Presentation on theme: "MODERN ART The Age of c Welcome to the next"— Presentation transcript:
1MODERN ART The Age of c. 1870-1970 Welcome to the next 100 years of art historyThe Age ofMODERN ARTc
2Don’t confuse the word “modern” in Modern Art with the definition of modern, meaning up-to-date or Contemporary Art….that comes in the 100 years after Modern Art.
3When did the Modern Art Movement begin? What is Modern Art? There is no precise definition of the term "Modern Art", although it usually refers to works produced during the approximate period Typically, modern artists rejected previous Renaissance-based traditions, in favor of new forms of artistic experimentation. They used new materials, new techniques of painting, and developed new theories about how art should reflect the perceived world, and what their functions as artists should be. In addition, entirely new types of art were developed during the period.When did the Modern Art Movement begin?According to most art critics, Modernism in painting first started with the Frenchman, Jean Claude Monet, and the French Impressionists, for its rejection of traditional academic art forms of the 18th and early 19th century.ARTISTS WERE READY FOR A CHANGE!A BIG CHANGE….
4Modern Art - the rejection of traditional academic art forms Modern Art saw a shift from the traditional art forms to :- different use of media, like photography, collage, assemblageDifferent use of space in architecture – the high rise building (sky scrapers)Significant rise in Abstract and Non-Representational ArtSocial and political transformation/ non-conformityArtists were eager for change
5We will start with the Impressionism Art Movement followed by ExpressionismAbstract ExpressionismCubismSurrealismPop ArtMinimalismColor Field
6(aka. Impressionist ArtMovement) Impressionism(aka. Impressionist ArtMovement)The beginnings…In the middle of the 19th century—a time of change… Historical subjects, religious themes, and portraits were valued (landscape and still life were not), and the Académie (art jury) preferred carefully finished images that looked realistic when examined closely. Color continued to be somber and conservative, and traces of brush strokes were suppressed, concealing the artist's personality, emotions, and working techniques.Then….a group of young rebellious painters interested in painting landscapes and still life. Experimented with a lighter and brighter manner – both in color and technique. These ‘kids’ are known as the….
8Impressionism Check out this video Everyday - subjects and events Lighting - Captures effects of natural light . Color in artwork is illuminated…or seems to glowBrushstrokes - Artists have broken the solid shape into smaller pieces and blurred the edges, creating dabs of color that blend together.Outdoor – en plein air was a common settingWeather – weather and atmosphere were ‘captured’(remember ELBOW)
9Claude Monetb – d. 1926He wasn’t the first to paint this way, but the first to be “accepted” and called an ImpressionistMain subjects were nature and landscapes- en plein airPainted same scenes day after day to capture changing of lightweather, atmosphere and the changing of seasons
10Check out this videoWoman in a Garden, 1867, Hermitage, St. Petersburg; This was a study by Monet to show the effect of sunlight and shadow on color
11Impression, Sunrise (Impression, soleil levant), 1872; the painting that gave its name to the style, IMPRESSIONISM
15Claude Monet, Le Palais Contarini (1908) $165-Million in 2013
16Pierre-Auguste Renoir b. 1841– d. 1919In characteristic Impressionist style, Renoir suggested the details of a scene through freely brushed touches of color, so that his figures softly fuse with one another and their surroundings.vibrant lightsaturated colormost often focused on people in intimate and candid compositions.Females were his primary subjects.Later in life he went back to more traditional style of painting*Suffered from arthritis badly - he continued to paint with brushes tied to his wrists.
171876, Le Moulin de la Galette, oil on canvas Sold $71.1 MILLION in 1990
19Edouard Manetb d. 1883He was one of the first 19th-century artists to paint modern life, and a pivotal figure in the transition from Realism to Impressionism …he was a classical artist, but then ‘adopted’ the notions of impressionism. ..he became friends with other Impressionist artists and they influenced each other.Most well known for his social scenes.His self-portrait sold for over $22 million dollars in 2010The Cafe Concert, 1878
20(early) Manet, Le Chemin de Fer (The Railroad) 1872-73
22Edgar Degas - Self-Portrait in a Green Jacket, 1856. Oil on canvas b – d. 1917Early workcropped subjects awkwardlyShowed emotional tensionchose unusual viewpoints.Linked to his fascination with photography.He captured ‘snapshots’Painted ballerinas because they sold well!Edgar Degas - Self-Portrait in a Green Jacket, Oil on canvas
26Degas Ballerinas to Music Singer with a Glove, 1878
27Mary Cassattb.1844 – d.1926American Painter, born in Allegheny City, PAWent to Art School in Philadelphia where only 20% of the students were female, none of which were as determined as Mary Cassat, to make painting a career.Moved to Paris and met Degas…who influenced her painting.1894, Summertime, The Cup of Tea
28Impressionism - the Big Break in the History of Art Discussion Question:Did you notice I included an ‘adjusted’ price of some paintings in the presentation? The approx net worth means if they were up at auction in the near future, that approximately what they would sell for.How does one put WORTH on a work of art?