3 Human Animal Studies explores… the spaces that non-human animals occupy in human social and cultural worldsthe interactions humans have with other animals.The symbolic uses of non-human animalsthe ways in which animal lives intersect with human societies.The ways in which humans are dependent on other animalsThe ways in which humans construct, in part, their identities through other animals
4 A Rapidly Growing Field Hundreds of college courses in over 200 colleges in the US, Canada, the UK, Australia, New Zealand, Germany, the Netherlands, and IsraelAlmost 3 dozen degree and certificate programsOver a dozen journals, both print and onlineA half dozen book seriesOver two dozen organizationsEight veterinary programsOver two hundred law programsAn annual summer fellowship program
5 A Rapidly Growing Field Sub-units or sections devoted to HAS in the following disciplinary organizations:The American Sociological Associationthe American Psychological Associationthe American Historical Associationthe Society for the Study of Ethics and Animalsthe Association of American Geographersthe American Academy of Religion
6 We interact with animals on a daily basis, in every area of our lives Why Teach HAS?We interact with animals on a daily basis, in every area of our lives
23 Why have the lives of animals, and human-animal relations been historically omitted from scholarly study?Human superiority contributed to ignoranceThey have been objects of study but not subjects of a lifeThere are dangers associated with giving animals subjectivity and individuality
24 This brings up two of the problems faculty may encounter:Convincing your dean/dept. chair/other faculty that you are not teaching an animal rights course or that you are not teaching a silly courseExposing students to information that challenges their own beliefs and understandings about humans, other animals, and society
25 Create a new course?HAS can be taught as stand-alone courses in disciplines in the humanities, the social sciences, and the natural sciencesHAS material can be added as sections into many courses in those same fields
26 What should you use for Readings? Students can be assigned full books, chapters from books, or readers created by the instructor
29 Other Excellent Collections Armstrong, Susan and Richard Botzler The Animal Ethics Reader. London, England: Continuum.Donovan, Josephine and Carol Adams, eds Beyond Animal Rights: A Feminist Caring Ethic for the Treatment of Animals. New York: Continuum.Kalof, Linda and Brigitte Resl, eds A Cultural History of Animals. Oxford and New York: Berg.Manning, Aubrey and James Serpell, eds Animals and Human Society: Changing Perspectives. London: Routledge.Podberscek, Anthony L., Elizabeth S. Paul, and James A. Serpell Companion Animals and Us. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Regan, Tom and Peter Singer, eds Animal Rights and Human Obligations. Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Prentice Hall.Rothfels, Nigel, ed Representing Animals. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
30 InterdisciplinarityBecause HAS is both multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary, courses can easily draw from material from many other fieldsHistory, Ethics, Geography, Women’s Studies, Ethnic Studies, and Media Studies are all fields that can be borrowed from for other disciplines
31 There is also fantastic material on Youtube Using FilmsThere are vast numbers of films, both documentary and feature films, that can be used in the classroomThere is also fantastic material on YoutubeSome of the images and material in some of these films are extremely difficult to watch, and instructors must choose them carefully and facility class discussions thoughtfully
32 Some Films to Start With “Dogs that Changed the World”“Holy Cow”“Why Dogs Smile and Chimpanzees Cry”“A Conversation with Koko”“Ape Genius”“Ayumu & Ai”“Chimp Talk”“Animal Minds”The Ape: So Human”“The Wild Parrots of Telegraph Hill”“Katrina’s Animal Rescue”“The Natural History of the Chicken”“Cane Toads”“Shelter Dogs”“Peaceable Kingdom”“Animal Appetites” “The Urban Elephant”“Lolita: Slave to Entertainment”“Chimpanzees: An Unnatural History”“The Laboratory Rat”“One Rat Short”“Animals as Divinities”“Vicktory to the Dogs”“Behind the Mask: The Story of the People who Risk Everything to Save Animals”“War Dogs”“The Witness”
33 Depends on discipline and interests of instructor Course StructureDepends on discipline and interests of instructorIn Margo DeMello’s sociology class, we begin with a section on the social construction of the animal
35 Wild rabbit? Pet rabbit? Lab rabbit? Meat rabbit? Fur rabbit? Wild rabbit?Pet rabbit?Lab rabbit?Meat rabbit?Fur rabbit?Easter rabbit?Pest?How we classify this animal is determined by our society, our social position, and our relationship, if any, to this animal. And how the animal is classified, in turn, determines both how this animal will be used, and what protections this animal deserves under the law.
36 Animal Classification In the Chinese encyclopedia The Celestial Emporium of Benevolent Knowledge it is written that animals are divided into:‘… (a) those that belong to the Emperor, (b) the embalmed ones, (c) those that are trained, (d) suckling pigs, (e) mermaids, (f) fabulous ones, (g) stray dogs, (h) those that are included in this classification, (i) those that tremble as if they were mad, (j) innumerable ones, (k) those drawn with a very fine camel’s hair brush, (l) others, (m) those that have just broken a flower vase, (n) those that resemble flies from a distance.’Jose Luis Borges ‘The Analytic Language of John Wilkins’ in Other Inquisitions
37 Who swims with the tuna?In an essay called "Who Swims with the Tuna", David Quammen asks: why do we worry about trapping dolphins in tuna nets, and not worry about the tuna trapped in tuna nets?The killing of dolphins is a national outrage; the killing of tuna is a given.Furthermore, on our grocery shelves nowadays we find cans of a product called dolphin-safe tuna. But no tuna-safe dolphin. But why?
38 Your Classes Can Include Historical and Comparative Perspectives
39 Your Classes Can Include Animals as Philosophical and Ethical Subjects
40 Your Classes Can Include Animals as Symbols/ Animals in Language/ Representing Animals
41 Your Classes Can Include Animal Emotions, Intelligence and Reflexivity
42 Your Classes Can Include Animal Assistants and the Human-Animal Bond
51 Your Classes Can Include The Animal Protection Movement
52 Other materials you might use Photos, cartoons and other imagesPoetryFolktales and mythsLiterary excerptsNews storiesHumor“Real” animals
53 The earth trembled and a great rift appeared, separating the first man and woman from the rest of the animal kingdom. As the chasm grew deeper and wider, all other creatures, afraid for their lives, returned to the forest - except for the dog, who after much consideration, leapt the perilous rift to stay with the humans on the other side. His love for humanity was greater than his bond for other creatures, he explained, and he willingly forfeited his place in paradise to prove it. Native American folktale
54 Well—one at least is safe. One shelter’d hare has never heard the sanguinary yellof cruel man, exulting in her woes.Innocent partner of my peaceful home,Whom ten long years’ experience of my careHas made at last familiar; she has lostMuch of her vigilant instinctive dread,Not needful here, beneath a roof like mine.Yes--thou may’st eat thy bread, and lick the handThat feeds thee; thou may’st frolic on the floorAt evening, and at night retire secureTo thy straw couch, and slumber unalarm’d;For I have gain’d the confidence, have pledg’dAll that is human in me to protectThine unsuspecting gratitude and love.If I survive thee I will dig thy grave;And, when I place thee in it, sighing, say,I knew at least one hare that had a friend.From “The Garden” by William Cowper (1785)
58 Challenging Questions Why is it ethical to eat animals?Why can’t we kill other humans if it serves our own interests?How intelligent are other animals?What if animals could use human language?Can animals have pets?What are our obligations, if any, to other animals?