Presentation on theme: "Ambiguity & Transformations Deny A. Kwary Airlangga University."— Presentation transcript:
Ambiguity & Transformations Deny A. Kwary Airlangga University
Ambiguity: a word, phrase or sentence with multiple meanings Synthetic buffalo hides (NP) Synthetic buffalo hides Buffalo hides that are synthetic.Hides of synthetic buffalo.
Ambiguities often lead to humorous results For sale: an antique desk suitable for lady with thick legs and large drawers. what does thick legs and large drawers refer to? The desk or the lady?
Structural Ambiguity (1) The boy saw the man with the telescope VPP with NPP the DetN telescopeThe N saw S NPVP Det boy NP the DetN man Aux past
Structural Ambiguity (2) The boy saw the man with the telescope V PP with NPP the DetN telescopeThe N saw S NPVP Det boy NP the DetN man Aux past
Draw two phrase structure trees representing the two meanings of the sentence: The magician touched the child with the wand. Be sure you indicate which meaning goes with which tree.
Declarative – Interrogative Move the auxiliary to the left of the subject. The boy will leave. S VPNP Det Aux N Theboywillleave Will the boy leave? S VPNP Det Aux N theboyWillleave The deep structure The surface structure VV
The Wh Movement Surface structure: Which car should the man repair? Deep structure: V N carThe N repair S NPVP Det man NP which Det Aux should
Draw the deep structure of the following sentences (adapted from #10 & 11, p.242) 1. Will the boss hire Hillary? 2. Is that player leaving the team? 3. Who should the director call? 4. What is Joanne eating?
Thats All For Today See You Next Week Deny A. Kwary Airlangga University