2 Plot Structure Based Upon Conflict (wo)man v. (wo)man(wo)man v. nature(wo)man v. self(wo)man v. the environment/society(wo)man v. machine/technology(wo)man v. the supernatural(wo)man v. god/religion
3 Basic Story Types Based Upon Situation QuestRivalryForbidden LoveAdventureUnderdogSacrificePursuitTemptationDiscoveryRescueMetamorphosisWretched ExcessEscapeTransformationAscensionRevengeMaturationDescensionRiddleLove
4 Archetype Symbolic Figures The original pattern or model from which all things of the same kind are copied or on which they are based.A collectively inherited unconscious idea, pattern of thought, image, etc., that has universal relevance.
5 Synonyms for Archetype Classic exemplarPatternFormPerfect SpecimenIdealPrime exampleModelPrototypeOriginalStandardParadigm
6 Traditional Archetypes in Literature The HeroThe InnocentThe Father/Mother FigureThe Alter Ego/DoubleWise Old (Wo)Man/AnimalThe Fatal Woman/TemptressThe Trickster/FoolThe WitchThe UnderdogMonster/Villain
7 The HeroA larger-than-life character that often goes on some kind of journey or quest. In the course of his journey, the hero demonstrates the qualities and abilities valued by his culture
8 The Mother/Father Figure Father - The protector and leaderMother - The protective nurturer and gentle provider
9 The Fatal Woman/Temptress A woman who uses her power (intellect, magic, or most of all, beauty) to make men, especially the Hero, weak
10 The WitchA woman, often a hag (though she may be disguised as a beautiful young woman), who attempts to trap and destroy the protagonist
11 The antagonist, especially in opposition to the hero Monster/VillainThe antagonist, especially in opposition to the hero
12 The InnocentAn inexperienced male or female character that is exposed to the evils in the world
13 Reveals the dual nature of man The Alter Ego/DoubleReveals the dual nature of man
14 The Wise Old (Wo)Man/Animal Characters that assist or guide the protagonist
15 The Trickster/FoolCharacters who trick others to get them to do what s/he wants – they can be both virtuous and nefarious
16 The UnderdogCharacters who are always in the wrong place at the wrong time, but who usually win something of value in the end
17 Traditional Archetypes in Literature The HeroThe InnocentThe Father/Mother FigureThe Alter Ego/DoubleWise Old (Wo)Man/AnimalThe Fatal Woman/TemptressThe Trickster/FoolThe WitchThe UnderdogMonster/Villain
18 Traditional Archetypes in Literature and Stories Situational ArchetypesCharacter ArchetypesSymbolic Archetypes
19 Traditional Archetypes in Literature and Stories Most stories utilize a combination of situational, character, and symbolic archetypes… this is what makes a story rich and complete. When you like a story, you are most likely, whether you realize it or not, tapping into the archetypes present in the story.
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