Presentation on theme: "Phenomenon of the Green Man (and Woman) with examples in Prague Miloslav Lapka Faculty of Art and Philosophy, Prague."— Presentation transcript:
1Phenomenon of the Green Man (and Woman) with examples in Prague Miloslav Lapka Faculty of Art and Philosophy, Prague
2Green Man…The Green Man is a pre-Christian symbol found carved into the wood and stone of pagan temples and graves, of medieval churches and cathedrals, and used as a Victorian architectural motif, across an area stretching from Ireland in the west to Russia in the east.Terri Windling- Tales of the Mythic ForestWilliam Anderson - Green Man symbolism (1990) PoetVáclav Cílek – Landscapes and Inscapes (in Czech)
4How old is Green Man?An ancient Celtic symbol, its origins and original meaning are shrouded in mystery.Earliest known examples of the foliate headdate back to classical RomeThe name dates back only to 1939, when folklorist Lady Raglan drew a connection between the foliate faces in English churches and the Green Man (or "Jack of the Green") tales of folklore.
5 The Jack in the Green is a figure associated with the new growth of spring and May Day celebrations Many scholars consider the god Dionysus to be a forerunner of the Green Man symbol, for Dionysus was often pictured masked, crowned in vine and ivy leaves. This compelling but dangerous deity was the lord of the wilderness; he was the god of wine (made from wild grapes), ecstasy, and sexual abandon.
6Why has been the Green Man adopted by Christianity and accommodated into the Cathedrals?
7Sacred trees and groves played a central part in Greco-Roman myths. The oak was the tree sacred to Zeus, whose priests heard his voice in its rustling leaves.Adonis, the god of returning seasons and new crops, was born from the trunk of a myrrh tree.The nymph Daphne turned into a laurel tree in order to escape ravishment by Apollo
9The Green woman…u Far less common than Green Man In Irish churches were known by the name Sheela-na-gig (India the “yoni” figures)Greek Goddess Artemis – Mother of all Creatures
10Al-KhidrMuslims tradition, literally means „The green One“ spirit, eternal liveliness.One of the Prophets, angel – guide to those who seek God.Water of life – one who has found the source of life.Town located on the bank of the Eufrat river, Iraq.
11Sheela na Gig? Celebration of fertility? Land and man? Twelfth century capital underneath tower, St Michael's, Melbourne, Derbyshire.Sheela na Gig? Celebration of fertility? Land and man?
12Font, c.1160, St Mary's, Stottesdon Green cats – influence of illuminated manuscripts
13Twelfth century capital fragment from Hyde Abbey cloisters, now on display in St Batholomew's church, Winchester.Acorn, grapes?
14Fourteenth century sedilia spandrel, St Martin's, Thompson, Norfolk.
15Fifteenth century misericord, Holy Trinity, Wysall, Nottinghamshire.
16Mid-sixteenth century chancel screen, Marwood, Devon.
17Composition, remind cubism Sixteenth century gilded roof boss, Priory church of St Mary & St Cuthbert, Bolton Abbey, Yorkshire.Composition, remind cubism
18Tomb of Sir William Sharington (died 1553), Lacock Abbey, Wiltshire.
19Nineteenth century arm rest, chancel, St Helen's, Leverton, Lincolnshire. Tears?
27Green Man and Woman are still living… The force of the forest, wildlife - The city of Rome was born of the forest, many European cities , too.Dryad – Greco – Roman tradition of trees nymphsArchetype of the rebirth, natural forcesIn myths and fairy tales - Celtic Cernunnos, Merlin, Green Knight, theModern transformation into:Brothers Grimm - Teutonic forest,Ents- J.R.R. TolkienNeil Gaiman- modern myths - Stardust
28Summary…Symbol of forest, wild nature, power of nature, non-human world, nature spirits…Accommodated into Christianity - medieval churches and cathedralsLocated insideNo enemies but not friendsLocation - representative buildingsMan has respect to Nature but…Human domination over natureOriginal meanings?Lets to meet the Green Man….
29Green Man is speaking…"Our remote ancestors said to their Mother Earth: 'We are yours.' "Modern humanity has said to Nature: 'You are mine.' "The Green Man has returned as the living face of the whole earth so that through his mouth we may say to the universe: 'We are one.'"(William Anderson)No longer can we regard the Green Man as simply a decorative feature and the slightly odd survivor of a by-gone age that has no relevance to the world of today.We have to honour and acknowledge the Green Man as an age-old symbol of humanities relationship with the rest of the natural world.New - old contemporary environmental meaning