Presentation on theme: "Homo pleonexia: Man of desire."— Presentation transcript:
1Homo pleonexia: Man of desire. Dr Elizabeth Tindle FAPS AFBPS
2Pleonexia An enslaving desire for more. pleo = moreAn enslaving DESIRE for moreShermer, Mind of the market - “Homo economicus“ - humans are motivated to decrease their work and increase their money.Author of "Why we believe in weird things"
3Why do we do what we do?Biological: Survival of self and offspring. Dawkins, “The selfish gene”All creatures driven (motivated) to find a mate (a receptacle for one’s genes)Biological investment to continue self into future. Need security (food, home, safe from threat)
4CONTEXTHuman behaviour reflects the context in which we find ourselves (The Lucifer Factor, Phillip Zimbardo, 2007)World context- globalization: global crime : international criminal networks (20% world’s GDP)Liberalisation of financial and commodity markets.
5Historical Perspective Aesop’s fable: The dog and his "shadow"Aesop, a slave to a philosopher.5th Century BC“I will get a bigger piece than I have at present”Lost both (compare “victims” of scams)Moral of the story!?
6Appetite “Seeking affluence creates a constant feeling of deprivation” Michael Oakeshott in ‘The tower of Babel’Affluence will make us happy.Acquisitiveness – like the Jackdaw of Rheims, we gather more and more items to usWe die with our possessions – burial grounds: Indian suttee.
7Common Proverbs or sayings A fool and his money are soon parted.In for a penny: In for a pound.No time like the presentStrike while the iron’s hot!He who hesitates is lost.Take care of the pence and the pounds will take care of themselves.
8Warning proverbs and sayings. The grass is greener on the other side of the fence.Curiosity killed the cat.All that glitters is not gold.If you play with fire you will get your fingers burned.A bird in the hand is worth two in the bush.
9Retirement nest egg Uncertainties- imponderables Is it enough? How much is enough?How long will I live?Cost of medical careI must be safe and secureQuality of lifeAngst, Trying to cover all bases for happiness (Love and money)
10Who am I now? FINDING IDENTITY Retirement!! What will I do?Age 55!! years of WHAT?Loss of role, purpose or meaning. eg Doctor - Nobody needs me now.Money symbol or badge of success “I’m a winner!” “Look at me” “I’m important” “Don’t ignore me”
11Initial email Someone has sent me a “letter” Someone has noticed me Someone is listening to me.Not much happening today.Curiosity.Unknown adventure. Fills an existential void.
12ID versus Superego (Freud) ID - Instinctual drives (sex, greed! – seven capital vices?)Greed, gluttony, lust, envy, pride, avarice, slothSuperego – conscienceConflict between the two = anxietyEgo – self, I, psyche.“I’m a nobody: Who are you? Are you a nobody too?” Emily Dickinson
13Condoned the investment of money to make more Parable of the TALENTSCondoned the investment of money to make morePunished the one who safeguarded his moneyRewarded the former with the capital of the latter.“It’s Gospel!!!” I have to invest my super and make more..
14“Skinner box” behaviour Will continue conditioned behaviour while there is still an adrenaline rush. Waiting for reward (the pellet).On the edge of the seat –expectancy. Feel alive. Excitement with risk.Tickle of the brain pleasure centreEnnui - feel flat, low depressed, bored.Anomie – disconnected- alone
15Ego driven behaviourWhy go sky diving, white water rafting, BMX jumping, car or motorbike racing, mountain climbing? Sailing, skiing etc? The risk, the thrill and the adrenaline rush are pleasant. Secretive anti social or illegal risks (crime, fraud) are taken every day.
16The spectrum of 'love' Deals male /female- hoax? Women on world market looking for a better life (sugar daddy!)Catalogue “brides”Girls for brothels- voluntary-paidGirls trafficked for brothels-no pay- as good as owning a race horse.
17The package/ pay-off Regular sex. Emotional attachment. Somebody to do the jobs/ choresCompanion- second income!!“He who dies with the most orgasms wins”. A highly prized commodity.
18Unusual internet behaviour Copy cat suicides –Bridgend, Wales.PIU CompulsiveDenial of having a problemImpulsive cf gamblingExcitement – riskyIntermittent reinforcement – longer to 'extinguish'.