Presentation on theme: "The Elements of Culture Culture is the total of knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors shared by and passed on by the members of a specific group. Culture."— Presentation transcript:
The Elements of Culture Culture is the total of knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors shared by and passed on by the members of a specific group. Culture involves the following factors: – Food shelter – Religion – Relationships to family and others – Language – Education – Security/protection – Political and social organization – Creative expression
Cultural Change & Exchange
What is Innovation? Taking existing technology and resources & creating something new to meet a need.
What is diffusion? The spread of ideas, inventions, or patterns of behavior.
When does acculturation happens? When a society accepts or adopts an innovation.
Custom The frequent repetition of an act, to the extent that it becomes characteristic of a group of people.
Origins and Diffusion of Folk & Popular Cultures Origin of folk and popular cultures – Origin of folk music – Origin of popular music Diffusion of folk and popular cultures – The Amish: Relocation diffusion of folk culture – Sports: Hierarchical diffusion of popular culture
Himalayan Folk Cultural Regions Fig. 4-4: Cultural geographers have identified four distinct culture regions based on predominant religions in the Himalaya Mountains.
Hip Hop music South Bronx, considered the birthplace of hip hop. Hip Hop is an American musical genre in which rhythmic and rhyming speech is chanted to musical accompaniment.Americanmusical genre chanted
French Road Signs, Québec
Origin, Diffusion, & Dialects of English Origin and diffusion of English – English colonies – Origin of English in England Dialects of English – Dialects in England – Differences between British & American English – Dialects in the United States
English Speaking Countries Fig. 5-1: English is an official language in 50 countries, including some in which it is not the most widely spoken language. It is also used and understood in many others.
Romance Branch of Indo-European Fig. 5-8: The Romance branch includes three of the worlds 12 most widely spoken languages (Spanish, French, and Portuguese), as well as a number of smaller languages and dialects.
Hog Production & Food Cultures Fig. 4-6: Annual hog production is influenced by religious taboos against pork consumption in Islam and other religions. The highest production is in China, which is largely Buddhist.
Wide Dispersion of Popular Culture Diffusion of popular housing, clothing, & food – Popular housing styles – Rapid diffusion of clothing styles – Popular food customs Television and diffusion of popular culture – Diffusion of television – Diffusion of the internet – Government control of television
Alcohol Preferences in the U.S. Fig. 4-12: Per capita consumption of Canadian whiskey (left) and tequila (right) show different source areas and histories of diffusion.
Wine Production per year Fig. 4-13: The distribution of wine production shows the joint impact of the physical environment and social customs.
1. What factors lead a country to be developed? 2. What factors would contribute to a country being underdeveloped (developing)?
Worlds most developed countries
Developed Underdeveloped Infant mortality rate? Life expectancy? Birth rate? GDP per capita? Literacy rate? Infant mortality rate? Life expectancy? Birth rate GDP per capita? Literacy rate?
Diffusion of TV Fig. 4-14: Television has diffused widely since the 1950s, but some areas still have low numbers of TVs per population.
TV Distribution, 1954
TV Distribution, 1970
TV Distribution, 2003
Distribution of Internet Users, Fig. 4-15: Internet users per 1000 population. Diffusion of internet service is following the pattern of TV diffusion in the 20th century, but at a much faster rate. Liz Lewis: Liz Lewis:
Internet Users, 1995 per 1000 population
Internet Users, 2004 per 1000 population
Internet shop, India
Internet Use by Food Seller in China
Geisha Kyoto, Japan
Impacts of the Globalization of Popular Culture Threats to folk culture – Loss of traditional values – Foreign media dominance Environmental impacts of popular culture – Modifying nature – Uniform landscapes – Negative environmental impact