Presentation on theme: "Role of Transport and Infrastructure in Ensuring International Cooperation, Stability and Sustainable Development New York, 28 April 2014 Umberto de Pretto,"— Presentation transcript:
Role of Transport and Infrastructure in Ensuring International Cooperation, Stability and Sustainable Development New York, 28 April 2014 Umberto de Pretto, Secretary General
2 What is Globalisation? Source: IRU Road Transport has become a vital production tool! The combined efforts of 29 companies in 18 countries What does it take to have a cup of coffee in a café?
4 Daily telecommunications activities Telecommunications gap corresponds to the regions that have not been interconnected to global trade Source: Centre for Strategic International Studies (CSIS), Washington, DC
5 IRUs New Euro-Asian Land Transport Initiative (NELTI) Launched in September 2008 Commercial road transport deliveries performed by transport operators from 12 Euro-Asian countries 5 routes In cooperation with the Asian Development Bank Up to 57% of transport time = border crossings 38% of transport costs = unofficial levies 200,000 border crossings monitored
6 If road construction is always beneficial, it is always more expensive, complex and time consuming than to implement the UN facilitation instruments How to reduce the economic distance Scenario 1: construct new roads
7 Implement key UN facilitation instruments to allow road transport to drive trade!
9 Global Anti-Corruption Initiative (GACI) Implemented jointly with the UN Global Compact and endorsed by the World Customs Organisation Purpose of the project is to collect information on the existence of cases of corruption, bribery and extortion along the major global road transport corridors on five continents Launched during UN Anti-Corruption Day on 9 December 2013
11 MHI Key Elements Creation of modern ancillary roadside infrastructure Institutional reforms and implementation of best practices in the road transport sector Establishment of a multilateral investment mechanism
12 Creation of modern ancillary roadside infrastructure Border crossing points (BCP) and facilities Rest areas (RA) Service areas (catering, shops, gas stations, parking, etc) Safe parking lots for trucks and buses / coaches Roadside hotels, motels and camping Dry ports and multimodal logistics centres Maintenance and repair centers for cars, trucks and buses
13 Institutional reforms and implementation of best practices in the road transport sector Liberalization of international road transportation Harmonization and facilitation of border crossing procedures Accession to and effective implementation of international agreements and conventions on trade and road transport facilitation)
14 Multilateral Investment Mechanism (Regional Infrastructure Fund - RIF MHI) Allocate funds for MHI infrastructure projects Public-private partnership Involve business community (international, national and local businesses) into the process of creation, and modernization of ancillary roadside infrastructure Model highway functioning management Other measures (Including ancillary MHI infrastructure clause into long term credit lines, etc.)
15 Rest area Service area Parking lot BCP (border crossing) Dry port (logistics centre) MHI South Caucasus (MHI-SC) section: Trabzon - Sarpi (Georgia/Turkey BCP) – Batumi – Tbilisi – Krasny Most (Georgia/Azerbaijan BCP) - Baku Possible extensions: Baku port (BCP) - Turkmenbashi port (BCP) - Ashgabat; Trabzon – Samsun MHI-South Caucasus section
16 Rest area Service area Parking lot BCP (border crossing) MHI-Central Asia section MHI Central Asia section: Pol-eXomri - Nizhniy Panj (Afghanistan/ Tajikistan BCP) – Dushanbe – Karamyk (Tajikistan/ Kyrgyzstan BCP) – Bishkek – Kordai (Kyryzstan/Kazakhstan BCP) - Shimkent – Kzyl-Orda Branches : Kordai – Almaty – Khorgos (Kazakhsatn/China BCP) Sarytash - Irkeshtam (Kyrgyzstan/China BCP)