Presentation on theme: "Periodic Table of the Elements"— Presentation transcript:
1 Periodic Table of the Elements The Chemist’sOrganizational ChartPGCC CHM 101 Sinex
2 non-metals metals typical charge on ion in binary compound Los Alamos National Laboratory's Chemistry DivisionPeriodic Table of the Elementsnoblegasesnon-metals+1metals+2+3-3-2-1typical charge on ion in binary compoundatomic numberatomic masstransition metals
3 Physical States at Room Conditions gasesliquidssolids105Db107BhModified from
4 Natural vs. Man-Made Elements natural elementsman-made elementsnot found on Earth105Db107Bh
5 Biologically Important Elements large quantitiesultratrace amounts105Db107BhGeoff Rayner-Canham, Descriptive Inorganic Chemistry, 2nd ed., Freeman (2000)All other elements have no known biological function.
6 Elements considered particularly toxic 105Db107BhGeoff Rayner-Canham, Descriptive Inorganic Chemistry, 2nd ed., Freeman (2000)
7 Molecular Nature of Free Elements diatomictetratomicoctatomic105Db107BhAll other free elements are atomic in nature.
8 All Isotopes Radioactive no stable forms105Db107Bh
10 Charge on stable monatomic ion Valence Electronsfor group A elementss blockp block+1Charge on stable monatomic ion+3± 4-3-2-1ns1+2ns2np6ns2np1ns2np2ns2np3ns2ns2np4ns2np58A1A3A 4A 5A 6A 7A2AGroup B105Db107BhPeriod number gives shell (n)
11 (binary hydrogen compounds) Hydride Chemistry(binary hydrogen compounds)ioniccovalentpolymericsalts with H-molecules with +1chains with H-to-H bonds8A1A3A 4A 5A 6A 7A2Ametallicinterstitial H2Group B105Db107Bhmostly gases, some liquidssolids
12 For the best interactive and informative periodic table see WebElements. Click on the element symbol and then use the menu to the left to select information.
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