Presentation on theme: "Basic Sentence Patterns with Intransitive Verbs"— Presentation transcript:
1Basic Sentence Patterns with Intransitive Verbs Lesson 3Basic Sentence Patterns with Intransitive Verbs
2The Sentence Subject and verb relationship Basic unit of meaning (written and oral)
3Sentence Patterns Five basic patterns Verb determines pattern IntransitiveTransitive
4The Five Basic Sentence Patterns S IvS Iv SCS Tv DOS Tv IO DOS Tv DO OC
5The Five Basic Sentence Patterns Doug stumbled.Doug is a goofball.Doug kicked pinecones.Doug gave Mary a kiss.Doug called Mary beautiful.
6Sentence Patterns Verb is key to recognizing patterns Intransitive VerbTransitive Verb
7Lesson 3Basic Patterns with Intransitive VerbsS IvS Iv SC
8Sentence Pattern 1 S Iv. Doug stumbled. Action of the verb stops with the verb.No action transfers across the verb to an object because there is no object.
9Sentence Pattern 2 2. S Iv SC. Doug is a goofball. No action transfers across the verb to an object because there is no object.Instead, there is a connection. The complement either renames or modifies the subject.The verb links the subject to its complement.
10Lesson 3 Again, the Two Basic Patterns with Intransitive Verbs Doug stumbled.Doug is a goofball.
11More About Sentence Pattern 2 2. S Iv SC. Doug is a goofball.The intransitive verb in this pattern is usually a form of the verb “to be”: is, are, was, were, etc. They express states of being.In this pattern the “to be” verbs are called linking verbs.To be verbs can also function as auxiliary (helping) verbs in verb phrases (to be studied in a later lesson).
12Even More About Sentence Pattern 2 2. S Iv SC. Doug became a goofball.Intransitive verb in this pattern can also be the following:Feel, seem, appearBecome, turn, grow, getLook, smell, taste, feel, sound