2SantiagoA fisherman in Cuba and the “old man” from the title. He has been unable to catch any fish in 84 days. Despite being extremely poor and barely able to feed himself, he refuses to give up. He loves baseball, specifically Joe DiMaggio, and he gets baseball updates from Perico, a bodega-owner who gives Santiago newspapers.
3ManolinA young adolescent who used to work for Santiago. He sees to it that Santiago has food and is taking care of himself. He was forced to stop working for Santiago when his father ordered that he move to a more profitable fishing boat. He is a sort of apprentice to Santiago and enjoys learning from the old man.
4The MarlinThe fish that Santiago finally hooks on the 85th day. Santiago and the marlin engage in a tug-of-war for three days and become connected as a result of the physical trials they both endure. The marlin is eventually eaten by sharks at which point Santiago feels he has been destroyed and consumed by his conditions as well.
5The Old Man and the Sea Short Film The Old Man and the Sea ein Stop-Motion-Film – (http://youtu.be/gP6xI54r_MA)
6PlotSantiago, the old man, has been unable to catch anything for 84 days and as a result is extremely poor.On the 85th day, Santiago is determined to catch a fish and goes out to sea further than any of the other fishermen.Santiago finally hooks a marlin, but is unable to reel in the huge fish alone. He spends the next three days holding onto the rope and fighting with the marlin. He endures this with almost no food or sleep, and he bonds with the fish who is in similar pain.
7PlotAfter the third day, the fish is worn out enough that Santiago is able to harpoon and kill it, but he can’t pull it into the boat so he straps it to his skiff and heads back to land.The blood attract sharks though, and after losing his harpoon killing the first shark, Santiago proceeds to try to beat away the animals, but eventually he has to give up.The sharks eat the meat off of the fish, and when Santiago gets back to shore, the only thing left is the giant skeleton.
8PlotAt the end, Manolin reappears. He has been worried about Santiago’s absence, but he finds Santiago at home in bed.Manolin decides to defy his father’s orders and begin once again fishing with Santiago in order to help the old man.
9Major Themes and Central Conflicts Finding Honor in Death and DefeatOvercoming PrideContinuing to FightSantiago’s fight with the marlinSantiago’s status as outsider with the other villagersManolin’s struggle with his father’s orders
10Context Hemingway’s final novel published within his lifetime Written in 1951, published in 1952 at which time both the Cold War and the Korean War were going onNovel won Hemingway the Pulitzer Prize in 1953Hemingway initially intended Santiago’s story to relate to the intimacy between mother and sonCriticized for not being as realistic as his other works, though Hemingway said that there was a fisherman with a very similar experience to that of Santiago’s
11Criticism“…I guess the essential difference in the characters of Santiago and Skiff is one of age. A beginning rather than an ending. Santiago must come to terms with his age, his mortality, his declining strength, and the disappointments of life — in essence he’s a philosopher, commenting on the human condition. In contrast, Skiff is a boy who is absolutely determined to save his father and make them a family again…”Rodman Philbrick, “An Interview with Rodman Philbrick”“If you hated Hemingway’s The Old Man and the Sea, please don’t shy away from Rodman Philbrick’s The Young Man and the Sea. This contemporary novel pays homage to Heminway’s classic, but it’s easier to read and considerably more exciting.”Don Gallo, “Bold Books for Teenagers: Summer Reading 2005”
12Criticism“As [Hemingway] explains in a letter to Lillian Ross,“The Old Man was born a catholic in the island of Lanza Rota [sic] in the Canary Islands” (SL 807). This origin…makes Santiago an outsider in the Cuban fishing village of Cojímar and is a principal motivation in his actions. Santiago’s “eyes the same color as the sea” (10) mark his otherness in a conspicuous and unchangeable way, setting him apart from the impoverished mulatto fishing community, and linking him to European exploitation of the island nation.”Jeffrey Herlihy, “‘Eyes the Same Color as the Sea’: Santiago’s Expatriation From Spain and Ethnic Otherness in Hemingway’s Old Man and the Sea”“You might conclude from the novel's opening that the references first to ‘permanent defeat’ and then to ‘undefeated’ bear witness to the supposition that in his sentences Hemingway is not in control. But the contradiction is deliberate and dramatizes that we are inclined to make superficial judgments: we know less than we think we do. In miniature it teaches us that the reality of an experience or the essence of a person cannot be judged from surfaces.”William Cain, “Death Sentences: Rereading The Old Man and the Sea”
13Additional Adaptations The Old Man and the Sea film – 1958The Old Man and the Sea play (adapted a couple of times)The Old Man and the Sea TV miniseries – 1990The Old Man and the Sea animated short – 1999 (won academy award for short film)The Old Man and the Sea ein Stop-Motion-Film – 2012
14The Young Man and the Sea Author is Rodman PhilbrickAlso writes mysteries and thrillers for adultsWrote Freak the Mighty (ALA Best Book for Young Adults), Max the Mighty, The Fire Pony (Capital Choice Award), The Last Book in the Universe (ALA Best Book for Young Adults) among othersWrites other YA books with his wifeThe Young Man and the Sea was named a Best Book of the Year in 2004 by School Library JournalThe book goes by what was supposed to be the original title, Lobster Boy, in the British version
15The Young Man and the Sea Skiff Beaman (the young man) is the central character, and the story takes place in Spinney CoveThe Beamans are known as swampers and are seen as second class citizens, mostly by Tyler Croft who bullies SkiffSkiff’s mom has died, and Skiff’s dad is a drunkTheir boat, the Mary Rose, sinks and in order to repair the damage, Skiff decides to try catching lobster and later a bluefin tuna to afford the repairsWhile repairing the boat, Skiff gets help from Mr. Woodwell, who acts as the old man character here
16SourcesBlasingame, James. “Interview with Rodman Philbrick.” Journal of Adolescent and Adult Literacy. Mar. 2004: 518–519. Web. 8 April 2013.---. “The Young Man and the Sea.” Journal of Adolescent and Adult Literacy. Mar. 2004: 516–517. Web. 8 April 2013.Cain, William E. “Death Sentences: Rereading The Old Man and the Sea.” Sewanee Review Winter 2006: 112–125. Web. 2 April 2013.Gallo, Don. “Bold Books for Teenagers: Summer Reading 2005.” The English Journal Jul. 2005: 105–108. Web. 2 April 2013.Herlihy, Jeffrey. “‘Eyes the Same Color as the Sea’: Santiago's Expatriation from Spain and Ethnic Otherness in Hemingway's The Old Man and the Sea” Spring 2009: 25–44. Web. 2 April 2013.