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2014. 02. 27 WMO EC-PORS Fifth session Sang-Jong PARK Korea Polar Research Institute Sang-Jong PARK Korea Polar Research Institute.

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Presentation on theme: "2014. 02. 27 WMO EC-PORS Fifth session Sang-Jong PARK Korea Polar Research Institute Sang-Jong PARK Korea Polar Research Institute."— Presentation transcript:

1 WMO EC-PORS Fifth session Sang-Jong PARK Korea Polar Research Institute Sang-Jong PARK Korea Polar Research Institute

2 Arctic Policy KOPRI Activities Ny-Alesund, Svalbard

3 Korean Governmental Arctic Policy 1.

4 Korean governmental 5-year ( ) plan with goals: 1. boosting Koreas international cooperation with the region 2. strengthening Korean scientific research in the Arctic 3. creating business models in the Arctic 4. securing legal ground for the governments Arctic policies Total 31 projects are undergoing for the goals: International partnership (8) Scientific research (11) Business model (10) Legislation (2)

5 Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries (KIOST, KMI, KOPRI) KIOST: Korean Institute of Ocean Science and Technology KMI: Korea Maritime Institute KOPRI: Korea Polar Research Institute M. of Trade, Industry and Energy M. Of Land, Infrastructure and Transport M. Of Foreign Affairs M. Of Science, ICT and Future Planning M. Of Environment (KMA: Korea Meteorological Administration)

6 Arctic is closer than we thought before for our safety and prosperity - Park Arctic route opening Extreme climate linked with Arctic Oscillation Permanent observer in Arctic Council (2013.5)

7 Arctic Council Arctic-related organizations Arctic natives Intl partnership Business model Maritime transport Shipbuilding Fishery Scientific Activities Expand research Expand infrastructure Strengthen climate study Geographic information Legislation Enhancing polar activity

8 Participate bi-/multi-lateral cooperation with AC countries Enhance cooperation with AC observers Contribute to AC working groups (AMAP, CAFF, EPPR, PAME, SDWG, ACAP)

9 Join Arctic agendas: Business Forum, Arctic Frontier Propose cooperative research using Korean infrastructure (e.g. ARAON) to ICARP-III Involve in establishing Polar Code Encourage natives to experience Arctic research activities Support job-education for natives Join Univ. of Arctic KOPRI-NPI lab (Tromso), KOPRI site (Nord)

10 Arctic DASAN station IBRV ARAON Circum-Arctic permafrost sites

11 Arctic DASAN station Korea Arctic Research Consortium (2014) Feasibility study on 2 nd ICRV for Arctic research (2014) KOPRI-NPI cooperation center at Tromso (2014.4)

12 Arctic climate change Atmosphere-sea ice-ocean interaction over Arctic Climate change prediction MOU with foreign countries for climate change-related survey (2014) Data assimilation of Arctic oceanic/sea ice data ( ) Research on predictability of abnormal climate in Korea ( )

13 KOPRI Activities in Polar Regions 2.

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15 Antarctic King Sejong Station Antarctic Jangbogo Station Ice Breaker R/V ARAON Arctic Dasan Station

16 Antarctic King Sejong Station (WMO #89251) Since 1988 (King George Island, 62°13' S, 58 °47' W) Overwintering : 17~18 (one from KMA) Summer: about 100 visitors (Nov.-Mar.) Research areas: - Atmospheric sciences - Biology, - Geology

17 Meteorological Measurements at Sejong Station Automatic Weather Station - Wind speed / direction - Temperature, humidity - Precipitation - Atmospheric pressure - Downward solar radiation - Downward longwave radiation - Total UV, UV-B, UV-A Flux System (momentum, energy, CO 2 fluxes): - 3-D Sonic anemometer and IRGA - Net radiometer - Temperature, humidity

18 GAW Program at Sejong Station GAW Program (2010) Precision CO 2 concentration by CRDS O 3 concentration by Brewer Surface radiation (calibrated every year)

19 Arctic Dasan Station Ny-Alesund, Svalbard (78°55' N, 11°56' E) Summer-time station Atmospheric science, Biology, Geology

20 Meteorological Measurements at Dasan Station Automatic Weather Station - Wind speed / direction - Temperature, humidity - Atmospheric pressure - Net radiation - Soil temperature and moisture - Soil heat flux Flux System (momentum, energy, CO 2, CH 4 fluxes): - 3-D Sonic anemometer - Fast Gas Analyzer for H 2 O, CO 2, CH 4

21 Since Nov Gross tonnage: 7,487 ton Dimension: 111 m X 19 m X 9.9 m (L X W X D) Speed: 12 knots (3 knots breaking of 1m-thick ice) Accommodation: 85 persons (25 crew & 60 researchers) Endurance: 20,000 Nautical miles (70 days) JANGBOGO SEJONG DASAN NOME Ice Breaking R/V (ARAON) Arctic: July-September Antarctic: October-April

22 Meteorological Measurements at ARAON Automatic Weather Station - Wind speed / direction - Temperature, humidity - Atmospheric pressure - Downward SW, LW radiation - Precipitation Flux System (momentum, energy, CO 2, CH 4 fluxes): - 3-D Sonic anemometer - Fast Gas Analyzer for H 2 O, CO 2, CH 4 Aerosol - Aerosol backscatter profile (LIDAR) - Black carbon, aerosol number density

23 Main Research Themes Environmental change monitoring in Arctic and Antarctic Seas (KOPRI) Gas hydrate in Beaufort Sea (with Canada) Marzional Ice Zone study (with USA) Geographical survey Sediment coring for paleoclimate Oceanographic survey

24 Antarctic Jangbogo Station Since (Terra Nova Bay, 74°37.4' S, 164 °13.7' E) Overwintering : 15 (one from KMA) Summer: Maximum 60

25 Meteorological Measurements at Jangbogo Station AWS (10m tower) - Wind, T/RH, Pressure, Precipitation etc. Upper-air sounding - once a day ( ~) using an Autosonde Radiation: PSP, PIR, Total UV, UV-B, UV-A Ozone (column and surface) Cloud (Ceilometer) Visibility Flux system (momentum, energy, H 2 O, CO 2, CH 4 ) Aerosol (Black carbon, CPC) GAW/Global

26 Circum-Arctic Permafrost Research Ny-Alesund, Norway (2002~) Council, Alaska (2011~) Cambridge Bay, Canada (2012~) Zakenberg, Greenland (2012~) Nord, Greenland (2014~??) Siberia, Russia (2016~??) To monitor environmental change at permafrost regions To develop permafrost monitoring technology To predict permafrost change in changing climate

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28 Thank you


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