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Attraction Strategies: Recruiting the Right Things Jerry Hembd Associate Professor & Director Northern Center for Community and Economic Development University.

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Presentation on theme: "Attraction Strategies: Recruiting the Right Things Jerry Hembd Associate Professor & Director Northern Center for Community and Economic Development University."— Presentation transcript:

1 Attraction Strategies: Recruiting the Right Things Jerry Hembd Associate Professor & Director Northern Center for Community and Economic Development University of Wisconsin-Superior/Extension Building Community Series February 8, 2008

2 Attraction Business and industry Human talent and creativity Trends in Economic Development Retention Expansion

3 Competition in a Global Economy Mobility of tasks Mobility of tasks The World Is Flat Mobility of talent Mobility of talent The World Is Spiky

4 Gross Cell Product (GCP) Map of U.S. Source: Yale G-Econ Project.

5 Gross Cell Product (GCP) of India Source: Yale G-Econ Project.

6 A Thriving Community Starts with a Diverse High-performing Economy: Creative Manufacturing Service Source: Richard Florida Creativity Group, 2007.

7 Who Works in the Creative Sector? Workers in: Technology and R&D Technology and R&D Arts and culture Arts and culture Professional and managerial Professional and managerial Education and training Education and training

8 You need People People are the MAIN driver of economic development How Do You Build the Creative Sector?

9 To Attract People a Community Needs: Tolerance: A supportive environment for diverse self-expression Tolerance: A supportive environment for diverse self-expression Technology: Accessible mechanisms for people to turn their talent into market or public goods Technology: Accessible mechanisms for people to turn their talent into market or public goods Territorial assets: Quality of place Territorial assets: Quality of place Source: Richard Florida Creativity Group, 2007.

10 Technology Regional Growth and Prosperity The 4T Approach to Economic Development Territorial Assets TalentTolerance Source: Richard Florida Creativity Group, 2007.

11 Percentage of Income Generated (wage & salary) Percentage of Workforce Creative Sector Manufacturing Sector Service Sector The Economic Impact of the Creative Sector SOURCE: Florida, Richard. The Flight of the Creative Class. HarperCollins, % $1.3 trillion 44% 56 million employees 30% 39 million employees 26% 33 million employees 47% $2 trillion 23% $1.0 trillion

12 Overall Rankings of Regions on the Creativity Index 1 1. Austin, TX 2. San Francisco, CA 3. Seattle, WA 4. Burlington, VT 5. Boston, MA 6. Raleigh-Durham, NC 7. Portland, OR 8. Madison, WI 9. Boise, ID 10. Minneapolis, MN 39. Chicago, IL 87. La Crosse, WI 121. Eau Claire, WI 124. Milwaukee, WI 135. Duluth-Superior, MN-WI 165. Green Bay, WI 217. Appleton, WI 262. Janesville, WI 266. Wausau, WI 269. Sheboygan, WI SOURCE: Florida, Richard. The Rise of the Creative Class. New York: Basic Books, 2004 (Paperback edition).

13 Global Creativity Index Sweden Japan Finland United States Switzerland Denmark Iceland Netherlands Norway Germany 11. Canada 12. Australia 13. Belgium 14. Israel 15. United Kingdom 16. South Korea 17. France 18. New Zealand 19. Austria 20. Ireland SOURCE: Florida, Richard. The Flight of the Creative Class. HarperCollins, 2005.

14 Why Does the Creative Economy Matter? Represents a change in thinking Part of a broader community and economic development strategy Complements manufacturing and industry – infusing products with knowledge and the commodification of ideas Complements natural resource-based development – research, knowledge, and sustainability

15 Why Does the Creative Economy Matter? Complements tourism development – arts, crafts, and cultural and natural amenities Complements workforce development Complements entrepreneurship and innovation Complements cluster development strategies Helps you think about ways to make your community/state attractive to creative people Points to synergies between artistic-cultural groups and technical-scientific-professional groups

16 Additional Creative Economy Observations Sometimes seen as elitist or exclusionary... everyone is creative Tendency to take a limited view of creative industries and occupations Building on lessons from previous assessments – Iowa, New England, Maine, and Montana (among others) Needs to be seen as part of a broader strategy

17 What is the Creative Economy? Creative Industries Creative Workforce Creative Communities or Regions Creative Economy

18 The Creative Class consists of a series of occupations that add economic value through their own creativity and knowledge. Super Creative Core Includes occupations in: Computer and mathematical Architecture and engineering Life, physical, and social science Education, training, and library Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media Creative Professionals Includes occupations in: Management Business and financial operations Legal Healthcare practitioners and technical High-end sales and sales management The Creative Class – A Way to Examine the Creative Workforce

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20 What Are Common Characteristics of Creative Places? Thick labor markets Access to a particular lifestyle (natural and cultural amenities) Places for social interaction (third-spaces) Diversity (openness or inclusion) Authenticity and uniqueness Identity and identification with place Source: Richard Florida – The Rise of the Creative Class – pp

21 The Quality of Place Factor The Quality of Place Factor Whats there: the combination of built environment and the natural environment; a proper setting for pursuit of creative lives. Whats there: the combination of built environment and the natural environment; a proper setting for pursuit of creative lives. Whos there: the diverse kinds of people, interacting and providing cues that anyone can plug into and make a life in that community. Whos there: the diverse kinds of people, interacting and providing cues that anyone can plug into and make a life in that community. Whats going on: the vibrancy of street life, café culture, arts, music and people engaging in outdoor activities - altogether a lot of active, exciting, creative endeavors. Whats going on: the vibrancy of street life, café culture, arts, music and people engaging in outdoor activities - altogether a lot of active, exciting, creative endeavors. Source: Richard Florida – The Rise of the Creative Class – pp 231 – 32.

22 What Are Differences to Consider in Terms of Creative Places? Urban versus rural Young versus old Educational attainment High-tech versus craft and art Mobility versus sense of place Interplay of natural and cultural amenities Role of tourism Importance of retirement migration Importance of second and seasonal homes

23 What are Some Strategies for Building a Creative Economy? Find your creative economy niche and integrate it into your economic development strategies - Communities (and regions) should not expect to specialize in all areas of the creative economy Think regionally – Leverage the assets of regional partners and neighbors Work with centers of education – Schools, technical colleges, colleges, and universities help to develop the workforce, fulfill research and development needs, and serve as the centers where creative people convene Recognize the importance of cultural and natural amenities – Especially in rural areas, it may be the remote and pristine setting itself which draws people to that place Develop infrastructure – Can include transportation networks, incubators, communication systems, broadband access, affordable housing, hotel/motel accommodations, health care facilities, etc Partially based on Barringer et al. The Creative Economy in Maine. 2004

24 What Are Some Strategies for Building a Creative Economy? Promote networking – Can be facilitated by chambers, trade associations, art councils, government agencies, and stakeholder groups Encourage entrepreneurship – Entrepreneurs are a key in the development of the creative economy Develop leadership – The seeds for developing creative assets often come from the vision of either a single person or group of people. Continued leadership is necessary to ensure that initiatives maintain momentum Resources – Leverage grants, angel investment networks, and federal funds Time - Just like any economic development initiative, building creative economies takes time. Even with strong financial investment, persistence is a necessary component. Partially based on Barringer et al. The Creative Economy in Maine. 2004

25 Additional Strategies for Building the Creative Economy – America needs a workforce that is flexible, adaptable and highly creative; and it needs an education system that can develop these qualities in everyone... I believe children should be taught dance every day of the week just as they are taught math every day. Ken RobinsonEducational considerations – America needs a workforce that is flexible, adaptable and highly creative; and it needs an education system that can develop these qualities in everyone... I believe children should be taught dance every day of the week just as they are taught math every day. Ken Robinson – Designate a lead organization or a statewide one-stop shop resource center for specialized business skills and marketing assistanceCreative enterprise support – Designate a lead organization or a statewide one-stop shop resource center for specialized business skills and marketing assistance – Find ways to bring companies making products that depend on appearance and content together with creative individuals and enterprisesFirm-level connections – Find ways to bring companies making products that depend on appearance and content together with creative individuals and enterprises – The Paducah example of attracting artists through a variety of incentivesArtist relocation program – The Paducah example of attracting artists through a variety of incentives Public, private, and philanthropic support for the arts

26 Ten Strategies to Build Strong Economics and Social Connections through Arts and Culture 1. Create jobs 2. Stimulate trade through cultural tourism 3. Attract investment by creating live/work zones for artists 4. Diversify the local economy 5. Improve property and enhance value Source: Borrup, Tom, with Partners for Livable Communities. The Creative Community Builders Handbook. St. Paul, MN: Fieldstone Alliance Publishing Center, 2006.

27 Ten Strategies to Build Strong Economics and Social Connections through Arts and Culture 6. Promote interaction in public space 7. Increase civic engagement through cultural celebration 8. Engage youth 9. Promote stewardship of place 10. Broaden participation in the civic agenda Source: Borrup, Tom, with Partners for Livable Communities. The Creative Community Builders Handbook. St. Paul, MN: Fieldstone Alliance Publishing Center, 2006.

28 1.Create Jobs: Nurture artists and small cultural organizations as businesses and microenterprises to increase employment Form partnerships between community development corporations and artists and arts groups Form partnerships between community development corporations and artists and arts groups Develop financial products and incentives to encourage investments in artist live/work spaces and community arts groups Develop financial products and incentives to encourage investments in artist live/work spaces and community arts groups Establish an arts incubator to provide space, management assistance, technology, and access to funding opportunities Establish an arts incubator to provide space, management assistance, technology, and access to funding opportunities Develop cultural activities to show off artwork and attract visitors Develop cultural activities to show off artwork and attract visitors Develop a community of arts organizations representative of the areas cultural diversity Develop a community of arts organizations representative of the areas cultural diversity Source: Borrup, Tom, with Partners for Livable Communities. The Creative Community Builders Handbook. St. Paul, MN: Fieldstone Alliance Publishing Center, 2006.

29 2.Stimulate trade through cultural tourism: Create the right conditions for, and engage in, cultural tourism to bring new resources to the community Reinforce and validate community identity – museum, visitor center, sense of ethnic focus and connectedness Reinforce and validate community identity – museum, visitor center, sense of ethnic focus and connectedness Advertise community assets to increase tourism Advertise community assets to increase tourism Cultivate growing artistic community Cultivate growing artistic community Restore and re-occupy downtown storefronts Restore and re-occupy downtown storefronts Establish or expand facilities such as theaters and art centers Establish or expand facilities such as theaters and art centers Facilitate business and community collaboration Facilitate business and community collaboration Provide small business support services Provide small business support services Source: Borrup, Tom, with Partners for Livable Communities. The Creative Community Builders Handbook. St. Paul, MN: Fieldstone Alliance Publishing Center, 2006.

30 3.Attract investment by creating live/work zones for artists: Support artists and artist live/work spaces as anchors around which to build local economies Create a downtown artist and historic district with live/work space Create a downtown artist and historic district with live/work space Provide incentives for property improvement and business and educational programs relocation Provide incentives for property improvement and business and educational programs relocation Convert factory space to artist studio, gallery, and museum space Convert factory space to artist studio, gallery, and museum space Take advantage of vacant mixed-use properties and scenic riverfront, waterfront, and/or historic architecture Take advantage of vacant mixed-use properties and scenic riverfront, waterfront, and/or historic architecture Jointly promote historic district and artists Jointly promote historic district and artists Establish partnerships between government agencies and community groups Establish partnerships between government agencies and community groups Source: Borrup, Tom, with Partners for Livable Communities. The Creative Community Builders Handbook. St. Paul, MN: Fieldstone Alliance Publishing Center, 2006.

31 4.Diversify the local economy: Cluster arts organizations as retail anchors and activity generators to attract and support other enterprises Develop a more diverse and interactive economy by attracting creative-sector businesses and generating local employment Develop a more diverse and interactive economy by attracting creative-sector businesses and generating local employment Create an attractive environment for creative-economy entrepreneurs Create an attractive environment for creative-economy entrepreneurs Tap area resources such colleges/universities, high net- worth individuals, regional investors, cultural attractions, and existing tourism industries Tap area resources such colleges/universities, high net- worth individuals, regional investors, cultural attractions, and existing tourism industries Reposition area as a creative and distinct community Reposition area as a creative and distinct community Coordinate retail businesses and arts activities to increase impact Coordinate retail businesses and arts activities to increase impact Expand role of artists through business development support Expand role of artists through business development support Source: Borrup, Tom, with Partners for Livable Communities. The Creative Community Builders Handbook. St. Paul, MN: Fieldstone Alliance Publishing Center, 2006.

32 5.Improve property and enhance value: Leverage the proximity of cultural amenities and the artists touch to improve property Promote collaboration between arts, business, and city government Promote collaboration between arts, business, and city government Offer relocation and financial incentives to attract artists Offer relocation and financial incentives to attract artists Invest in infrastructure (such as streetscaping) and cultural institutions Invest in infrastructure (such as streetscaping) and cultural institutions Combine and coordinate development of galleries, coffee shops, restaurants, visitor accommodations, and other services for visitors and tourists Combine and coordinate development of galleries, coffee shops, restaurants, visitor accommodations, and other services for visitors and tourists Incorporate artist-made elements into housing construction and rehabbing Incorporate artist-made elements into housing construction and rehabbing Develop public spaces that have strong aesthetic qualities and that bring people together Develop public spaces that have strong aesthetic qualities and that bring people together Source: Borrup, Tom, with Partners for Livable Communities. The Creative Community Builders Handbook. St. Paul, MN: Fieldstone Alliance Publishing Center, 2006.

33 Best Practices in Building Strong Economies through Arts and Culture Build on existing assets and capacities... begin on a scale appropriate to communitys means and needs Build on existing assets and capacities... begin on a scale appropriate to communitys means and needs Renew hope, engage the imagination, and create a sense of positive momentum that is both real and symbolic Renew hope, engage the imagination, and create a sense of positive momentum that is both real and symbolic Project and build upon a distinct identity that focuses the communitys cultural and natural amenities and taps artists and entrepreneurs that reflect and contribute to it Project and build upon a distinct identity that focuses the communitys cultural and natural amenities and taps artists and entrepreneurs that reflect and contribute to it Build and rely upon mutually beneficial relations and exchanges across sectors of the community and among artists Build and rely upon mutually beneficial relations and exchanges across sectors of the community and among artists Engage diverse populations, especially youth, in design and realization of projects, activities, and programs; include learning experiences for everyone Engage diverse populations, especially youth, in design and realization of projects, activities, and programs; include learning experiences for everyone Source: Borrup, Tom, with Partners for Livable Communities. The Creative Community Builders Handbook. St. Paul, MN: Fieldstone Alliance Publishing Center, 2006.

34 Best Practices in Building Strong Economies through Arts and Culture Utilize familiar public and private spaces that foster social interaction among neighbors, artists, visitors, and community partners Utilize familiar public and private spaces that foster social interaction among neighbors, artists, visitors, and community partners Include intermediaries in leadership roles who understand and can translate ideas and skills from one sector or culture to others Include intermediaries in leadership roles who understand and can translate ideas and skills from one sector or culture to others Help artists and entrepreneurs establish ownership, especially in under-utilized spaces that have capacity for living, work and mixed-used development Help artists and entrepreneurs establish ownership, especially in under-utilized spaces that have capacity for living, work and mixed-used development Incorporate multiple activities and policies that promote artists, cultural products, and community events based upon long-term impacts and benefits Incorporate multiple activities and policies that promote artists, cultural products, and community events based upon long-term impacts and benefits Source: Borrup, Tom, with Partners for Livable Communities. The Creative Community Builders Handbook. St. Paul, MN: Fieldstone Alliance Publishing Center, 2006.

35 6.Promote interaction in public space: Engage people in public spaces through public art and collective cultural experience Celebrate creativity and cultural identity through public events (such as a recurring event with evocative underlying symbolism) Celebrate creativity and cultural identity through public events (such as a recurring event with evocative underlying symbolism) Support public art projects utilizing existing natural and/or built amenities Support public art projects utilizing existing natural and/or built amenities Use public art and storytelling to celebrate history and natural assets Use public art and storytelling to celebrate history and natural assets Partner with social service, education, and civic groups to promote community volunteerism Partner with social service, education, and civic groups to promote community volunteerism Restore and cultivate natural elements with community help Restore and cultivate natural elements with community help Source: Borrup, Tom, with Partners for Livable Communities. The Creative Community Builders Handbook. St. Paul, MN: Fieldstone Alliance Publishing Center, 2006.

36 7.Increase civic participation through cultural celebrations: Strengthen connections between neighbors through cultural celebrations and festivals Involve the community in creating events, parades, etc., that celebrate diverse people, arts, history, and foods Involve the community in creating events, parades, etc., that celebrate diverse people, arts, history, and foods Create original work that incorporates the issues, people, and cultures of the community Create original work that incorporates the issues, people, and cultures of the community Encourage diversity of participants and artistic styles Encourage diversity of participants and artistic styles Develop partnerships between cultural and community- based groups Develop partnerships between cultural and community- based groups Provide free public access to historical sites and contemporary art Provide free public access to historical sites and contemporary art Promote the communitys cultural resources Promote the communitys cultural resources Source: Borrup, Tom, with Partners for Livable Communities. The Creative Community Builders Handbook. St. Paul, MN: Fieldstone Alliance Publishing Center, 2006.

37 8.Engage youth: Include young people in civic affairs and enterprises through meaningful work and activity Create an artistic apprentice program for youth, including at-risk youth Create an artistic apprentice program for youth, including at-risk youth Provide and environment supportive of diverse forms and styles Provide and environment supportive of diverse forms and styles Develop marketable skills and youth-adult relationships Develop marketable skills and youth-adult relationships Provide opportunities to have voice through exhibitions, commercial services, and public presentations Provide opportunities to have voice through exhibitions, commercial services, and public presentations Provide responsible paid employment that promotes economic development and provides a springboard to postsecondary opportunities Provide responsible paid employment that promotes economic development and provides a springboard to postsecondary opportunities Create stronger role of youth in community and civic affairs Create stronger role of youth in community and civic affairs Source: Borrup, Tom, with Partners for Livable Communities. The Creative Community Builders Handbook. St. Paul, MN: Fieldstone Alliance Publishing Center, 2006.

38 9.Promote stewardship of place: Develop civic pride and responsibility through good place making and design practices Facilitate community involvement and citizen experience in planning and employ good place-making design principles Facilitate community involvement and citizen experience in planning and employ good place-making design principles Develop public space that reflects community interests Develop public space that reflects community interests Nurture community identity Nurture community identity Use listening and observation as key organizing, design, and management strategies Use listening and observation as key organizing, design, and management strategies Nurture and acknowledge indigenous leadership Nurture and acknowledge indigenous leadership Create an environment where culture is respected and where people can relate to each other across cultures through what they have in common Create an environment where culture is respected and where people can relate to each other across cultures through what they have in common Source: Borrup, Tom, with Partners for Livable Communities. The Creative Community Builders Handbook. St. Paul, MN: Fieldstone Alliance Publishing Center, 2006.

39 10.Broaden participation in the civic agenda: Expand involvement in civic issues and governance through community-centered arts and cultural practices Involve artists in the community design process Involve artists in the community design process Incorporate public art into the community Incorporate public art into the community Develop facilities to fit the physical setting and preserve aesthetic, historic, and environmental resources Develop facilities to fit the physical setting and preserve aesthetic, historic, and environmental resources Build community consensus and ownership through the establishment of a local review committee Build community consensus and ownership through the establishment of a local review committee Use art to begin conversations about a divisive topic Use art to begin conversations about a divisive topic Create understanding through a structured dialog process Create understanding through a structured dialog process Source: Borrup, Tom, with Partners for Livable Communities. The Creative Community Builders Handbook. St. Paul, MN: Fieldstone Alliance Publishing Center, 2006.

40 Best Practices in Using Arts and Culture to Build Social Connections Build on the history and unique qualities of place, drawing on the communitys creative assets and cultural traditions Build on the history and unique qualities of place, drawing on the communitys creative assets and cultural traditions Begin small, employing visible aesthetic and symbolic actions that reframe the value of diversity, youth, and creativity to build momentum Begin small, employing visible aesthetic and symbolic actions that reframe the value of diversity, youth, and creativity to build momentum Acknowledge everyone as expert with regard to their culture and community; exercise respect and include divergent viewpoints Acknowledge everyone as expert with regard to their culture and community; exercise respect and include divergent viewpoints Incorporate learning as an ongoing process to enable people to respectfully cross boundaries into unfamiliar cultures; embrace difference and controversy as opportunities Incorporate learning as an ongoing process to enable people to respectfully cross boundaries into unfamiliar cultures; embrace difference and controversy as opportunities Source: Borrup, Tom, with Partners for Livable Communities. The Creative Community Builders Handbook. St. Paul, MN: Fieldstone Alliance Publishing Center, 2006.

41 Best Practices in Using Arts and Culture to Build Social Connections Engage diverse stakeholders, especially youth, in visioning, planning, and sharing ongoing responsibilities; use participatory processes Engage diverse stakeholders, especially youth, in visioning, planning, and sharing ongoing responsibilities; use participatory processes Conduct events and activities in familiar public spaces understanding that people have different culturally based relationships to these spaces Conduct events and activities in familiar public spaces understanding that people have different culturally based relationships to these spaces Build organizational and cross-sector partnerships, working with existing groups of neighborhood residents and stakeholders Build organizational and cross-sector partnerships, working with existing groups of neighborhood residents and stakeholders Value and elevate design and the planning process both as art forms and as the subject of public policy Value and elevate design and the planning process both as art forms and as the subject of public policy Coordinate activities to complement other economic and civic projects that build upon economic and human assets Coordinate activities to complement other economic and civic projects that build upon economic and human assets Source: Borrup, Tom, with Partners for Livable Communities. The Creative Community Builders Handbook. St. Paul, MN: Fieldstone Alliance Publishing Center, 2006.

42 The Creative Economy in Small Cities and Rural Places Creative assets vary greatly from place to place Creative assets vary greatly from place to place Strategies for resource leveraging also vary Strategies for resource leveraging also vary Asset identification appears to be the essential first step Asset identification appears to be the essential first step Sustaining the creative economy is a challenge Sustaining the creative economy is a challenge Source: Barringer, Richard, et al. The Creative Economy in Maine: Measurement and Analysis. Prepared for the New England Foundation for the Arts and Maine Arts Commission. Portland, ME: Maine Center for Business and Economic Research, New England Environmental Finance Center, University of Southern Maine, 2004.

43 Urban Recommendations: Competing for Talent 1. 1.Make people the focus of economic development 2. 2.Become a city where women and ethnically diverse young people can achieve their goals 3. 3.Openness and engagement are key to rooting talent in place 4. 4.Investing in higher education is important, but it wont solve the problem 5. 5.Vibrant urban neighborhoods are an economic asset 6. 6.The economic importance of being different Source: Cortright, Joseph. The young and restless in a knowledge economy. N.P.: Ceos for cities, December 2005.

44 Vermont Recommendations to Support Growth of Creative Enterprises 1. Expand markets for Vermonts innovative and creative goods and services 2. Unify and expand the promotion of Vermonts cultural resources 3. Ensure the Vermont brand reflects and promotes the states creativity 4. Highlight Vermonts creative and cultural life through special events 5. Develop a Vermont Artists and Artisans identity and marketing campaign 6. Provide technical support to emerging as well as established culturally-based businesses 7. Provide access to capital for emerging as well as established enterprises Source: Advancing Vermonts Creative Economy. Produced by Vermont Council on Rural Development, 2004.

45 Maine Recommendations to Enhance the Role of Arts and Culture in the State Economy 1.Enhance the role of the arts and culture in tourism 2.Strengthen the creative cluster 3.Prepare the workforce 4.Encourage asset mapping 5.Develop regional approaches 6.Identify and cultivate leadership 7.Build and extend networks across sectors Source: Barringer, Richard, et al. The Creative Economy in Maine: Measurement and Analysis. Prepared for the New England Foundation for the Arts and Maine Arts Commission. Portland, ME: Maine Center for Business and Economic Research, New England Environmental Finance Center, University of Southern Maine, 2004.

46 State-level Initiatives to Strengthen Rural Economies through the Arts Integrate the arts in state economic development planning, strategies, and programsIntegrate the arts in state economic development planning, strategies, and programs Use traditional entrepreneurship and economic development tools including incubators, start-up capital and trainingUse traditional entrepreneurship and economic development tools including incubators, start-up capital and training Attract the arts by offering incentives, supporting business collaboration, and improving physical infrastructureAttract the arts by offering incentives, supporting business collaboration, and improving physical infrastructure Use higher education systems in training and business development effortsUse higher education systems in training and business development efforts Integrate arts into planning and marketing to build sustainable tourismIntegrate arts into planning and marketing to build sustainable tourism Invest in cultural resources for rural areasInvest in cultural resources for rural areas Identify, obtain, and creatively use the wide variety of federal resourcesIdentify, obtain, and creatively use the wide variety of federal resources Source: National Governors Association. Strengthening Rural Economics through the Arts. Issue Brief. Washington, DC: National Governors Association Center for Best Practices, August 2005.

47 The Creative Enterprise Cluster People and companies whose product is art or design (e.g., potters, writers, jewelers, and web page designers) People and companies whose product is art or design (e.g., potters, writers, jewelers, and web page designers) Companies in which art or design provides the distinguishing feature or competitive advantage of a product or service (e.g., designer home furnishings, high fashion clothing or CDs) Companies in which art or design provides the distinguishing feature or competitive advantage of a product or service (e.g., designer home furnishings, high fashion clothing or CDs) Companies with services that are defined by art or design (e.g., advertising agencies, landscapers and architects) Companies with services that are defined by art or design (e.g., advertising agencies, landscapers and architects) Companies that sell, supply, or contribute to art or design-dependent products or services (e.g., galleries, craft and supply distributors, and arts councils, arts or craft schools and art foundries) Companies that sell, supply, or contribute to art or design-dependent products or services (e.g., galleries, craft and supply distributors, and arts councils, arts or craft schools and art foundries) Source: Rosenfeld, Stuart. Crafting a New Rural Development Strategy. Economic Development America (Summer 2004):

48 Public Policies and Private Practices for Creative Enterprise Clusters Add art and design services to the Manufacturing Extension Partnership and Cooperative ExtensionAdd art and design services to the Manufacturing Extension Partnership and Cooperative Extension Designate a lead Small Business Development Center for creative enterprisesDesignate a lead Small Business Development Center for creative enterprises Support networks and networkingSupport networks and networking Bundle arts and design with entertainment and cultural tourismBundle arts and design with entertainment and cultural tourism Embed art and design in educationEmbed art and design in education Make greater use of community collegesMake greater use of community colleges Source: Rosenfeld, Stuart. Crafting a New Rural Development Strategy. Economic Development America (Summer 2004):

49 Steps for Creative Community Builders 1. Assess your situation and goals 2. Identify and recruit effective partners 3. Map values, strengths, assets, and history 4. Focus on your key asset, vision, identity, and core strategies 5. Craft a plan that brings the identity to life 6. Secure funding, policy support, and media coverage Source: Borrup, Tom, with Partners for Livable Communities. The Creative Community Builders Handbook. St. Paul, MN: Fieldstone Alliance Publishing Center, 2006.

50 Questions?

51 For More Information Jerry Hembd Northern Center for Community and Economic Development University of Wisconsin-Superior/Extension Belknap & Catlin, PO Box 2000 Superior, Wisconsin Web: Phone


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