Presentation on theme: "Cash Control Systems Accounting Mr. Khatcheressian 11/19/2013"— Presentation transcript:
1 Cash Control Systems Accounting Mr. Khatcheressian 11/19/2013 Accounting Chapter 5Cash Control SystemsAccountingMr. Khatcheressian 11/19/2013
2 Chapter 5 PreviewChapter 5 describes cash control systems for a sole proprietorship.Checking accounts, including writing checks and reconciling bank statements, are covered.Basic procedures are also introduced for electronic funds transfers, debit card transactions, and petty cash usage for a proprietorship.
3 Chapter 5 ObjectivesDefine accounting terms related to using a checking account and a petty cash fund.Identify accounting concepts and practices related to using a checking account.Prepare business papers related to using a checking account.Reconcile a bank statementJournalize dishonored checks and electronic banking transactions.Establish a replenish a petty cash fund.
4 Accounting in the Real World At Hard Rock Café, customers use cash or credit cards to make purchases. What control problems may occur when employees accept cash for a sale?Answer: A dishonest employee may attempt to take some cash. Or, an employee could accidentally give too much cash back in change. The cash needs to be deposited in a bank. If it is known that there are large amounts of cash on hand, the business might be robbed.
5 Internet Research Activity Banks offer many services, including savings accounts and loans. If you have a savings account with a bank, the bank pays you interest on the money in the account.If you take out a loan, you pay interest to the bank on the money you owe.Go to a homepage for a bank of your choice.Wells FargoCapital OneBank of America
6 Internet ActivityFind the range of interest the bank offers for its saving accounts.Find the range of interest charged by the bank on an auto loan.Compare the two rates.Why does the bank charge more interest on loans than it pays on saving accounts?Answer: The difference in interest rates is basically how a bank is profitable. The bank charges more for loans than it pays for saving accounts.
7 Introduction to Lesson 5.1 In accounting, money is referred to as cash.Most business make major payments via check.Small payments for items such as postage or supplies may be made from a cash fund.Remember the importance of good controls for cash. Cash transactions occur more frequently than other types of transactions, and cash is easy to transfer from one person to another.
8 Question For YOU. How many of you have a checking account? What accounting forms are connected with the use of a checking account?Many of these forms are also used for the checking account for a business.
9 Accounting TermsCode of conduct a statement that guides the ethical behavior of a company and its employeesChecking account a bank account from which payments can be ordered by a depositor.Endorsement a signature or stamp on the back of a check transferring ownership.Blank endorsement an endorsement consisting only of the endorser’s signature.
10 Accounting TermsSpecial endorsement an endorsement indicating a new owner of a check.Restrictive endorsement an endorsement restricting further transfer of a check’s ownership.Postdated check a check with a future date on it.Bank statement a report of deposits, withdrawals, and bank balances sent to a depositor by a bank.Dishonored check a check that a bank refuses to pay.
11 Accounting TermsElectronic funds transfer a computerized cash payments system that transfers funds without the use of checks, currency, or other paper documents. (p. 131)Debit card a bank card that automatically deducts the amount of the purchase from the checking account of the cardholder. (p. 132)Petty cash an amount of cash kept on hand and used for making small payments. (p. 134)Petty cash slip a form showing proof of a petty cash payment. (p. 135)
15 DEPOSIT RECORDED ON A CHECK STUB page 119After the deposit is recorded on the check stub, a checkbook subtotal is calculated. The balance brought forward on Check Stub no. 1 is Zero. The previous balance, $0.00, plus the deposit, $ , equals the subtotal, $Cash receipts are journalized at the time cash is received. Later the cash receipts are deposited in the checking account. Therefore, no journal entry is needed for deposits because the cash receipts have already been journalized.
16 EndorsementsEndorsement a signature or stamp on the back of a check transferring ownership. (p. 120)Blank endorsement an endorsement consisting only of the endorser’s signature. (p. 120)Special endorsement an endorsement indicating a new owner of a check. (p. 120)Restrictive endorsement an endorsement restricting further transfer of a check’s ownership. (p. 120)
17 Endorsements Should be written in ink Have space limitations on the back of a check for an endorsementShould be signed exactly as the person’s name appears on the front of the check.Know that there are similarities and differences in the three kinds of endorsements you are about to see.The most common bank endorsement is the blank endorsementRestrictive endorsements should always be used if mailing a deposit to the bank or if endorsing a check before going to a bank.
18 COMPLETED CHECK STUB 1. Write the amount of the check. page 12111. Write the amount of the check.232. Write the date of the check.43. Write to whom the check is to be paid.4. Record the purpose of the check.5. Write the amount of the check.6. Calculate the new checking account balance.56LESSON 5-1
19 Completed Check stubs and Check The check stub should always be completed before writing out the checkWriting the purpose of the check on the check stub is a good record keeping practiceRemember that numbers should be written very close on a check so no one can change the amountRemember that if amounts in words and in figures are not the same, a bank may pay only the amount in wordsA check should be signed as the signature appears on the signature card. It is important to write the signature the same each time.
20 COMPLETED CHECK 7. Write the date. 10. Write the amount in words. page 1217891011127. Write the date.10. Write the amount in words.8. Write to whom the check is to be paid.11. Write the purpose of the check.12. Sign the check.LESSON 5-19. Write the amount in figures.
21 RECORDING A VOIDED CHECK LESSON 5-14/1/2017RECORDING A VOIDED CHECKpage 122241351. Record the date.2. Write the word VOID in the Account Title column3. Write the check number.4. Place a check mark in the Post. Ref. column.5. Place a dash in the Cash Credit column.LESSON 5-1Blue
22 TERMS REVIEW code of conduct checking account endorsement page 123code of conductchecking accountendorsementblank endorsementspecial endorsementrestrictive endorsementpostdated checkLESSON 5-1
23 APLIA and Assignment Work together and On Your Own 5.1 Application Problem 5.1Code of Conduct AssignmentGo to1.Obtain access to the code of conduct.2. Assuming you are a Merck employee, may you:a. Give a physician a gift consisting of a medical textbook.b. Use your cellphone to discuss new research methods with another Merck employee?c. Accept a supplier’s invitation to attend the Super Bowl?
24 LESSON 5-2 Bank Reconciliation ACCOUNTING 4/1/2017LESSON 5-2Bank ReconciliationACCOUNTINGBlue
25 OBJECTIVESIdentify accounting concepts and practices related to using a checking account.Prepare business papers related to using a checking account.Reconcile a bank statement
26 PEOPLE WHO HAVE CHECKING ACCOUNTS. People make errors on their checking account all the time.How do they find out about their errors?In this lesson you will learn how to find errors that you make as well as find errors that the bank may make.
27 Preview of Lesson 5.2New TermBank StatementBank statement a report of deposits, withdrawals, and bank balances sent to a depositor by a bank.This lesson will discuss a bank reconciliation and special entries necessary for a business checking account.
28 ExplanationUsing a checking account was introduced earlier in this chapter.The bank periodically sends a report of deposits , withdrawals, and the bank balance to the depositor.The bank’s records and a depositor’s records may differ and both may still be correct??????????
29 Four Reasons Why This May Happen 1. A Service Charge may not have been recorded in the depositor’s business records.2. Outstanding deposits may be recorded in the depositor’s records but not on a bank statement.3. Outstanding checks may be recorded in the depositor’s records but not on a bank statement.4. A depositor may have made math or recording errors.IT IS IMPORTANT TO ALWAYS ANALYZE THE BANK STATEMENT EACH TIME IT IS RECEIVED.
30 BANK STATEMENTpage 124Deposits, Checks, and Service Charges should be verified!When a bank statement is received, canceled checks can accompany it.Canceled checks should be compared with check stubs and a check mark placed on each stub for canceled checksLESSON 5-2Follow the same procedure for deposits!
31 BANK STATEMENT RECONCILIATION LESSON 5-24/1/2017BANK STATEMENT RECONCILIATIONpage 1251. Date12. Check Stub Balance253. Service Charge4. Adjusted Check Stub Balance6375. Bank Statement Balance6. Outstanding Deposits8497. Subtotal8. Outstanding Checks109. Adjusted Bank BalanceWhen the Reconciliation is completed, the two adjusted balances should be the same.LESSON 5-210. Compare Adjusted BalancesBlue
32 BANK STATEMENT RECONCILIATION LESSON 5-24/1/2017BANK STATEMENT RECONCILIATIONpage 125The format for bank statements and the accompanying reconciliation form may vary from bank to bank, but the forms present the same information.LESSON 5-2Blue
33 RECORDING A BANK SERVICE CHARGE ON A CHECK STUB page 1261. Write Service Charge $8.00 on the check stub under the heading “Other.”2. Write the amount of the service charge in the amount column.3. Calculate and record the new subtotal on the Subtotal line.123THE SERVICE CHARGE SHOULD BE WRITTEN ON A CHECK STUB AND DEDUCTED FROM THE ACCOUNT BALANCE SO THAT THE CHECKING ACCOUNT IS NOT OVERSTATED.LESSON 5-2
34 JOURNALIZING A BANK SERVICE CHARGE page 127The service charge MUST be recorded in the journal and posted to the cash account so that the cash account will also be up to date.The company prepared a memo as a source document to support the journal entryNo Check is written for the amount of the service charge. The bank has already deducted it from the account.LESSON 5-2
35 JOURNALIZING A BANK SERVICE CHARGE page 127August 31. Received bank statement showing August bank service charge, $8.00. Memorandum No. 3.41231. Date. Write the date.2. Debit. Write the title of the account to be debited. Record the amount debited.3. Credit. Record the amount credited.4. Source document. Write the source document number.What accounts are affected?Are they increased or decreased, debited or credited?
36 TERM REVIEWpage 128bank statement-a report of deposits, withdrawals, and bank balances sent to a depositor by a bank. (p. 124)TRY APLIA 5.2WORK TOGETHERON YOUR OWNAPPLICATION PROBLEMMath Review Handout Parts A & B onlyExit Ticket (next slide)LESSON 5-2
37 Exit TicketList four reasons why a depositor’s records and a bank’s records may differ.If a check mark is placed on the check stub of each canceled check, what does a check stub with no check mark indicate?
38 LESSON 5-3 Dishonored Checks and Electronic Banking Accounting 4/1/2017LESSON 5-3Dishonored Checks and Electronic BankingAccounting
39 Friday Warm Up CASES FOR CRITICAL THINKING PAGE 143. Look at cases one and two and answer the questions provided.We will go over together once finished.
40 Friday Warm Up CASES FOR CRITICAL THINKING. Case one: Ms. Merker is following the better procedure. Even though Ms. Velez has a relatively small checking account balance, she still needs to know the correct account balance against which she can write checks. A bank statement should be reconciled when it is received, regardless of the size of the account.
41 Friday Warm Up CASES FOR CRITICAL THINKING. Case two: Mr. K agrees with Ms. Dorset. One of the purposes of a petty cash fund is to provide for small cash payments. Limiting petty cash payments to $50.00 or less is providing for large payments as well as small. Ms. Dorset’s $ limit is more reasonable for petty cash. The size of the fund, whether $100 or $3000, depends upon the size of the company and the number and amount of payments to be made from the fund.
42 Objectives• Define accounting terms related to using a checking account.• Identify accounting concepts and practices related to using a checking account.• Prepare business papers related to using a checking account.• Journalize dishonored checks and electronic banking transactions.
43 Preview of lesson 5.3 New Terminology Dishonored check a check that a bank refuses to pay. (p. 129)Electronic funds transfer a computerized cash payments system that transfers funds without the use of checks, currency, or other paper documents. (p. 131)Debit card a bank card that automatically deducts the amount of the purchase from the checking account of the cardholder. (p. 132)
44 Lets take a look!Dishonored checks are taken very seriously within a bank.-meaning that the depositor has insufficient funds or a forged check is being used.Some stores post signs to inform customers of the charge that will be imposed for a dishonored check.When the check is first received, it was deposited and the amount was added to the bank account. Now when it is dishonored the amount must be subtracted from the bank account.There is usually a fee that is associated with the finding of a dishonored check.
45 RECORDING A DISHONORED CHECK ON A CHECK STUB page 1291. Write Dishonored check $ on the line under the heading “Other.”2. Write the total of the dishonored check in the amount column.1233. Calculate and record the new subtotal on the Subtotal line.LESSON 5-3
46 Reminder….An entry must be recorded in a journal before it is posted to the account.Only after posting is complete will the cash account reflect the dishonored check.
47 Reminder….Also, a transaction must first be analyzed to determine what accounts to debit and credit.Once this analysis is done, an entry can be recorded into a journal.There are four steps used to record entry in the journal.
48 JOURNALIZING A DISHONORED CHECK page 130November 29. Received notice from the bank of a dishonored check from Campus Internet Café, $70.00, plus $35.00 fee; total, $ Memorandum No. 55.14231. Date. Write the date.2. Debit. Write the title of the account to be debited.3. Credit. Write the amount credited.4. Source document. Write the source document number.LESSON 5-3
49 JOURNALIZING AN ELECTRONIC FUNDS TRANSFER page 131September 2. Paid cash on account to Kelson Enterprises, $350.00, using EFT. Memorandum No. 10.42131. Date. Write the date.2. Debit. Write the title of the account to be debited. Record the amount debited.3. Credit. Record the amount credited.4. Source document. Write the source document number.LESSON 5-3
50 Electronic Funds Transfer EFT means that the business does not have to write a check for this amount. Therefore, there is no check stub for the source document.A memorandum is often used as a source document for EFT payments.
51 Journalizing a Debit Card Transaction There is a difference between an electronic funds transfer and a debit card.When a purchase is made with a debit card, cash is immediately deducted from the account.When using a debit card, it is important to remember to record the entry in the journal.Here are the four steps used to record the entry in the journal.
52 JOURNALIZING A DEBIT CARD TRANSACTION page 132September 5. Purchased supplies, $24.00, using debit card. Memorandum No. 12.42131. Date. Write the date.2. Debit. Write the title of the account to be debited. Record the amount debited.3. Credit. Record the amount credited.4. Source document. Write the source document number.LESSON 5-3
53 TERMS REVIEW dishonored check electronic funds transfer debit card page 133dishonored checkelectronic funds transferdebit cardTry Aplia problems:Work together 5-3On your own 5-3Application 5-3Chapter 5 Study GuideStudy tools on text website (c21accounting.com)LESSON 5-3
55 Exit Ticket List the six reasons why a bank may dishonor a check? What account is credited when electronic funds transfer is used to pay cash on account?What account is credited when a debit card is used to purchase supplies?
57 Objectives Define accounting terms related to using a petty cash fund. Establish and replenish a petty cash fund.
58 Picture this!Picture yourself working in a business that’s uses checks for all cash payments.What would happen if the letter carrier brought an envelope to you with $1.25 postage due?In many businesses it takes days to authorize and write a check.This lesson will illustrate another option for the business
59 5-4 Terminologypetty cash-an amount of cash kept on hand and used for making small payments. (p. 134)petty cash slip-a form showing proof of a petty cash payment. (p. 135)
60 How is Petty Cash Used in Businesses? To make change for customers or patientsTo pay for small purchases which require cash, such as food for the office lunch or coffee supplies, or for parking. Most retail businesses keep a cash drawer as do health care practices.
61 More On Petty Cash…Most large corporations may have several petty cash fundsThe Petty Cash Account is an asset account with a normal debit balance
62 More On Petty Cash…Keep as much cash as you need in your cash drawer, but not too much, so it isn't a temptation for employees or robbers.
63 Ask Yourself the following when analyzing the transaction… What Accounts are Affected?Are they Increased or Decreased?Are they Debited or Credited?Complete the T accounts as the information is provided.
64 ESTABLISHING A PETTY CASH FUND-4 STEPS page 134August 19. Paid cash to establish a petty cash fund, $ Check No. 8.41231. Date. Write the date.2. Debit. Write the title of the account to be debited. Record the amount debited.3. Credit. Record the amount credited.4. Source document. Write the source document number.
65 MAKING PAYMENTS FROM A PETTY CASH FUND WITH A PETTY CASH SLIP page 135
66 MAKING PAYMENTS FROM A PETTY CASH FUND WITH A PETTY CASH SLIP page 135When Cash is Paid from a petty cash fund, no formal entry is recorded in a journal.Only a petty cash slip is prepared.The entry will be made at a later date.
67 REPLENISHING PETTY CASH page 136The Petty Cash Fund is replenished when the amount in the fund is low or at the end of a fiscal period.The balance in the actual petty cash account has never been reduced by an entry.When cash was paid from the fund, no entry was made in the journal. Therefore, the petty cash account in the general ledger still has a balance of $100.00
68 REPLENISHING PETTY CASH (Cont) page 136When cash was paid from the fund, the reason for the payment was recorded on a petty cash slip but no entry was made in the journal.These slips are now used to summarize payments from the fund and to record the payments in the journal. To replenish the fund, debit accounts for which petty cash was used and credit the cash account
69 Ask Yourself the following when analyzing the transaction… What Accounts are Affected?Are they Increased or Decreased?Are they Debited or Credited?Complete the T accounts as the information is provided.
70 REPLENISHING PETTY CASH page 136August 31. Paid cash to replenish the petty cash fund, $30.00: miscellaneous expense, $20.00; advertising, $ Check No. 12.41231. Date. Write the date.2. Debit. Write the title of the first account to be debited. Write the amount to be debited. Write the title of the second account to be debited. Record the amount to be debited.3. Credit. Record the amount credited.4. Source document. Write the source document number.
71 TERMS REVIEWpetty cash-an amount of cash kept on hand and used for making small payments. (p. 134)\petty cash slip-a form showing proof of a petty cash payment. (p. 135)
72 Activity Aplia 5-4, Study Guide www.c21accounting.com Xtra! Study Tools (Chapter 5)Tutorial Quiz (Chapter 5)Research a company or university's petty cash policy and provide a detailed summary of your findings.Make sure you look at what procedures are in place and uses for the account, ect and compare it with another similar company.
73 Think, Pair and Share….Quickly jot down, in note form, the procedures for establishing, maintaining, and replenishing a petty cash fund.When you are finished, pair up and share what you wrote!
74 Exit Ticket Why do businesses use petty cash funds? Why is Cash and not Petty Cash credited when a petty cash fund is replenished?