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MECHANICS In the 1, 2 and 3 man systems National Umpires Association.

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Presentation on theme: "MECHANICS In the 1, 2 and 3 man systems National Umpires Association."— Presentation transcript:

1 MECHANICS In the 1, 2 and 3 man systems National Umpires Association

2 Alignments Shallow A UIC B Deep B A D Shallow D Deep C C E on Rt Handed Batter or shallow E for 3 rd only E on Lt Handed Batter

3 Look purposeful and confident. Look purposeful and confident. Hustle!!! Dont walk from position to position. Hustle!!! Dont walk from position to position. Dont get too close (it explodes). Always trade angle for distance!!! Stop to make a call & keep head still. (camera still)… Stop to make a call & keep head still. (camera still)… Always watch the ball. Chest up to ball. (It will take you to the play)… Always watch the ball. Chest up to ball. (It will take you to the play)… Take your time making a call. Make sure you get it right. (Talk or consult rule book if needed…) Take your time making a call. Make sure you get it right. (Talk or consult rule book if needed…) Make multiple calls in chronological order… Make multiple calls in chronological order… Dont over commit (stay in WORKING AREA)… Dont over commit (stay in WORKING AREA)… Dont over sell the obvious calls. Sell the close ones. Dont over sell the obvious calls. Sell the close ones. GENERAL PRINCIPLES

4 ONE MAN MECHANICS National Umpires Association

5 ONE MAN MECHANICS HUSTLE!!! Do the best you can… Try to get to the middle of infield with multiple base runners. Remind catcher to stay down on pickoffs. Take a couple of extra steps before making your call. Make calls quick (w/ multiple runners) in case of next throw. With multiple calls, do them in chronological order.

6 TWO MAN MECHANICS National Umpires Association

7 COMMUNICATION PREGAME (while dressing) Fly ball coverage. (The Vee) Touch & Tag responsibilities (UIC: 3 rd & home and U1 has 1 st & 2 nd ) Bounding ball down the line (UIC up to front edge of bag) Rotations (signals) Call balks if you see it (angles) Infield Fly signal… Help with ball in dirt (third strike or foul tip)

8 FLY BALL COVERAGE No one on… (U1 in A) (trouble only) UIC U1

9 FLY BALL COVERAGE With runner(s) on… (U1 in B or C) UIC U1

10 COMMUNICATION (cont) Between Innings (keep game moving) Keep each other relaxed Keep each other relaxed Talk about mechanics and communication Talk about mechanics and communication Dont talk about critical (heated) calls or arguments Dont talk about critical (heated) calls or arguments Discuss any possible problems coming up Discuss any possible problems coming up During play (cant be too loud) Home plate umpire does most of the talking (base umpire reacts) Except when field umpire is leaving the infield or working in foul territory… Except when field umpire is leaving the infield or working in foul territory…

11 ROTATION SITUATIONS How to rotate in a two man system… UIC will come up about half way to 3 rd in foul. Decide to commit to 3 rd only if ball and runner are coming to third… Dont yell tell U1 until you are committed to third or heading back home. COMMUNICATE ea. time… Flair into fair (infield grass) to make 3 rd. Be ready to rotate back home in case of overthrow. (May have to call play at plate in fair territory.) UIC only makes calls on plays when runner is coming into 3 rd. If throw behind U1 has that call.

12 ROTATING TO THIRD ?

13 ROTATION SITUATIONS There are 4 situations when UIC is supposed to rotate to up to third base In two man, you must read. Only go if the ball and runner are coming to third In three or four man you go all the way up no reading (NO DECISION MAKING!!!).

14 ROTATION SITUATIONS (cont) Situation #1: Situation #1: No one on with a triple (HS) Signal: rotate hands or point to 3 rd Signal: rotate hands or point to 3 rd When: Batter Runner hits a triple When: Batter Runner hits a triple Rotation: UIC man comes up to third on ball hit to fence (stay foul, let ball and runner take you into fair territory). Field umpire needs to be prepared to cover home on the in the park homerun. COMMUNICATE!!! Rotation: UIC man comes up to third on ball hit to fence (stay foul, let ball and runner take you into fair territory). Field umpire needs to be prepared to cover home on the in the park homerun. COMMUNICATE!!! May want to discuss this in pregame… May want to discuss this in pregame…

15 ROTATION SITUATIONS (cont) Situation #2: 1 st only (any outs) (All levels) Signal: rotate hands or point to 3 rd Signal: rotate hands or point to 3 rd When: on clean hit When: on clean hit Rotation: UIC man comes up to third on ball hit to outfield (stay foul, let ball and runner take you into fair territory). Rotation: UIC man comes up to third on ball hit to outfield (stay foul, let ball and runner take you into fair territory). Exception: Reverse rotate if ball hit down right field line and UIC has to rule on diving catch or fair/foul. COMMUNICATE!!! Exception: Reverse rotate if ball hit down right field line and UIC has to rule on diving catch or fair/foul. COMMUNICATE!!!

16 ROTATION SITUATIONS (cont) Situation #3: 1 st & 3 rd (any outs) (all levels) Signal: rotate hands or point to 3 rd Signal: rotate hands or point to 3 rd When: on clean hit When: on clean hit Rotation: UIC man comes up to third on ball hit to outfield (stay foul, let ball and runner take you into fair territory). UIC has to watch runner touch plate over his/her shldr as moving up line. Rotation: UIC man comes up to third on ball hit to outfield (stay foul, let ball and runner take you into fair territory). UIC has to watch runner touch plate over his/her shldr as moving up line. Exception: Reverse rotate if ball hit down right field line and UIC has to rule on diving catch or fair/foul. COMMUNICATE!!! Exception: Reverse rotate if ball hit down right field line and UIC has to rule on diving catch or fair/foul. COMMUNICATE!!!

17 ROTATION SITUATIONS (cont) Situation #4: 1st & 2rd (less than 2 outs) (all levels) BUMPING (man to man coverage) Signal: fist on fist and point to third Signal: fist on fist and point to third When: on outfield fly ball with R2 tagging When: on outfield fly ball with R2 tagging Rotation: UIC comes up to third on fly ball hit to outfield (stay foul, let ball and runner take you into fair territory). U1 will watch tag at second and catch if in the Vee. If runner has third or no throw, UIC should get back home. UIC should communicate his/her location. Rotation: UIC comes up to third on fly ball hit to outfield (stay foul, let ball and runner take you into fair territory). U1 will watch tag at second and catch if in the Vee. If runner has third or no throw, UIC should get back home. UIC should communicate his/her location. Exception: Reverse rotate if ball hit down right field line and UIC has to rule on diving catch or fair/foul. COMMUNICATE!!! Exception: Reverse rotate if ball hit down right field line and UIC has to rule on diving catch or fair/foul. COMMUNICATE!!!

18 TWO MAN MECHANICS Plate Umpire (General Principles) Dont get caught in the plate area unless play is developing there. Move your ###!!! Dont get caught in the plate area unless play is developing there. Move your ###!!! Fair/foul up to front edge of bag and beyond if no umpire on line. Fair/foul up to front edge of bag and beyond if no umpire on line. Help with interference, pulled foot, tag or overthrow at first on ground balls (with no threat of play at home). End up on foul line over half way to first. Move your ###!!! (Follow overthrow into foul territory…) Help with interference, pulled foot, tag or overthrow at first on ground balls (with no threat of play at home). End up on foul line over half way to first. Move your ###!!! (Follow overthrow into foul territory…) Stay on left side of mound during a DP, watch for the force play slide rule at second. Stay on left side of mound during a DP, watch for the force play slide rule at second.

19 TWO MAN MECHANICS: Plateman Fair Foul…

20 TWO MAN MECHANICS: Plateman Fair Foul… If ball ends up past 1 st, it is U1s call. UIC U1

21 TWO MAN MECHANICS: Plateman Help at first (move on overthrow)…

22 TWO MAN MECHANICS: A pos. Plays at first: Double Play UIC U1 R1 Look for obstruction Help with play at first

23 TWO MAN MECHANICS Plate Umpire (Continued) On pop ups, get as far out as possible in order to see the catch better. Do not run directly at the catch (get a side view). Also helps to cover if partner leaves. Move your ###!!! On pop ups, get as far out as possible in order to see the catch better. Do not run directly at the catch (get a side view). Also helps to cover if partner leaves. Move your ###!!! Plays at home should be called from 3 rd to 1 st baseline extended when possible (in the slice). Start straight back & move according to throw. Slowly circle the play as it develops. Plays at home should be called from 3 rd to 1 st baseline extended when possible (in the slice). Start straight back & move according to throw. Slowly circle the play as it develops.

24 TWO MAN MECHANICS: Plateman Get out as far as you can on flyballs…

25 TWO MAN MECHANICS: Plateman Be prepared to take the runner…

26 TWO MAN MECHANICS: Plateman Take plays at plate from slice of pie…

27 TWO MAN MECHANICS (cont) Field Umpire: A pos. (on line, in foul, 10 behind) Take plays at first at 90 o w/ throw from base. (do not get too close it explodes)… Call plays at 1 st in foul territory when squeezed by 2 nd baseman (UIC has runner into 2 nd ). Call the toss from the pitcher (from A position only) from just inside of foul line. Fair/foul over first and down line. Trail the ball??? Go out & call catches in outfield on trouble balls or fair/foul over your head. (PAUSE, READ & REACT.) Help with third strike in the dirt (point down).

28 TWO MAN MECHANICS: A pos. Plays at first: normal, toss, or squeezed UIC U1

29 Pause, Read & React (applies to all) This is the hardest skill to get right... You cant be wrong if you go out… Pause: (Is the ball in your area of responsibility?) Step in (toward plate). Helps partners read… Dont be in a hurry. Read: (Five situations that you go on…) Line Drive at Fielder (go right away, no pause) Fair or Foul… Possible HR? Multiple fielders converging on play… Catch being made below the belt… React: (Go hard…Leave no doubt…) Get a side view of the catch (trade angle for distance) (never run directly at the play) Stop to make the call…

30 TWO MAN MECHANICS: A pos. U1 Going out to the outfield: UIC Take an angle… Get a side view of catch…

31 TWO MAN MECHANICS (cont) Field Umpire: B/C pos. Field Umpire: B/C pos. (edge of dirt to plate) Get to the working area w/ multiple runners Always chest up to ball (watch the ball). Help with third strike in the dirt (point down). Walk forward to make a pick off call at first. Walk forward to make a pick off call at first. Trail the ball, not runner, into a stolen base. (move forward & arc to the play) Arc to plays at third (steal or throw on bunt)… When calling catches in the Vee, move to the edge of grass on trouble balls. Try to get tag ups, touches and the catch in the same picture while working the Vee.

32 Working Area From B & C position UIC U1 Working Area

33 B & C Position Movements Pickoff, 2 nd, Play at 3 rd UIC U1

34 THREE MAN MECHANICS National Umpires Association

35 THREE MAN MECHANICS General Responsibilities See a balk call a balk. See a balk call a balk. Move your ###!!! You run more in 3 man. Move your ###!!! You run more in 3 man. General Rule: Keep an umpire on both ends of a standard double play. General Rule: Keep an umpire on both ends of a standard double play. For UIC… Rotate all of the way (no read). For UIC… Rotate all of the way (no read). Once your out, stay out (unless U1 to plate for in the park HR). Never cross dirt in HS from B or C. Once your out, stay out (unless U1 to plate for in the park HR). Never cross dirt in HS from B or C. Only go out on trouble balls. Only go out from A or D position. PAUSE, READ AND REACT. Give a clear read… Leave not doubt (turn your back)… Only go out on trouble balls. Only go out from A or D position. PAUSE, READ AND REACT. Give a clear read… Leave not doubt (turn your back)… UIC has throwbacks into 1 st only when no one on. UIC has throwbacks into 1 st only when no one on.

36 THREE MAN MECHANICS (cont) Plate Umpire (UIC) Fair foul up to the bag (if umpire on the line) or over the bag if base is unattended. Fair foul up to the bag (if umpire on the line) or over the bag if base is unattended. If you rotate to third, rotate all the way (if all both partners are in). U1 will have the plate. Rotate in same situations as in two man. If you rotate to third, rotate all the way (if all both partners are in). U1 will have the plate. Rotate in same situations as in two man. Has base touches at unoccupied base(s) (if they turn back) and at home. Has base touches at unoccupied base(s) (if they turn back) and at home. You have tag at 3 rd if U3 leaves or turns back… You have tag at 3 rd if U3 leaves or turns back… Has fly balls to foul line if no umpire is on that line. Has fly balls to foul line if no umpire is on that line. Still comes out and up line (45 line) on plays at first. Do not worry about force play slide rule. Still comes out and up line (45 line) on plays at first. Do not worry about force play slide rule. Check swings to umpire opposite of batter. Check swings to umpire opposite of batter.

37 THREE MAN MECHANICS (cont) First Base Umpire (U1) A position (not too deep): poss. DP or no one on Fly balls to your side. (CF in & to you.) Only on trouble balls. Otherwise call it from where you are (hold up plate guy). Fly balls to your side. (CF in & to you.) Only on trouble balls. Otherwise call it from where you are (hold up plate guy). Fair foul over your bag. Fair foul over your bag. Pick offs at first. (stay shallow) (20 from bag) See pitcher over inside of runner. Pick offs at first. (stay shallow) (20 from bag) See pitcher over inside of runner. Tags & touches at first. Tags & touches at first. Calls at first (tail end of DP). May have to back out. Calls at first (tail end of DP). May have to back out. Must cover plate if UIC rotates up to third (try to get to point) Must cover plate if UIC rotates up to third (try to get to point) Be in position to trail batter runner into 2 nd if not in reverse rotation situation. (signal: behind back) Be in position to trail batter runner into 2 nd if not in reverse rotation situation. (signal: behind back) Pivot (or get to the middle) if U3 leaves… Pivot (or get to the middle) if U3 leaves…

38 THREE MAN MECHANICS (cont) First Base Umpire (U1) (cont) Deep B position: man on 2 nd only or 2 nd & 3 rd. Fly balls in small Vee (1/4). (CF to RF coming in) Do not leave infield grass (can in college). Fly balls in small Vee (1/4). (CF to RF coming in) Do not leave infield grass (can in college). Pickoff and touches at second. Pickoff and touches at second. Plays at 2nd or 1st. Plays at 2nd or 1st. On plays at first, get as deep as you can (toward normal play in A position) On plays at first, get as deep as you can (toward normal play in A position) Help with third strike or foul tip in the dirt. Help with third strike or foul tip in the dirt.

39 THREE MAN MECHANICS (cont) Third Base Umpire (U3) D position (not to deep): man on 2 nd & 3 rd, 3 rd only, or no one on. Fly balls to your side. (CF to you.) Only leave on trouble balls. Fly balls to your side. (CF to you.) Only leave on trouble balls. Fair foul over your bag. Fair foul over your bag. Pick offs at third. (20 to 25behind bag) Pick offs at third. (20 to 25behind bag) Tags & touches at third. Tags & touches at third. Calls & touches at second with no one on or 3 rd only (& U1 leaves). You must rotate into infield. It is very difficult to leave runner. Calls & touches at second with no one on or 3 rd only (& U1 leaves). You must rotate into infield. It is very difficult to leave runner.

40 THREE MAN MECHANICS (cont) Third Base Umpire (U3) C position: man on 1 st only (deep), 1 st & 2 nd, or bases loaded. Fly balls in small Vee (1/4). (CF to LF in) Fly balls in small Vee (1/4). (CF to LF in) Pickoff and touches at second. Pickoff and touches at second. First play on infield at 2 nd or 3 rd. First play on infield at 2 nd or 3 rd. Steals at second & third. Steals at second & third. Watch for obstruction on DP (stay on it). Watch for obstruction on DP (stay on it). Help with third strike in the dirt. Help with third strike in the dirt. You have throwback into first if U1 leaves You have throwback into first if U1 leaves

41 FLY BALL COVERAGE w/ on Lines U1 in Blue, U3 in Red & UIC in no color U1 U3 UIC

42 FLY BALL COVERAGE w/ U3 in C U1 in Blue, U3 in Red & UIC in no color U1 U3 UIC

43 FLY BALL COVERAGE w/ U1 in B U1 in Blue, U3 in Red & UIC in no color U3 U1 UIC

44 No one on play at 1 st from the infield U1 U3 UIC

45 No one on ball hit to outfield (no one leaves) U1 U3 UIC

46 No one on ball hit to outfield (U1 leaves) U1 U3 UIC You have throwback…

47 No one on ball hit to outfield (U3 leaves) U1 U3 UIC

48 Man on First Ball in Infield (DP) U1 U3 UIC R1

49 Man on First Ball Hit to OF (no one leaves) U1 U3 UIC R1 Do not release until R1 commits to 3 rd …

50 Man on First Ball Hit to OF (U1 leaves) U1 U3 UIC R1 You have throwbacks…

51 Man on First & Third Ball in Infield (DP) U1 U3 UIC R1 R3

52 Man on First & Third Ball Hit to OF (no one leaves) U1 U3 UIC R1 R3 Do not release until R1 commits to 3 rd …

53 Man on First & Third Ball Hit to OF (U1 leaves) U1 U3 UIC R1 R3 You have throwbacks…

54 Man on First & Second Ball in Infield (DP) U1 U3 UIC R1 R3

55 Man on First & Second Clean Hit to OF (no one leaves) U1 U3 UIC R1 R2

56 Man on First & Second Hit to OF (U1 leaves) U1 U3 UIC R1 R2 You have tag at 1 st & 2 nd … Take runner into 3 rd if tagging (bump)… ? Stay out… Reverts to 2 man

57 Bases Loaded Ball in Infield (DP) U1 U3 UIC R1 R2 R3

58 Bases Loaded Clean Hit to OF (no one leaves) U1 U3 UIC R1 R2 R3 Back up so you can see tag or touch at 3 rd …

59 Bases Loaded Hit to OF (U1 leaves) U1 U3 UIC R1 R2 You have tag at 1 st & 2 nd … Stay out… Reverts to 2 man R3 Back up so you can see tag or touch at 3 rd …

60 Man on Second Only Ball in Infield U1 U3 UIC R2 Shallow up for poss. steal…

61 Man on Second Only Clean Hit to OF (no one leaves) UIC R2 U3 U1

62 Man on Second Only (tagging) Hit to OF U1 U3 UIC R2 Dont be afraid to call from foul… You have tag… If U3 leaves, you take runner into 3 rd …

63 Man on Second & Third Ball in Infield (DP) U1 U3 UIC R1 R3

64 Man on First & Second Clean Hit to OF (no one leaves) U1 U3 UIC R1 R2

65 Man on First & Second Hit to OF (U1 leaves) U1 U3 UIC R1 R2 You have tag at 1 st & 2 nd … Take runner into 3 rd if tagging (bump)… ? Stay out… Reverts to 2 man

66 Man on Third Only Ball in Infield U1 U3 UIC R2 You are either into infield or out into outfield… No runner responsibilities at 3 rd …

67 Man on Third Only Clean Hit to OF (no one leaves) UIC R2 U3 U1

68 Man on Second Only (tagging) Hit to OF U1 U3 UIC R3 Dont be afraid to call from foul… You have tag… If U3 leaves, you take runner into 3 rd …

69 Credits…. Created on 1/20/2008 by: Deron W Brown 719 Clarendon Rd Troy, OH


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