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Business Plan Preparation Frank Moyes Leeds College of Business University of Colorado Boulder, Colorado Marketing Strategy.

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Presentation on theme: "Business Plan Preparation Frank Moyes Leeds College of Business University of Colorado Boulder, Colorado Marketing Strategy."— Presentation transcript:

1 Business Plan Preparation Frank Moyes Leeds College of Business University of Colorado Boulder, Colorado Marketing Strategy

2 Tonight Marketing Strategy Revenue Model Customer acquisition costs Marketing Strategy

3 Next Week Operations Plan Development Plan Walk an Order Marketing Strategy

4 Business Plan Elements Executive Summary Company Overview Market & Industry Analysis Product/Service Description Marketing Plan Operations Plan Development Plan Management Competitive Advantage Financial Plan Funding Marketing Strategy

5 Marketing Plan Objectives Build on Market & Industry Analysis Define the strategies & key actions to exploit the opportunity Marketing Strategy

6 Marketing Plan Outline Customer Research Target Market Strategy Channel Strategy Positioning Product/Service Strategy Pricing Strategy E-commerce Communications Strategy Sales Strategy Revenue Model Marketing Strategy

7 Customer Research Show your results Georges Questionnaire - qualitative 20 people Surveys – walk-up, mailed, email, on-line Lurk & listen How do customers pay? Marketing Strategy

8 Target Customer Strategy Profile of the target customers Demographics, psychographics, etc. Photo How does TC perceive products/services? How will you overcome brand loyalty? What will cause customers to switch? Spend money? Identify first 10 customers Future markets Marketing Strategy

9 How Do Customers Make Decisions? Where, when & how Initiator, Influencer, Decider, Purchaser & User Identify criteria used to make decisions Criteria may be different than your features Where get information, advice Marketing Strategy

10 Customers Buy Benefits Does your TC understand How will you convince? Marketing Strategy

11 You Must Prove That You Understand the Target Customer Marketing Strategy

12 Channel Strategy Describe and justify the distribution channels Potential channels Distributors, wholesalers, retailers OEMs & VARs E-commerce Describe how you will gain access to the channels Identify specific companies What is the decision making process Delivery to your customers, e.g. UPS is not the channel Marketing Strategy

13 Positioning Positioning is relative to the competition Overt or perceived How are you unique & different? Base on Buying Decision Criteria Marketing Strategy

14 Perceptual Map Attribute 1 Attribute 2 You Competitor 2 Competitor 3 Competitor 1 Marketing Strategy

15 Hot Chocolate Flavour Convenience HC Hershey packets Ski Resort cafe Brown Palace Marketing Strategy

16 Hot Chocolate Coolness Price HC Brown Palace Ski Resort cafe Hershey packets Marketing Strategy

17 Branding Perceptions, impressions and feelings What must target customer believe about you Every thing you do supports this Other Name of your company Company characteristics – essence of personality, tone & manner Marketing Strategy

18 Product/Service Strategy Not the description Product/service roll out Initial product/services Future product/services Enhance the product/service with operations & service Actions to sustain competitive advantage Features & benefits New technology New process Marketing Strategy

19 Pricing Strategy Describe and justify your pricing strategy Provide evidence that your target customer will accept your price Position your pricing relative to current and potential competition Low price usually is NOT a good strategy! Measure of management Marketing Strategy

20 What Are the Pricing Methods? Value pricing - how much is customer willing to pay? Commodity pricing Set by the market Supply and demand Seasonality & perishability Competition Payback period – depends on impact on company profit Rule of thumb – Keystone Introductory low price to get customers to use Cost plus – markup Transaction fee Razor & razor blade A la carte Marketing Strategy

21 Communications How you will communicate with current and potential customers? Advertising – paid advertising newspapers, magazines, TV, internet Public relations – articles in paper, journals, blogs, websites Printed materials – flyers, brochures Performances, concerts, exhibitions Exhibitions Why is this the most effective strategy? Be imaginative ! Be a guerilla! Marketing Strategy

22 Guerilla Examples I New restaurant invites local hairdressers for free meal just after opening Mattress retailer has sleep over advertising on the ceiling of a retail store News is created so it will be covered in local newspaper Computer store does computer training for underprivileged kids Owner makes bold predictions, does something unusual Articles are written by the entrepreneur for newspapers Mike Morris, Syracuse University Marketing Strategy

23 More Guerilla Examples II Reciprocal advertising: two businesses mention one another in their ads Store offers discount card/coupon that appreciates in value each time it is used Coupon that is worth something different each time it is used Theatre places speakers outside front of facility with movies soundtracks playing; bakery purposely lets smells waft into customer passageway of mall Mike Morris, Syracuse University Marketing Strategy

24 More Examples III Bowling alley charges based on number of bowling pins customer knocks down Bicycle retailer puts promotional tags on bike racks around town Day care center adds cameras and streaming videos so parents can see how children are treated Flower shop with lack of visibility at their location decorates popular park and some small cafes in the area with creative and simple flower arrangements Mike Morris, Syracuse University Marketing Strategy

25 Sales Strategy How will you get orders ? Personal selling Online purchasing TV infomercials Direct mail 800 telephone Who will do the selling ? An internal sales force Field sales force Manufacturer's reps Telephone solicitors How will you recruit, train, and compensate our sales force? How will you support the sales effort? Internal staff Service operations Marketing Strategy

26 Financial Plans 26 Customer Acquisition Costs Costs to get a customer Sales salaries, commissions Advertising & promotion Customer & tech support Website Travel & entertainment Number of customers Costs to Get a Customer Number of Customers

27 Revenue Model Marketing Strategy

28 Two Approaches Top down – market penetration & timing Bottom up – pipeline, revenue by customer Marketing Strategy

29 Revenue Model Marketing Strategy

30 Revenue Model Marketing Strategy

31 Revenue Model Marketing Strategy

32 Revenue Model Marketing Strategy

33 Revenue Model Marketing Strategy

34 Revenue Model Marketing Strategy

35 Revenue Model Marketing Strategy

36 Revenue Model Marketing Strategy

37 Revenue Model Variables Market potential - number of customers, transactions or units, purchases Size & growth Market share - penetration rate Product/Services offered Roll-out strategy Range & mix New Products/Services Obsolescence Frequency of purchase – per day/week/month Capacity Utilization – per time period, event Prices Price per customer, transaction or unit Average revenue per customer or transaction Channel strategy - discount Marketing Strategy

38 Revenue Model (Bottom-up) Identify specific customers Identify decision maker Determine Annual purchases today & future Who purchase from & level of satisfaction What do you need to do to get an order? If you meet the criteria, how much business can you expect? Marketing Strategy

39 Do Your Customers Care? How Much Do Your Customers Care? High InvolvementLow Involvement Easy to get attentionHard to get attention Will invest to upgradeWill delay upgrading Will try new brandsHard to change About wantsAbout needs

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