Presentation on theme: "An Old Man Guy de Maupassant Contemporary College English"— Presentation transcript:
1 An Old Man Guy de Maupassant Contemporary College English Companion Reader现代大学英语 阅读3外语教学与研究出版社 杨立民 主编创思英语：英语阅读课件 英语专业泛读课件
2 An Old Man The author The story Keywords The hero The theme His age “My”SolicitudeLast para.VocabularyFive general questions and five specific questions. Five to ten minutes are to be set aside for students to raise questions.Your questions?
3 1. The authorMaupassant was a popular 19th-century French writer and considered one of the fathers of the modern short story.Maupassant's stories are characterized by their economy of style and efficient, effortless dénouement.Guy de Maupassant(5 Aug 1850 – 6 July 1893)莫泊桑（ ）：法国作家。他擅长从平凡琐屑的事物中截取富有典型意义的片断，以小见大地概括出生活的真实。他的短篇小说侧重摹写人情世态，构思布局别具匠心，细节描写、人物语言和故事结尾均有独到之处。Boule de suif (Ball of Tallow), La Parure (The Necklace)In his later years he developed a constant desire for solitude, an obsession for self-preservation, and a fear of death and crazed paranoia of persecution.
4 2. The story The story goes: …… Text type & text pattern Main ideas Structural diagram复述课文 复述故事 retell 文体 文章结构图示 段落大意
5 Four Major Text Types Narration Description Exposition Argumentation 记叙文 a movie描述文 a picture说明文 a lecture议论文 a debateNarrative 记叙类 descriptive 描写类 expository 说明类 argumentative 议论类 persuasive writing
6 Major Text Patterns Sequence / time Space Compare-contrast Advantage-dis.Cause-effectProblem-solutionSub-topics顺序、时间空间比较-对比利弊因果问题-解决话题文章结构模式
7 Main ideas of paragraphs Paragraphs are related to each in different degrees with a part and a whole text.P 1-2The adP 16-21Second deathP 3-7His requestP 22-3The leftP 8-10His charactersP 24-6Two deaths段落大意P 11The listP 27-42Last deathP 12-5First deathDetails of the five deaths
8 Details of five deaths No Name Cause Reaction Explanation 1 Rosalie chillstartreliefweight2Henripleurisyupsetjoysilly3N/Adysenteryhighly amuseddiet死亡统计对比 姓名 死因 反应 解释 理解4N/Achokehighly amusedheart5Paulnoneperplexreassurenone
9 Structural Diagram An Old Man Setting The ad Beginning The list charactersCharactersAnOldManFirst deathDevelopmentcomplication2nd death文章整体结构示意图The leftTwo deathsClimax, codaLast death
10 3. Keywords Life Disease Treatment Obsession Aging Health Death 关键词 中心词 困扰 生死 疾病 生老病死 健康 治疗 老龄 老年AgingHealthDeath
11 4. The hero P3: A little old man of 86, still quite … P4: …if I am in good health, it is …P7: …wrinkled little hand.P8: …an obsessive fear of deathP9: …a very special use of stressing the …P10: …other men as anything but puppets of a sort………主人公 persona personae 主角 protagonist 中心人物 heroine 女主角 hero 男主角 人物特征 人物描写
12 The themeFear of deathA pithy account of our unwillingness to accept that illness and death are largely beyond our control.A telling antidote to our present obsession with the power of the individual healthy lifestyle.主题大意 中心思想 对死亡的畏惧 害怕死亡 健康的生活方式
13 His age He went to infinite pains to conceal his age. Provide some evidence of his doing so.Why do you think he did so?隐藏年龄
14 My What do you think underlie his special use of “my”? M. Daron is determined to believe that he owns and can completely determine his body and his health, and, therefore, his death. This is emphasized by his speech, with its emphatic use of the word "my," as in "my life," "my arms," and even "my doctor."强调“我的” 物主性代词的使用
15 SolicitudeHowever, beginning with the day when …, he felt a new interest awaken in his heart, an unfamiliar solicitude for these old people whom he was going to see fall by the wayside one by one.少见的关心How do you interpret the two words?
16 Last paragraph “Eighty-nine! So whatever it was, it wasn’t old age.” How did the old man feel when he said so?What did he feel this way?表示不可理解 无法解释 但多少有些慰藉