Presentation on theme: "Man Ray www.manraytrust.com/. Man Ray in his studio www.manraytrust.com/"— Presentation transcript:
Man Ray in his studio
Background Basics He was most prevalent in the art world during the 1920s, 1930s, and 1940s Primarily participated in the movement of Dada and Surrealism He spent most of his career in Paris until World War II when he returned to the U.S.A. Best known as a photographer
Early Life Was born Emanuel Rabinovitch 1890 in Philadelphia – grew up in New Jersey Oldest child of a Jewish immigrant tailor Was not a good student, decides not to go to college – instead chooses the Bohemian life
Life in New York 1910 begins working as a commercial artist Meets Marcel Duchamp – one of his greatest influences 1912 adopts name Man Ray (he refuses to acknowledge that he ever had another name than Man Ray) Helps Duchamp bring Dada movement to America Dada cannot live in New York. All New York is dada, and will not tolerate a rival.
Dadaism Was, officially, not a movement, its artists not artists and its art not art Dadas only rules were that you must not follow any known rules Marcel Duchamp Fountain 1917
Man Ray Dust Breeding (Elevage de poussiere), x 30.5 cm, Black and white photograph Traces and Time
Paris Moves to Paris after separating from his wife Through Duchamp, he meets many artists including Kiki who becomes his model, muse, and lover for six years Took many photos of Kiki. Often used the outline of her body to represent other objects
In Paris He met many of his contemporaries who only encouraged and celebrated his surrealist art. He fell in love with Kiki who was his muse, lover, and model for most of the 1920s. Man Ray Le Violin dIngres 1924 gelatin-silver print
Rayographs or Photograms Was interested in minimalism and abstraction Experimental prints were called rayographs These were made by placing 3-D obdjects on light sensitive photo paper and exposing it to light. Champs Delicieux no. 5
Rayographs Spiral Spring
Rayographs Champs Delicieux no. 1
Man Ray Anatomies 1929 gelatin-silver print 22.6 x 17.2 cm
Man Ray Fingers 1930 gelatin-silver print 11 1/2 x 8 3/4 in.
Man Ray Larmes (Tears) gelatin-silver print
Man Ray Prayer 1930 gelatin-silver print
Man Ray Minotaur 1934 gelatin-silver print
Man Ray Yves Tanguy 1936 gelatin-silver print
Experiments with moving pictures, painting, sculpture and makes portraits with the surrealists WWII forces him to leave the country – he moves to Hollywood
Hollywood Spends 10 years in Hollywood as a fashion photographer Continues use of minimalist techniques and interesting lighting Helps revolutionize this industry
Later life After the war moves back to Paris Continues creating art in Paris until his death in
The Revolutionary Photographer Most artists try to create paintings that looked like photographs, but Man Ray wanted his photographs to look like paintings. He forever changed the world of fashion photography. His photographs maintained his surrealist nature that his paintings portrayed. His photographs showed minimalism, chance, and absurdity.
Works sited ""Art and Synesthesia: in search of the synesthetic experience" by Dr. Hugo Heyrman." Net Art - Dr. Hugo Heyrman ( ( (Motions of the Mind) ) ). Web. 31 Jan Baldwin, Neil. Man Ray, American artist. New York: Da Capo, Print. Gale, Matthew. Dada & Surrealism A&I (Art and Ideas). New York: Phaidon, Print. "Man Ray | */*." */* ?-- General Special Interest. Web. 31 Jan Man Ray Trust - Offical Site. Web. 31 Jan "OnCulture.eu - Finland - Surrealism and Beyond." OnCulture.eu. Web. 31 Jan Sam, Hunter,. American art of the 20th century. New York: H. N. Abrams, Print.