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Welcome to A Day of Derm for GPs, thank you so much for joining us today in Ajax (you may want to add something related to the weather ie. Thank you fo.

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Presentation on theme: "Welcome to A Day of Derm for GPs, thank you so much for joining us today in Ajax (you may want to add something related to the weather ie. Thank you fo."— Presentation transcript:

1 Welcome to A Day of Derm for GPs, thank you so much for joining us today in Ajax (you may want to add something related to the weather ie. Thank you fo making it in this snow storm or we promise to finish in time so you can enjoy the beautiful day a little etc…) My name is Annie Dansereau and I one of the organizers of the day. April 4th, 2014 – London, ON

2 Differential Diagnosis:
The case of the red face Denise Wexler MD, FRCPC

3 Top 5 practical tips to take to your clinic tomorrow
Comedones are present in acne  Perioral dermatitis often spares the area just beneath the lower lips  Telangiectasia don't occur in acne or perioral dermatitis  Age of the patient may help in diagnosing a red face  Rosacea often stings or burns 

4 Pediatric and Neonatal Dermatology
Denise Wexler MD, FRCPC

5 Summary Classification by morphology is a useful way to organize differential diagnosis Neonates, especially preterm infants, have thinner skin and are more vulnerable to infection There are many benign, self limited dermatoses that present in the neonatal period, however careful evaluation is needed to rule out infectious causes, systemic disease, and genodermatoses

6 Top 5 practical tips to take to your practice tomorrow
Erythema toxicum neonatorum is self limiting  Milia in infants are self limiting  Neonatal herpes simplex is a serious disease and requires systemic treatment   Six or more café au lait spots are needed to make a diagnosis of neurofibromatosis  Portwine stains in the trigeminial distribution require eye examinations and MRIs

7 Antibiotic Resistance in Acne Treatment: Identifying the threat and minimizing risk
Wei Jing Loo MD, FRCPC

8 Summary Teaching Points
Pathogenesis of acne vulgaris is the same at all ages, and the same principles and therapeutic agents apply Important considerations for treating younger populations are ease of use (i.e., once daily, combination, etc.), fast onset of action to limit risk of scarring, advanced vehicle to minimize adverse events on young skin Limit the duration and/or use of antibiotics (topical and oral) to reduce the risk of antibiotic resistance (ie. <12 weeks)

9 Summary Teaching Points
BPO is an extremely efficacious bactericidal agent for managing acne with anti-inflammatory properties, without the risk of antibiotic resistance Retinoid-containing agents are essential for comedonal acne and the prevention of comedonal formation Adapalene/BPO is now approved in the U.S. for acne patients 9 years and older

10 Red and Bumpy: Managing common manifestations of rosacea
Lyn Guenther MD, FRCPC

11 Rosacea: Conclusions Rosacea’s chronic, cyclical inflammatory cycle causes progressive damage to skin structure. Early recognition and treatment are important to prevent progression and disfigurement. The most common features of rosacea (redness, papules/pustules) require specific individualized management approaches. Millikan L. The Proposed Inflammatory Treatment Pathophysiology of Rosacea: Implications for Treatment SKINmed 2(1): 43-47, 2003 Baldwin, H. Diagnosis and Treatment of Rosacea: State of the Art. JDD 2(6): , 2012

12 Top 5 Practical Tips You can Use in Your Clinic Tomorrow
Instruct patients to avoid triggers. Gentle skin care is important. Chronic therapy is required for continued control. Sub-antimicrobial oral doxycycline improves rosacea without inducing antibiotic resistance. Topical Brimonidine can improve facial redness, but may unmask papules, pustules and telangiectasia. Baseline Hour 3

13 Diagnosis & Treatment of Onychomycosis
Denise Wexler MD, FRCPC

14 Summary – Diagnosis Toenail onychomycosis is common and may present as: Distal and lateral subungual onychomycosis (DLSO) Superficial white onychomycosis (SWO) Proximal subungual onychomycosis (PSO) Clinical diagnosis should be confirmed by a diagnosis method to identify causative organism and treatment

15 Summary – Treatment Options
Oral therapies for onychomycosis including terbinafine or itraconazole are recommended: Involvement of > 50% of distal nail plate/ multiple nail Involvement, involvement of nail matrix Transungual therapies for onychomycosis including efinaconazole or ciclopirox are recommended: Involvement of < 50%, or when oral therapy is sub-optimal Oral and transungual treatment may be combined to improve efficacy and prevent recurrence

16 Summary – Preventing Recurrence
Recurrence of onychomycosis is frequent and may be due to: Poor diagnosis, therapeutic failure, poor prevention Patient related factors, such as immunocompromised patients, diabetes etc. Maintenance approach is to include: Regular follow-up and measures to decrease the risk for reinfection

17 HOT TIPS Ketoconozole should not be used to treat onychomycosis
Treatment of onychomycosis requires a positive fungal culture Topical therapy for onychomycosis is safe and efficaceous Efinaconozole topically avoids product build up Long-term topical treatment for onychomycosis may be recommended

18 Moderate to Severe Psoriasis: What should a GP do?
Lyn Guenther MD, FRCPC

19 Living Well with Psoriasis – Patient Tools

20 Summary comments Psoriasis is a life-long systemic inflammatory disease Psoriasis has a major impact on quality of life (including work) Psoriasis is associated with major co-morbidities (depression, metabolic syndrome, ischemic heart disease, IBD, arthritis) Psoriasis treatment options exist for all types and severity levels Early initiation of treatment is positively impactful Most patients are managed with topicals Adherence is challenging Systemic agents may be under-utilized A thoughtful review of therapeutic options is ideal

21 5 Tips to take home When making the diagnosis of psoriasis, don’t forget to look at the nails, scalp, natal cleft, elbows, knees and sacrum Check all patients for hypertension, hyperlipidemia, diabetes mellitus and psoriatic arthritis Treat associated Depression and Anxiety. Most psoriasis can be controlled/cleared with appropriate therapy, so treat or refer for treatment. Ask about Adherence at each visit.

22 Chronic Hand Dermatitis: What is it and how should it be treated?
Lyn Guenther MD, FRCPC

23 5 tips for Chronic Hand Dermatitis
If possible patch test all patients to identify causative allergens. If 2 feet, 1 hand involved, do a KOH smear and take a fungal culture to rule out Tinea pedis and manum. Frequent application of lubricants may prevent fissures. Ceramide or oat containing lubricants may repair the skin barrier . Application of nail glue containing Cyanoacrylate can seal fissures and reduce pain.

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