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Romans 5:12-21 The Adam Family pt. 2. Romans 5 12 Therefore, just as sin came into the world through one man, and death through sin, and so death spread.

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Presentation on theme: "Romans 5:12-21 The Adam Family pt. 2. Romans 5 12 Therefore, just as sin came into the world through one man, and death through sin, and so death spread."— Presentation transcript:

1 Romans 5:12-21 The Adam Family pt. 2

2 Romans 5 12 Therefore, just as sin came into the world through one man, and death through sin, and so death spread to all men because all sinned 13 for sin indeed was in the world before the law was given, but sin is not counted where there is no law. 14 Yet death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over those whose sinning was not like the transgression of Adam, who was a type of the one who was to come. 15 But the free gift is not like the trespass. For if many died through one man's trespass, much more have the grace of God and the free gift by the grace of that one man Jesus Christ abounded for many. 16 And the free gift is not like the result of that one man's sin. For the judgment following one trespass brought condemnation, but the free gift following many trespasses brought justification. 17 For if, because of one man's trespass, death reigned through that one man, much more will those who receive the abundance of grace and the free gift of righteousness reign in life through the one man Jesus Christ. 18 Therefore, as one trespass led to condemnation for all men, so one act of righteousness leads to justification and life for all men. 19 For as by the one man's disobedience the many were made sinners, so by the one man's obedience the many will be made righteous. 20 Now the law came in to increase the trespass, but where sin increased, grace abounded all the more, 21 so that, as sin reigned in death, grace also might reign through righteousness leading to eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.

3 To deal with the end of Romans 5, you have to understand Genesis 1-3 The modern day problem of reading the Bible The idea of reading the Bible, and especially Gen. 1-3 as symbolic is not a new one Historical event retold theologically In some ways this is better because it asks questions not of the event, but of the reader However you read, this is not a test of faith (Thief on the cross) Literally or Literarily

4 Written to who by whom? Israelites and Moses or later by priests during the Babylonian exile (oral tradition?) Reread Genesis 1 through the eyes of a recently freed slave of Egypt… This God creates spaces for things, then puts things in those spaces Not HOW As Much as WHO

5 Every other creation story you know has violence and struggle at its core Marduk and Tiamat But Yahweh creates (BARA)with words In the Bible, no one else BARAS No struggle, He is sovereign God enters into culture to redeem it Not HOW As Much as WHO

6 The most neglected doctrine in the church today God as a community of persons that are united as one How we see God colors everything If God is Trinity, then relationship is at the core of who God is Unlike the Zeus-like images of God we have that have power at the core of who God is Power serves love, not love power Trinity

7 Creation is a moment of pure grace and joy because God didnt need creation Creation is by nature other- centered and moved by love If relationship is at the center, it colors the way we view everything Sins fundamental problem is not legal, but relational Trinity

8 Creation was without form, void, dark Already there are problems with traditional readings if you are paying attention Did God create the earth this way or was it this way already? Some have said there is a gap between V.1 and V.2 were Satan led his rebellion The other options are that God made something to call good from it or that it was already there However you slice it, evil and chaos are present and God doesnt eliminate the darkness or the sea in V.4 as He will at the end of the Bible In the beginning…

9 What does this mean for how we understand God? God is looking to mature creation, to have a relationship with it Creation was to grow and develop as were people, not finished products There is an inherent freedom built into this view A dangerous one As is true of all relationships Material vs. functional understandings of creation Creation as unfinished but good

10 Dont forget the Trinity or relationship The whole world seems to be interrelated, from subatomic particles to the sun and the moon God says us in 1:26 (Trinity or royal court) Notice how God makes man (forms and breathes) Three ways people are the image of God: 1. Substantive 2. Relational 3. Functional In ANE, kings would put statues of themselves in cities they ruled At the center is relationship, this works well with all other biblical understandings (Shalom, righteousness, justice) Image of God

11 God give the man and woman work, what they need, and boundaries The essential human task is to hold these three together Adam is told in 2:15 to Shamar or keep the garden The command is given to Adam and the covenant made with him Its important to note that CREATION and COVENANT are intertwined and rooted in relationship Notice God lets Adam NAME the animals (Co-creating with God) Vocation, Permission, Prohibition

12 When the serpent comes on the scene (a chaos animal in ANE), he is the first to encourage talk about God instead of to God Ancient pagans believed the gods wanted humans to stay mortal Eve adds touch The trees? What is up with those? The Judgment Tree, maybe for a later time, a test of faithfulness, the natural process of growing up… Whats interesting is we didnt eat from the Tree of Life What does this say about our desire for power? The Danger Of Theology

13 If humanity fails here… Everything else but human beings responds to Gods Word Notice the TAKING element of Sin Free will is not always free, choices dont equal freedom At the root of it all is a desire to be like God Notice the effects of Sin: hiding, blaming, fear, realize nakedness, the introduction of I The Sin of Man

14 God comes to them, the pattern of the whole Bible, and clothes them by killing an animal Adam and Eve are sent out so they cant eat the Tree of Life Death is not the result of rule breaking, but of being away from God, the source of life To live forever and not understand good from evil would hell To be alienated from God affects everything about a person The Mercy of God

15 God doesnt want relationship like this All of Sin is relational (C. Wright) Expulsion from the Garden has to do with wrong thoughts about God that lead to disobedience and destruction of good The Torah begins and ends in kindness But God makes a promise in V.15, NIV says crush The Proto Evangel The Mercy of God

16 For Paul, the worst affect of the curse was death and Sin Man would be forever cursed to repeat the pattern of Adam But the source of death is non- relationship with God For him, the place where COVENANT and CREATION meet is Jesus The singular act of Adam that plunged humanity into death and despair is overturned by the act of Jesus on the cross Jesus becomes the keeper of both sides of the COVENANT Paul and Adam

17 Adam TAKES, Jesus GIVES Adam HIDES, Jesus is EXPOSED Adam acted for HIMSELF, Jesus gives HIMSELF Adam BLAMES, Jesus is SILENT and takes the blame of others Adam is CAST OUT of the garden, Jesus is truly CAST AWAY from the presence of God Adam GIVES in to Satan in the Garden, Jesus RESISTS by knowing Gods Word (Luke 4) At the cross, God Himself died and shed his blood to cover the sins of all humanity The Tree of Knowledge becomes the cross Reversal of Chaos

18 Jesus whole life is a redeeming act (the incarnation) and the means by which God reclaims Creation and confronts evil The authoritative interpreter of Gods Words Phil. 2:8 As Adam and the Law are types and shadows, Jesus and the Spirit are the real thing Jesus comes back to breathe new life into humanity again and move Gods good world to its intended end (John 20:22) Humanity is back in the garden again and must choose whom they will follow as God moves forward away from the darkness More than going to heaven The Good World Back On Track

19 Faith and trust is the means to restore any relationship The core of the problem is not trusting God The gift is righteousness through what happened at the cross, faith is the open hand that receives it To choose to believe Gods Word in Jesus is to reverse the curse and open the door for relationship with God It involves REPENTING, rethinking your thoughts about God, yourself, your life, the universe and moving a different direction The Response of Faith

20 Prayer


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