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Work Smarter, Not Harder

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1 Work Smarter, Not Harder
The Daily 5 Work Smarter, Not Harder The 2 Sisters Gail Boushey & Joan Moser The Daily 5 is a series of literacy tasks which students complete daily while the teacher meets with small groups or confers with individuals.

2 Researched Based The Daily 5 is a model of research-based:
1. Tasks (Real Reading/Writing – 5 choices) 2. Systems (10 Steps of teaching/learning) 3. Structure (Manages your Literacy Block)

3 Work Smarter, Not Harder
The Daily 5 Work Smarter, Not Harder The Daily 5 are: Read to Yourself Read to Someone Listen to Reading Work on Writing Word Work/Spelling

4 The Daily 5 Tasks The premise of the Daily 5 is that these are the 5 areas students should be independently working on during your Guided Reading time. Rather than changing “centers” or “work packets”, which have new instructions or expectations for students, these 5 areas stay consistent so students can grow in their own learning in a structured routine. (Most current centers or HC materials will fit into one of the five areas so it’s nothing that is too revolutionary!)

5 The Daily 5 Tasks Creating a Sense of Urgency
Read to Self The best way to become a better reader is to practice each day with “Good Fit” books that you have selected yourself. It’s Fun! Work on Writing Just like reading the best way to become a better writer is to write each day. It’s Fun! Read to Someone Partner reading provides opportunities to practice strategies, improve fluency, check for understanding, and hear your own voice while sharing in the learning community. Word Work Expanded vocabulary leads to greater fluency in reading, therefore increasing comprehension. Becoming more proficient as a speller leads to writing fluency and the ability to get your ideas down on paper. Listen to Reading Just Hearing fluent and expressive reading of good literature expands your vocabulary; helps build your stamina and will make you a better reader. Boushey & Moser © The 2 Sisters

6 Sample “I” Chart (Anchor Chart) Read to Self
*Helps us become better readers! *It is FUN! Students Teacher_____ Read the whole time Work with students Stay in one spot Read quietly Work on Stamina Get started right away

7 The Daily 5 System: Engage the rest of the kids while you do small group instruction! The goal of the Daily 5 is to have students gain control over what they read and write, and the order in which they do the Daily 5. Goal-setting and focused, tailored instruction is key to accelerating their learning.

8 10 Steps to Teaching and Learning Independence
1. Identify what is to be taught 2. Setting Purpose – Sense of Urgency 3. Brainstorm behaviors desired using an I chart 4. Model most desirable behaviors 5. Model least desirable behaviors then desirable 6. Place students around the room 7. Everyone practice and build stamina (3 minutes) 8. Stay Out of the Way 9. Quiet Signal – Come back to Group 10.Group Check In – “How Did You Do?” Gail Boushey & Joan Moser ©

9 Purpose + Choice = Motivation
In the fall, it is recommended that time needs to be spent getting to know each child, listening to their stories, and building trust. Explicit instruction and controlled practice in each area will be needed prior to independence use of the Daily 5. Spend at least 20 days building community, defining and practicing behaviors, building stamina and assessing needs. Implement choice by allowing kids to choose the order in which they’ll participate in the Daily Five activities. In the beginning, guided practice and some teacher control of the order/activities is expected.

10 Launching the Daily 5 1. The book/website outlines specific procedures and routines and actual lesson plans to help establish an effective and successful start to using the Daily 5 in your classroom. 2. Teach students why we do the things we do. When kids know “why”, they develop a sense of urgency. 3. Create “I – Charts” (Anchor Charts to encourage independence) together to define roles of the students during each of the Daily 5 components. If something is important, it is written down, and learning becomes anchored to these charts.

11 Creating Success with the Daily 5
4./5. Use correct model/incorrect model approach for demonstrating appropriate behaviors. Discuss what the skill looks like, student model, another student models incorrectly and then model appropriate behaviors. 6. Set up book boxes. (or bags, etc.) No wasting time looking for books. Develop the concept of “good-fit” independent level books. (See “I PICK Good-fit books” lesson) 7. Increase stamina by giving manageable tasks that gradually increase in time and resistance. We move slowly to eventually move fast (p.42).” Use short intervals of repeated practice through visual, auditory, and kinesthetic to improve muscle memory during a week long launch. Do not set a timer. When kids are successful with three minutes, one minute is added to each practice. (See “Ten Steps to Improve Muscle Memory”)

12 Self-Reflective Kids! 8. Stay out of their way and let them read. Let kids monitor themselves. Work individually with students or with small groups. 9. Implement calming signal (chimes) to get everyone’s attention or to gather as a class. Create “I chart” of what it would look like and sound like when they hear the signal. 10. Establish an open large gathering place for brain and body breaks after each work session. It signals a shift in activity and thinking. Encourage kids to be self-reflective through check-in procedures. (An example is thumbs up for successful behavior and thumbs sideways if they were somewhat independent. No thumbs down.)

13 Daily 5 Vocabulary  I-Charts - What students/teacher are doing
Anchor Charts – What Good Reading/Writing “Looks” Like –it “anchors” their learning Launching - Training them on what to do – management system Stamina - Building Independency EEKK! - Elbow-Elbow Knee-Knee (Read to Someone)

14 Structure: 7-10 Minutes – Focused Mini-lesson
Daily 5 Cycle (Build stamina first) Daily 5 Cycle (30 minutes primary/40+ upper grades) Daily 5 Cycle -- SHARING *Individual/Group work with teacher during the cycle

15 The Structure Notes: Primary: 2-3 choices/rounds daily Intermediate:
(shorter stamina = more rounds) Must do: Read to Self/Work on Writing Intermediate: 2-3 choices/rounds daily (longer stamina = less rounds) Work on Words for students who need it Read Aloud = Listen to Reading

16 Whole Group Focus Lesson
Why 7-10 minutes? Brain Research shows the # of their age is the # of minutes a child can sustain higher level thinking. Suggested Focus Lessons: Round 1 Comprehension Round 2 Accuracy (decoding/phonics) Round 3 Writing

17 Accelerate Student Learning:
The tasks alone are not enough… CAFE is a guide and system to focus our instruction, help students set reading and behavior goals, monitor their progress--and do it all without losing your sanity! CAFÉ Comprehension Accuracy Fluency Expand Vocabulary

18 Balancing the basal and meaningful work for all children.
Question: I'm a fourth grade teacher who just loves your philosophy and your book. Although I would love to use your system, I don't know how comfortable I am going away from the basal. Do you have tips that would help me do both and still cut down a lot of the paperwork as well as keep parents happy? Answer: We get many people asking the basal question. We know that basals are a wonderful resource, but are also aware that they are not the magic bullet, as they cannot meet the needs of each and every child in our class.  That being said, we also understand that some districts and schools require the use of the basals.  We begin each year, whether using a basal or not, by doing a one-on-one assessment with each child in our class. We use DRA and/or IRI and running records along with a couple of other assessments. Once the assessments are given, we are able to see the strengths and needs of each child and the level in which they read (If we have kids who are in 4th grade, yet read at a 2nd grade level, or the opposite end, read at a 6th grade level, then the 4th grade basal stories are not the best fit for them). We then put our children into like strategy groups, grouping them together based on their similar needs in terms of strategies used in reading.

19 Fitting it all together…
Now, using the basal….We teach the skills presented in the basal as whole group focus lessons, as pertain to the needs of the class (Of course we know what they need because of their assessment results). For those children who need more extensive work with those skills included in the basal, we use the basal strategies during their guided groups.  (You can refer to the form on page 14 of The Daily 5 to see how the guided groups and whole group focus lessons fit). We also use the stories in the basal only with those children for whom it is the appropriate reading level.  The wonderful thing about the basal skills is that they can be taught with ANY story, not just those found in a basal reader. So if you have kids reading below level and they cannot read the basal story, you can still teach the skills highlighted in the basal- just pull books at their good fit level! -the2sisters

20 Website Resources

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