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PGCC CHM 101 Sinex Periodic Table of the Elements The Chemists Organizational Chart.

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Presentation on theme: "PGCC CHM 101 Sinex Periodic Table of the Elements The Chemists Organizational Chart."— Presentation transcript:

1 PGCC CHM 101 Sinex Periodic Table of the Elements The Chemists Organizational Chart

2 Los Alamos National Laboratory's Chemistry Division Periodic Table of the Elements metals non-metals transition metals noble gases atomic number atomic mass typical charge on ion in binary compound

3 Modified from gasesliquids 105 Db solids 107 Bh Physical States at Room Conditions

4 man-made elements not found on Earth natural elements 105 Db 107 Bh Natural vs. Man-Made Elements

5 large quantities ultratrace amounts All other elements have no known biological function. Geoff Rayner-Canham, Descriptive Inorganic Chemistry, 2 nd ed., Freeman (2000) 105 Db 107 Bh Biologically Important Elements

6 Elements considered particularly toxic 105 Db 107 Bh toxic Geoff Rayner-Canham, Descriptive Inorganic Chemistry, 2 nd ed., Freeman (2000)

7 diatomictetratomicoctatomic All other free elements are atomic in nature. 105 Db 107 Bh Molecular Nature of Free Elements

8 no stable forms 105 Db 107 Bh All Isotopes Radioactive

9 s block p block d block f block 105 Db 107 Bh Electronic Structure

10 s blockp block 105 Db 107 Bh Valence Electrons for group A elements ns 1 ns 2 ns 2 np 1 ns 2 np 2 ns 2 np 3 ns 2 np 4 ns 2 np 5 ns 2 np 6 3A 4A 5A 6A 7A 1A 2A 8A Group B ± 4 Charge on stable monatomic ion Period number gives shell (n)

11 105 Db 107 Bh Hydride Chemistry (binary hydrogen compounds) 3A 4A 5A 6A 7A 1A 2A 8A Group B ionic metallic covalent salts with H - solids mostly gases, some liquids polymeric interstitial H 2 molecules with +1 chains with H-to-H bonds

12 For the best interactive and informative periodic table see WebElements. WebElements Click on the element symbol and then use the menu to the left to select information.


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