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How Are Movies Made? An Introduction to Movie-Making.

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Presentation on theme: "How Are Movies Made? An Introduction to Movie-Making."— Presentation transcript:

1 How Are Movies Made? An Introduction to Movie-Making

2 Basic Stages The basic stages of making a movie or video remain the same whatever the size of the budget or cast.

3 Basic Stages Pre-ProductionProductionPost-Production Distribution & Exhibition

4 Pre- Production Concept, Screenwriting, Storyboarding Concept, Screenwriting, Storyboarding Filming preparations, cast and crew are hired, locations selected, costumes designed, and sets built. Filming preparations, cast and crew are hired, locations selected, costumes designed, and sets built. Also includes Development (funding). Also includes Development (funding).

5 Production Production is the actual Production is the actual shooting of a movie or video. shooting of a movie or video. Includes the crafts of acting, Includes the crafts of acting, cinematography, directing, cinematography, directing, and lighting. and lighting.

6 Post- Production Raw film or video is edited or Raw film or video is edited or assembled into an order that assembled into an order that conveys a story. conveys a story. Final sound mix –music, Final sound mix –music, sound effects, etc.– is sound effects, etc.– is created. created.

7 Distribution and Exhibition Printing Theater Copies from Original Film Master, Theater Booking, Marketing Printing Theater Copies from Original Film Master, Theater Booking, Marketing Who will see your program? Who will see your program? How will they see it? How will they see it? When will they see it? When will they see it?

8 Who Are the People That Make Movies?

9 Film & TV Production Roles & Departments Key Creative TeamArt Production Hair & Make-up LocationWardrobe CameraPost-Production SoundVisual Effects GripPost-Sound & Music ElectricalOther Production

10 Key Creative Team Executive Producer Executive Producer Producer Producer Director Director Screenwriter Screenwriter

11 Executive Producer Executive Producers are responsible for the overall quality control of productions. Executive Producers are responsible for the overall quality control of productions. Not involved in the technical aspects of the filmmaking process, but has played a crucial financial or creative role. Not involved in the technical aspects of the filmmaking process, but has played a crucial financial or creative role.

12 Producer Involved throughout all phases of the film- making process from development to completion of a project. Involved throughout all phases of the film- making process from development to completion of a project. Initiates, coordinates, supervises, and controls matters such as hiring key personnel, and arranging distribution. Initiates, coordinates, supervises, and controls matters such as hiring key personnel, and arranging distribution.

13 Director Responsible for overseeing the creative aspects of a film, including controlling the content and flow of the film's plot, directing the performances of actors, selecting the locations in which the film will be shot, and managing technical details such as the positioning of cameras, the use of lighting, and the timing and content of the film's soundtrack. Responsible for overseeing the creative aspects of a film, including controlling the content and flow of the film's plot, directing the performances of actors, selecting the locations in which the film will be shot, and managing technical details such as the positioning of cameras, the use of lighting, and the timing and content of the film's soundtrack.

14 Screenwriter The Screenwriter, or Scriptwriter, writes the original or adapted screenplay. Responsible for researching the story, developing the narrative, writing the screenplay, and delivering it to the Producer(s). The Screenwriter, or Scriptwriter, writes the original or adapted screenplay. Responsible for researching the story, developing the narrative, writing the screenplay, and delivering it to the Producer(s). They are almost always freelancers or they are commissioned by a Producer. They are almost always freelancers or they are commissioned by a Producer.

15 Production Department 1st Asst. Director Line Producer2nd Asst. Director Production ManagerProduction Assistant Production CoordinatorScript Supervisor Post-production SupervisorStunt Coordinator

16 Line Producer Prepares all the financial details –budget of a films shooting script. Prepares all the financial details –budget of a films shooting script. They manage the day-to-day physical aspects of the production. They manage the day-to-day physical aspects of the production.

17 Production Manager Responsibility to help make sure filming stays on schedule and within its budget. Responsibility to help make sure filming stays on schedule and within its budget. Supervises the physical aspects of the production including personnel, technology, budget and schedling (not the creative aspects). Supervises the physical aspects of the production including personnel, technology, budget and schedling (not the creative aspects).

18 Production Coordinator The PC is the information nexus of the production, responsible for organizing all the logistics from hiring crew, renting equipment, and booking talent. The PC is the information nexus of the production, responsible for organizing all the logistics from hiring crew, renting equipment, and booking talent. The PC is an integral part of film production. The PC is an integral part of film production.

19 Post- Production Supervisor Responsible for the post-production process, during which they maintain clarity of information and good channels of communication between the Producer, Editor, Supervising Sound Editor, the Facilities Companies (such as film labs, CGI studios and Negative Cutters) and the Production Accountant. Responsible for the post-production process, during which they maintain clarity of information and good channels of communication between the Producer, Editor, Supervising Sound Editor, the Facilities Companies (such as film labs, CGI studios and Negative Cutters) and the Production Accountant.

20 1st Assistant Director (1 st AD) – Assists the Production Manager and Director. (1 st AD) – Assists the Production Manager and Director. Oversees day-to-day management of the cast and crew scheduling, equipment, script, and the set. Ensures filming comes on on-schedule while maintaining a working environment in which the director, actors and crew can be focused on their work. Oversees day-to-day management of the cast and crew scheduling, equipment, script, and the set. Ensures filming comes on on-schedule while maintaining a working environment in which the director, actors and crew can be focused on their work.

21 2nd Assistant Director (2 nd AD) – Chief assistant of the 1 st AD. (2 nd AD) – Chief assistant of the 1 st AD. Responsible for creating Call Sheets that let the crew know the schedule and important details about the shooting day. Responsible for creating Call Sheets that let the crew know the schedule and important details about the shooting day.

22 Production Assistant Referred to as PAs or Runners, assist in the production office or in various departments with general tasks. Referred to as PAs or Runners, assist in the production office or in various departments with general tasks.

23 Script Supervisor Keeps track of what parts of the script have been filmed and makes notes of any deviations between what was actually filmed and what appeared in the script. Keeps track of what parts of the script have been filmed and makes notes of any deviations between what was actually filmed and what appeared in the script. The Script Supervisor works very closely with the Director on set. Also called Continuity. The Script Supervisor works very closely with the Director on set. Also called Continuity.

24 Stunt Coordinator Where the film requires a stunt, and involves the use of stunt performers, the Stunt Coordinator will arrange the casting and performance of the stunt, working closely with the Director. Where the film requires a stunt, and involves the use of stunt performers, the Stunt Coordinator will arrange the casting and performance of the stunt, working closely with the Director.

25 Location Department Location Manager Location Assistant Location Scout

26 Location Manager Responsible for finding and securing locations to be used for the production as well as coordinating the logistics, permits and costs involved. Responsible for finding and securing locations to be used for the production as well as coordinating the logistics, permits and costs involved.

27 Camera Department Cinematographer (Director of Photography) Camera Operator First Asst. Camera Second Asst. Camera

28 Cinematographer Also called Director of Photography, or DP. Also called Director of Photography, or DP. The DP is the chief of the camera and lighting crew of the film. Not to be confused with the Director. The DP is the chief of the camera and lighting crew of the film. Not to be confused with the Director. Makes decisions on lighting and framing of scenes in conjunction with the Director. Makes decisions on lighting and framing of scenes in conjunction with the Director.

29 Camera Operator Operates the camera at the direction of the Cinematographer (Director of Photography) or the Film Director to capture the scenes on film. Operates the camera at the direction of the Cinematographer (Director of Photography) or the Film Director to capture the scenes on film. Generally, a Cinematographer (Director of Photography) does not operate the camera, but sometimes these jobs are combined. Generally, a Cinematographer (Director of Photography) does not operate the camera, but sometimes these jobs are combined.

30 First Asst. Camera (1 st AC) - Focus Puller - Responsible for keeping the camera in focus as it is shooting. (1 st AC) - Focus Puller - Responsible for keeping the camera in focus as it is shooting.

31 Second Asst. Camera (2 nd AC) - Clapper Loader - Operates the clapperboard at the beginning of each take and loads the raw film stock into the camera magazines between takes. (2 nd AC) - Clapper Loader - Operates the clapperboard at the beginning of each take and loads the raw film stock into the camera magazines between takes. Also in charge of overseeing the meticulously kept notebooks that record when the film stock is received, used, and sent to the lab for processing. Also in charge of overseeing the meticulously kept notebooks that record when the film stock is received, used, and sent to the lab for processing.

32 Other Camera Crew Jobs Loader Loader Camera Production Assistant Camera Production Assistant Digital Imaging Technician Digital Imaging Technician Data Wrangler Data Wrangler Steadicam Operator Steadicam Operator Motion Control Technician/Operator Motion Control Technician/Operator

33 Sound Department Production Sound Mixer Boom Operator

34 Production Sound Mixer Sound Recordist - Head of the sound department on set, responsible for recording all sound during filming. Sound Recordist - Head of the sound department on set, responsible for recording all sound during filming. This involves the choice and deployment of microphones, operation of a sound recording device, and sometimes the mixing of audio signals in real time. This involves the choice and deployment of microphones, operation of a sound recording device, and sometimes the mixing of audio signals in real time.

35 Boom Operator Boom Swinger – Responsible for microphone placement and movement during filming. Boom Swinger – Responsible for microphone placement and movement during filming.

36 Grip Department Grips are trained lighting and rigging technicians. They are concerned with the mechanical side of things. Main responsibility is to work closely with the Electrical department to put in lighting set-ups required for a shot. Key Grip Best Boy (Grip) Dolly Grip

37 Key Grip Key Grip is theChief Grip on the set. Key Grip is theChief Grip on the set. Works with the Cinematographer (DP) to help prepare the set and to achieve correct lighting and blocking. Works with the Cinematographer (DP) to help prepare the set and to achieve correct lighting and blocking.

38 Best Boy (Grip) Chief assistant to the Key Grip. Chief assistant to the Key Grip. Responsible for organizing the grip truck. Responsible for organizing the grip truck.

39 Dolly Grip Grips work mainly with the Camera department. Grips work mainly with the Camera department. A Dolly Grip helps set up and operate dollies, trucks, and tracks. A Dolly Grip helps set up and operate dollies, trucks, and tracks.

40 Electrical Department Gaffer Best Boy (Electrical) Lighting Technician

41 Gaffer Head of the Electrical department. (Chief Lighting Technician) Head of the Electrical department. (Chief Lighting Technician) Responsible for the design and execution of the lighting plan for production. Responsible for the design and execution of the lighting plan for production.

42 Best Boy (Electrical) Chief assistant to the Gaffer. Chief assistant to the Gaffer. Lighting technicians are involved with setting up and controlling lighting equipment. Lighting technicians are involved with setting up and controlling lighting equipment.

43 Art Department Production Designer Art Director Set Designer Set Decorator

44 Production Designer Creative Director - Responsible for creating the physical, visual appearance of the film settings, costumes, character makeup. Creative Director - Responsible for creating the physical, visual appearance of the film settings, costumes, character makeup. Works closely with the Director and the Cinematographer to achieve the look of the film. Works closely with the Director and the Cinematographer to achieve the look of the film.

45 Art Director Reports to the Production Designer. Reports to the Production Designer. Oversees the artists and craftspeople, such as the Set Designers, Graphic Artists, and Illustrators who give form to the production design as it develops. Oversees the artists and craftspeople, such as the Set Designers, Graphic Artists, and Illustrators who give form to the production design as it develops.

46 Set Designer The Set Designer is the draftsman, often an architect, who realizes the structures or interior spaces called for by the Production Designer. The Set Designer is the draftsman, often an architect, who realizes the structures or interior spaces called for by the Production Designer.

47 Set Decorator In charge of the decorating of a film set, which includes the furnishings and all the other objects that will be seen in the film. In charge of the decorating of a film set, which includes the furnishings and all the other objects that will be seen in the film.

48 Other Art Dept. Jobs – Set Design Illustrator Illustrator Buyer Buyer Set Dresser Set Dresser

49 Other Art Dept. Jobs - Props Props Master Props Master Prop Builder Prop Builder Standby Props Standby Props Armorer/Weapons Master Armorer/Weapons Master

50 Other Art Dept. Jobs – Construction Construction Coordinator Construction Coordinator Head Carpenter Head Carpenter Key Scenic Key Scenic Greensman Greensman

51 Hair & Make-up Department Make-up Artist Hairdresser

52 Work with make-up, hair, prosthetics and special effects to create the characters look for anyone appearing on screen. Work with make-up, hair, prosthetics and special effects to create the characters look for anyone appearing on screen. Their role is to manipulate an Actor's on-screen appearance whether it makes them look more youthful, larger, older, or in some cases monstrous. Their role is to manipulate an Actor's on-screen appearance whether it makes them look more youthful, larger, older, or in some cases monstrous.

53 Hairdresser Responsible for maintaining and styling the hair of anyone appearing on screen. Responsible for maintaining and styling the hair of anyone appearing on screen.

54 Wardrobe Department Costume Designer Costume Supervisor

55 Costume Designer Responsible for all the clothing and costumes worn by the cast. Responsible for all the clothing and costumes worn by the cast. Also responsible for designing, planning, and organizing the construction of the garments down to the fabric, colors, and sizes. Also responsible for designing, planning, and organizing the construction of the garments down to the fabric, colors, and sizes.

56 Costume Supervisor Works closely with the Costume Designer. Works closely with the Costume Designer. Supervises creation or sourcing of garments, hiring of support staff, budget, paperwork, and department logistics. Supervises creation or sourcing of garments, hiring of support staff, budget, paperwork, and department logistics.

57 Other Costume Dept. Jobs Key Costumer Key Costumer Costume Standby Costume Standby Art Finisher Art Finisher Costume Buyer Costume Buyer Cutter/Fitter Cutter/Fitter

58 Post-Production Film Editor Online Editor (for Video Production) Offline Editor (for Video Production)

59 Film Editor Assembles the various shots into a coherent film, working closely with the Director. Assembles the various shots into a coherent film, working closely with the Director. There are usually several Assistant Editors. There are usually several Assistant Editors.

60 Other Post- Production Jobs Assistant Editor Assistant Editor Negative Cutter Negative Cutter Colorist Colorist Telecine Colorist Telecine Colorist

61 Visual Effects Also called Special Effects Visual Effects Supervisor Compositor

62 In charge of the Visual Effect department. In charge of the Visual Effect department. Helps design moving set elements and props that will safely break, explode, burn, collapse and implode without destroying the film set. Helps design moving set elements and props that will safely break, explode, burn, collapse and implode without destroying the film set. Also responsible for overseeing the reproduction of weather conditions and other on- camera magic. Also responsible for overseeing the reproduction of weather conditions and other on- camera magic.

63 Special Effects Assistant Builds set pieces like breakaway furniture and cities in miniature, lighting pyrotechnics, and setting up rigging equipment for stunts. Builds set pieces like breakaway furniture and cities in miniature, lighting pyrotechnics, and setting up rigging equipment for stunts. Can also assist in prosthetic makeup. Can also assist in prosthetic makeup.

64 Compositor Responsible for compositing images from different sources such as video, film, computer generated 3-D imagery, 2-D animations, matte paintings, photographs, and text. Responsible for compositing images from different sources such as video, film, computer generated 3-D imagery, 2-D animations, matte paintings, photographs, and text.

65 Other Visual Effects Jobs Visual Effects Editor Visual Effects Editor Rotoscope Artists/Paint Artists Rotoscope Artists/Paint Artists Matte Painter Matte Painter

66 Post-Production Sound & Music Sound Designer Dialog Editor Sound Editor

67 Sound Designer In charge of the post-production sound of a movie. In charge of the post-production sound of a movie.

68 Dialog Editor Responsible for assembling and editing all the dialog in the soundtrack. Responsible for assembling and editing all the dialog in the soundtrack.

69 Sound Editor Responsible for assembling and editing all the sound effects in the soundtrack. Responsible for assembling and editing all the sound effects in the soundtrack.

70 Other Sound Dept. Jobs Re-recording Mixer Re-recording Mixer Music Supervisor Music Supervisor Composer Composer Foley Artist Foley Artist

71 Other Production Jobs Casting Director Storyboard Artist

72 Casting Director Works closely with the Director and Producer to suggest actors for the characters of the film. Works closely with the Director and Producer to suggest actors for the characters of the film. This usually involves inviting potential Actors to read an excerpt from the script for an audition. This usually involves inviting potential Actors to read an excerpt from the script for an audition.

73 Storyboard Artist Visualizes stories using sketches on paper to help the production team envision the physical look and layout of a film. Visualizes stories using sketches on paper to help the production team envision the physical look and layout of a film.

74 Additional Film Credits Stills Photographer Stills Photographer Legal Counsel Legal Counsel Accountant Accountant Insurance Broker Insurance Broker System Administrator System Administrator


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