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Powerpoint presentation Marianne Østensen Pedagogisk senter/Kristiansand kommune.

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Presentation on theme: "Powerpoint presentation Marianne Østensen Pedagogisk senter/Kristiansand kommune."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Powerpoint presentation Marianne Østensen Pedagogisk senter/Kristiansand kommune

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5 John Steinbeck Was born on February 27 th 1902 in Salinas Valley in the state of California in the USA Was born on February 27 th 1902 in Salinas Valley in the state of California in the USA Died on December 20 th 1968 in New York Died on December 20 th 1968 in New York Was a famous writer Was a famous writer U.S. Postage stamp

6 The Nobel Prize for Literature In 1962 the Swedish Academy awarded John Steinbeck the Nobel Prize for Literature, the highest honour a writer can receive In 1962 the Swedish Academy awarded John Steinbeck the Nobel Prize for Literature, the highest honour a writer can receive The prize was presented for the body of his work The prize was presented for the body of his work The prize was met with outcries from critics who felt that Steinbeck had limited talent and was a writer of propaganda The prize was met with outcries from critics who felt that Steinbeck had limited talent and was a writer of propaganda Privately, he felt he did not deserve the honour Privately, he felt he did not deserve the honour Although the prize gave Steinbeck a place of great honour in the literary world, it also put terrible pressure on his future writing Although the prize gave Steinbeck a place of great honour in the literary world, it also put terrible pressure on his future writing

7 The United States Medal of Freedom The medal is the highest civilian award for distinguished Americans The medal is the highest civilian award for distinguished Americans In September of 1964, John Steinbeck was awarded the United States Medal of Freedom by President Lyndon B. Johnson In September of 1964, John Steinbeck was awarded the United States Medal of Freedom by President Lyndon B. Johnson Steinbeck with his son, visits President Lyndon B. Johnson in the Oval Office of the White House

8 The California Novels The Pastures of Heaven The Pastures of Heaven The Red Pony To A God Unknown Tortilla Flat In Dubious Battle Of Mice And Men (1937) The Long Valley The Grapes Of Wrath Cannery Row East Of Eden Sweet Thursday

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11 Of Mice and Men was published in 1937 was published in 1937 was a popular and critical success was a popular and critical success was selected by the Book- of-the-Month Club was selected by the Book- of-the-Month Club Steinbeck produced a play version of the book with famous playwright George Kaufman Steinbeck produced a play version of the book with famous playwright George Kaufman The play won the New York Drama Critic Circles Award and also became a popular film The play won the New York Drama Critic Circles Award and also became a popular film

12 Place of Action Place of action is in the state of California Place of action is in the state of California We remember that Steinbeck himself was born in Salinas We remember that Steinbeck himself was born in Salinas Soledad is a coastal California city about 130 miles south of San Francisco Soledad is a coastal California city about 130 miles south of San Francisco Place of action

13 The American Dream & The Great Depression From the 17th Century, when the first settlers arrived, immigrants dreamed of a better life in America. From the 17th Century, when the first settlers arrived, immigrants dreamed of a better life in America. People went there to escape from persecution or poverty, and to make a new life for themselves or their families. People went there to escape from persecution or poverty, and to make a new life for themselves or their families. They dreamed of making their fortunes in the goldfields. They dreamed of making their fortunes in the goldfields. For many the dream became a nightmare. For many the dream became a nightmare. The horrors of slavery, of the American Civil War, the growth of towns with slums as bad as those in Europe, and the corruption of the American political system led to many shattered hopes. The horrors of slavery, of the American Civil War, the growth of towns with slums as bad as those in Europe, and the corruption of the American political system led to many shattered hopes. For the American society as a whole the dream ended with the Wall Street crash of 1929. For the American society as a whole the dream ended with the Wall Street crash of 1929. This was the start of the Great Depression that would affect the whole world during the 1930s. This was the start of the Great Depression that would affect the whole world during the 1930s. However the dream survived for individuals. Thousands made their way west to California to escape from their farmlands in the mid-West. However the dream survived for individuals. Thousands made their way west to California to escape from their farmlands in the mid-West. George and Lennie dreamt of their 'little house and a couple of acres'. George and Lennie dreamt of their 'little house and a couple of acres'. The growing popularity of cinema was the last American Dream for many, Curley's wife was one: 'Coulda been in the movies, an' had nice clothes.' The growing popularity of cinema was the last American Dream for many, Curley's wife was one: 'Coulda been in the movies, an' had nice clothes.'

14 Migrant Farm Workers During the 1930s, when there was very bad unemployment in the United States, agencies were set up under the New Deal to send farm-workers to where they were needed. George and Lennie got their work cards from Murray and Ready's, one of these agencies. Farm workers getting work cards under a Government Scheme

15 Why Of Mice and Men? The title of the novel comes from a poem by the Scottish poet Robert Burns (1759 - 96): The title of the novel comes from a poem by the Scottish poet Robert Burns (1759 - 96): The best laid schemes o' mice and men Gang aft agley [often go wrong] And leave us nought but grief and pain For promised joy! www.englishresouces.co.uk

16 Gary Sinise plays George, and also directed the film. Gary Sinise plays George, and also directed the film. "I walked in this kid with open eyes, and walked out with very wet eyes..." Gary Sinise "I walked in this kid with open eyes, and walked out with very wet eyes..." Gary Sinise Gary Sinise Director and Actor

17 Synopsis (sammendrag) John Steinbeck's classic story of loyalty and friendship focuses on two travelling farm workers, George and Lennie. George has taken on responsibility for the mildly retarded Lennie, who constantly seems to fall into trouble of one sort or another. John Steinbeck's classic story of loyalty and friendship focuses on two travelling farm workers, George and Lennie. George has taken on responsibility for the mildly retarded Lennie, who constantly seems to fall into trouble of one sort or another. George and Lennie don't plan to travel forever - someday, they will have a little place of their own...

18 John Malkovich as the mildly mentally retarded Lennie

19 Lennie loves to touch soft things.

20 Lennie and Curleys wife Sherilyn FennJohn Malkowich

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25 He is a small man, but has brains and a quick wit. He is a small man, but has brains and a quick wit. He has been a good friend to Lennie, ever since he promised Lennie's Aunt Clara that he would care for him. He looks after all Lennie's affairs, such as carrying his work card, and tries to steer him out of potential trouble. He has been a good friend to Lennie, ever since he promised Lennie's Aunt Clara that he would care for him. He looks after all Lennie's affairs, such as carrying his work card, and tries to steer him out of potential trouble. He needs Lennie as a friend, not only because Lennie's strength helps to get them both jobs, but so as not to be lonely. His threats to leave Lennie are not really serious. He is genuinely proud of Lennie. He needs Lennie as a friend, not only because Lennie's strength helps to get them both jobs, but so as not to be lonely. His threats to leave Lennie are not really serious. He is genuinely proud of Lennie. He shares a dream with Lennie to own a piece of land and is prepared to work hard to build up the money needed to buy it. He shares a dream with Lennie to own a piece of land and is prepared to work hard to build up the money needed to buy it. "...with us it ain't like that. We got a future. We got somebody to talk to that gives a damn about us. We don't have to sit in no bar room blowin' in our jack 'jus because we got no place else to go. If them other guys gets in jail they can rot for all anybody gives a damn. But not us." "...with us it ain't like that. We got a future. We got somebody to talk to that gives a damn about us. We don't have to sit in no bar room blowin' in our jack 'jus because we got no place else to go. If them other guys gets in jail they can rot for all anybody gives a damn. But not us." He is honest with people he trusts. For example, he tells Slim that he used to play tricks on Lennie when they were young, but now feels guilty about it as Lennie nearly drowned. He is honest with people he trusts. For example, he tells Slim that he used to play tricks on Lennie when they were young, but now feels guilty about it as Lennie nearly drowned. George Milton

26 He is a big man, in contrast to his name. He is a big man, in contrast to his name. He has limited intelligence, so he relies on George to look after him. He has limited intelligence, so he relies on George to look after him. "Behind him(George)walked his opposite, a huge man, shapeless of face, with large, pale eyes, with wide, sloping shoulders; and he walked heavily, dragging his feet a little, the way a bear drags his paws. His arms did not swing at his sides, but hung loosely." "Behind him(George)walked his opposite, a huge man, shapeless of face, with large, pale eyes, with wide, sloping shoulders; and he walked heavily, dragging his feet a little, the way a bear drags his paws. His arms did not swing at his sides, but hung loosely." He shares a dream with George to own a piece of land. Lennie's special job would be to tend the rabbits He shares a dream with George to own a piece of land. Lennie's special job would be to tend the rabbits He likes to pet soft things, like puppies and dead mice. We know this got him into trouble in Weed when he tried to feel a girl's soft red dress: she thought he was going to attack her. He likes to pet soft things, like puppies and dead mice. We know this got him into trouble in Weed when he tried to feel a girl's soft red dress: she thought he was going to attack her. He can be forgetful - George continually has to remind him about important things. He can be forgetful - George continually has to remind him about important things. He is very gentle and kind, and would never harm anyone or anything deliberately. He is very gentle and kind, and would never harm anyone or anything deliberately. He is extremely strong: he can work as well as two men at bucking barley. He is extremely strong: he can work as well as two men at bucking barley. He is often described as a child or an animal - he drinks from the pool like a horse and his huge hands are described as paws. He is often described as a child or an animal - he drinks from the pool like a horse and his huge hands are described as paws. Lennie Small

27 Slim is the jerkline skinner (lead mule- team driver) at the ranch. He is excellent at his job. Slim is the jerkline skinner (lead mule- team driver) at the ranch. He is excellent at his job. He is the natural leader at the ranch. Everyone respects his views and looks up to him. He is the natural leader at the ranch. Everyone respects his views and looks up to him. He has a quiet dignity: he doesn't need to assert himself to have authority. He has a quiet dignity: he doesn't need to assert himself to have authority. "there was a gravity in his manner and a quiet so profound that all talk stopped when he spoke. His authority was so great that his word was taken on any subject, be it politics or love." "there was a gravity in his manner and a quiet so profound that all talk stopped when he spoke. His authority was so great that his word was taken on any subject, be it politics or love." He understands the relationship between George and Lennie. He helps George at the end and reassures George that he did the right thing. He understands the relationship between George and Lennie. He helps George at the end and reassures George that he did the right thing. We know little else about him, which gives him a slightly mysterious quality. Do you think he is too good to be true? We know little else about him, which gives him a slightly mysterious quality. Do you think he is too good to be true? Slim

28 Curley is the boss's son, so he doesn't need to work like the ordinary ranch hands, and he has time to kill. Curley is the boss's son, so he doesn't need to work like the ordinary ranch hands, and he has time to kill. He's little - so he hates big guys. He's little - so he hates big guys. He is a prize-fighter and looks for opportunities for a fight. He is a prize-fighter and looks for opportunities for a fight. He is newly- married and is very possessive of his wife - but he still visits brothels. He is newly- married and is very possessive of his wife - but he still visits brothels. There is a rumour that he wears a glove filled with Vaseline to keep his hand soft for his wife. There is a rumour that he wears a glove filled with Vaseline to keep his hand soft for his wife. Curley

29 She is newly married to Curley. She is newly married to Curley. We never know her name - she is merely Curley's 'property' with no individual identity. We never know her name - she is merely Curley's 'property' with no individual identity. She is young, pretty, wears attractive clothes and curls her hair. She is young, pretty, wears attractive clothes and curls her hair. She seems flirtatious and is always hanging around the bunk-house. She seems flirtatious and is always hanging around the bunk-house. She is lonely - there are no other women to talk to. Curley is not really interested in her. She is lonely - there are no other women to talk to. Curley is not really interested in her. She doesn't like Curley - she tells Lennie that she only married him when she didn't receive a letter she'd been promised to get into Hollywood. She doesn't like Curley - she tells Lennie that she only married him when she didn't receive a letter she'd been promised to get into Hollywood. She is naive. She is naive. Curleys wife

30 Crooks Crooks is the black stable hand or buck. Crooks is the black stable hand or buck. He is the only permanent employee at the ranch, since he injured his back in an accident. He is the only permanent employee at the ranch, since he injured his back in an accident. He is the only black man around and is isolated by his colour. He is the only black man around and is isolated by his colour. He is always called the 'nigger' by the men, which shows how racism is taken for granted. The men don't mean to insult Crooks every time they call him this, but they never think to use his name. He is always called the 'nigger' by the men, which shows how racism is taken for granted. The men don't mean to insult Crooks every time they call him this, but they never think to use his name. He is lonely. He is lonely. "S'pose you didn't have nobody. S'pose you couldn't go into the bunk house and play rummy 'cause you were black...A guy needs somebody-to be near him....I tell ya a guy gets too lonely an' he gets sick." "S'pose you didn't have nobody. S'pose you couldn't go into the bunk house and play rummy 'cause you were black...A guy needs somebody-to be near him....I tell ya a guy gets too lonely an' he gets sick." The only time he mixes with the ranch hands socially is when they pitch horseshoes - and then he beats everyone! The only time he mixes with the ranch hands socially is when they pitch horseshoes - and then he beats everyone! He has his own room near the stables. He has books, which show he is intelligent and an old copy of the California Civil Code, which suggests he is concerned about his rights. He has his own room near the stables. He has books, which show he is intelligent and an old copy of the California Civil Code, which suggests he is concerned about his rights. He has seen many men come and go, all dreaming of buying a piece of land. He has seen many men come and go, all dreaming of buying a piece of land.

31 Candy Candy is the oldest ranch hand. He lost his right hand in an accident at work. Candy is the oldest ranch hand. He lost his right hand in an accident at work. He is the 'swamper' - the man who cleans the bunkhouse. He knows he will be thrown out and put 'on the county' when he is too old to work. He is the 'swamper' - the man who cleans the bunkhouse. He knows he will be thrown out and put 'on the county' when he is too old to work. Because of this, he accepts what goes on and doesn't challenge anything: he can't afford to lose his job. Because of this, he accepts what goes on and doesn't challenge anything: he can't afford to lose his job. He has a very old dog, which he has had from a pup. It is his only friend and companion. He has a very old dog, which he has had from a pup. It is his only friend and companion. Carlson insists on shooting the dog because he claims it is too old and ill to be of any use. Candy is devastated. Carlson insists on shooting the dog because he claims it is too old and ill to be of any use. Candy is devastated. He is lonely and isolated, but makes friends with George and Lennie and offers his compensation money to help them all to buy a ranch together and achieve their dream. He is lonely and isolated, but makes friends with George and Lennie and offers his compensation money to help them all to buy a ranch together and achieve their dream. When he finds Curley's wife dead, he is furious, as he knows instantly that Lennie was involved and that they have lost their chance of achieving their dream. When he finds Curley's wife dead, he is furious, as he knows instantly that Lennie was involved and that they have lost their chance of achieving their dream.

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33 The Themes of the Novel The novel is a parable (lignelse) that tries to explain what it means to be human The novel is a parable (lignelse) that tries to explain what it means to be human Essentially, man is a very small part of a very large universe Essentially, man is a very small part of a very large universe In the greater scheme of things, individuals come and go and leave very little, lasting mark In the greater scheme of things, individuals come and go and leave very little, lasting mark Yet deep inside all people are longing for a place in nature – the desire for the land, roots, and a place to call home Yet deep inside all people are longing for a place in nature – the desire for the land, roots, and a place to call home The struggle for such a place is universal, and its success is uncertain The struggle for such a place is universal, and its success is uncertain

34 Steinbecks vision of what it means to be human, touches on several themes: 1. The nature of dreams 2. The nature of loneliness 3. Mans propensity (hang, tilbøyelighet) for cruelty 4. Powerlessness and economic injustices 5. The uncertainty of the future

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37 The Nature of Dreams Of Mice and Men is as much a story about the nature of human dreams and aspirations as it is the story of two men Of Mice and Men is as much a story about the nature of human dreams and aspirations as it is the story of two men Humans give meaning to their lives – and to their futures – by creating dreams Humans give meaning to their lives – and to their futures – by creating dreams Without dreams and goals, life is an endless stream of days that have little connection or meaning Without dreams and goals, life is an endless stream of days that have little connection or meaning George and Lennies dream is to own a little farm of their own George and Lennies dream is to own a little farm of their own The telling of the story (dream) becomes a ritual between the two men The telling of the story (dream) becomes a ritual between the two men

38 The Last Telling of the Story......We gonna get a little place, George began. He reached in his side pocket and brought out Carlsons Luger. He snapped off the the safety, and the hand and gun lay on the ground behind Lennies back. He looked at the back of Lennies head, at the place where the spine and the skull were joined. A mans voice called from up the river, and another man answered. Go on, said Lennie. George raised his gun and his hand shook, and he dropped his hand to the ground again. Go on, said Lennie. Hows it gonna be. We gonna get a little place. Well have a cow, said George. And well have maybe a pig and chickens...and down the flat well have a...little piece of alfalfa... For the rabbits, Lennie shouted. For the rabbits, George repeated. And I get to tend the rabbits. And you get to tend the rabbits. Lennie giggled with happiness. And live on the fat of the land.

39 The Nature of Dreams... To George, his dream of having their own place means independence, security, being his own boss, and, most importantly, being somebody To George, his dream of having their own place means independence, security, being his own boss, and, most importantly, being somebody To Lennie, the dream is like the soft animals he pets: it means security, the responsibility of tending the rabbits, and a sanctuary (tilfluktssted) where he wont be afraid To Lennie, the dream is like the soft animals he pets: it means security, the responsibility of tending the rabbits, and a sanctuary (tilfluktssted) where he wont be afraid To Candy, the dream of the farm offers security for old age and a home where he will fit in To Candy, the dream of the farm offers security for old age and a home where he will fit in For Crooks, the farm will be a place where he can have self-respect, acceptance, and security For Crooks, the farm will be a place where he can have self-respect, acceptance, and security For George, Lennie, Candy, and Crooks–human dignity is an integral (vesentlig) part of the dream For George, Lennie, Candy, and Crooks–human dignity is an integral (vesentlig) part of the dream

40 Loneliness Humans crave contact with others to give life meaning Humans crave contact with others to give life meaning Loneliness is present throughout the novel Loneliness is present throughout the novel - the ranch hands go into town to ease their loneliness with alcohol and women - Lennie goes into Crookss room to find someone to talk to - Curleys wife comes for the same reason Crooks says: A guy goes nuts if he aint got nobody. Dont make no difference who the guy is, longs hes with you. Crooks says: A guy goes nuts if he aint got nobody. Dont make no difference who the guy is, longs hes with you. Slim mentions: I seen the guys that go around on the ranches alone. That aint no good. They dont have no fun. After a long time they get mean. Slim mentions: I seen the guys that go around on the ranches alone. That aint no good. They dont have no fun. After a long time they get mean.

41 Loneliness... Georges taking care of Lennie and the dream of the farm are the attempts to break the pattern of loneliness that is part of the human condition Georges taking care of Lennie and the dream of the farm are the attempts to break the pattern of loneliness that is part of the human condition Similarily, Lennies desire to pet soft things comes from the need to feel safe and secure, to touch something that gives him that feeling of not being alone in the world. For Lennie, the dream of the farm parallels that security Similarily, Lennies desire to pet soft things comes from the need to feel safe and secure, to touch something that gives him that feeling of not being alone in the world. For Lennie, the dream of the farm parallels that security The theme of loneliness is also notably present in the characters of Candy, Crooks, and Curleys wife. How? The theme of loneliness is also notably present in the characters of Candy, Crooks, and Curleys wife. How?

42 Loneliness... Candy: Candys dog stopped Candy from being lonely Candy: Candys dog stopped Candy from being lonely Curleys wife: Her husband has forbidden anyone to talk to her. She combats her loneliness by flirting with the ranch hands Curleys wife: Her husband has forbidden anyone to talk to her. She combats her loneliness by flirting with the ranch hands Crooks: Crooks is isolated because of his skin colour. As the only black man on the ranch, he is not allowed into the bunkhouse with the others. He combats (kjemper mot) his loneliness with books and his work. Crooks: Crooks is isolated because of his skin colour. As the only black man on the ranch, he is not allowed into the bunkhouse with the others. He combats (kjemper mot) his loneliness with books and his work.

43 Loneliness... Solidade: The name of the town means solitude or alone Solidade: The name of the town means solitude or alone

44 Barriers Despite the need for companionship, people set up barriers that maintain loneliness Despite the need for companionship, people set up barriers that maintain loneliness People sustain (opprettholder) those barriers by being inhumane to each other People sustain (opprettholder) those barriers by being inhumane to each other

45 Barriers... A barrier based on gender: The real thing that isolates Curleys wife is that she is a female in an all-male world A barrier based on gender: The real thing that isolates Curleys wife is that she is a female in an all-male world A barrier based on race: Crooks being an Afro-American must occupy a room in the stable alone. He is not welcome in the bunkhouse A barrier based on race: Crooks being an Afro-American must occupy a room in the stable alone. He is not welcome in the bunkhouse A barrier based on age and handicap: Candy is afraid of being thrown out because of his age and handicap. He is a victim of a society that does not value age and discriminates against handicaps. A barrier based on age and handicap: Candy is afraid of being thrown out because of his age and handicap. He is a victim of a society that does not value age and discriminates against handicaps.

46 Powerlessness Steinbecks characters are often underdogs Steinbecks characters are often underdogs He shows compassion (medfølelse) toward them throughout his body of writings He shows compassion (medfølelse) toward them throughout his body of writings

47 A pile of mice and men

48 Powerlessness... Powerlessness takes many forms: Powerlessness takes many forms: - intellectual - financial - societal Steinbeck touches them all Steinbeck touches them all Which characters represent the different forms of powerlessness? Which characters represent the different forms of powerlessness?

49 Literary Device – Animal Imagery Lennie is often compared to a bear with his huge size and strength is often compared to a bear with his huge size and strength s hands are described as paws s hands are described as paws is always associated with rabbits and mice is always associated with rabbits and mice snorts like a horse at the stream snorts like a horse at the stream Circles like a terrier when he does not want to bring the dead mouse to George Circles like a terrier when he does not want to bring the dead mouse to George These animal images lead careful readers to question Lennies future. With his enormous strength and his lack of intelligence, common sense, and responsibility, Lennie causes the reader to wonder how well he fits into human society.


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