Presentation on theme: "Andrew Jackson zThe Age of the Common Man zThe Symbol of New America zThe leader of the Age of Democracy zHero of the Common Man."— Presentation transcript:
Andrew Jackson zThe Age of the Common Man zThe Symbol of New America zThe leader of the Age of Democracy zHero of the Common Man
Context zWar of 1812 zEconomic Panic of 1819 zDenmark Vesey Slave Conspiracy of 1822 zEnd of Era of Good Feelings in s - A New Democratic Revolution
Context II - Background zAndrew Jackson was the 7th President zBorn: March 15, 1767 in Waxhaw, South Carolina. zThird son of immigrant parents from northern Ireland, Andrew Jackson and Elizabeth Hutchinson His father died in a logging accident a few weeks before he was born
Andrew Jackson Was six feet one inches tall, slender of build Described as having a self- assured bearing and a commanding air. Was in pain much of his adult life from bullets left in his body and from dysentery which frequently drained his strength
Jackson the Military and Political Hero zAt 14 Jackson enlisted in the militia during the Revolutionary War, and served as a mounted courier zHe was taken prisoner for a few weeks in April 1781, and contracted smallpox during imprisonment. Grolier encyclopedia: Jackson was widely acclaimed as the symbol of what the new American thought himself to be--a self-made man, son of the frontier, endowed with virtue and God-given strength because of his closeness to nature, and possessed of indomitable will and moral courage.
Jackson the Hero of New Orleans zFirst man elected from Tennessee to the House of Representatives, and he served briefly in the Senate. zA major general in the War of 1812, Jackson became a national hero when he defeated the British at New Orleans on Jan. 8, zBritish losses of almost 2,000 dead and injured. American casualties were 6 killed and 10 wounded Battle Of New Orleans Song!
* Had continued Military success in the Seminole War of which gave him wide name recognition *Election of Jackson had 99 electoral votes, Adams 84, Crawford 41, Clay, 37. Since there was no majority, the election went to the U.S. House of Representatives. * Clay lobbied for Adams, Adams had won the required vote of 13 states as against 7 for Jackson and 4 for Crawford * Was elected in 1828 and re-elected in 1832 Jackson attempts the Presidency
Jackson the President Elected in 1828 by a highly organized Jacksonian party zHis inauguration is famous for the party he thew. zA contemporary observed the motley concourse of people who rushed to the White House and were seen upsetting the pails and breaking the glasses.... Men with boots heavy with mud stood on the satin-covered chairs and sofas
Jacksons Presidency The National Bank debate - a Government- sponsored monopoly of which Jackson said "is trying to kill me, but I will kill it!" Jackson, in vetoing the banks recharter bill, charged the Bank with undue economic privilege.
History seems to remember Jackson as a symbol of the New Age of Democracy, and as an example of the Age of the Common Man." He died June 8, 1845 at the Hermitage near Nashville, Tennessee.
So was Jackson the Hero of Democracy? Another perspective As a child, Jackson had a penchant for drooling, which continued all his life. He would often spit excessively when he spoke. He was violent and aggressive. He dislike school and book learning
Jacksons Controversial Wife z Rachel Donelson Robards was the daughter of Jacksons landlady. z She was unhappily married to Captain Lewis Roberts. z Jackson was immediately in love and they married in 1791 under the belief that Captain Robards had received a legal divorce from the Virginia legislature. z Her first marriage, however was not dissolved until z Jackson and Robards remarried in 1794, but the charges that Jackson had stolen another mans wife and lived in adultery plagued him his entire life.
More Jackson In 1806 Jackson killed Charles Dickinson, a fellow Nashville lawyer, in a duel Jackson owned over 100 slaves. He once offered a reward of $50 for a runaway slave plus $10 extra dollars for every 100 lashes to the amount of three hundred. He spent large amounts of money on whiskey and horses
zWhen Jackson became president, he promptly dismissed his opponents from their federal jobs zHe replaced them with those who had been loyal to him. This spoils system of American politics has now become tradition. This cartoon illustrates a perception of Jacksons unofficial "Kitchen Cabinet," a group of close friends who advised him. Historians looking at his presidency have found him to be a poor administrator, to have strong prejudices, and a contempt for expert advice. Jacksons Kitchen Cabinet
Political Cartoon What does this cartoon tell us about perceptions of Jackson? Remember Context Audience Agenda
Misuse of Presidential Power? zJackson vetoed a dozen pieces of legislation more than the first six presidents put together In Worchester v. Georgia the Supreme Court ruled that the State of Georgia did not have any jurisdiction over the Cherokees zOn hearing of the ruling, the President is said to have replied, John Marshall has made his ruling, now let him enforce it. President Andrew Jackson defied the decision of the court and ordered the removal, an act of defiance that established the U.S. governments precedent for the removal of Native Americans
Jackson and Indian Removal zUnder orders from President Jackson and in defiance of the U.S. Supreme Court, the U.S. Army began enforcement of the Removal Act. zThe Cherokees were rounded up in the summer of 1838 and loaded onto boats that traveled the Tennessee, Ohio, Mississippi and Arkansas Rivers into Indian Territory. Many were held in prison camps awaiting their fate. An estimated 4,000 died from hunger, exposure and disease.
Legacy of Andrew Jackson zBy the late 1830s, the United States had become a full democracy for adult white males – but not anyone else, especially poor, immigrants, and women. zThe emergence of a solid two- party system. The modern Democratic Party was founded under Jackson. zPolitics for many men became a career
Sources ONLINE: TEXT: The American Promise: A History of the United States Making a Nation: The United States and its People Nation of Nations: A Concise Narrative of the American Republic Constructing the American Past Fathers & Children: Andrew Jackson and the Subjugation of the American Indian by Michael Paul Rogin The Age of Jackson, Aurther Schlesinger, Jr. Lecture: How Common was the Common Man Kristin Hoganson, University of Illinois Urbana Champaign
Assignment zBased on the materials presented, in a short paper, create and defend your interpretation of Andrew Jackson. Was he hero of the common man and democracy or not? zExplain why or why not you think he has been misrepresented historically?