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The Turn of The Screw A project by: E53 rd Class of Junior High Teacher: Ms Kyriakidou April 2009.

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Presentation on theme: "The Turn of The Screw A project by: E53 rd Class of Junior High Teacher: Ms Kyriakidou April 2009."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Turn of The Screw A project by: E53 rd Class of Junior High Teacher: Ms Kyriakidou April 2009

2 Why is the novella titled The turn of the Screw? What do you think? By titling his work The Turn of the Screw, James suggests that the phrase the turn of the screw is a fitting representation of the tale. The phrase works as a metaphor that compares a tale's effect on its recipients to a screw boring into a hole. With each turn of the screw, the story's point is driven home, and its recipients are pierced further and on a deeper level. By titling his work The Turn of the Screw, James suggests that the phrase the turn of the screw is a fitting representation of the tale. The phrase works as a metaphor that compares a tale's effect on its recipients to a screw boring into a hole. With each turn of the screw, the story's point is driven home, and its recipients are pierced further and on a deeper level. James turns the screw when Douglas does, with the introduction of a story involving not one but two children falling prey to supernatural events. The screw turns again when we understand that the children of the governess's tale are not merely victims but participants in the realm of ghosts and may even be plotting deceits and evil deeds themselves. With the suggestion that the governess is insane and that she, not her imaginary ghost world, is the villain, the plot thickens even more. James turns the screw when Douglas does, with the introduction of a story involving not one but two children falling prey to supernatural events. The screw turns again when we understand that the children of the governess's tale are not merely victims but participants in the realm of ghosts and may even be plotting deceits and evil deeds themselves. With the suggestion that the governess is insane and that she, not her imaginary ghost world, is the villain, the plot thickens even more. Leda Alafogianni & Celia Theodosopoulou Leda Alafogianni & Celia Theodosopoulou

3 The Turn of the Screw This year our English teacher assigned to us The Turn of the Screw by Henry James. This year our English teacher assigned to us The Turn of the Screw by Henry James. It was a masterpiece and we all loved it! We discussed it thoroughly in the classroom and we watched a movie called The Innocents based on the novella. It was a masterpiece and we all loved it! We discussed it thoroughly in the classroom and we watched a movie called The Innocents based on the novella.

4 Literature Project Having read the novella and having watched the movie we wrote several essays about the plotline and characters of the story. Here is our work!!! Having read the novella and having watched the movie we wrote several essays about the plotline and characters of the story. Here is our work!!! Enjoy!!!! Enjoy!!!! Celia Theodosopoulou Celia Theodosopoulou

5 The Turn of the Screw: The Plot The story starts with friends sharing ghost stories around the fire on Christmas Eve. One of the guests tells about a governess at a country house plagued by supernatural visitors. But in the hands of Henry James, this little tale of terror becomes so much more!!!!. The story starts with friends sharing ghost stories around the fire on Christmas Eve. One of the guests tells about a governess at a country house plagued by supernatural visitors. But in the hands of Henry James, this little tale of terror becomes so much more!!!!. Only the young governess can see the ghosts; only she suspects that the previous governess and her lover are controlling the two orphaned children for some evil purpose. Only the young governess can see the ghosts; only she suspects that the previous governess and her lover are controlling the two orphaned children for some evil purpose.

6 The Turn of the Screw: The Plot The household staff don't know what she's talking about, the children are evasive when questioned, and the master of the house (the children's uncle) is absent. The household staff don't know what she's talking about, the children are evasive when questioned, and the master of the house (the children's uncle) is absent. Why does the young girl claim not to see the woman standing on the far side of the lake? Why does the young girl claim not to see the woman standing on the far side of the lake? Are the children being deceptive, or is the governess being paranoid? Are the children being deceptive, or is the governess being paranoid? By leaving the questions unanswered, The Turn of Screw generates spine-tingling anxiety in its mesmerized readers. By leaving the questions unanswered, The Turn of Screw generates spine-tingling anxiety in its mesmerized readers. Dimitris ChatoglouMinos Papakyriakopoulos Dimitris ChatoglouMinos Papakyriakopoulos

7 The gripping story of The Turn of the Screw has inspired many artists over the years. So, there are many television versions, plays, films and even songs and paintings based on the Jamesian novella!!!!! Geraldine Page, right, questions Nina Reader in the presence of Catherine Nesbitt and Rex Thompson in The Turn of the Screw. Gore Vidals television version the Henry James; thriller which will be presented on Omnibus between 5 and 6:30 pm today over C.B.S.TV. Geraldine Page, right, questions Nina Reader in the presence of Catherine Nesbitt and Rex Thompson in The Turn of the Screw. Gore Vidals television version the Henry James; thriller which will be presented on Omnibus between 5 and 6:30 pm today over C.B.S.TV.

8 Heres a brief list of all the movies, or televised versions we could find after extensive research (and hard work…!) The Turn of the Screw (1959) an early live television play directed by John Frankenheimer and starring Ingrid Bergman The Turn of the Screw (1959) an early live television play directed by John Frankenheimer and starring Ingrid BergmanJohn Frankenheimer Ingrid BergmanJohn Frankenheimer Ingrid Bergman Perhaps the most highly regarded adaptation is The Innocents (1961) directed by Jack Clayton and starring Deborah Kerr Perhaps the most highly regarded adaptation is The Innocents (1961) directed by Jack Clayton and starring Deborah KerrThe Innocents Jack Clayton Deborah KerrThe Innocents Jack Clayton Deborah Kerr Dan Curtis's well-regarded TV movie The Turn of the Screw (1974) with Lynn Redgrave Dan Curtis's well-regarded TV movie The Turn of the Screw (1974) with Lynn RedgraveLynn RedgraveLynn Redgrave A 1989 adaptation for Shelley Duvall's Nightmare Classics starring Amy Irving A 1989 adaptation for Shelley Duvall's Nightmare Classics starring Amy IrvingShelley DuvallAmy IrvingShelley DuvallAmy Irving

9 And the list goes on and on…. The TV movie The Haunting of Helen Walker/The Turn of the Screw (1995) starring Valerie Bertinelli The TV movie The Haunting of Helen Walker/The Turn of the Screw (1995) starring Valerie BertinelliValerie BertinelliValerie Bertinelli A theatrical adaptation by Jeffrey Hatcher in which one woman plays the governess and a man fills the rest of the roles A theatrical adaptation by Jeffrey Hatcher in which one woman plays the governess and a man fills the rest of the rolesJeffrey HatcherJeffrey Hatcher Presence of Mind (1999), an acclaimed Spanish-made adaptation with Sophie Ward and Harvey Keitel Presence of Mind (1999), an acclaimed Spanish-made adaptation with Sophie Ward and Harvey Keitel Presence of MindSophie WardHarvey Keitel Presence of MindSophie WardHarvey Keitel A British TV adaptation The Turn of the Screw (1999) with Jodhi May and Colin Firth A British TV adaptation The Turn of the Screw (1999) with Jodhi May and Colin FirthJodhi MayColin FirthJodhi MayColin Firth A 2006 film, In a Dark Place is ostensibly based upon the novel. A 2006 film, In a Dark Place is ostensibly based upon the novel.In a Dark PlaceIn a Dark Place The 2001 film The Others includes many of the same elements as The Turn of the Screw. The 2001 film The Others includes many of the same elements as The Turn of the Screw.The OthersThe Others

10 And in case that did not surprise you, this little piece of information will certainly make you twitch!!!! DID YOU KNOW THAT: An episode of CSI, first broadcast May 6, 2004, was titled "Turn of the Screws" and contained several references to James's work. An episode of CSI, first broadcast May 6, 2004, was titled "Turn of the Screws" and contained several references to James's work.CSITurn of the ScrewsCSITurn of the Screws The third episode of the second season of Lost refers to a film reel hidden on a shelf behind the book titled "Turn of the Screw". The third episode of the second season of Lost refers to a film reel hidden on a shelf behind the book titled "Turn of the Screw".Lost

11 What is it that makes this novella so intriguing that it is never outdatedeven now, a century later? We guess its the enthralling narrative voice of Henry James and his well-known taste for open-endings

12 Is the Governess Insane or not? The following is a sample of some of the essays that we had to develop in writing as part of the project. The following is a sample of some of the essays that we had to develop in writing as part of the project. Our teacher chose 5 as the best and then we got to vote in order to decide which is truly THE BEST from each category. Some of the students asked permission to co- operate or form groups which only made things…much, much better, as you see!!!! Our teacher chose 5 as the best and then we got to vote in order to decide which is truly THE BEST from each category. Some of the students asked permission to co- operate or form groups which only made things…much, much better, as you see!!!! The winning essays appear in this presentation The winning essays appear in this presentation Answer the Questions below in your Writing Notebook. Your answer must be between words. Answer the Questions below in your Writing Notebook. Your answer must be between words. 1. Is the governess the heroine or the villain of The Turn of the Screw? 1. Is the governess the heroine or the villain of The Turn of the Screw? 2. How does the phrase the turn of the screw apply to the governess's tale? 2. How does the phrase the turn of the screw apply to the governess's tale? 3. If you were to write an additional / alternative ending to this novella, what would it be? 3. If you were to write an additional / alternative ending to this novella, what would it be?

13 Some of us claim that she is stark-mad while others say she is the victim of supernatural forces!!!!!! Essay 1 In Henry James' novella The Turn of the Screw we are presented with an unreliable governess that tells a story about a haunted mansion. The novella is so ambiguous that at the end the question still remains: do the ghosts exist or is the governess going wildly insane? The film version, directed by Jack Clayton is much less ambiguous, but with evidence of both sides. The Innocents leans more toward the fact that the ghosts do exist and the children are possessed, although they might not realize it. This is a scary approach because the children seem so helpless at the hands of these apparitions. The governess is no saint though, as she has her bizarre hallucinations. The combination of the ghosts truly existing with the fact that the governess is becoming terribly eccentric really raises the suspense factor. This film succeeds because it makes the viewer think about what is going on and then come up with his or her own conclusion. In Henry James' novella The Turn of the Screw we are presented with an unreliable governess that tells a story about a haunted mansion. The novella is so ambiguous that at the end the question still remains: do the ghosts exist or is the governess going wildly insane? The film version, directed by Jack Clayton is much less ambiguous, but with evidence of both sides. The Innocents leans more toward the fact that the ghosts do exist and the children are possessed, although they might not realize it. This is a scary approach because the children seem so helpless at the hands of these apparitions. The governess is no saint though, as she has her bizarre hallucinations. The combination of the ghosts truly existing with the fact that the governess is becoming terribly eccentric really raises the suspense factor. This film succeeds because it makes the viewer think about what is going on and then come up with his or her own conclusion. Marouli Evangelianna Marouli Evangelianna

14 Essay 2 Not only do I believe in the ghost interpretation but I also think that the children are possessed. " The governess gradually believes that these innocents may be possessed by the spirits of a former governess and her lover, over the objections of the friendly housekeeper." There are two scenes that portray the possession theory best. One is when the governess comes into Miles room at night and finds a dead bird under his pillow. The bird's neck had been broken. This child must have been possessed by some evil to do this horrible deed. The second scene is the scene with Flora and the governess. Not only do I believe in the ghost interpretation but I also think that the children are possessed. " The governess gradually believes that these innocents may be possessed by the spirits of a former governess and her lover, over the objections of the friendly housekeeper." There are two scenes that portray the possession theory best. One is when the governess comes into Miles room at night and finds a dead bird under his pillow. The bird's neck had been broken. This child must have been possessed by some evil to do this horrible deed. The second scene is the scene with Flora and the governess. It seems that when Flora is dancing she is doing it for someone - Miss Jessel. Flora only becomes worse as she starts going insane herself. Flora, the sweet and innocent, starts screaming uncontrollably and letting out language that a nine year old shouldn't know. It seems again that she is possessed by some evil. It seems that when Flora is dancing she is doing it for someone - Miss Jessel. Flora only becomes worse as she starts going insane herself. Flora, the sweet and innocent, starts screaming uncontrollably and letting out language that a nine year old shouldn't know. It seems again that she is possessed by some evil. Lena Christakou Lena Christakou

15 Why name the novella The Turn of the Screw? What can you imagine? There were multiple responses to this question.Unfortunately we ccan only post but a few!!!! Essay 3 By titling his work The Turn of the Screw, James suggests that the phrase the turn of the screw is a fitting representation of the tale. The phrase works as a metaphor that compares a tale's effect on its recipients to a screw boring into a hole. With each turn of the screw, the story's point is driven home, and its recipients are pierced further and on a deeper level. By titling his work The Turn of the Screw, James suggests that the phrase the turn of the screw is a fitting representation of the tale. The phrase works as a metaphor that compares a tale's effect on its recipients to a screw boring into a hole. With each turn of the screw, the story's point is driven home, and its recipients are pierced further and on a deeper level. James turns the screw when Douglas does, with the introduction of a story involving not one but two children falling prey to supernatural events. The screw turns again when we understand that the children of the governess's tale are not merely victims but participants in the realm of ghosts and may even be plotting deceits and evil deeds themselves. With the suggestion that the governess is insane and that she, not her imaginary ghost world, is the villain, the plot thickens even more. James turns the screw when Douglas does, with the introduction of a story involving not one but two children falling prey to supernatural events. The screw turns again when we understand that the children of the governess's tale are not merely victims but participants in the realm of ghosts and may even be plotting deceits and evil deeds themselves. With the suggestion that the governess is insane and that she, not her imaginary ghost world, is the villain, the plot thickens even more. Minos PapakyriakopoulosCelia TheodosopoulouLeda Alafogianni Minos PapakyriakopoulosCelia TheodosopoulouLeda Alafogianni

16 Essay 4 My opinion is that the name of the novel itself brings to mind various images of torture!!Some people might think this is far- fetched, however for me this image of a turning screw is very painful! My opinion is that the name of the novel itself brings to mind various images of torture!!Some people might think this is far- fetched, however for me this image of a turning screw is very painful! Imagine: one more turn will make things tighter and tenser. It keeps turning until something stretches, like a body that is tortured, or ones mind,stretching and turning to the very breaking point.. So the title is perfect since, Jamess story is painful and tantalizing for the characters involved bringing to mind a merciless screw always turning……. Imagine: one more turn will make things tighter and tenser. It keeps turning until something stretches, like a body that is tortured, or ones mind,stretching and turning to the very breaking point.. So the title is perfect since, Jamess story is painful and tantalizing for the characters involved bringing to mind a merciless screw always turning……. Manolis Antonakis Manolis Antonakis

17 An Alternative Ending to the Story? Final Resolution VI Final Resolution VI After Miles death, the governess didnt want to stay at Bly. She wanted to leave Bly as fast as possible. It was very important for her to go away from the ghosts, she believed that Miss Jessel and Peter Quint would want to take her in the place of Frola. So, she left the house and soon she found a new job in a house many miles away from Bly. The new house was called Sothkit. She found her new post delightful and the children as cute as Miles and Flora. She lived in this house for about three years. The first two years passed uneventfully, but the governess wanted to see Flora so much, so, she to told her new employer that she wanted t visit somebody very close to her. But the new employer didnt want to leave the governess go away, because he had fallen in love with her, so he wanted her close to him. When the employer refused to let her visit Flora, the governess fell in depression for three weeks. During these three weeks the governess started behaving in a strange way. She was always in darkness and she never wanted to talk to anybody. In the fourth week the governess began to see Miss Jessel and Peter Quint again and finally a month after beginning to see the ghosts again, she mysteriously died. Kostis Seidis After Miles death, the governess didnt want to stay at Bly. She wanted to leave Bly as fast as possible. It was very important for her to go away from the ghosts, she believed that Miss Jessel and Peter Quint would want to take her in the place of Frola. So, she left the house and soon she found a new job in a house many miles away from Bly. The new house was called Sothkit. She found her new post delightful and the children as cute as Miles and Flora. She lived in this house for about three years. The first two years passed uneventfully, but the governess wanted to see Flora so much, so, she to told her new employer that she wanted t visit somebody very close to her. But the new employer didnt want to leave the governess go away, because he had fallen in love with her, so he wanted her close to him. When the employer refused to let her visit Flora, the governess fell in depression for three weeks. During these three weeks the governess started behaving in a strange way. She was always in darkness and she never wanted to talk to anybody. In the fourth week the governess began to see Miss Jessel and Peter Quint again and finally a month after beginning to see the ghosts again, she mysteriously died. Kostis Seidis

18 A rather different ending to the story… The Devil comes in all shapes!!! VI A rather different ending to the story… The Devil comes in all shapes!!! VI The governess was devastated after Miles death…so, she took an overdose of sleeping pills and died in her bathtub (like Marilyn Monroe)…However, Miles was not really dead! He was faking it..and of course his devilish little sister, Flora, was part of the show too!!! It seems that these little seemingly angelic children were evil! They got a kick out of killing governesses or driving them to suicide!! Three governesses had already passed from Bly and they had all died tragically!!!! Little Flora and Miles went upstairs wore their best clothes and then poured themselves some champagne! They congratulated each other on yet another perfect crime and smiled. Then the doorbell rang…..It was their newly appointed governess…she introduced herself and they smiled oh, so innocently….. Chryssoula Tolia


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