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Island Man by Grace Nichols. Lesson Objective: To understand the use of structure, language and imagery in Island Man Lesson outcome: A fully annotated.

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Presentation on theme: "Island Man by Grace Nichols. Lesson Objective: To understand the use of structure, language and imagery in Island Man Lesson outcome: A fully annotated."— Presentation transcript:

1 Island Man by Grace Nichols

2 Lesson Objective: To understand the use of structure, language and imagery in Island Man Lesson outcome: A fully annotated poem

3 What are the similarities and differences? List them in your books. Aim for 5.

4 Reading the poem What is the surface meaning, the STORY, of the poem?

5 SURFACE MEANING A man who used to live on a Caribbean island still dreams of this place although he now lives in London. As he wakes up his dream of the Caribbean is replaced by the reality of London. A man who used to live on a Caribbean island still dreams of this place although he now lives in London. As he wakes up his dream of the Caribbean is replaced by the reality of London.

6 Group work 1. Structure – sentence length, position on the page. Why has the poet done this? 1. Structure – sentence length, position on the page. Why has the poet done this? 2. Word choices – anything look out of place? Why has she done this? 2. Word choices – anything look out of place? Why has she done this? 3. Imagery – what language techniques are used (metaphor, simile, personification). What is the effect? 3. Imagery – what language techniques are used (metaphor, simile, personification). What is the effect?

7 Theme….. Your thoughts? Grace Nichols was born in Georgetown, Guyana, in 1950 and grew up in a small country village on the Guyanese coast. She moved to the city with her family when she was eight, an experience central to her first novel, Whole of a Morning Sky (1986), set in 1960s Guyana in the middle of the country's struggle for independence. She worked as a teacher and journalist and, as part of a Diploma in Communications at the University of Guyana, spent time in some of the most remote areas of Guyana, a period that influenced her writings and initiated a strong interest in Guyanese folk tales, Amerindian myths and the South American civilisations of the Aztec and Inca. She has lived in the UK since Grace Nichols was born in Georgetown, Guyana, in 1950 and grew up in a small country village on the Guyanese coast. She moved to the city with her family when she was eight, an experience central to her first novel, Whole of a Morning Sky (1986), set in 1960s Guyana in the middle of the country's struggle for independence. She worked as a teacher and journalist and, as part of a Diploma in Communications at the University of Guyana, spent time in some of the most remote areas of Guyana, a period that influenced her writings and initiated a strong interest in Guyanese folk tales, Amerindian myths and the South American civilisations of the Aztec and Inca. She has lived in the UK since She said: I feel at home now both in Guyana and in England. When Im in Guyana…I feel like I belong there because I spring from that landscape. But partly because I have children in England, I also feel at home in this culture, with their dreams and aspirations. So I embrace both. England is where I live, where I make my living, but when Im in England Im always looking back. Both as a writer and as an individual, Im always looking at both worlds. She said: I feel at home now both in Guyana and in England. When Im in Guyana…I feel like I belong there because I spring from that landscape. But partly because I have children in England, I also feel at home in this culture, with their dreams and aspirations. So I embrace both. England is where I live, where I make my living, but when Im in England Im always looking back. Both as a writer and as an individual, Im always looking at both worlds.

8 Answer these questions in your books. How do Grace Nichols own experiences tie in with what happens in the poem? How do Grace Nichols own experiences tie in with what happens in the poem? What do you think the tone of the poem ( mood) and message of the poem is? What do you think the tone of the poem ( mood) and message of the poem is?

9 Is the poem a: A criticism of life in London A criticism of life in London A criticism of the 3 rd world poverty that forced people to become economic migrants? A criticism of the 3 rd world poverty that forced people to become economic migrants? A criticism of those migrants who hold an idealised view of their homeland……………something else? A criticism of those migrants who hold an idealised view of their homeland……………something else?

10 In the exams you will need to compare poems…… Identify 5 similarities and differences between Island Man and Blessing. Identify 5 similarities and differences between Island Man and Blessing. Consider: Poets background, use of structure, use of similes/metaphor e.g comparison of their subject matter to something valuable? Consider: Poets background, use of structure, use of similes/metaphor e.g comparison of their subject matter to something valuable?

11 PEE Practise: 1. How is the sun described and why do you think Grace Nichols has chosen to do this? 1. How is the sun described and why do you think Grace Nichols has chosen to do this? 2. The first line is a single word. What is it and why has the poet chosen to use this? 2. The first line is a single word. What is it and why has the poet chosen to use this? 3. It is an effort for the island man to come back to reality. How is that effort conveyed? 3. It is an effort for the island man to come back to reality. How is that effort conveyed? 4. Look carefully at the last line. What do you notice about it structurally? Why does it have capital letters? Why has the poet chosen to do this? 4. Look carefully at the last line. What do you notice about it structurally? Why does it have capital letters? Why has the poet chosen to do this?

12 Homework: Due Wednesday Identify 5 similarities and differences between Island Man and Blessing. Identify 5 similarities and differences between Island Man and Blessing. Consider: Poets background, use of structure, use of similes/metaphor e.g comparison of their subject matter to something valuable? Consider: Poets background, use of structure, use of similes/metaphor e.g comparison of their subject matter to something valuable?

13 Performance poetry Using what you know of the poem and the poets background, create a performance of the poem. Using what you know of the poem and the poets background, create a performance of the poem. What makes a good group performance? What makes a good group performance? I will assess this task for speaking and listening – both how you perform in the group, and during you performance. I will assess this task for speaking and listening – both how you perform in the group, and during you performance.

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15 How do the poems Nothings Changed and Two Scavengers deal with inequality? What are the links and similarities between the two poems? What are the links and similarities between the two poems?

16 A spider diagram In circles round the page write the names of all the poems we have studied. In circles round the page write the names of all the poems we have studied. Keep them spread out, you will need to write in the spaces between Keep them spread out, you will need to write in the spaces between

17 Using the cultural ideas listed below, what links can you find? Identity Identity Political belief/comment ( injustice/inequality) Political belief/comment ( injustice/inequality) Sense of place Sense of place Human attitudes/relationships Human attitudes/relationships Cultural differences Cultural differences

18 Using the cultural ideas listed below, what links can you find? Identity – Limbo, Island Man, Identity – Limbo, Island Man, Political belief/comment ( injustice/inequality) Political belief/comment ( injustice/inequality) Sense of place Sense of place Human attitudes/relationships Human attitudes/relationships Cultural differences Cultural differences

19 With your partner, brainstorm some ideas to include in one of these essays How do the poets use particular details to bring out their ideas in Vultures and one other poem? How do the poets use particular details to bring out their ideas in Vultures and one other poem? Compare the ways in which the poets present ideas about rich and poor people in Two Scavengers in a Truck.. and one other poem Compare the ways in which the poets present ideas about rich and poor people in Two Scavengers in a Truck.. and one other poem

20 Island Man (for a Caribbean island man in London who still wakes up to the sound of the sea) Morning And island man wakes up To the sound of blue surf In his head The steady breaking and wombing wild seabirds and fisherman pushing out to sea the sun surfacing defiantly from the east of his small emerald island he always comes back groggily groggily Clear link with other traditions Alliteration with the letter 's' This word has many associations, but the predominant image is one of comfort and security personificationRepetition, as if he cannot believe it, or is reluctant to acknowledge Note the vibrant colours Free verse and lack of punctuation suggest a dream like quality Written in 3 rd person

21 Comes back to sands of a grey metallic soar to surge of wheels to dull North Circular road muffling muffling his crumpled pillow waves island man heaves himself Another London day Grace Nichols Repetition, as if he cannot believe it, or is reluctant to acknowledge Stark last line, physically isolated, with no preposition or verb Suggest comparison of a man heaving himself on to an island Capital letters suggest formality a busy road around London Change of perspective here Colour contrast, not vibrant but drab Pun Unusual word choice Link with dream

22 Metaphor sands / of a grey metallic soar (London as an unpleasant beach) sands / of a grey metallic soar (London as an unpleasant beach) Personification the sun surfacing defiantly the sun surfacing defiantly to dull North Circular roar to dull North Circular roar Alliteration sun surfacing sun surfacing Stanza 3 = Sands, soar, surge (like the sounds of the sea) Stanza 3 = Sands, soar, surge (like the sounds of the sea) Repetition groggily groggily groggily groggily muffling muffling muffling muffling Language

23 Themes Is the poem a: A criticism of life in London A criticism of life in London A criticism of the 3 rd world poverty that forced people to become economic migrants? A criticism of the 3 rd world poverty that forced people to become economic migrants? A criticism of those migrants who hold an idealised view of their homeland A criticism of those migrants who hold an idealised view of their homeland

24 Interpretation (the theme of the poem) Interpretation (the theme of the poem) What comment is Nichols making about the importance of culture and cultural background? What comment is Nichols making about the importance of culture and cultural background?

25 Language (how the poem is told eg. register, tense, poetic voice, 1st or 3rd person) Language (how the poem is told eg. register, tense, poetic voice, 1st or 3rd person) The poem is told in the third person but is clearly about a very personal experience. Why is this? The poem is told in the third person but is clearly about a very personal experience. Why is this?

26 Imagery (the pictures created in the readers mind eg. simile, metaphor, personification, symbols) Imagery (the pictures created in the readers mind eg. simile, metaphor, personification, symbols) How has Nichols used colour in her poem? How has Nichols used colour in her poem?


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