Presentation on theme: "The Man in the Water Roger Rosenblatt R einforcement einforcement T ext Analysisext Analysis The Man in the Water B ackground ackground W arming uparming."— Presentation transcript:
R einforcement einforcement T ext Analysisext Analysis The Man in the Water B ackground ackground W arming uparming up Unit 4
Questions / Activities Check-on Preview Objectives Warming up The Man in the Water Unit 4
Warming up Questions / Activities Do you know of any disaster(s) that happened in recent years or recently? When disaster happens, what do we usually want to know? We sometimes identify some heroes in disasters. What do you think about them?
Check-on Preview Match the words with their correct meaning in the text. 1. aesthetic 2. chaotic 3. commitment 4. standoff 5. impact a. a determination to do what one considers to be his duty b. being central or most important c. a situation in which neither side in a fight can gain an advantage d. the force of one object striking or hitting another e. concerning beauty, esp. beauty in art f. a stop or pause g. in a state of complete disorder and confusion Warming up
Objectives Through this lesson, students will be able to recap the basic facts of the plane crush and the following rescue efforts, esp. what the man in the water did; think about the question of heroism and the power of man; analyze the organization and the language style of the text; learn the related vocabulary and other useful words and phrases in the text. Warming up
Background Genre The Disaster The Man in the Water Unit 4
Background The Disaster Aircraft type: Boeing 737-222 Operator: Air Florida Passengers: 74 Crew: 5 Date: January 13, 1982 Type: Crash on takeoff Accident site: Washington, D.C. Fatalities: 78 (4 on ground) Injuries: 10 Survivors: 5
Background The Disaster Summary of the crash Bad weather conditions at Washington National Airport when taking off Delays, icing on the wings, poor decisions Crash onto the 14th Street Bridge Hampered rescue responses Unlikely heroes
Responses in the media News media outlets followed the story with diligence; it made headlines "A Hero - Passenger Aids Others, Then Dies," Washington Post, January 14, 1982 the sixth man, the man in the water Background
The Man in the Water "He was about 50 years old, one of half a dozen survivors clinging to twisted wreckage bobbing in the icy Potomac when the first helicopter arrived. To the copter's two-man Park Police crew he seemed the most alert. Life vests were dropped, then a flotation ball. The man passed them to the others. On two occasions, the crew recalled last night, he handed away a life line from the hovering machine that could have dragged him to safety. … and the helicopter pilot, Donald W. Usher, returned to the scene, but the man was gone." Background
The Man in the Water The man was later identified as Arland D. Williams Jr., a bank examiner working for the Federal Reserve system in Atlanta. The 14th Street Bridge was renamed in his honor. In June of 1983, Williams was awarded a medal by President Reagan. Background
Genre – What kind of article do we have for this lesson? Where do we generally find it? – What does this article concentrate on? Does it focus on the description of the disaster or how people are saved? Why?
News fall into basic categories: hard news and soft news. Hard news includes stories of a timely nature about events or conflicts that have just happened or are about to happen, such as crimes, fires, meetings, protest rallies, speeches and testimony in court cases. These stories have immediacy. Soft news is defined as news that entertains or informs, with an emphasis on human interest( ) and novelty( ) and less immediacy than hard news. Soft news can also be stories that focus on people, places or issues that affect readers lives. These types of stories are calledfeature stories. Background Category of News
Which category do these fall into? flash ( ) features ( ) urgent ( ) anecdote ( ) brief ( ) personal profile ( ) breaking news ( ) Background
News Feature A news feature does not cover all the details a news report has to contain and only focuses on certain aspects of the event on which the reporter has something to say. Though the details about the news event have to be true and exact, the reporter can add his/her own comment and interpretation of the event, which he/she is not allowed in a news report. Background
Language Style Journalistic articles: describe the fact with what is seen or heard; sometimes guesses are made, but often with model verbs and continuous tenses to make the description reliable and vivid. Parentheses and short elliptical sentences to make the report vivid.
Detailed Analysis Structure Theme Text Analysis The Man in the Water Unit 4
Text Analysis Theme What are the possible themes of the article? heroism moral power in time of crisis
Text Analysis Structure Part I: Para. 1-2 A brief account of the air crash that leads to the thesis – in the air crash, human nature rose to the occasion. Part II: Para. 3-4 The account given by the living heroes about what happened and about the man in the water. Part III: Para. 5-6 The imagined thoughts and feelings of the man on the plane and in the water Part IV: Para. 7-9 Reflections on mans role in the classic situation. The man in the water represents human nature at its best.
Text Analysis Detailed Analysis Part I: Main Idea 1.What was unusual about this air crash? Did it make the disaster more special than others? 2.What is the aesthetic crash? Is it really so? 3.What was the cause of the air crash? 4.What did people actually see in the disaster?
Text Analysis Detailed Analysis Part I: Sentence Paraphrase Washington, the city of form and rules, turned chaotic by a blast of real winter and a single slap of metal on metal. (para.1) – The city of form and rules: the city that is neat and beautiful. (Washington was the first carefully planned city in the world with parallel streets cut by diagonal avenues. Its design was considered a masterpiece. ) – Turn chaotic: become chaotic; be thrown into terrible confusion. – A blast of real winter: a sudden strong really cold wind. – Slap: a quick blow with something flat.
Text Analysis Detailed Analysis Part I: Sentence Paraphrase And there was the aesthetic clash as wellblue-and- green Air Florida, the name of a flying garden, sunk down among gray chunks of ice in a black river. (para. 1) Paraphrasing: When the air crash occurred, it was not just a clash of metal against the bridge, but also a clash between colors: the blue-green color of the plane and the gray and black color of the ice and river.
As … go(es), … compared with the average. ······ – As writers go, Oscar Wilde was not the most talented, but he was among the most popular. – $40 a ticket isnt bad as football tickets go.
Rise to the occasion / challenge to deal successfully with a difficult situation or problem, especially by working harder or performing better than usual – We are calling on all our employees to rise to the occasion and become more efficient and productive.
Text Analysis Detailed Analysis Part I: Words & Expressions Words Phrases Words aesthetic; elements Phrases on record; bring … to tears; in collision; as ever; bring down; rise to the occasion Sentence Pattern as disasters go, this one was terrible …; why, then, the shock here? Grammar appositive clauses
Text Analysis Detailed Analysis Part I: Exercise Translate the following sentences into English. 1. As sci-fi movies go, Avatar can be called a classic. 2. As university campuses go, that of BFSU is ridiculously small. 3. The auto industry must rise to the challenge and find its own way of survival and development. 4. 1964 10 Despite such hardships of the era, Chinese scientists rose to the occasion and successfully exploded Chinas first atomic bomb in the Gobi desert.
Text Analysis Detailed Analysis Part II: Main Idea 1.Who were able to account for what they did? 2.What did they do? And why did they do so? 3.Who attracted most of peoples attention? 4.What was the man in the water like? 5.What did the man in the water do? 6.What is the meaning of the fact that he went unidentified gave him a universal character? What is this universal character?
Text Analysis Detailed Analysis Part II: Sentence Paraphrase... delivering every heros line that is no less admirable for being repeated. (para. 3) Paraphrasing:... saying something every hero has said before, but although it has been said again and again, it is still admirable when we hear it.
Text Analysis Detailed Analysis Part II: Sentence Paraphrase This man was described… as appearing alert and in control.(para. 4) Paraphrasing: This man was described as a person who appeared to be able to think quickly and clearly; calm and with perfect presence of mind.
Text Analysis Detailed Analysis Part II: Sentence Paraphrase The fact that he went unidentified gave him a universal character. (para. 4) Paraphrasing: People did not know who he was. This made him a kind of symbol, a symbol of human courage. go + subject complement (adj. ed-participle, ing-participle, prep. phrase): to remain in a state of… – All my letters went unanswered. – He hoped that his nervousness would go unnoticed. Trans: Due to limited social resources, many crimes have gone unpunished.
Everyman It was the title of the a play written by an unknown dramatist probably a few decades before the end of the 15th century. All the events in the play are centered around the salvation history, but the play does not deal with the complete journey from the birth of Everyman to his death; it focuses only on the last phase of his life, the so-called death-journey of the soul to Judgment. Everyman is a typical human being. It conveys the idea that this anonymous man really represents the best of human nature. What he did was not the act of a supernatural being, but the act of an ordinary person. Yet, the author says here that no man is ordinary, because every person is capable of rising to the occasion and making history.
Text Analysis Detailed Analysis Part II: Words & Expressions Words Phrases Words account; admirable; commitment Phrases in the line of duty; refer to; responsible for; known as; in control; go under Sentence Pattern Of the four, three…; He was seen clinging to…; Be described as …; Every time …, he passed it on; The fact that he went unidentified… Grammar appositive clauses; Indefinite pronouns derived from some, any, no, every
Text Analysis Detailed Analysis Part II: Exercise Translate the following sentences into English. 1. Shortage of confidence in domestic brands is responsible for the shortage of import milk powder on the market. 2. Due to limited social resources, many crimes have gone unpunished.
Text Analysis Detailed Analysis Part III: Main Idea 1.What does the writer want to reveal through the imagined scene? 2.He watched everything in the world move away from him, and he let it happen. What does the sentence imply? Did he just passively watch and let it happen? Could he stop it? What might be the reason?
Text Analysis Detailed Analysis Part III: Sentence Paraphrase Still, he could never have imagined such a capacity in himself. (para. 5) Paraphrasing: However, it was impossible for him to know that he would be capable of such heroism. What the man did was the natural response to the critical situation.
Text Analysis Detailed Analysis Part III: Sentence Paraphrase For at some moment in the water he must have realized that he would not live if he continued to hand over the rope and ring to others. He had to know it, no matter how slow the effect of the cold. (para. 6) Paraphrasing: Obviously it requires much more courage to face sure death knowing that you have a choice (keep one of the rings for yourself) than to face the possibility of death by, for example, a stray bullet in battle. The man in the story did not act on impulse. He did not pass on his rings to others with a total unawareness of the consequences. At some point he must have known that he was freezing to death and would go under any moment. But he still gave the chance of survival to the next person.
Text Analysis Detailed Analysis Part III: Words & Expressions Words Phrases Words desperate; stunning; survivor Phrases owe… to…; hand over to; take off Sentence Pattern So our man relaxed with the others, some of whom would... Grammar
Text Analysis Detailed Analysis Part IV: Main Idea 1.What does the essential, classic circumstance refer to? 2.The one making no distinctions of good and evil,… acting wholly on distinctions, principles and, perhaps on faith. What is the author trying to say specifically? 3.He was likewise giving a lifeline to those who watched him. Why does the writer say so? 4.Why do we believe that man did not lose the fight against nature? 5.What kind of power do we see in the man in the water?
Text Analysis Detailed Analysis Part IV: Sentence Paraphrase He was there, in the essential, classic circumstance. (para.7) Paraphrasing: What happened that day was a typical situation in which nature and man fought each other. And when nature begins to show its power, you always find man fighting back. He is always there. We can always expect to find such a hero.
Text Analysis Detailed Analysis Part IV: Sentence Paraphrase Yet whatever moved these men to challenge death on behalf of their fellows is not peculiar to them. Everyone feels the possibility in himself. (para.8) Paraphrasing: Yet whatever made these men or gave them the power to challenge death for others is not unique. Indeed, every one of us has the potential to be a hero.
Text Analysis Detailed Analysis Part IV: Words & Expressions Words Phrases Words distinction; likewise; standoff Phrases keep ones thoughts on; go at; make distinction of; act on; on behalf of; let go of; set … against Sentence Pattern Yet whatever moved these men… Grammar
Text Analysis Detailed Analysis Part IV: Exercise Translate the following sentences into English. 1. The tour guide acted on impulse and insulted those tourists from Chinese mainland with abusive language, and she paid heavily. 2. Do you think he as a CCTV anchorman had the right to raise questions to Obama in Korea on behalf of Asia? 3. Even though the Spring Festival Gala has been severely criticized for many years, CCTV just wouldnt let go of it!
Reinforcement Retelling Discussion The Man in the Water Unit 4
Reinforcement Discussion Work in groups of four and discuss the following questions: 1.What have you learnt from the text? 2.What kind of people do you usually take as heroes? 3.You are the kind of person you are in face of danger. Do you agree with this statement? What do you think makes one a hero in time of crisis? 4.If similar things happen in China, what do you think would be the focus of our news features? What kind of cultural differences are reflected?
Reinforcement Retelling Choose one topic Retell the story as the man in the water, or as one of the survivors who owes his life to the man in the water, or as one of the other three heroes who is able to account for what he did.