Presentation on theme: "Ambiguity & Transformations"— Presentation transcript:
1Ambiguity & Transformations Deny A. KwaryAirlangga University
2Ambiguity: a word, phrase or sentence with multiple meanings Synthetic buffalo hides (NP)Synthetic buffalo hides (NP)Synthetic buffalo hidesSynthetic buffalo hidesBuffalo hides that are synthetic.Hides of synthetic buffalo.
3Ambiguities often lead to humorous results For sale: an antique desk suitable for lady with thick legs and large drawers. what does “thick legs and large drawers” refer to?The desk or the lady?
4Structural Ambiguity (1) The boy saw the man with the telescope NPAuxVPDetNVNPPPDetNPNPDetNTheboypastsawthemanwiththetelescope
5Structural Ambiguity (2) The boy saw the man with the telescope NPAuxVPDetNPNVDetNPPPNPDetNTheboypastsawthemanwiththetelescope
6Draw two phrase structure trees representing the two meanings of the sentence: The magician touched the child with the wand.Be sure you indicate which meaning goes with which tree.
7Declarative – Interrogative Move the auxiliary to the left of the subject.The boy will leave.SWill the boy leave?SNPAuxVPAuxNPVPDetNVDetNVTheboywillleaveWilltheboyleaveThe deep structureThe surface structure
8The Wh Movement S NP Aux VP Det NP N V Det N The man should repair Surface structure: Which car should the man repair?Deep structure:SNPAuxVPDetNPNVDetNThemanshouldrepairwhichcar
9Draw the deep structure of the following sentences (adapted from #10 & 11, p.242) Will the boss hire Hillary?Is that player leaving the team?Who should the director call?What is Joanne eating?
10That’s All For Today See You Next Week Deny A. Kwary Airlangga University