Presentation on theme: "LOGOTHERAPY AS A UNIFYING AGENT IN A DIVERSE WORLD"— Presentation transcript:
1LOGOTHERAPY AS A UNIFYING AGENT IN A DIVERSE WORLD RACHEL BOLAJI ASAGBA, PHD,PGD,BA,RD,CDE,PADEGSENIOR LECTURER,DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGYFACULTY OF SOCIAL SCIENCESUNIVERSITY OF IBADANNIGERIA,
2Outline Introduction The totality of man or the concept of man Frankl’s position on his predecessorsFrankl’s lifestyle & coping with life after release from concentration campLogotherapy as a unifying agent among academia, nations and religionsConclusionReferences
3INTRODUCTIONMan’s uniqueness and diversityAccording to logotherapy, man is a unique creation whose differences form his individual identity.The airplane vs car analogy described by Frankl (1967;1986;1988) and Fabry (1987) explains this:
4INTRODUCTIONAn airplane and a car can move along the runway
5INTRODUCTION….that does not make the airplane a car!
6INTRODUCTION Man has the ability to think rationally and make choices Choices and changeMan has the ability to think rationally and make choicesThese choices matter because they affect the one making the choices, as well as other people around.Decisions and choices effect change in every aspect of life.Responsible decisions beget meaningful changes.
7INTRODUCTION Meaning of the moment The answers given to the life questions that come to an individual at any moment would determine that individual’s experiences.Graber (2004) defines this using the ‘hour glass’ as described by Weiter (1987):
8INTRODUCTIONThe future. The past. The present. THE HOURGLASS
9The totality of man or the concept of man Frankl’s predecessors, Freud and Adler, only viewed man in the physical and psychological dimensions.Frankl insisted on adding the third dimension- the spiritual dimension.According to him, man is comprised of the body, psyche and spirit; different parts of a whole, which are interwoven.The analogy is that of an object having a length, a breadth as well as a height.
10The totality of man or the concept of man 3 dimensional objects each have a length, a breadth as well as a width
11FRANKL’S POSITION ON HIS PREDECESSORS In spite of his disagreement with his predecessors, he still respected them, while holding on to his concept of the spiritual dimension.He still tried to unify the three schools of Viennese psychotherapy, using 2 analogies:Three blind men describing an elephantA dwarf sitting on the shoulder of two giants
12FRANKL’S POSITION ON HIS PREDECESSORS Three blind men, each touching a different part of the same elephant, describe it differently
13FRANKL’S LIFESTYLE & COPING WITH LIFE AFTER RELEASE FROM CONCENTRATION CAMP Frankl was able to put his life together after his harrowing experience at the concentration camp without complaining.Rather than leaving his country, he insisted on staying back and did not even mind helping those of opposing views.He was a unifying agent and lived as a role model, inspiring logotherapist to propagate the same at every level of society.
15LOGOTHERAPY AS A UNIFYING AGENT AMONG ACADEMIA, NATIONS AND RELIGIONS Thanks to globalization, there are now diverse areas of specialization in different professions.This however tends to make different professionals compete for supremacy.Logotherapy presents each role of any individual as being complimentary and not competitive.Health care providers can use this to choose a patient centered approach.
16LOGOTHERAPY AS A UNIFYING AGENT AMONG ACADEMIA, NATIONS AND RELIGIONS There are different languages and divergent cultures around the world.Logotherapy can help to unify nations with its principles of cooperation and collaboration, resulting in peace.THIS IS POSSIBLE TO ACHIEVE!!!
17LOGOTHERAPY AS A UNIFYING AGENT AMONG ACADEMIA, NATIONS AND RELIGIONS Logotherapy is by no means restricted to any religion.It is only concerned with the spiritual dimension of man: the belief system of man; not belief factions.It is compatible with all religions and non-religions.Logotherapy can therefore unify all people regardless of their belief.
18LOGOTHERAPY AS A UNIFYING AGENT AMONG ACADEMIA, NATIONS AND RELIGIONS
19CONCLUSIONMan is a unique creation with the ability to make choices that can help others to make life better.Frankl’s lifestyle and Lukas’s views on reconciliation agents are useful in unifying the academia, nations, religions and the whole world at large.
20REFERENCESAsagba, R.B. (2006/7). Logotherapy and Cultural Development, Ibadan; Spectrum Ltd.Asagba, R.B. (2009) Logotherapy Issues from an African Perspective. Ibadan: University Press Plc.Asagba, R.B. (2011a) “Finding Meaning in Life in a Changing World.” A paper presented at the 18th World Congress in Fostering Spirituality for our World in Distress. 22 – 26 June 2011 at Marriot Hotel, Addison, Dallas, Texas, USA.Asagba, R.B. [2011b) “Viktor Frankl’s Logotherapy and Life History: Relevance for Managing Psychotrauma, Conflict Resolution and Reconciliation.” A paper presented at the Fourth Regional Conference & Training on Psychotrauma on the July 2011, Nairobi, Kenya.Fabry, J B  The Pursuit of Meaning,Berkeley; Institute of Logotherapy PressFrankl, V. E. (1983) The Doctor and the Soul: From Psychotherapy to Logotherapy. New York: Vintage BooksFrankl, V. E. (1986) Man Search For Meaning. Boston: Beacon PressFrankl, V.E. (2006) Psychotherapy and Existentialism. New York: Simon and Schuster.Frankl, V.E. (1988) The Will To Meaning: Foundations and Applications of Logotherapy. Expanded Edition. New York and Scarborough & Ontario: A Meriden Book New American Company.Grabber DV. (2009). Preparing for life’s ultimate Adventure: The Journey Home Birmingham, Logolife Press.Grumbaugh, J.C. (1991) “Principles of Psychotherapy and its Relationship to Logotherapy.” The International Forum for Logotherapy Journal of Search for Meaning. Vol. 14, No. 2; Fall, 1991.Lukas E. (1989) “From Self –Actualization to Global Responsibility: Search for the Sacred, Necessary and Otherliness in Pursuit of Meaning; Road to self-Esteem and Social Conscience – The Proceedings of Logotherapy Berkley: Institute of Logoterapy Pressp 9 – 31.Lukas, E. (2000). Logotherapy textbook: Meaning Centered Psychology (T Burger Trans) Toronto: Liberty Press (original published in 1998)Lukas F. (1986) Meaningful Living: A Logotherapy guide in Health, New York: Grove Press Inc.Winberly C. (2010). Intervention with an At Risk Student International Forum for Logotherapy Vol. 33 Number 1 Spring ppWimberly (2011). Application of Lukas five-step Intervention Model. International forum for Logotherapy Vol. 34 Number 3.All images used were gotten from google images
21This was when I was having lunch with Prof and Dr [Mrs] Frankl in Vienna, 1990