Presentation on theme: "The Man in the Water Roger Rosenblatt"— Presentation transcript:
1The Man in the Water Roger Rosenblatt 此页是标题页，完全由供稿者根据本课的内容自行设计。页面包括背景图，标题和作者姓名。
2The Man in the Water W arming up B ackground T ext Analysis Unit 4W arming upB ackgroundT ext AnalysisR einforcement
3Questions / Activities The Man in the WaterUnit 4Questions / ActivitiesCheck-on PreviewWarming up此页是一级标题页（1）。正文区内是二级标题及其链接。右下角是与主目录页及其他一级标题页的链接按钮。W=Warm up B=Background T=Text analysis R=Reinforcement放大的圆圈表示目前正在操作的部分。Objectives
4Questions / Activities Warming upQuestions / ActivitiesDo you know of any disaster(s) that happened in recent years or recently?When disaster happens, what do we usually want to know?We sometimes identify some heroes in disasters. What do you think about them?此页是讲授内容页。页头左侧的白字是一级标题，中间黑字是二级标题。
5Check-on Preview Warming up Match the words with their correct meaning in the text.1. aesthetic2. chaotic3. commitment4. standoff5. impacta. a determination to do what one considers to be his dutyb. being central or most importantc. a situation in which neither side in a fight can gain an advantaged. the force of one object striking or hitting anothere. concerning beauty, esp. beauty in artf. a stop or pauseg. in a state of complete disorder and confusion
6Objectives Warming up Through this lesson, students will be able to recap the basic facts of the plane crush and the following rescue efforts, esp. what the man in the water did;think about the question of heroism and the power of man;analyze the organization and the language style of the text;learn the related vocabulary and other useful words and phrases in the text.
7The Man in the Water The Disaster Genre Background Unit 4 此页是一级标题页（2）。 正文区内是二级标题及其链接。右下角是与主目录页及其他一级标题页的链接按钮。W=Warm up B=Background T=Text analysis R=Reinforcement放大的圆圈表示目前正在操作的部分。Genre
8The Disaster Background Aircraft type: Boeing 737-222 Operator: Air FloridaPassengers: 74Crew: 5Date: January 13, 1982Type: Crash on takeoffAccident site: Washington, D.C.Fatalities: 78 (4 on ground)Injuries: 10Survivors: 5
10The Disaster Background Summary of the crash Bad weather conditions at Washington National Airport when taking offDelays, icing on the wings, poor decisionsCrash onto the 14th Street BridgeHampered rescue responsesUnlikely heroes
12Background Responses in the media News media outlets followed the story with diligence; it made headlines"A Hero - Passenger Aids Others, Then Dies," Washington Post, January 14, 1982“the sixth man”, “the man in the water”
13Background The Man in the Water "He was about 50 years old, one of half a dozen survivors clinging to twisted wreckage bobbing in the icy Potomac when the first helicopter arrived. To the copter's two-man Park Police crew he seemed the most alert. Life vests were dropped, then a flotation ball. The man passed them to the others. On two occasions, the crew recalled last night, he handed away a life line from the hovering machine that could have dragged him to safety. … and the helicopter pilot, Donald W. Usher, returned to the scene, but the man was gone."
14Background The Man in the Water The man was later identified as Arland D. Williams Jr., a bank examiner working for the Federal Reserve system in Atlanta. The 14th Street Bridge was renamed in his honor.In June of 1983, Williams was awarded a medal by President Reagan.
15BackgroundGenreWhat kind of article do we have for this lesson? Where do we generally find it?What does this article concentrate on? Does it focus on the description of the disaster or how people are saved? Why?
16News fall into basic categories: hard news and soft news. BackgroundCategory of NewsNews fall into basic categories: hard news and soft news.“Soft news” is defined as news that entertains or informs, with an emphasis on human interest(人情味) and novelty(新奇) and less immediacy than hard news.“Soft news” can also be stories that focus on people, places or issues that affect readers’ lives. These types of stories are called“feature stories.”“Hard news” includes stories of a timely nature about events or conflicts that have just happened or are about to happen, such as crimes, fires, meetings, protest rallies, speeches and testimony in court cases.These stories have immediacy.
17Which category do these fall into? BackgroundWhich category do these fall into?flash (快讯)features (特写)urgent (急电)anecdote (趣事；轶事)brief (简讯)personal profile (人物特写)breaking news (突发新闻)
18Background News Feature A news feature does not cover all the details a news report has to contain and only focuses on certain aspects of the event on which the reporter has something to say. Though the details about the news event have to be true and exact, the reporter can add his/her own comment and interpretation of the event, which he/she is not allowed in a news report.
19Language StyleJournalistic articles: describe the fact with what is seen or heard; sometimes guesses are made, but often with model verbs and continuous tenses to make the description reliable and vivid.Parentheses and short elliptical sentences to make the report vivid.
20The Man in the Water Text Analysis Detailed Analysis Unit 4 Structure ThemeText AnalysisStructureDetailedAnalysis此页是一级标题页（3）。正文区内是二级标题及其链接。右下角是与主目录页及其他一级标题页的链接按钮。W=Warm up B=Background T=Text analysis R=Reinforcement放大的圆圈表示目前正在操作的部分。
21Theme What are the possible themes of the article? heroism Text AnalysisThemeWhat are the possible themes of the article?heroismmoral power in time of crisis
22Structure Text Analysis Part I: Para. 1-2A brief account of the air crash that leads to the thesis – in the air crash, human nature rose to the occasion.Part II: Para. 3-4The account given by the living heroes about what happened and about “the man in the water”.Part III: Para. 5-6The imagined thoughts and feelings of the man on the plane and in the waterPart IV: Para. 7-9Reflections on man’s role in the “classic situation”. “The man in the water” represents human nature at its best.
23Detailed Analysis Part I: Main Idea Text Analysis What was unusual about this air crash? Did it make the disaster more special than others?What is the aesthetic crash? Is it really so?What was the cause of the air crash?What did people actually see in the disaster?正文区的首行是三级标题。右下角是退回细分目录页的返还按钮。这一层次的页面未设与主目录页及其他一级标题页的链接是避免过多的层次显示。
24Detailed Analysis Part I: Sentence Paraphrase Text Analysis Washington, the city of form and rules, turned chaotic by a blast of real winter and a single slap of metal on metal. (para.1)The city of form and rules: the city that is neat and beautiful. (Washington was the first carefully planned city in the world with parallel streets cut by diagonal avenues. Its design was considered a masterpiece. )Turn chaotic: become chaotic; be thrown into terrible confusion.A blast of real winter: a sudden strong really cold wind.Slap: a quick blow with something flat.
25Detailed Analysis Part I: Sentence Paraphrase Text Analysis And there was the aesthetic clash as well—blue-and-green Air Florida, the name of a flying garden, sunk down among gray chunks of ice in a black river.(para. 1)Paraphrasing: When the air crash occurred, it was not just a clash of metal against the bridge, but also a clash between colors: the blue-green color of the plane and the gray and black color of the ice and river.
26As … go(es), … compared with the average. 就······来说 As writers go, Oscar Wilde was not the most talented, but he was among the most popular.$40 a ticket isn’t bad as football tickets go.
27Rise to the occasion / challenge to deal successfully with a difficult situation or problem, especially by working harder or performing better than usualWe are calling on all our employees to rise to the occasion and become more efficient and productive.
28Detailed Analysis Part I: Words & Expressions Text Analysis Words aesthetic; elementsPhraseson record; bring … to tears; in collision; as ever; bring down; rise to the occasionSentence Patternas disasters go, this one was terrible …; why, then, the shock here?Grammarappositive clausesWordsPhrases
29Detailed Analysis Part I: Exercise Text Analysis Translate the following sentences into English.1. 说起科幻电影，《阿凡达》堪称经典。As sci-fi movies go, Avatar can be called a classic.2. 就大学校园而言，北外小得出奇。As university campuses go, that of BFSU is ridiculously small.3. 中国的汽车行业必须应对挑战，找到存活和发展方向。The auto industry must rise to the challenge and find its own way of survival and development.4. 在那样的困难时期，中国的科学家们争了气，1964年10月成功地 在戈壁滩引爆了中国的第一颗原子弹。Despite such hardships of the era, Chinese scientists rose to the occasion and successfully exploded China’s first atomic bomb in the Gobi desert.
30Detailed Analysis Part II: Main Idea Text Analysis Who were able to account for what they did?What did they do? And why did they do so?Who attracted most of people’s attention?What was “the man in the water” like?What did “the man in the water” do?What is the meaning of “the fact that he went unidentified gave him a universal character”? What is this universal character?正文区的首行是三级标题。右下角是退回细分目录页的返还按钮。这一层次的页面未设与主目录页及其他一级标题页的链接是避免过多的层次显示。
31Detailed Analysis Text Analysis Part II: Sentence Paraphrase ... delivering every hero’s line that is no less admirable for being repeated. (para. 3)Paraphrasing: ... saying something every hero has said before, but although it has been said again and again, it is still admirable when we hear it.
32Detailed Analysis Text Analysis Part II: Sentence Paraphrase This man was described… as appearing alert and in control.(para. 4)Paraphrasing: This man was described as a person who appeared to be able to think quickly and clearly; calm and with perfect presence of mind.
33Text AnalysisDetailed AnalysisPart II: Sentence ParaphraseThe fact that he went unidentified gave him a universal character. (para. 4)Paraphrasing: People did not know who he was. This made him a kind of symbol, a symbol of human courage.go + subject complement (adj. ed-participle, ing-participle, prep. phrase): to remain in a state of…All my letters went unanswered.He hoped that his nervousness would go unnoticed.Trans: 由于社会资源有限，很多犯罪都没有得到惩罚。Due to limited social resources, many crimes have gone unpunished.
34EverymanIt was the title of the a play written by an unknown dramatist probably a few decades before the end of the 15th century. All the events in the play are centered around the salvation history, but the play does not deal with the complete journey from the birth of Everyman to his death; it focuses only on the last phase of his life, the so-called death-journey of the soul to Judgment.Everyman is a typical human being. It conveys the idea that this anonymous man really represents the best of human nature. What he did was not the act of a supernatural being, but the act of an ordinary person. Yet, the author says here that “no man is ordinary”, because every person is capable of rising to the occasion and making history.
35Detailed Analysis Part II: Words & Expressions Text Analysis Words account; admirable; commitmentPhrasesin the line of duty; refer to; responsible for; known as; in control; go underSentence PatternOf the four, three…; He was seen clinging to…; Be described as …; Every time …, he passed it on; The fact that he went unidentified…Grammarappositive clauses; Indefinite pronouns derived from “some”, “any”, “no”, “every”WordsPhrases
36Detailed Analysis Part II: Exercise Text Analysis Translate the following sentences into English.1. 对国产奶粉的“信心荒”是造成市面上进口奶粉荒的原 因。“Shortage of confidence” in domestic brands is responsible for the shortage of import milk powder on the market.2. 由于社会资源有限，很多犯罪都没有得到惩罚。Due to limited social resources, many crimes have gone unpunished.
37Detailed Analysis Part III: Main Idea Text Analysis What does the writer want to reveal through the imagined scene?“He watched everything in the world move away from him, and he let it happen.” What does the sentence imply? Did he just passively watch and let it happen? Could he stop it? What might be the reason?正文区的首行是三级标题。右下角是退回细分目录页的返还按钮。这一层次的页面未设与主目录页及其他一级标题页的链接是避免过多的层次显示。
38Detailed Analysis Text Analysis Part III: Sentence Paraphrase Still, he could never have imagined such a capacity in himself. (para. 5)Paraphrasing: However, it was impossible for him to know that he would be capable of such heroism. What the man did was the natural response to the critical situation.
39Part III: Sentence Paraphrase Text AnalysisDetailed AnalysisPart III: Sentence ParaphraseFor at some moment in the water he must have realized that he would not live if he continued to hand over the rope and ring to others. He had to know it, no matter how slow the effect of the cold. (para. 6)Paraphrasing: Obviously it requires much more courage to face sure death knowing that you have a choice (keep one of the rings for yourself) than to face the possibility of death by, for example, a stray bullet in battle. The man in the story did not act on impulse. He did not pass on his rings to others with a total unawareness of the consequences. At some point he must have known that he was freezing to death and would go under any moment. But he still gave the chance of survival to the next person.
40Detailed Analysis Part III: Words & Expressions Text Analysis Words desperate; stunning; survivorPhrasesowe… to…; hand over to; take offSentence PatternSo our man relaxed with the others, some of whom would ...GrammarWordsPhrases
41Detailed Analysis Part IV: Main Idea Text Analysis What does “the essential, classic circumstance” refer to?“The one making no distinctions of good and evil,… acting wholly on distinctions, principles and, perhaps on faith.” What is the author trying to say specifically?“He was likewise giving a lifeline to those who watched him.” Why does the writer say so?Why do we believe that man did not lose the fight against nature?What kind of power do we see in “the man in the water”?正文区的首行是三级标题。右下角是退回细分目录页的返还按钮。这一层次的页面未设与主目录页及其他一级标题页的链接是避免过多的层次显示。
42Detailed Analysis Text Analysis Part IV: Sentence Paraphrase He was there, in the essential, classic circumstance. (para.7)Paraphrasing: What happened that day was a typical situation in which nature and man fought each other. And when nature begins to show its power, you always find man fighting back. He is always there. We can always expect to find such a hero.
43Detailed Analysis Text Analysis Part IV: Sentence Paraphrase Yet whatever moved these men to challenge death on behalf of their fellows is not peculiar to them. Everyone feels the possibility in himself. (para.8)Paraphrasing: Yet whatever made these men or gave them the power to challenge death for others is not unique. Indeed, every one of us has the potential to be a hero.
44Detailed Analysis Part IV: Words & Expressions Text Analysis Words distinction; likewise; standoffPhraseskeep one’s thoughts on; go at; make distinction of; act on; on behalf of; let go of; set … againstSentence PatternYet whatever moved these men…GrammarWordsPhrases
45Detailed Analysis Part IV: Exercise Text Analysis Translate the following sentences into English. 1. 导游一时冲动辱骂了大陆游客，结果悲剧了。 The tour guide acted on impulse and insulted those tourists from Chinese mainland with abusive language, and she paid heavily. 2. 你认为他作为央视主持人有权利在韩国代表亚洲向奥巴马提问吗？ Do you think he as a CCTV anchorman had the right to raise questions to Obama in Korea on behalf of Asia? 3. 虽然多年以来春晚饱受诟病，可央视就是不撒手！ Even though the Spring Festival Gala has been severely criticized for many years, CCTV just wouldn’t let go of it!
46The Man in the Water Reinforcement Discussion Retelling Unit 4 此页是一级标题页（4）。正文区内是二级标题及其链接。右下角是与主目录页及其他一级标题页的链接按钮。W=Warm up B=Background T=Text analysis R=Reinforcement放大的圆圈表示目前正在操作的部分。Retelling
47Discussion Reinforcement Work in groups of four and discuss the following questions:What have you learnt from the text?What kind of people do you usually take as heroes?You are the kind of person you are in face of danger. Do you agree with this statement? What do you think makes one a hero in time of crisis?If similar things happen in China, what do you think would be the focus of our news features? What kind of cultural differences are reflected?
48Retelling Reinforcement Choose one topic Retell the story as “the man in the water”, or as one of the survivors who owes his life to “the man in the water”, or as one of the other three heroes who is able to account for what he did.