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A parallel between Sgt. Pepper and Tropicalia ou Panis et Circensis Lauro Meller.

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Presentation on theme: "A parallel between Sgt. Pepper and Tropicalia ou Panis et Circensis Lauro Meller."— Presentation transcript:

1 A parallel between Sgt. Pepper and Tropicalia ou Panis et Circensis Lauro Meller

2 The projects starting point: Caetano Velosos versions for Beatles songs in his 1975 albums Jóia and Qualquer Coisa; Caetano Velosos versions for Beatles songs in his 1975 albums Jóia and Qualquer Coisa; His translations for some of the Beatles White Album songs in VEJA magazine (1968); His translations for some of the Beatles White Album songs in VEJA magazine (1968); The covers of the albums Caetano Veloso (1969), Jóia and Qualquer Coisa (1975); The covers of the albums Caetano Veloso (1969), Jóia and Qualquer Coisa (1975); The albums Sgt. Pepper and Tropicalia. The albums Sgt. Pepper and Tropicalia.

3 The Beatles White Album (1968) and Caetano Velosos second solo album (1969).

4 John Lennon and Yoko Onos Two Virgins (1968) and Caetanos Jóia (1975) with his first wife Dedé Gadelha and their son Moreno.

5 The Beatles Let it be (1970) and Caetano Velosos Qualquer Coisa (1975).

6 The Beatles Sgt. Pepper (1967) and the Tropicalists Tropicalia ou Panis et Circensis (1968).

7 Mikhail Bakhtins carnivalization theory: Dualism, ambivalence; Dualism, ambivalence; The life-and-death cycle; The life-and-death cycle; Camouflage, mask; Camouflage, mask; The rupture of paradigms, hierarchies, and pre-established schemes in order to found a new perception of the world: See the world with free eyes. (Oswald de Andrade) The rupture of paradigms, hierarchies, and pre-established schemes in order to found a new perception of the world: See the world with free eyes. (Oswald de Andrade)

8 The tropicalist group: Caetano Veloso and Gilberto Gil (leaders); Caetano Veloso and Gilberto Gil (leaders); Os Mutantes (Rita Lee, Arnaldo Baptista and Sérgio Dias - the Brazilian Beatles); Os Mutantes (Rita Lee, Arnaldo Baptista and Sérgio Dias - the Brazilian Beatles); Rogério Duprat (Maestro); Rogério Duprat (Maestro); Nara Leão (Bossa Nova singer); Nara Leão (Bossa Nova singer); Gal Costa (Singer); Gal Costa (Singer); Tom Zé (avant-garde musician and poet); Tom Zé (avant-garde musician and poet); Torquato Neto and Capinan (lyricists). Torquato Neto and Capinan (lyricists).

9 Gilberto Gil & Caetano Veloso: the leaders of Tropicalism.

10 Caetano Veloso as a child, in his adolescence and in 1995 (during the show Fina Estampa).

11 Gilberto Gil and his sister Gildina in 1951; playing the sanfona (accordion) in the 60s; and in the 1980s.

12 Os Mutantes: Rita Lee (lead singer), Arnaldo Baptista (bass), Sérgio Dias (guitar).

13 Rogério Duprat: the tropicalists George Martin.

14 Caetano Veloso and Gal Costa.

15 A heterogeneous group: Torquato Neto(L), Caetano Veloso(C) and Capinan(R); Tom Zé; and Nara Leão.

16 The tropicalists main influences: João Gilberto, the father of Bossa Nova; João Gilberto, the father of Bossa Nova; The Beatles (especially by Gilberto Gil and Os Mutantes); The Beatles (especially by Gilberto Gil and Os Mutantes); Oswald de Andrade (Cultural Anthropophagy); Oswald de Andrade (Cultural Anthropophagy); José Celso Martinez Corrêa (theatre director; poetic violence); José Celso Martinez Corrêa (theatre director; poetic violence); The Jovem Guarda Movement; The Jovem Guarda Movement; Poesia Concreta (Concrete Poetry by Augusto & Haroldo de Campos, and Décio Pignatari); Poesia Concreta (Concrete Poetry by Augusto & Haroldo de Campos, and Décio Pignatari); Cinema Novo (Glauber Rocha); Cinema Novo (Glauber Rocha); Hélio Oiticica (painter & sculpturer); Hélio Oiticica (painter & sculpturer); Protest songs by Chico Buarque, Geraldo Vandré, and others (motivated by the Military Dictatorship). Protest songs by Chico Buarque, Geraldo Vandré, and others (motivated by the Military Dictatorship).

17 João Gilberto: the man who created the Bossa Nova style.

18 Jovem Guarda (Young Guard): the Brazilian version of yeah yeah yeah, whose leader, Roberto Carlos, became the most famous romantic singer in Brazil to this day.

19 Some hints of the Beatles influence on the tropicalists: Sérgio Dias (Os Mutantes) playing the sitar; Caetano Veloso and Nara Leão chat as George, John and Ringo watch.

20 Oswald de Andrade (on a canvas by modernist painter Tarsila do Amaral), the poet who launched the Anthropophagy Journal (cover of 1st edition, 1928).

21 The Antropophagical Ritual: The Tupinambá tribe devouring an enemy.

22 The goal of Tropicalism: To redefine the historical image of Brazil (written by the Europeans) by building up the Brazilians self- esteem and by re-elaborating (and not merely copying) the cultural influences from abroad. (Anthropophagy)

23 Gilberto Gil singing Domingo no Parque and Caetano Veloso interpreting Alegria, alegria at the popular TV Festivals in the 1960s.

24 Caetano Veloso (vocal) and Gilberto Gil (guitar) at a Tropicalist performance

25 Anarchy at Divino, maravilhoso, the Tropicalists TV programme.

26 Meetings to discuss Panis et Circensis; and the album release in July 1968.

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28 Parallels between Sgt. Pepper and Panis et circensis Conceptual album Conceptual album Underlying theme Underlying theme No intervals between tracks No intervals between tracks Blend of styles Blend of styles Rupture of paradigms Rupture of paradigms Festive ambience Festive ambience Cyclical structure Cyclical structure Ironical tone Ironical tone

29 Liverpool Echoes in Brazil: Zé Ramalhos album Nação Nordestina (2000).

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