2Let’s revise I played tennis yesterday. Past SimpleI played tennis yesterday.She won a gold medal last year.They didn’t go to school the day before yesterday.He didn’t have a flat of his own a year ago.Did you leave school in 1999?When did we buy that vase?Past ProgressiveI was playing tennis yesterday at 3 p.m.They were playing tennis when it began to rain.They weren’t doing homework while she was shopping.He wasn’t having lunch when you called.
3Past Perfect I, he, she, it, you, they had Verb + ed Verb 3 had not e.g. They had done their homework before they went out to play yesterday afternoon.had not(hadn’t)Verb + edVerb 3I, he, she, it,you, theye.g. She hadn’t watered all the flowers by fiveo’clock in the afternoon.
4What had Lesley donebefore her husband came home?She had cooked dinner, but she hadn’t laid the table.
5Put the verbs into the correct form of the Past Perfecthad returned1. Jason … … … (return) home before the storm began.had finished2. The children … … … (finish) doing their homework by nine o’clock.had done3. After Sarah … … … (do) the shopping, she had coffee with her friends at a café.hadn’t repaired4. When I got to the garage, the mechanic … … … (not/repair) my car.hadn’t been5. The boys were scared because they … … … (not/be) on a plane before.Had Lucy packed6. … … … (Lucy/pack) her suitcase by the time you called her?
6It was Mary’s birthday yesterday and she gave a party for her friends It was Mary’s birthday yesterday and she gave a party for her friends. What had she done before the day of the party?
7She had sent the invitations. send/the invitationsShe had sent the invitations.clean/the houseShe had cleaned the house.bake/a cakeShe had baked a cake.
8She had borrowed some CDs borrow/some CDsShe had borrowed some CDsprepare/the foodShe had prepared the food.put up/the decorationsShe had put up the decorations.
9We use the Past Perfect: An action happened in the past before another past action:Sue had packed her rucksack before she called a taxi.An action happened before a stated time in the past:Sue had watered all the flowers by 6 o’clock in the evening.We use the Past Simple:Actions happened immediately one after the other in the past. Yesterday he got up at 7 a.m., had a shower, got dressed, had breakfast, left his flat and went to work.
10Compare:They had eaten dinner when their friends came. (Вначале они 1.поужинали, а друзья 2.пришли потом.)They were eating dinner when their friends came. (Они всё ещё ужинали, когда пришли друзья.)They ate dinner when their friends came. (Вначале 1.пришли друзья и они вместе 2.сели поужинать.)
11Match the columns to make correct sentences 1.By the time he came to the airport …… her husband had forgottenher bithday.2. Mary was angry because …b. … after we had bought the ticket.3. The bank robbers had escaped …c. … the plane had already taken off.4. We went to the theatre …d. … after she had won the prize.5. The actress gave an interview …e. … before the police arrived.
12Join the sentences using the words in brackets e.g. She cleaned the house. Then she watched TV. (after)After she had cleaned the house, she watched TV.1.I found a solution to my problem. Then I felt happier. (after) 2. The boys finished their homework. Then they went out to play. (before) 3. He locked the door. Then the phone rang. (after) 4. Sarah washed the dishes. Then her husband arrived. (by the time) 5. The concert finished. Then the fans left the stadium. (when) 6. The play started. Then Harry arrived at the theatre. (already…when)
13QuestionsRick and Alison went on holiday last weekend. Look at the phrases and ask and answer the questions:e.g. – Had they bought tickets before they left?- Yes, they had.buy/tickets – yeslock/house - yesleave/car at the garage – nobook/hotel room – nofeed/the cat – yesphone/neighbours - no