Presentation on theme: "The Elements of Culture"— Presentation transcript:
1The Elements of Culture Culture is the total of knowledge , attitudes, and behaviors shared by and passed on by the members of a specific group. Culture involves the following factors:Food shelterReligionRelationships to family and othersLanguageEducationSecurity/protectionPolitical and social organizationCreative expression
3What is Innovation?Taking existing technology and resources & creating something new to meet a need.
4What is diffusion?The spread of ideas, inventions, or patterns of behavior.
5When does acculturation happens? When a society accepts or adopts an innovation.
6CustomThe frequent repetition of an act, to the extent that it becomes characteristic of a group of people.
7Origins and Diffusion of Folk & Popular Cultures Origin of folk and popular culturesOrigin of folk musicOrigin of popular musicDiffusion of folk and popular culturesThe Amish: Relocation diffusion of folk cultureSports: Hierarchical diffusion of popular culture
8Himalayan Folk Cultural Regions Fig. 4-4: Cultural geographers have identified four distinct culture regions based on predominant religions in the Himalaya Mountains.
9Hip Hop musicSouth Bronx, considered the birthplace of hip hop. Hip Hop is an American musical genre in which rhythmic and rhyming speech is chanted to musical accompaniment.
11Origin, Diffusion, & Dialects of English Origin and diffusion of EnglishEnglish coloniesOrigin of English in EnglandDialects of EnglishDialects in EnglandDifferences between British & American EnglishDialects in the United States
12English Speaking Countries Fig. 5-1: English is an official language in 50 countries, including some in which it is not the most widely spoken language. It is also used and understood in many others.
13Romance Branch of Indo-European Fig. 5-8: The Romance branch includes three of the world’s 12 most widely spoken languages (Spanish, French, and Portuguese), as well as a number of smaller languages and dialects.
14Hog Production & Food Cultures Fig. 4-6: Annual hog production is influenced by religious taboos against pork consumption in Islam and other religions. The highest production is in China, which is largely Buddhist.
15Wide Dispersion of Popular Culture Diffusion of popular housing, clothing, & foodPopular housing stylesRapid diffusion of clothing stylesPopular food customsTelevision and diffusion of popular cultureDiffusion of televisionDiffusion of the internetGovernment control of television
16Alcohol Preferences in the U.S. Fig. 4-12: Per capita consumption of Canadian whiskey (left) and tequila (right) show different source areas and histories of diffusion.
17Wine Production per year Fig. 4-13: The distribution of wine production shows the joint impact of the physical environment and social customs.
181. What factors lead a country to be developed. 2 1. What factors lead a country to be developed? 2. What factors would contribute to a country being underdeveloped (developing)?
26Distribution of Internet Users, 1995 - 2003 Liz Lewis:Distribution of Internet Users,Fig. 4-15: Internet users per 1000 population. Diffusion of internet service is following the pattern of TV diffusion in the 20th century, but at a much faster rate.
32Impacts of the Globalization of Popular Culture Threats to folk cultureLoss of traditional valuesForeign media dominanceEnvironmental impacts of popular cultureModifying natureUniform landscapesNegative environmental impact