Presentation on theme: "The Institute for the Analysis of Global Security (IAGS) is a Washington based non-profit public educational organization dedicated to research and public."— Presentation transcript:
The Institute for the Analysis of Global Security (IAGS) is a Washington based non-profit public educational organization dedicated to research and public debate on issues related to energy security. IAGS seeks to promote public awareness to the strong impact energy dependency has on our economy and security and to the myriad of technological and policy solutions that could help us move into an era of energy independence, and increase peace, prosperity and stability in the world. IAGS is not beholden to any industry or political group.
History: Energy Information Administration, Annual Energy Review 2002, DOE/EIA-0384(2002) (Washington, DC, October 2003). Projections: Table A11.
Conservation is not enough: The Oil Gap in the Transportation Sector (Source: US Dep. Of Energy) U.S. consumption U.S. production including ANWR 60% CAFE increase 40% CAFE increase 20% CAFE increase 7% CAFE increase No action taken
F uel diversification R eal world solutions E conomically sound technologies E nvironmentally sensible choices D omestic resource utilization O ptimal energy use M aintenance of the American way of life The ABCs of Setting America Free
Energy Security through fuel choice
Poor in oil, but rich in other domestic energy resources With 25% of global coal reserves the U.S. is the Saudi Arabia of coal DOE estimates 2.45 billion metric tons a year of biomass are available for U.S. fuel production. In addition to the above solar, wind, hydro, geothermal, nuclear power are used to generate electricity
Flexible fuel vehicles (FFV) FFV's are designed to operate on alcohol (ethanol, methanol..), on gasoline, or on any mixture of the two. Nearly three million FFV's have been manufactured since The marginal cost of FFV is less than $150.
What is P-Series? a liquid, renewable, affordable, made-in-the- USA non-petroleum fuel formulated for flexible fuel vehicles (FFV's.) recognized by the U.S. DOE as an alternative fuel in 1999.
35% liquid hydrocarbons derived from natural gas production. 45% ethanol. 20% MeTHF, an ether derived from biomass waste, which comprises 50-60% of the urban waste stream. P-Series fuel is a blend of:
P-Series is clean and affordable The level of regulated and toxic emissions resulting from P-Series is significantly lower, and carbon dioxide emissions are reduced by 50%, as compared to gasoline. The projected retail price for P-Series including all taxes is comparable to that of gasoline. P-Series pumps are very similar to gasoline pumps, and can be installed at existing fuel stations for about $60K.
P-Series solves 3 problems Municipal waste disposal poses a growing burden to taxpayers. Need to find higher value use of wet/mixed bio-organic wastes stream now going to landfills and incinerators. Urban emissions are detrimental to public health. Americas dependence on oil from unstable countries is increasing.
It s time to stop wasting our waste.
What is methanol? An alcohol fuel that can be produced from coal, natural gas, biomass Can be used to power FFVs A user friendly hydrogen-carrier fuel that can be used to power fuel cell vehicles
"One of the Department of Energy's most successful Clean Coal Technology projects." U.S. Dept. of Energy statement on clean coal-to- methanol project.
Liquid Phase Methanol (LPMEOH) - Clean Coal to Fuel at under 50 cents a gallon
Hybrid vehicles with an added battery All electric range for a portion of the daily driving cycle Night time charging which significantly reduces fuel cost When the charge is used up, the car automatically keeps running on the fuel in the fuel tank Performance equal to what is expected from current vehicles Plug-in Hybrid vehicles
Half of All Autos on the Road on a Typical Day Travel a Total of 20 Miles or Less
Annual Gasoline Consumption
An alternative to the alternative: FFV/Plug-in hybrid If the two technologies are combined, such vehicles can be powered by any blend of alcohol fuels, gasoline, and electricity. If a plug-in vehicle is also a FFV fueled with 80% alcohol and 20% gasoline, fuel economy could reach 500 miles per gallon of gasoline! If by 2025, all cars on the road are hybrids and half are plug-in hybrid vehicles, U.S. oil imports would drop by 8 million barrels per day (mbd). Today, the U.S. imports 10 mbd; projected imports for 2025 are almost 20 mbd. Were all of these cars also flexible fuel vehicles, U.S. oil imports would drop by almost 12 mbd.
If we dont change our course, well end up where were headed.