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A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man by James Joyce 1882 -1941.

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Presentation on theme: "A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man by James Joyce 1882 -1941."— Presentation transcript:

1 A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man by James Joyce

2 Stephen Dedalus – name comes from the Greek myth of Dedalus and Icarus and St. Stephen, Christian martyr Stephen Dedalus – name comes from the Greek myth of Dedalus and Icarus and St. Stephen, Christian martyr First memories are of language – fathers story First memories are of language – fathers story

3 Stages of emerging consciousness Stages of emerging consciousness Hearing –story of the moocow Hearing –story of the moocow Sight – fathers face Sight – fathers face Taste – lemon platt Taste – lemon platt Touch – warm, cold bed Touch – warm, cold bed Smell – oilsheet Smell – oilsheet

4 Michael Davitt – catholic, founded the Land League, tried to make Ireland socialist – maroon brush Michael Davitt – catholic, founded the Land League, tried to make Ireland socialist – maroon brush Charles Stuart Parnell – protestant, Irish Nationalist leader – green brush Charles Stuart Parnell – protestant, Irish Nationalist leader – green brush Apologise – guilt/repression – example of chiasmus Apologise – guilt/repression – example of chiasmus greaves in his number – shinguards in his locker greaves in his number – shinguards in his locker

5 Attention to words – dog-in-the- blanket, belt, toe in the rump Attention to words – dog-in-the- blanket, belt, toe in the rump Mother – warm, nice, comforting, smells better than father Mother – warm, nice, comforting, smells better than father Father – story-teller, code of conduct Father – story-teller, code of conduct P.4 – thinking of Spelling Book as literature – aesthetic distinction P.4 – thinking of Spelling Book as literature – aesthetic distinction Complete acceptance of church – Father Arnall Complete acceptance of church – Father Arnall

6 Suck – sycophant – flatterer suck up – physical sensations associated with thinking about words –watch for this throughout Suck – sycophant – flatterer suck up – physical sensations associated with thinking about words –watch for this throughout P. 5 – York and Lancaster – English, not Irish names P. 5 – York and Lancaster – English, not Irish names Yellow, red, green roses – artists daydreams – aesthetic beauty Yellow, red, green roses – artists daydreams – aesthetic beauty Awareness of social distinctions – friends fathers jobs Awareness of social distinctions – friends fathers jobs

7 Pp. 6,7 – Do you kiss your mother? – early childhood confused ideas of sexuality Pp. 6,7 – Do you kiss your mother? – early childhood confused ideas of sexuality St. Aloysius Gonzaga – patron saint of James Aloysius Joyce- too pure even to kiss his mother St. Aloysius Gonzaga – patron saint of James Aloysius Joyce- too pure even to kiss his mother

8 Sees self as center of Ptolemaic universe Sees self as center of Ptolemaic universe P. 7 aesthetic judgment of poetry P. 7 aesthetic judgment of poetry P. 10 – Goes to bed cold, shivers; thoughts are of scary things – bed warms, so do his thoughts P. 10 – Goes to bed cold, shivers; thoughts are of scary things – bed warms, so do his thoughts Major events – going to school, taking ill, going home for the holidays, death of Parnell, breaking of his glasses Major events – going to school, taking ill, going home for the holidays, death of Parnell, breaking of his glasses

9 P aesthetic beauty of words; physical response to poetry P aesthetic beauty of words; physical response to poetry Illness – chance to read in the infirmary Illness – chance to read in the infirmary Interest in words again – riddles Interest in words again – riddles First thoughts of his familys poverty First thoughts of his familys poverty

10 Christmas dinner – Christmas dinner – Father identifies himself as Irish catholic Father identifies himself as Irish catholic Parnell wanted an Ireland where religion didnt matter – like USA Parnell wanted an Ireland where religion didnt matter – like USA Politics, religion – adult conversation Politics, religion – adult conversation Mr. Casey – making a birthday present for Queen Victoria – hed been in prison Mr. Casey – making a birthday present for Queen Victoria – hed been in prison Dante – firm believer in the power of religious authority Dante – firm believer in the power of religious authority

11 popes nose = rump of the turkey popes nose = rump of the turkey Eileen – off limits because shes protestant Eileen – off limits because shes protestant Trying to understand the rules – boys being punished for smugging in the square Trying to understand the rules – boys being punished for smugging in the square Stephen unfairly punished for not having his glasses Stephen unfairly punished for not having his glasses

12 Order imposed by brute force – threat of more beatings every day Order imposed by brute force – threat of more beatings every day Peer pressure to protest his innocence Peer pressure to protest his innocence Finally asserts self as individual Finally asserts self as individual Restores his trust in institutional order Restores his trust in institutional order Last lines repeat of p. 27 – incremental repetition – how much has changed since then. Last lines repeat of p. 27 – incremental repetition – how much has changed since then. Chapter ends with a sense of joy, self- pride – sharply constrasted in next chapter Chapter ends with a sense of joy, self- pride – sharply constrasted in next chapter

13 Chapter II – working with his uncle Chapter II – working with his uncle Begins to view the world around him critically – no longer sees himself as pious as others (his uncle) Begins to view the world around him critically – no longer sees himself as pious as others (his uncle) Studies words as a means to enter into the world of adults Studies words as a means to enter into the world of adults Romantic – Mercedes from The Count of Monte Cristo Romantic – Mercedes from The Count of Monte Cristo Decline in family finances keeps him from school Decline in family finances keeps him from school

14 Stephen no longer sees himself as a child – hes annoyed by the sounds of children at play Stephen no longer sees himself as a child – hes annoyed by the sounds of children at play Feels a sense of unrest that he cant identify Feels a sense of unrest that he cant identify Searches for his future in the form of an epiphany Searches for his future in the form of an epiphany Move to Dublin – furniture being reclaimed, uncle unstable, wandering the streets of Dublin as in a maze (labyrinth) Move to Dublin – furniture being reclaimed, uncle unstable, wandering the streets of Dublin as in a maze (labyrinth)

15 Becoming isolated – a loner – he began to taste the joy of his loneliness. Becoming isolated – a loner – he began to taste the joy of his loneliness. Begins a flirtation with an unknown girl – disappoints himself by his reluctance to act Begins a flirtation with an unknown girl – disappoints himself by his reluctance to act Poetry – an attempt to turn reality into a poem – love, politics Poetry – an attempt to turn reality into a poem – love, politics Earns a reputation for writing essays Earns a reputation for writing essays Scene outside the play interrupted by memory Scene outside the play interrupted by memory

16 Admit – apologise Admit – apologise Feels personally the power of words Feels personally the power of words P. 58 – summary of life to this point P. 58 – summary of life to this point Trip with his father – shift in his reality – vision of his father changes – vision of himself changes Trip with his father – shift in his reality – vision of his father changes – vision of himself changes Beginning of sense of self as an artist Beginning of sense of self as an artist Sexual shame – mortal sin Sexual shame – mortal sin

17 Visit to a prostitute – language fails him- relief, no longer shame Visit to a prostitute – language fails him- relief, no longer shame Movement from Movement from Intellectual Intellectual Artistic Artistic Spiritual Spiritual Sexual Sexualawakening

18 Chapter III sermons: Chapter III sermons: Spiritual torments of hell Spiritual torments of hell Deprived of divine light – greatest loss Deprived of divine light – greatest loss Conscience – memory of past pleasures, sorrow for sins committed, knowledge that you failed to repent Conscience – memory of past pleasures, sorrow for sins committed, knowledge that you failed to repent Pain of extension – torment of imagination of what is to come coupled with what one is experiencing Pain of extension – torment of imagination of what is to come coupled with what one is experiencing Eternity of hell Eternity of hell

19 Confession, followed by realization that he will fall p. 116 Confession, followed by realization that he will fall p. 116 Pride before his fall – he will know the secrets of the religion, sees himself as a celebrant of mass in a church without worshippers Pride before his fall – he will know the secrets of the religion, sees himself as a celebrant of mass in a church without worshippers P. 113 – A flame began to flutter again… P. 113 – A flame began to flutter again… Image of the priest in chapter IV is that of a skeletal head before a noose Image of the priest in chapter IV is that of a skeletal head before a noose

20 Images – Images – cerements (death) cerements (death) Birds (Icarus) Birds (Icarus) Water (rebirth) Water (rebirth) Bridge (crossing from one life to another) Bridge (crossing from one life to another) Epiphany – p. 123 – He will not be a priest, but will be an artist. Epiphany – p. 123 – He will not be a priest, but will be an artist.

21 Chapter V – mimics mass Chapter V – mimics mass University – 20 yrs. Old University – 20 yrs. Old Broken clock – no longer bother to fix things that are broken Broken clock – no longer bother to fix things that are broken National poet of Ireland – Thomas Moore National poet of Ireland – Thomas Moore Davins story of temptation Davins story of temptation Philosophical discussion of beauty Philosophical discussion of beauty Meaning of words – lamp, funnel, tundish, Meaning of words – lamp, funnel, tundish, home, Christ, ale, master home, Christ, ale, master

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