typical and deviant in that world? Where is FEAR located in the film? © 2014 Cynthia Weber
Next week: Idealism Is there an international society? Film: Independence Day Domestic analogy © 2014 Cynthia Weber
International Relations Theory A Critical Introduction By Cynthia Weber © 2014 Cynthia Weber.
Chapter 3: Idealism Is there an international society? © 2014 Cynthia Weber.
Chapter 11: Conclusion What does it all mean? © 2014 Cynthia Weber.
Chapter 7: NeoMarxism Is Empire the new world order? © 2014 Cynthia Weber.
Chapter 4: Constructivism Is anarchy what states make of it? © 2014 Cynthia Weber.
POLS 425 U.S. Foreign Policy Week 2: Major Worldviews January 10, 2007 Week 2: Major Worldviews January 10, 2007.
IR and the New World Order Francesco Cavatorta Textbook: The Globalization of World Politics by John Baylis and Steve Smith.
Characters, Symbols and Themes. Principal characters in Lord of the Flies: Ralph Ralph – one of the two eldest boys of the group. Viewed as “chief”
Chapter 5: Gender Is gender a variable? © 2014 Cynthia Weber.
Chapter 9: Environmentalism Is human-made climate change an inconvenient truth? © 2014 Cynthia Weber.
Realism. Assumptions States: unitary, rational actors -Treaty of Westphalia (1648) Anarchy: no central government Survival: primary objective
Lord of the Flies By William Golding. Setting The setting of the novel Lord of the flies takes place on an inhabited island In the pacific ocean, In the.
IR2501 THEORIES OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS Lecture 4 NEO-REALISM (Structural Realism)
Chapter: Anarchism Are we the 99%? © 2014 Cynthia Weber.
Lord of the Flies By: Sir William Gerald Golding First published in 1954.
Metaphor Analysis Lord of the Flies. The Beast The Lord of the Flies The Lord of the Flies Terror that lies within the children Terror that lies within.
IR 501 Lecture Notes (2) Realism Dr. Bezen Balamir Coşkun Text.
Dec. 4, A symbol is something that represents something else.
Period 6 Honors English Finals Week “Lord of the Flies” Ms. Manning Monday.
Lord of the Flies CHAPTERS 1-3 Questions to ponder: 1.Why are the boys on the plane? 2.How do they react once they realize there are no “grown-ups.” 3.What.
By William Golding. Setting This story takes place on an island by the Pacific ocean in the 1950’s.
Lord of the Flies Symbolism. Allegory Definition –a story, poem, or picture that can be interpreted to reveal a hidden meaning, typically a moral or political.
Understanding Conflict in Symbols and Theme With examples from Lord of the Flies.
Realism Statism…survival…self-help. Why theory “A theory must be more than a hypothesis; it can’t be obvious; it involves complex relations of a systematic.
By: William Golding. People’s primal instincts are often stronger than their nobler ones when creating a society. CIVILITY VS. SAVAGERY The problems in.
Introducing the IR Paradigms 1: Realism & Power Politics Prepared for Junior International Politics Class at NENU, Fall 2015.
Alexander Wendt ‘Anarchy is What States Make of It’
Literary Elements Why is this important?. Setting Setting tells us where and when the story takes place Setting tells us where and when the story takes.
Lord of the Flies Themes, Conflict, and Symbols. Themes Theme is the underlying meaning or message in a work of literature.
Plot of Lord of the Flies English 10 Class Notes on Plot.
Allegory - Story with symbolic meaning Crystal Barbour Russell.
Neo-Realism: a structural theory of IR Kenneth Waltz: Theory of International Politics, Connection with real life: a critique of Carter’s foreign.
Do Now In extreme situations, people often act differently than they normally would. Have you ever been in a situation where your actions surprised you?
Civ & Lit - Miller/Hinrichs By William Golding. Essential questions… What are the individual’s rights and responsibilities? In the absence of rules, what.
Themes and Symbols in Lord of the Flies ). Themes/Topics The fall of man Man’s savage nature Violence.
Lord of The Flies Background and Information. Lord of the Flies ► Setting Near Future Nuclear War – Attack on England Plane Crash Group of Children.
Chapter 11. We’ve hit our climax in Chapter 9 The Biblical Parallels Simon’s sanctuary Simon himself The Lord of the Flies Allegorical Symbols.
Civ & Lit - Miller/Hinrichs By William Golding. Civ & Lit - Miller/Hinrichs What should you come to understand by the end of this unit? People ’ s baser.
Symbolism “A symbol is a person, place, or object that represents something beyond itself. Symbols can succinctly communicate complicated, emotionally.
POL 3080 Approaches to International Relations Introduction.
Lord of the Flies 1954 Introduction and Background.
Background to Lord of the Flies. Part One: The Author.
Symbols Symbols are objects, characters, figures, or colours used to represent abstract ideas.
Lord of the Flies Symbolism. Definition Symbol: A person, place, or thing that represents or “stands for” an idea or concept.
LORD OF THE FLIES. Savages or Not Roger, Ralph, Piggy, Jack, Simon, SamNEric Savage Line.
Lord of the Flies Symbolism Notes. The Conch Shell Civilization & order; political legitimacy and the power of a democracy. Civilization & order; political.
Lord of the Flies Symbolism. The Conch Shell Symbolizes law and order of the adult world Piggy tries to protect it Represents the authority the boys are.
My presentation is talking about : Lord of the flies By By William Golding Or Or The sound of the shell.
Lord of the Flies Published in ________ Introduction and Background.
© 2017 SlidePlayer.com Inc. All rights reserved.