Presentation on theme: "MECHANICS National Umpires Association In the 1, 2 and 3 man systems."— Presentation transcript:
1MECHANICSNational UmpiresAssociationIn the 1, 2 and 3 man systems
2E on Rt Handed Batter or shallow E for 3rd only AlignmentsE on Rt Handed Batter or shallow E for 3rd onlyE on Lt Handed BatterADShallow AShallow DDeep BDeep CBCUIC
3GENERAL PRINCIPLES Look purposeful and confident. Hustle!!! Don’t walk from position to position.Don’t get too close (it explodes). Always trade angle for distance!!!Stop to make a call & keep head still. (camera still)…Always watch the ball. Chest up to ball. (It will take you to the play)…Take your time making a call. Make sure you get it right. (Talk or consult rule book if needed…)Make multiple calls in chronological order…Don’t over commit (stay in WORKING AREA)…Don’t over sell the obvious calls. Sell the close ones.
5ONE MAN MECHANICS HUSTLE!!! Do the best you can… Try to get to the middle of infield with multiple base runners.Remind catcher to stay down on pickoffs.Take a couple of extra steps before making your call.Make calls quick (w/ multiple runners) in case of next throw.With multiple calls, do them in chronological order.
7COMMUNICATION Fly ball coverage. (The Vee) PREGAME (while dressing)Fly ball coverage. (The Vee)Touch & Tag responsibilities (UIC: 3rd & home and U1 has 1st & 2nd)Bounding ball down the line (UIC up to front edge of bag)Rotations (signals)Call balks if you see it (angles)Infield Fly signal…Help with ball in dirt (third strike or foul tip)
8FLY BALL COVERAGE No one on… (U1 in A) (trouble only) UIC
9FLY BALL COVERAGE With runner(s) on… (U1 in B or C) UIC
10COMMUNICATION (cont) Between Innings (keep game moving) Keep each other relaxedTalk about mechanics and communicationDon’t talk about critical (heated) calls or argumentsDiscuss any possible problems coming upDuring play (can’t be too loud)Home plate umpire does most of the talking (base umpire reacts)Except when field umpire is leaving the infield or working in foul territory…
11ROTATION SITUATIONS UIC will come up about half way to 3rd in foul. How to rotate in a two man system…UIC will come up about half way to 3rd in foul.Decide to commit to 3rd only if ball and runner are coming to third…Don’t yell tell U1 until you are committed to third or heading back home. COMMUNICATE ea. time…Flair into fair (infield grass) to make 3rd.Be ready to rotate back home in case of overthrow. (May have to call play at plate in fair territory.)UIC only makes calls on plays when runner is coming into 3rd. If throw behind U1 has that call.
13ROTATION SITUATIONSThere are 4 situations when UIC is supposed to rotate to up to third baseIn two man, you must read. Only go if the ball and runner are coming to thirdIn three or four man you go all the way up no reading (NO DECISION MAKING!!!).
14ROTATION SITUATIONS (cont) Situation #1: No one on with a triple (HS)Signal: rotate hands or point to 3rdWhen: Batter Runner hits a tripleRotation: UIC man comes up to third on ball hit to fence (stay foul, let ball and runner take you into fair territory). Field umpire needs to be prepared to cover home on the in the park homerun. COMMUNICATE!!!May want to discuss this in pregame…
15ROTATION SITUATIONS (cont) Situation #2: 1st only (any outs) (All levels)Signal: rotate hands or point to 3rdWhen: on clean hitRotation: UIC man comes up to third on ball hit to outfield (stay foul, let ball and runner take you into fair territory).Exception: Reverse rotate if ball hit down right field line and UIC has to rule on diving catch or fair/foul. COMMUNICATE!!!
16ROTATION SITUATIONS (cont) Situation #3: 1st & 3rd (any outs) (all levels)Signal: rotate hands or point to 3rdWhen: on clean hitRotation: UIC man comes up to third on ball hit to outfield (stay foul, let ball and runner take you into fair territory). UIC has to watch runner touch plate over his/her shldr as moving up line.Exception: Reverse rotate if ball hit down right field line and UIC has to rule on diving catch or fair/foul. COMMUNICATE!!!
17ROTATION SITUATIONS (cont) Situation #4: 1st & 2rd (less than 2 outs) (all levels) “BUMPING” (man to man coverage)Signal: fist on fist and point to thirdWhen: on outfield fly ball with R2 taggingRotation: UIC comes up to third on fly ball hit to outfield (stay foul, let ball and runner take you into fair territory). U1 will watch tag at second and catch if in the Vee. If runner has third or no throw, UIC should get back home. UIC should communicate his/her location.Exception: Reverse rotate if ball hit down right field line and UIC has to rule on diving catch or fair/foul. COMMUNICATE!!!
18TWO MAN MECHANICS Plate Umpire (General Principles) Don’t get caught in the plate area unless play is developing there. Move your ###!!!Fair/foul up to front edge of bag and beyond if no umpire on line.Help with interference, pulled foot, tag or overthrow at first on ground balls (with no threat of play at home). End up on foul line over half way to first. Move your ###!!! (Follow overthrow into foul territory…)Stay on left side of mound during a DP, watch for the force play slide rule at second.
20TWO MAN MECHANICS: Plateman Fair Foul…If ball ends up past 1st, it is U1’s call.UICU1
21TWO MAN MECHANICS: Plateman Help at first (move on overthrow)…
22TWO MAN MECHANICS: A pos. Plays at first: Double PlayU1R1Help with play at firstLook for obstructionUIC
23TWO MAN MECHANICS Plate Umpire (Continued) On pop ups, get as far out as possible in order to see the catch better. Do not run directly at the catch (get a side view). Also helps to cover if partner leaves. Move your ###!!!Plays at home should be called from 3rd to 1st baseline extended when possible (in the slice). Start straight back & move according to throw. Slowly circle the play as it develops.
24TWO MAN MECHANICS: Plateman Get out as far as you can on flyballs…
25TWO MAN MECHANICS: Plateman Be prepared to take the runner…
26TWO MAN MECHANICS: Plateman Take plays at plate from slice of pie…
27TWO MAN MECHANICS (cont) Field Umpire: A pos. (on line, in foul, 10’ behind)Take plays at first at 90o w/ throw 20-25’ from base. (do not get too close it explodes)…Call plays at 1st in foul territory when squeezed by 2nd baseman (UIC has runner into 2nd).Call the toss from the pitcher (from A position only) from just inside of foul line.Fair/foul over first and down line. Trail the ball???Go out & call catches in outfield on trouble balls or fair/foul over your head. (PAUSE, READ & REACT.)Help with third strike in the dirt (point down).
28TWO MAN MECHANICS: A pos. Plays at first: normal, toss, or squeezedU1UIC
29Pause, Read & React (applies to all) This is the hardest skill to get right... You can’t be wrong if you go out…Pause: (Is the ball in your area of responsibility?)Step in (toward plate). Helps partner’s read…Don’t be in a hurry.Read: (Five situations that you go on…)Line Drive at Fielder (go right away, no pause)Fair or Foul…Possible HR?Multiple fielders converging on play…Catch being made below the belt…React: (Go hard…Leave no doubt…)Get a side view of the catch (trade angle for distance) (never run directly at the play)Stop to make the call…
30TWO MAN MECHANICS: A pos. Going out to the outfield:Take an angle…U1Get a side view of catch…UIC
31TWO MAN MECHANICS (cont) Field Umpire: B/C pos. (edge of dirt to plate)Get to the working area w/ multiple runnersAlways chest up to ball (watch the ball).Help with third strike in the dirt (point down).Walk forward to make a pick off call at first.Trail the ball, not runner, into a stolen base. (move forward & arc to the play)Arc to plays at third (steal or throw on bunt)…When calling catches in the Vee, move to the edge of grass on trouble balls.Try to get tag ups, touches and the catch in the same picture while working the Vee.
35THREE MAN MECHANICS General Responsibilities See a balk call a balk. Move your ###!!! You run more in 3 man.General Rule: Keep an umpire on both ends of a standard double play.For UIC… Rotate all of the way (no read).Once your out, stay out (unless U1 to plate for in the park HR). Never cross dirt in HS from B or C.Only go out on trouble balls. Only go out from A or D position. PAUSE, READ AND REACT. Give a clear read… Leave not doubt (turn your back)…UIC has throwbacks into 1st only when no one on.
36THREE MAN MECHANICS (cont) Plate Umpire (UIC)Fair foul up to the bag (if umpire on the line) or over the bag if base is unattended.If you rotate to third, rotate all the way (if all both partners are in). U1 will have the plate. Rotate in same situations as in two man.Has base touches at unoccupied base(s) (if they turn back) and at home.You have tag at 3rd if U3 leaves or turns back…Has fly balls to foul line if no umpire is on that line.Still comes out and up line (45’ line) on plays at first. Do not worry about force play slide rule.Check swings to umpire opposite of batter.
37THREE MAN MECHANICS (cont) First Base Umpire (U1)A position (not too deep): poss. DP or no one onFly balls to your side. (CF in & to you.) Only on trouble balls. Otherwise call it from where you are (hold up plate guy).Fair foul over your bag.Pick offs at first. (stay shallow) (20’ from bag) See pitcher over inside of runner.Tags & touches at first.Calls at first (tail end of DP). May have to back out.Must cover plate if UIC rotates up to third (try to get to point)Be in position to trail batter runner into 2nd if not in reverse rotation situation. (signal: behind back)Pivot (or get to the middle) if U3 leaves…
38THREE MAN MECHANICS (cont) First Base Umpire (U1) (cont)Deep B position: man on 2nd only or 2nd & 3rd.Fly balls in small Vee (1/4). (CF to RF coming in) Do not leave infield grass (can in college).Pickoff and touches at second.Plays at 2nd or 1st.On plays at first, get as deep as you can (toward normal play in A position)Help with third strike or foul tip in the dirt.
39THREE MAN MECHANICS (cont) Third Base Umpire (U3)D position (not to deep): man on 2nd & 3rd, 3rd only, or no one on.Fly balls to your side. (CF to you.) Only leave on trouble balls.Fair foul over your bag.Pick offs at third. (20 to 25’behind bag)Tags & touches at third.Calls & touches at second with no one on or 3rd only (& U1 leaves). You must rotate into infield. It is very difficult to leave runner.
40THREE MAN MECHANICS (cont) Third Base Umpire (U3)C position: man on 1st only (deep), 1st & 2nd, or bases loaded.Fly balls in small Vee (1/4). (CF to LF in)Pickoff and touches at second.First play on infield at 2nd or 3rd.Steals at second & third.Watch for obstruction on DP (stay on it).Help with third strike in the dirt.You have throwback into first if U1 leaves
41FLY BALL COVERAGE w/ on Lines U1 in Blue, U3 in Red & UIC in no color
42FLY BALL COVERAGE w/ U3 in C U1 in Blue, U3 in Red & UIC in no color
43FLY BALL COVERAGE w/ U1 in B U1 in Blue, U3 in Red & UIC in no color