Presentation on theme: "Ambiguity & Transformations"— Presentation transcript:
1 Ambiguity & Transformations Deny A. KwaryAirlangga University
2 Ambiguity: a word, phrase or sentence with multiple meanings Synthetic buffalo hides (NP)Synthetic buffalo hides (NP)Synthetic buffalo hidesSynthetic buffalo hidesBuffalo hides that are synthetic.Hides of synthetic buffalo.
3 Ambiguities often lead to humorous results For sale: an antique desk suitable for lady with thick legs and large drawers. what does “thick legs and large drawers” refer to?The desk or the lady?
4 Structural Ambiguity (1) The boy saw the man with the telescope NPAuxVPDetNVNPPPDetNPNPDetNTheboypastsawthemanwiththetelescope
5 Structural Ambiguity (2) The boy saw the man with the telescope NPAuxVPDetNPNVDetNPPPNPDetNTheboypastsawthemanwiththetelescope
6 Draw two phrase structure trees representing the two meanings of the sentence: The magician touched the child with the wand.Be sure you indicate which meaning goes with which tree.
7 Declarative – Interrogative Move the auxiliary to the left of the subject.The boy will leave.SWill the boy leave?SNPAuxVPAuxNPVPDetNVDetNVTheboywillleaveWilltheboyleaveThe deep structureThe surface structure
8 The Wh Movement S NP Aux VP Det NP N V Det N The man should repair Surface structure: Which car should the man repair?Deep structure:SNPAuxVPDetNPNVDetNThemanshouldrepairwhichcar
9 Draw the deep structure of the following sentences (adapted from #10 & 11, p.242) Will the boss hire Hillary?Is that player leaving the team?Who should the director call?What is Joanne eating?
10 That’s All For Today See You Next Week Deny A. Kwary Airlangga University