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Periodic Table of the Elements

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Presentation on theme: "Periodic Table of the Elements"— Presentation transcript:

1 Periodic Table of the Elements
The Chemist’s Organizational Chart PGCC CHM 101 Sinex

2 non-metals metals typical charge on ion in binary compound
Los Alamos National Laboratory's Chemistry Division Periodic Table of the Elements noble gases non-metals +1 metals +2 +3 -3 -2 -1 typical charge on ion in binary compound atomic number atomic mass transition metals

3 Physical States at Room Conditions
gases liquids solids 105 Db 107 Bh Modified from

4 Natural vs. Man-Made Elements
natural elements man-made elements not found on Earth 105 Db 107 Bh

5 Biologically Important Elements
large quantities ultratrace amounts 105 Db 107 Bh Geoff Rayner-Canham, Descriptive Inorganic Chemistry, 2nd ed., Freeman (2000) All other elements have no known biological function.

6 Elements considered particularly toxic
105 Db 107 Bh Geoff Rayner-Canham, Descriptive Inorganic Chemistry, 2nd ed., Freeman (2000)

7 Molecular Nature of Free Elements
diatomic tetratomic octatomic 105 Db 107 Bh All other free elements are atomic in nature.

8 All Isotopes Radioactive
no stable forms 105 Db 107 Bh

9 Electronic Structure s block p block d block 105 Db 107 Bh f block

10 Charge on stable monatomic ion
Valence Electrons for group A elements s block p block +1 Charge on stable monatomic ion +3 ± 4 -3 -2 -1 ns1 +2 ns2np6 ns2np1 ns2np2 ns2np3 ns2 ns2np4 ns2np5 8A 1A 3A 4A 5A 6A 7A 2A Group B 105 Db 107 Bh Period number gives shell (n)

11 (binary hydrogen compounds)
Hydride Chemistry (binary hydrogen compounds) ionic covalent polymeric salts with H- molecules with +1 chains with H-to-H bonds 8A 1A 3A 4A 5A 6A 7A 2A metallic interstitial H2 Group B 105 Db 107 Bh mostly gases, some liquids solids

12 For the best interactive and informative periodic table see WebElements.
Click on the element symbol and then use the menu to the left to select information.


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