Presentation on theme: "Romanticism, Puritanism, and Rationalism"— Presentation transcript:
1 Romanticism, Puritanism, and Rationalism By Matt Graf, Logan Kallop, Tony Pittavino, and Josh Selling
2 What is Puritanism?Puritanism is a series of beliefs held mainly by the New England settlers.Was based on the teachings of John Calvin.Taught people that God was the source of absolute truth.Believed in Predestination, God decided everythingBelieved that God was constantly intervening in the worldMan is inherently evil(Stephenson).
3 And Rationalism?Rationalism was a mid-18th century response to the extreme dogma of PuritanismBelieved that truth came through reason, rather than GodBelieved in a much greater amount of freedom, and rejected Church dogma.Rationalists believe that man is inherently goodRationalists believe in the clock maker, theory, in that God, like a fine clock maker, lets the world run its own course, and does not interfere(Leah).(“Romantic”).
4 RomanticismRomanticism is a literary movement that started as a response to rationalismRomantics are much more idealistic than their Puritan and Rationalist counterparts.To Romantics, truth comes from intuition, and civilization is the ultimate corrupterThere is a belief in Romanticism of the “Noble Savage,” a person who is untouched and uncorrupted by civilization, and in tune with nature(Leah).(“Romantic”).(Kreis).
5 Puritan v. Romanticism (Stephenson). (Kreis). Puritans Romantics GOD God is directly influencing and controlling the worldThere is less emphasis on God, rather, there is only the natural orderThings happen becauseGod’s interventionDestinyMan’s NatureMan is inherently evilMan is good, it is civilization that corrupts.Source of truthGodIntuition and self - reflectionFateWe are predetermined what we are going to do in life, nothing can change thatWe can influence our on lives, but we are destined for certain thingsTruth is available toThe electThose who commune with Nature(Stephenson).(Kreis).
6 Rationalism vs. Romanticism Views on GodBoth are less insistent on deities, instead focusing on the general idea of God, or not mentioning God whatsoeverThings happen becauseThe laws of NatureFor symbolismMan’s NatureMan is inherently goodMan is good, civilization corruptsSource of truthReason and logicIntuitionTruth is available toEverybodyThose in touch with nature(“Romantic”).(Kreis).
7 Final NotesRomanticism differs from the movements preceding it in that it was a literary movement that spawned a philosophy, rather than the other way around. Because of this, this movement was much more prolific than movements preceding itRomanticism was a response to the ideas of high civilization in Rationalism, and claimed that the view of cities as the fountain of knowledge is false
8 Questions 1. What is the Romantics source of truth? 2. Things happen to Romantics because of what?3.Puritanism is based on the teachings of who?4. Who is the hero or ultimate goal in Romanticism?
9 Answers1. Intuition2. Destiny3. John Calvin4. Noble Savage
10 Works CitedKreis, Steven. “Lecture 16: The Romantic Era.” The History Guide. N.p., 4 Aug Web. 30 Mar <http://www.historyguide.org/intellect/lecture16a.html>.Leah, Heather. “Romanticism vs. Rationalism During the Renaissance.” Associatedcontent. N.p., 29 Aug Web. 30 Mar <http://www.associatedcontent.com/article/54331/romanticism_vs_rationalism_during_the.html>.“Romantic Vs. Rationalist.” FreeEssays.cc. N.p., Web. 30 Mar <http://www.freeessays.cc/db/18/esv225.shtml>.Stephenson, Susan. “Puritan Beliefs.” Seneca Valley School District. Winter Address.