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Lifting devices and equipments Corporate Health & Safety 2011.

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1 Lifting devices and equipments Corporate Health & Safety 2011

2 February 11 th 2011 Corporate Health & Safety 2011 – Lifting devices and equipments 1 Summary 1) Introduction 2) General comments 3) Definition 3.1) Lifting devices 3.2) Lifting equipments 3.3) General Work Instructions 4) Specifications for lifting devices and equipments 4.1) Additional for Man – Baskets 4.2) Additional for Crane Man – Baskets 4.3) Additional for Forklift Man – Baskets 5) Work Instructions for lifting devices and equipments 5.1) Additional for Crane Man – Baskets 5.2) Additional for Forklift Man – Baskets 6) Proper And Safe Use Of Scissor and Boom Lifts 7) Proper And Safe Use Of Vehicle Mounted Platform 8) Proper And Safe Use Of Man- Basket for Cranes 9) Proper And Safe Use Of Man- Basket for Forklift 10) Hazards 10.1) Tip-Over Hazards 10.2) Electrocution Hazards ) What If Engines Contacts Power Line 11) Main causes of accidents 12) Questions

3 February 11 th 2011 Corporate Health & Safety 2011 – Lifting devices and equipments 2 1) Introduction April 2010 Fatality The pile stacking Piling machine tips over Three Companies are involved in the works

4 February 11 th 2011 Corporate Health & Safety 2011 – Lifting devices and equipments 3 1) Introduction Fatality The remaining accidents, workers died from being struck by the falling scissor lift.

5 February 11 th 2011 Corporate Health & Safety 2011 – Lifting devices and equipments 4 1) Introduction June 2010 Amputations The Scissor Lift Operator was parallel parking the unit in preparation to install piping. The Spotter left the work area and instructed the operator to wait until he returned to continue the job. The operator continued working and when the lift was moving forward, his hand was pinched between the top rail of the lift and pipe support (angle iron).

6 February 11 th 2011 Corporate Health & Safety 2011 – Lifting devices and equipments a) Operator Training Training must be done by a qualified person experienced with the particular lift model Training must include: Nature of electrical, fall, and other hazards involved in operating lift Precautions for dealing with hazards Rated load capacity for the lift (including workers, tools, materials, bucket liner, etc.) Manufacturer requirements, as outlined in operator manual Demonstration of skill and knowledge in actual operation of the aerial lift 2) General comments : b) Risk Analyses HIRA must be done by a qualified person before each work. This program is designed to familiarize workers with the safe use of aerial work platforms. The major points to avoid accidents are c) Control of the all equipments before / during each work See all the comments in the § Before starting the work

7 February 11 th 2011 Corporate Health & Safety 2011 – Lifting devices and equipments 6 3) Definitions 3.1) Lifting devices Scissor liftBoom lift Vehicle mounted platforms

8 February 11 th 2011 Corporate Health & Safety 2011 – Lifting devices and equipments 7 Man- Basket for cranes Man- Basket for Forklifts 3) Definitions 3.2) Lifting equipments

9 February 11 th 2011 Corporate Health & Safety 2011 – Lifting devices and equipments 8 Mobile lifting equipment must be checked and certified by third party before use. Before the use the operator should become familiar with the operation manual and all manufacturer warnings and specs for specific equipment (load limits, etc.). Use proper personal protective equipment as required by the ArcelorMittal safety standards. Pre-shift equipment inspection, and work area survey. The mobile lifting equipment has to incorporate automatic beepers that create an audio signal during movement. In loud work environments, a visual cue such as a flashing light is also recommended. A guardrail system must be in place, to contain operators and passengers, along with anchor points for safety harnesses. 4) Specifications for lifting devices and equipments

10 February 11 th 2011 Corporate Health & Safety 2011 – Lifting devices and equipments 9 4) Specifications for lifting devices and equipments Toe-boards around the floor of the platform itself and/or a tool tray must be in place to avoid tools or supplies being accidentally kicked off the platform. Access gates should open inward and have safety latches that prevent accidental opening. 4.1) Additional for Man – Baskets Only allowed when allowed by local law and in full compliance with that local law and when no other classic solution is possible Man baskets must be designed by a qualified engineer. Baskets have to be capable of supporting their own weight and 5 times the maximum intended load, both of which should be clearly indicated on the basket (see Data plate). Additionally, man basket design should allow adequate headroom for workers.

11 February 11 th 2011 Corporate Health & Safety 2011 – Lifting devices and equipments ) Additional for Crane Man – Baskets Hooking systems that attach the basket to the crane line must be able to be closed and locked. The wire rope supporting the basket must be capable of supporting at least 7 times the intended load. Basket design must minimize tipping. 4.3) Additional for Forklift Man – Baskets A claw-system has to be put on place to fix the Man-Basket with the forks. 4) Specifications for lifting devices and equipments

12 February 11 th 2011 Corporate Health & Safety 2011 – Lifting devices and equipments 11 5) Work Instructions for lifting devices and equipments Before each work realize the specific Risk Assessments (Own and /or Contractors). Only workers trained in the task to be performed should be permitted in the basket or platform when it is hoisted. Realize the demarcation to restrict access around the work area to protect others below from falling objects. Before starting the work control that the demarcated area is clear of personnel. All controls and safety devices should be checked before each use, to ensure they are working properly. Before moving the machine (translation), the basket or platform must be in the lowered position to prevent them from tipping over, and all employees must be warned before the move occurs

13 February 11 th 2011 Corporate Health & Safety 2011 – Lifting devices and equipments 12 5) Work Instructions for lifting devices and equipments Workers are not permitted to access a lift equipment unless it is placed on an approved surface. A surface must be relatively level, with no more than 3 degrees (+/-5%) of slope. Extreme caution must be taken when using mobile lifting equipment close to overhead power lines as electrocution may result if the lift comes in contact with energized wiring. Aerial lifts shall not be used near electric lines unless the lines have been de- energized or it is assured that adequate clearance will be maintained at all times (the ArcelorMittal lock-out procedure must be applied all the time) Before entering or leaving the basket or platform ensure it is secured. Close the basket or platform door(s) after entering and take care that safety latches do not open accidently. All tools and associated equipment must be safely stored in the basket or platform 5%

14 February 11 th 2011 Corporate Health & Safety 2011 – Lifting devices and equipments 13 Workers must keep all body parts inside the basket or platform while it is being lifted. Never climb out and on the guardrails of the basket or platform when in lifting position Workers must wear all by the ArcelorMittal Standards required PPE The personal fall arrest (harness) devices must be worn and attached by lanyards to the designed anchoring points in the basket or platform at all times. Never exceed the load-capacity limits of the manufacturer. Do not raise platform in windy or bad weather conditions (rain, snow,..) Never tie off to an adjoining structure Keep the operators manual at the job site. 5) Work Instructions for lifting devices and equipments

15 February 11 th 2011 Corporate Health & Safety 2011 – Lifting devices and equipments 14 Bridles, links and shackles are parts of the rigging system supporting the Man - Basket and must be used only for that purpose, and all hooks and attachment mechanisms must be capable of closing and locking to avoid the possibility that a hook may open while the basket is suspended. All controls and safety devices, on the mobile crane and the man basket, should be checked to ensure they are working properly. After workers enter the basket, but before they are fully hoisted, the man basket should be lifted a few (inches, cm) and inspected to ensure rigging lines are clear of obstructions and are not bended, the primary rigging attachment is centered over the basket, weight is spaced evenly in the basket, and that the crane remains stable. You need a lift plan before starting a safe work (when working with 1 crane or more) 5.1) Additional for Crane Man – Baskets 5) Work Instructions for lifting devices and equipments

16 February 11 th 2011 Corporate Health & Safety 2011 – Lifting devices and equipments 15 The forklift must be adapted to Man-Basket and its balance must be guaranteed all the time. Before lifting, the security chain on both sides of the basket must be fixed on the forklift and the basket itself onto both forks. The Forklift may not be moved when the mast is elevated in a working position with or without personnel in the basket. No driving with the worker inside the basket. 5.2) Additional for Forklifts Man – Baskets 5) Work Instructions for lifting devices and equipments

17 February 11 th 2011 Corporate Health & Safety 2011 – Lifting devices and equipments 16 6) Proper And Safe Use Of Scissor and Boom Lifts Realize the Pre-shift inspection for the scissor lift and all used equipment. Use signs and cones to create work-zone warnings near high traffic areas. Check area in which aerial lift will be used for: Holes, drop-offs, bumps, debris, etc. and overhead obstructions and overhead power lines Wheels and outriggers /stabilisers where fitted, are to be used systematically and must rest a on solid & level ground. Avoid soft ground, side slope or other conditions which may affect the stability of the unit. Here are some important tips to help ensure that you use scissor lifts properly: Before starting the work Especially for Boom Lifts Use equipment only for its intended purpose. Boom-lifts are not cranes!

18 February 11 th 2011 Corporate Health & Safety 2011 – Lifting devices and equipments 17 All personnel are clear of the scissor path That movement of the scissor will not bring any part of the scissor within the minimum distance from live overhead conductors as specified. Use and proper fitting of fall arrest (harness) device and stay all the time attached by lanyards to the designed anchor points and do not climb out of the platform when in lifting position. Never move the scissor lift as long as it is not in fully lowered position. Here are some important tips to help ensure that you use scissor lifts properly: During the work time 6) Proper And Safe Use Of Scissor and Boom Lifts Especially for Boom Lifts An Boom lift truck may not be moved when the boom is elevated in a working position with personnel in the basket, except for equipment that is specifically designed for this type of operation.

19 February 11 th 2011 Corporate Health & Safety 2011 – Lifting devices and equipments 18 Clean the demarcated restrict work-zone and store the used warning-signs and cones. Take off all tools and associated equipment; assure they are safely stored from the lift platform. Drive back to the lifting device / equipment parking zone only when the unit is in fully lowered position and take into account the in the plant allowed maximum speed. To prevent unauthorized usage of the lifting device / equipment, lock it by taking off the key. If at any time, a lifting device / equipment is found in need of repair, defective, or in any way unsafe, the matter shall be reported immediately to the supervisor and the matter solved before (re)using the equipment Here are some important tips to help ensure that you use scissor lifts properly: End of work 6) Proper And Safe Use Of Scissor and Boom Lifts

20 February 11 th 2011 Corporate Health & Safety 2011 – Lifting devices and equipments 19 7) Proper And Safe Use Of Vehicle Mounted Platform Realize the Pre-shift inspection / safety control for the vehicle and all used equipment and control the safety and inspections certificates of the vehicle Use signs and cones to create work-zone warnings near high traffic areas. Wheels and outriggers /stabilisers where fitted, are on a on solid & level ground. Avoid soft ground, side slope or other conditions which may affect the stability of the unit. The brakes shall be set and outriggers shall be positioned on pads or a solid surface. Wheel chocks shall be installed before using a vehicle mounted platform An aerial lift truck may not be moved when the boom is elevated in a working position with personnel in the basket, except for equipment that is specifically designed for this type of operation. Here are some important tips to help ensure that you use Vehicle Mounted Platform properly : Before starting the work A boom lift truck may not be moved when the boom is elevated in a working position with personnel in the basket, except for equipment that is specifically designed for this type of operation Do not raise boom unless the machine is level or on a level surface. During the work time

21 February 11 th 2011 Corporate Health & Safety 2011 – Lifting devices and equipments 20 Here are some important tips to help ensure that you use Vehicle Mounted Platform properly : 1.In many cases one will tend to set up the equipment on the side of the road, working place,… so as not to block traffic, production, … This is fine, but do not do this if the ground is not level or you are unable to level the vehicle. 2.In the example above, the distance between the centre of gravity of the truck and the tipping point (outrigger pad) has been reduced, thus reducing the safe working load. 3.Even though it appears that it would still be within safe working parameters, if you add a few dynamic conditions (wind, erratic booming or soft soil), it greatly increases the possibility of a tip over. During the work time End of work You have to apply the same rules as for the scissor lifts. 7) Proper And Safe Use Of Vehicle Mounted Platform

22 February 11 th 2011 Corporate Health & Safety 2011 – Lifting devices and equipments 21 8) Proper And Safe Use Of Man- Basket for Cranes Here are some important tips to help ensure that you use Man- Basket for Cranes properly: Before starting the work Control the safety and inspections certificates of the crane, basket and the driving license of the crane driver. The brakes shall be set and outriggers shall be positioned on pads or a solid surface. Wheel chocks shall be installed before using a vehicle mounted platform Install a barricade, covering the full swing radius A trained ground stand-by person must guide all travel and work of any mobile crane operating in or outside a building.

23 February 11 th 2011 Corporate Health & Safety 2011 – Lifting devices and equipments 22 Here are some important tips to help ensure that you use Man- Basket for Cranes properly: During the work time The crane may not be moved and the outriggers not removed when the boom is elevated in a working position with or without personnel in the basket. Do not raise basket in windy or bad weather conditions (rain, snow,..) The worker in the basket and the crane driver have to be in contact all the time (visual and by walky-talky,…) End of work You have to apply the same rules as for the Lifting devices. 8) Proper And Safe Use Of Man- Basket for Cranes

24 February 11 th 2011 Corporate Health & Safety 2011 – Lifting devices and equipments 23 9) Proper And Safe Use Of Man- Basket for Forklifts Here are some important tips to help ensure that you use Man- Basket for Forklifts properly: Before starting the work Realize the Pre-shift inspection for the Forklift and the basket and all used equipment. Use signs and cones to create work-zone warnings near high traffic areas. Check area in which forklift will be used for: Holes, drop-offs, bumps, debris, etc. and overhead obstructions and overhead power lines. Avoid soft ground, side slope or other conditions which may affect the stability of the unit. The tilt lever of the forklift (to set the angle of the mast) should be locked out or made inoperable

25 February 11 th 2011 Corporate Health & Safety 2011 – Lifting devices and equipments 24 Here are some important tips to help ensure that you use Man- Basket for Cranes properly: During the work time Do not raise basket in windy or bad weather conditions (rain, snow,..) The worker in the basket and the crane driver have to be all the time in visual contact. Do not raise mast unless the machine is in a safe un-level position. End of work You have to apply the same rules as for the Lifting devices. 9) Proper And Safe Use Of Man- Basket for Forklifts

26 February 11 th 2011 Corporate Health & Safety 2011 – Lifting devices and equipments 25 Do not place or attach suspended loads to any part of the machine. Do not use the machine for crane purposes. Dont exceed the machines capacity Know the rated load of the machine Maximum load includes: Personnel Materials Tools Distribute the load evenly Never use the machine to hoist unless it is specifically designed to do so. If the machine is designed to hoist, refer to the load chart and operators manual for the capacity of the machine. Do not exceed. Do not place ladders or scaffolds in platform or against any part of the machine. While elevated in an aerial platform, do not push or pull any object outside of the platform. Check operators manual for specific wind speed limits 10) Hazards 10.1) Tip-Over Hazards

27 February 11 th 2011 Corporate Health & Safety 2011 – Lifting devices and equipments 26 Maintain safe distances from electrical power lines. Keep away from machine if it contacts power lines. Stay away from live power lines. Maintain at least a 10 foot (3m) distance from the power line during all activities (see the table on the right) If you must work near live power lines, make sure they are de-energized. Insulated booms are not a fail-safe measure from electrocution. Booms that are insulated must be dielectric tested often. Note: Dirty booms or contaminated hydraulic fluid can be a conductor of electricity Survey the area before work begins for the presence of overhead wires Never assume an overhead wire is safe to touch Dont touch a fallen overhead power line An employee should be designated to monitor the cranes proximity to power lines 10.2) Electrocution Hazards Volts Distance from Power Line <50 kV 10 Feet (3m) 200 kV 15 Feet (4.5m)

28 February 11 th 2011 Corporate Health & Safety 2011 – Lifting devices and equipments ) What If Engines Contacts Power Line Dont panic Stay at controls Try to move boom away from line If you must get out of machine: Jump clear and dont touch machine while on ground. Keep feet together and hop away or shuffle your feet until you have cleared area. (Current can flow outward through the ground in a ripple effect from the equipment in contact with the power line.) If a co-worker contacts a power line do not try to rescue them or you could be shocked too. Do not touch any equipment that is in contact with live power lines. Contact your internal electricians maintenance to Lock-out /Tag-out the power lines and to check whether lines are live. 10.2) Electrocution Hazards

29 February 11 th 2011 Corporate Health & Safety 2011 – Lifting devices and equipments 28 11) Main causes of accidents (Scissor lift) PPE such as a full body harness may be worn when working at elevation Employees shall not use the rails of the scissor lift to stand on Navigating lifts through and underneath narrow or low clearances Never get out of the scissor lift Dont use inappropriate lifting devices (wrong height, working with ladders onto a lifted platform, no harness + …..)

30 February 11 th 2011 Corporate Health & Safety 2011 – Lifting devices and equipments 29 11) Main causes of accidents ( Boom lift) I just can't understand why someone who is working on a lift that has plenty of reach finds it necessary to stand on the guardrail. An unsafe work with a short guy in height, so he added these step rails to be able to reach farther. Wheels and outriggers /stabilisers where NOT fitted, and NO solid & level ground. The stability of the unit was not guarantied.

31 February 11 th 2011 Corporate Health & Safety 2011 – Lifting devices and equipments 30 11) Main causes of accidents (Man-Basket Forklift) This is a rough terrain forklift with a man basket on it. The front of the man basket has been removed. This goes without saying!!! A risky way to change a light bulb!!

32 February 11 th 2011 Corporate Health & Safety 2011 – Lifting devices and equipments 31 Almost all counterbalanced powered industrial trucks supported at three points. This is true even if the vehicle has four wheels. The truck's steer axle is attached to the truck by a pivot pin in the axle's center. When this point is connected to the front wheels with imaginary lines, this three- point support forms a triangle called the stability triangle. So long as the center of gravity (CG) remains within this stability triangle, the truck is stable and will not tip over. What factors have caused trucks to tip forward? What factors have caused trucks to tip over on their side? If the CG moves forward of the drive axle, the truck tends to tip forward (longitudinal). If the CG moves outside of the stability triangle, the truck tends to turn on its side (lateral). 11) Main causes of accidents (Man-Basket Forklift)

33 February 11 th 2011 Corporate Health & Safety 2011 – Lifting devices and equipments 32 A forklift balances a load with a counterweight at the back. The front wheels act as a fulcrum or balance point. The center of gravity moves upward when the forks are raised. Keep in your mind, if working (staying) on a not level ground your center of gravity falls out of the seen triangle (longitudinal or lateral) and the truck is unstable and will tip over. 11) Main causes of accidents (Man-Basket Forklift)

34 February 11 th 2011 Corporate Health & Safety 2011 – Lifting devices and equipments Who may operate an aerial lift? a) All employees. b) Only authorized personnel. c) Skilled craftsman. d) Your Supervisor. 2.What type of fall restraint is required? a) Body belt. b) Full body harness with lanyard attached to the boom or basket. c) None. d) Anything you want. 3.How many items can be stacked on the floor of the basket? a) None. b) Anything up to 150 kg ( 330 lbs) c) Varies with the weight of the personnel. d) As many as you can get. 12) Questions (1/3)

35 February 11 th 2011 Corporate Health & Safety 2011 – Lifting devices and equipments 34 4.What is the distance that must be maintained when operating near electrical lines? a) The width of the basket. b) Half the elevation of the platform. c) 10 ft up to 50 kV d) 50 feet from all power lines 5.A daily checklist must be filled out before operating an aerial platform list True False 6.A ground control is the place you ground electrical circuits on the aerial lift True False 12) Questions (2/3)

36 February 11 th 2011 Corporate Health & Safety 2011 – Lifting devices and equipments 35 7.The operator must keep his/her arms legs and other body parts inside the basket while operating the aerial lift True False 8.An aerial lift may be modified by anyone True False 9.The Dead-man switch must be pressed before the aerial lift will operate True False 12) Questions (3/3)


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