Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

1 Project Management for Construction of N P P 2013 The Japan Atomic Power Company Projects Development Department The following materials may contain.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "1 Project Management for Construction of N P P 2013 The Japan Atomic Power Company Projects Development Department The following materials may contain."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Project Management for Construction of N P P 2013 The Japan Atomic Power Company Projects Development Department The following materials may contain JAPCs proprietary proprietary and confidential information; and all of or any part of these materials or information contained herein may NOT be used for any purposes other than originally intended or may NOT be reproduced, disclosed, transferred, distributed or in any manner transmitted in any tangible, electronic or any other form to any third party without prior written consent thereto by JAPC. Lec. 3 (Seminar on Sharing Experience on Nuclear Power for Development in Vietnam)

2 2 Contents-1 Title About JAPC (1) Construction & Operation of the First of a Kind Reactors (2) Outline of Tsuruga Units 3&4 Current Status, APWR Main Specification / Design Features) Outline of Construction Procedures of Nuclear Power Plants (NPPs) Law and Regulation for Construction of NPPs (1) Two Important Laws as the regulation of NPPs in Japan (2) Main Guidelines for Safety Examination for LWRs (3) Endorsement of Academic Society and Association Codes, etc by Government 2. Procedural Steps for NPP Construction Stage of Planning (1) Site Selection (Important site conditions) (2) Procedures for Site Selection (3) Requirement for NPP Siting (Nuclear Reactor Site Evaluation Guidelines) (4) Site Selection (Accompanying events of earthquake) (5) Safety Examination (6) Requirement for NPP Siting (A large volume of condenser cooling water) (7) Requirement for NPP Siting (Solid bedrock for Earthquake-resistance) (8) Site Selection (Service Water, transportation, large temporary area) (9) Environmental Survey (Determine the Site, Topographic, Geological, Meteorological, Oceanographic and Marine Life Survey) May contain JAPCs proprietary information. Subject to JAPCs prior written consent before using for any other purposes than originally intended or before disclosing to any third party.

3 3 (10) Environmental Impact Assessment (11) 1st Public Hearing (12) Direct Dialogues with Residents (Home visits, Meeting, Newspapers, TV) 4. Preparation for Construction (1) Procedure of Reactor Installation License from NSC Viewpoint Approval Criteria for Reactor Installation License (2) Approval Criteria for Reactor Installation License (3) Application Document for Reactor Installation License (Application Text, Appendix documents) Law and Regulation for Construction of Nuclear Power Plants (4) Law and Regulation for Construction of Nuclear Power Plants (5) Safety Examination (Site Evaluation Guidelines) (6) Safety Design Guidelines (7) Dose-objective Guidelines (8) 2 nd Public Hearing Approval of Construction Plan) (9) Construction permit (Examination of Detailed Design, Approval of Construction Plan) 5. Stage of Construction Major Activities in the construction of NPP (1) Major Activities in the construction of NPP Flow of Construction Works (Example of PWR Plant) (2) Flow of Construction Works (Example of PWR Plant) (3) Introduction of Many Tests and Inspections Pre-service Inspection (Overview, Test items, Criteria, Schedule) (4) Pre-service Inspection (Overview, Test items, Criteria, Schedule) (5) Operational Safety Program Design and Construction Schedule of NPP in JAPAN 6. Design and Construction Schedule of NPP in JAPAN Contents-2 May contain JAPCs proprietary information. Subject to JAPCs prior written consent before using for any other purposes than originally intended or before disclosing to any third party.

4 4 Construction & Operation of the First of a Kind Reactors About JAPC (GW) (Year) Image May contain JAPCs proprietary information. Subject to JAPCs prior written consent before using for any other purposes than originally intended or before disclosing to any third party.

5 5 Outline of Tsuruga Units 3&4 Type : APWR (Twin Type) Type : APWR (Twin Type) Location : Tsuruga City, Fukui Prefecture Location : Tsuruga City, Fukui Prefecture Electrical Output : 1,538MWe x 2 Electrical Output : 1,538MWe x 2 Operation Start (Target) : Unit 3; Mar.2016, Unit 4; Mar.2017 Operation Start (Target) : Unit 3; Mar.2016, Unit 4; Mar.2017 May contain JAPCs proprietary information. Subject to JAPCs prior written consent before using for any other purposes than originally intended or before disclosing to any third party. About JAPC

6 6 Current Status of Site Preparation Work Tsuruga-3&4(image) Mountain-side Sea-side May contain JAPCs proprietary information. Subject to JAPCs prior written consent before using for any other purposes than originally intended or before disclosing to any third party.

7 7 APWR Main Specifications 2 (PCCV: Pre-stressed Concrete Containment Vessel) May contain JAPCs proprietary information. Subject to JAPCs prior written consent before using for any other purposes than originally intended or before disclosing to any third party. About JAPC

8 8 APWR Design Features 3 May contain JAPCs proprietary information. Subject to JAPCs prior written consent before using for any other purposes than originally intended or before disclosing to any third party. Quotation of the above pictures in this document has been allowed by MHI About JAPC

9 9 Outline of Construction Procedures of Nuclear Power Plants

10 10 Law Atomic Energy Basic Law The Law on the Regulation of Nuclear Source Material, Nuclear Fuel Material and Reactors Electricity Utilities Industry Law Law for Environmental Impact Assessment Industrial Safety and Health Law, etc. May contain JAPCs proprietary information. Subject to JAPCs prior written consent before using for any other purposes than originally intended or before disclosing to any third party. Law and Regulation for Construction of Nuclear Power Plants Law and Regulation

11 11 Electricity Utilities Industry Law The Law on the Regulation of Nuclear Source Material, Nuclear Fuel Material and Reactors -Ensure of peaceful uses of nuclear fuel material and reactors -Secure public safety by preventing accidents -Accordance with the sprits of the Atomic Energy Basic Law -Protect the benefits of consumers of electricity -Contrive sound development of the electric utility -Secure public safety / contribute to environmental preservation by regulating its work of installing, constructing, maintaining and operating its electrical facilities. May contain JAPCs proprietary information. Subject to JAPCs prior written consent before using for any other purposes than originally intended or before disclosing to any third party. Law and Regulation for Construction of Nuclear Power Plants Law and Regulation

12 12 May contain JAPCs proprietary information. Subject to JAPCs prior written consent before using for any other purposes than originally intended or before disclosing to any third party. Main Guidelines for Safety Examination for LWRs Site Evaluation Guidelines Safety Evaluation Guidelines Safety Design Guidelines Dose-objectives Guidelines Priority Classification Guidelines ECCS Performance Evaluation Guidelines Meteorological Guidelines for Safety Analysis Reactivity Initiated Event Evaluation Guidelines PWR Core Thermal Design Evaluation Guidelines Dose Target Evaluation Guidelines Radioactive Material Emission Measurement Guidelines Fire Protection Guidelines Seismic Design Guidelines Radiation Measurement Guidelines Law and Regulation for Construction of Nuclear Power Plants Law and Regulation

13 13 Law and Regulation for Construction of Nuclear Power Plants -Technical Guideline and Rules of the Japan Electric Association (JEA) -Technical codes of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineering (JSME) -Technical Standards of the Atomic Energy Society of Japan (AESJ), etc. Law and Regulation Technical Standards of METI for nuclear facility, electric equipment, fossil fuel facility, etc. Academic Society and Association Codes, etc. Endorse May contain JAPCs proprietary information. Subject to JAPCs prior written consent before using for any other purposes than originally intended or before disclosing to any third party.

14 14 Procedural Steps for NPP Construction Planning Preparation for Construction Construction Operation UtilitiesGovernment Site Selection Environmental Examination Opinions of inhabitants 1st Public Hearing Advisory Committee for Resource & Energy Decision on basic program of power development Local Governors Consent Application for Reactor Installation License Safety Examination2nd Public Hearing Opinions of inhabitants Reactor Installation License Application for Construction Plan Construction Permit (approval of Construction Plan) Start of Construction Welding Inspection Pre-service Inspection Fuel Inspection Start of Operation Periodical Inspection Safety Inspection Periodical Safety Review Environmental Survey Environmental Assessment May contain JAPCs proprietary information. Subject to JAPCs prior written consent before using for any other purposes than originally intended or before disclosing to any third party Local Community Approval of Operational Safety Program Application for Operational Safety Program

15 15 Stage of Planning Site Selection –Selection of Project Site –Feasibility Study for Siting In order to determine the site, topographic, geological, meteorological and oceanographic surveys have to be carried out. –One of the most important conditions is acceptance of local community and local government. May contain JAPCs proprietary information. Subject to JAPCs prior written consent before using for any other purposes than originally intended or before disclosing to any third party. Stage of Planning

16 16 Site Selection Important site conditions are as follows: May contain JAPCs proprietary information. Subject to JAPCs prior written consent before using for any other purposes than originally intended or before disclosing to any third party. 1. A large site area with enough distance from the public 2. A large volume of sea water for condenser cooling 3. Solid bedrock from the view point of Earthquake-resistance 4. Easy to obtain plant services water 5. Convenience for transportation of heavy components and a large temporary area for the construction work Stage of Planning

17 17 Procedures for Site Selection Candidate Sites Basic program of power development Project Scale (Number of Units & Capacity) Topographical Feature : Scale of Environmental Modification and Civil Work Geological Feature : Bedrock Depth, Ground Stability, Earthquake History, etc. Geographical Feature: Social & Environmental Features (Separation form public, etc.) Plot Plan Study Site Determination Survey Items, Scope, Method Geological:Bedrock/ Plant Design Parameter Environmental Survey Requirements for Plant (Area, Cooling Water, Plant Fresh Water, etc.) Infrastructure (Power-line / Access Road / Harbor Facilities, etc.) Preliminary Site Survey (Geological Feature: Solid Bedrock/ quantity of Plant Fresh Water etc. ) Assessment (Total Cost, Safety) Land, Marine, Atmospheric & Social environment May contain JAPCs proprietary information. Subject to JAPCs prior written consent before using for any other purposes than originally intended or before disclosing to any third party. Stage of Planning

18 18 Nuclear Reactor Site Evaluation Guideline (by Nuclear Safety Commission) From the view point of public safety in case of accident, the following siting conditions are required in principle. –There have not been any events which induce large accident, and no such event is expected to occur in the future.There have also been very few events which expand disaster. –Nuclear reactors shall be located at a sufficient distance from the public. –The environment of the nuclear reactor site shall be such that appropriate measures for the public protection can be implemented as required. Requirement for NPP Siting Stage of Planning May contain JAPCs proprietary information. Subject to JAPCs prior written consent before using for any other purposes than originally intended or before disclosing to any third party.

19 19 Consideration of the accompanying events of earthquake - inclined planes around Facilities (stability on slide) - tsunami (run-up/down) Reactor Building Regulatory guide for Reviewing Seismic Design of Nuclear Power Reactor Facilities (Sep.19,2006 NSC) May contain JAPCs proprietary information. Subject to JAPCs prior written consent before using for any other purposes than originally intended or before disclosing to any third party. Site Selection Accompanying events of earthquake Stage of Planning

20 20 Stage of Planning Purpose To confirm Adequacy of isolation between Reactor and Public in Accident Criteria –Major Accident accidents which may occur in the worst case from technical point of view –Hypothetical Accident accidents exceeding major accidents which may not occur from technical point of view Safety Examination Site Evaluation Guidelines Safety Examination Site Evaluation Guidelines Power Station The area where radiation hazard may occur if people stayed in the area continuously in case of a major accident. Non-residential Area Low Population Zone (Power Station Site) The area where appropriate measures can be taken to project the public from radiation in case of a hypothetical accident. Residential Area High Population Area The non-residential area and low population zone are included in the site of the power station. (There are no residents in these areas in Japan.) Collective doses; 20,000man-Sv or less Adults thyroid exposure doses; 3Sv or lessAccidents Whole body exposure doses; 0.25Sv or lessHypothetical Infants thyroid exposure doses; 1.5Sv or lessaccidents Whole body exposure doses; 0.25Sv or lessMajor May contain JAPCs proprietary information. Subject to JAPCs prior written consent before using for any other purposes than originally intended or before disclosing to any third party. Preparation for Construction

21 21 Requirement for NPP Siting Requirement for NPP Siting A large volume of condenser cooling water Required Cooling Water Flow : ton/sec (1,100MW class) Cooling Water Candidates: Seawater, Large River Water, Lake Water, etc. Because there are not large rivers in Japan, all the NPP sites are located beside the sea and use seawater for condenser cooling. May contain JAPCs proprietary information. Subject to JAPCs prior written consent before using for any other purposes than originally intended or before disclosing to any third party. Stage of Planning

22 22 Solid bedrock for Earthquake-resistance In Japan, the important buildings, structures and equipment has been erected directly on a solid bedrock or been supported by an artificial bedrock placed on a solid bedrock to suppress the amplification of vibration in case of earthquakes. It is desirable to select a site at which such solid bedrock is found at a relatively shallow level from the ground surface. May contain JAPCs proprietary information. Subject to JAPCs prior written consent before using for any other purposes than originally intended or before disclosing to any third party. Requirement for NPP Siting Requirement for NPP Siting Stage of Planning

23 23 Easy to obtain plant services water Fresh water for plant services Reactor make-up water, House-boiler, Washing insulators, System Flushing, etc. Quantity of make-up water about several hundred to one thousand tons per day (1,000 MW Plant) In Japan, fresh water is taken from a river near the power plant, or demineralization units supply fresh water. May contain JAPCs proprietary information. Subject to JAPCs prior written consent before using for any other purposes than originally intended or before disclosing to any third party. Stage of Planning Site Selection Site Condition Site Selection Site Condition

24 24 Unloading facilities for heavy components near the site. –Transportation of spent fuel casks (about tons) –Transportation of heavy components, such as the reactor pressure vessel, steam generators, main transformers and generators in construction work Temporary area for construction is needed to use for locating the contractor's temporary building, construction materials and machinery storage yards, etc. during construction period. –Single unit : 13-17×10 (m 2 ) –Twin unit : 18-29×10 (m 2 ) MW 1,500MW class) May contain JAPCs proprietary information. Subject to JAPCs prior written consent before using for any other purposes than originally intended or before disclosing to any third party. Convenience for transportation of heavy components and a large temporary area for the construction work Reactor Vessel of Tsuruga-2 (320ton) Site Selection Site Condition Site Selection Site Condition Stage of Planning

25 25 Planning Preparation for Construction Construction Operation UtilitiesGovernmentLocal Community Site Selection Environmental Examination Opinions of inhabitants 1st Public Hearing Advisory Committee for Resource & Energy Decision on basic program of power development Local Governors Consent Safety Examination2nd Public Hearing Opinions of inhabitants Reactor Installation License Application for Construction Plan Construction Permit (approval of Construction Plan) Welding Inspection Pre-service Inspection Fuel Inspection Start of Operation Periodical Inspection Safety Inspection Periodical Safety Review Environmental Assessment May contain JAPCs proprietary information. Subject to JAPCs prior written consent before using for any other purposes than originally intended or before disclosing to any third party Environmental Survey Procedural Steps for NPP Construction Start of Construction Application for Reactor Installation License Approval of Operational Safety Program Application for Operational Safety Program

26 26 Survey to Determine the Site In order to determine the site, several kinds of surveys have to be carried out as follows: 1. Topographic and Geological Survey 2. Meteorological Survey 3. Oceanographic Survey and Marine Life Survey May contain JAPCs proprietary information. Subject to JAPCs prior written consent before using for any other purposes than originally intended or before disclosing to any third party. Stage of Planning

27 27 Topographic and Geological Survey the topography of the plant site and its surrounding area are investigated : (shape, depth and strength of bedrock, etc.) –to locate important structures including the reactor building (seismic history, geological structure, measured seismic waves) –to determine the seismic design inputs (ex. maximum acceleration of the foundation ground) May contain JAPCs proprietary information. Subject to JAPCs prior written consent before using for any other purposes than originally intended or before disclosing to any third party. Stage of Planning

28 28 Topographic and Geological Survey - Geological Survey Example - May contain JAPCs proprietary information. Subject to JAPCs prior written consent before using for any other purposes than originally intended or before disclosing to any third party. Stage of Planning

29 29 Meteorological Survey Wind velocity, temperature, moisture, rain precipitation, salinity, etc. are investigated : –To be reflected in the building and equipment design conditions Wind direction and velocity distributions, vertical distribution of temperature, etc. are investigated : –To evaluate the effects of released gaseous radioactive wastes under normal and accidental conditions on the public –To evaluate the adequacy of the stack height May contain JAPCs proprietary information. Subject to JAPCs prior written consent before using for any other purposes than originally intended or before disclosing to any third party. Stage of Planning

30 30 Meteorological Survey Example May contain JAPCs proprietary information. Subject to JAPCs prior written consent before using for any other purposes than originally intended or before disclosing to any third party. Stage of Planning

31 31 Oceanographic Survey and Marine Life Survey Wave height, wave direction, tidal level, depth of water, drift sand, tidal current, and marine life are investigated : – to design of the intake and discharge facilities of the condenser cooling sea water – to assess the impacts of the diffusion of thermal discharge on marine life May contain JAPCs proprietary information. Subject to JAPCs prior written consent before using for any other purposes than originally intended or before disclosing to any third party. Stage of Planning

32 32 Oceanographic Survey and Marine Life Survey [Example] May contain JAPCs proprietary information. Subject to JAPCs prior written consent before using for any other purposes than originally intended or before disclosing to any third party. Stage of Planning

33 Deep layer discharge Surface layer discharge 1 up 2 up 3 up Reduction of Diffusion Area of Thermal Effluent May contain JAPCs proprietary information. Subject to JAPCs prior written consent before using for any other purposes than originally intended or before disclosing to any third party

34 An Image of Nuclear Power Station after EIA Review Native tree planting Minimize reclamation area An Image of Nuclear Power Station at Basic Plan Stage

35 35 Environmental Impact Assessment -The utility surveys the natural and social environment of the selected site and makes environmental impact forecasts and assessments both during the period of construction and operation as required in EIAL and EUIL. - In accordance with EIAL and EUIL, an environmental impact report is submitted from the utility to METI and the local government. The report is also reviewed by local residents, and their comments are invited. METI examine the report considering the comments from the local governor and local residents. May contain JAPCs proprietary information. Subject to JAPCs prior written consent before using for any other purposes than originally intended or before disclosing to any third party. Stage of Planning

36 36 Planning Preparation for Construction Construction Operation UtilitiesGovernmentLocal Community Site Selection Environmental Examination Opinions of inhabitants 1st Public Hearing Advisory Committee for Resource & Energy Decision on basic program of power development Local Governors Consent Safety Examination2nd Public Hearing Opinions of inhabitants Reactor Installation License Application for Construction Plan Construction Permit (approval of Construction Plan) Welding Inspection Pre-service Inspection Fuel Inspection Start of Operation Periodical Inspection Safety Inspection Periodical Safety Review Environmental Survey Environmental Assessment May contain JAPCs proprietary information. Subject to JAPCs prior written consent before using for any other purposes than originally intended or before disclosing to any third party Procedural Steps for NPP Construction Start of Construction Application for Reactor Installation License Approval of Operational Safety Program Application for Operational Safety Program

37 37 1st Public Hearing During the environmental examination, METI holds the 1st Public hearing to gain a deeper understanding of local communities concerning : - Necessity and outline of the construction plan - Environmental impacts of the NPP installation - Basic policy of safety measures & environmental protection May contain JAPCs proprietary information. Subject to JAPCs prior written consent before using for any other purposes than originally intended or before disclosing to any third party. Stage of Planning

38 38 Direct Dialogues with Residents (Home visits ) Visiting all 26,000 households in Tsuruga Stage of Planning May contain JAPCs proprietary information. Subject to JAPCs prior written consent before using for any other purposes than originally intended or before disclosing to any third party.

39 39 At takahama At echizen Meetings with the Residents 5000 participants Stage of Planning May contain JAPCs proprietary information. Subject to JAPCs prior written consent before using for any other purposes than originally intended or before disclosing to any third party.

40 40 Newspaper Advertisements TV Commercials Stage of Planning

41 41 Planning Preparation for Construction Construction Operation UtilitiesGovernmentLocal Community Site Selection Environmental Examination Opinions of inhabitants 1st Public Hearing Advisory Committee for Resource & Energy Decision on basic program of power development Local Governors Consent Safety Examination2nd Public Hearing Opinions of inhabitants Reactor Installation License Application for Construction Plan Construction Permit (approval of Construction Plan) Welding Inspection Pre-service Inspection Fuel Inspection Start of Operation Periodical Inspection Safety Inspection Periodical Safety Review Environmental Survey Environmental Assessment May contain JAPCs proprietary information. Subject to JAPCs prior written consent before using for any other purposes than originally intended or before disclosing to any third party Procedural Steps for NPP Construction Start of Construction Application for Reactor Installation License Approval of Operational Safety Program Application for Operational Safety Program

42 42 Planning Preparation for Construction Construction Operation UtilitiesGovernmentLocal Community Site Selection Environmental Examination Opinions of inhabitants 1st Public Hearing Advisory Committee for Resource & Energy Decision on basic program of power development Local Governors Consent Safety Examination2nd Public Hearing Opinions of inhabitants Reactor Installation License Application for Construction Plan Construction Permit (approval of Construction Plan) Welding Inspection Pre-service Inspection Fuel Inspection Start of Operation Periodical Inspection Safety Inspection Periodical Safety Review Environmental Survey Environmental Assessment May contain JAPCs proprietary information. Subject to JAPCs prior written consent before using for any other purposes than originally intended or before disclosing to any third party Procedural Steps for NPP Construction Start of Construction Application for Reactor Installation License Approval of Operational Safety Program Application for Operational Safety Program

43 43 Procedure of Reactor Installation License from NSC Viewpoint (Source:NSC Annual Report) May contain JAPCs proprietary information. Subject to JAPCs prior written consent before using for any other purposes than originally intended or before disclosing to any third party. Preparation for Construction

44 44 Approval Criteria for Reactor Installation License 1. The Reactors will not be used for non-peaceful purpose. 2. The permission will cause no hindrance to the planned development and utilization of atomic energy. 3. The applicant has technological ability and financial position sound enough to establish reactor, and has such technical ability to operate them competently. 4. The location, structure and equipment of reactor facilities are such that they will cause no hindrance to the prevention from the hazard by reactor fuel material and by reactors. 1st Examination2nd Examination (Double check) METI Atomic Energy Commission Nuclear Safety Commission Approval Criteria May contain JAPCs proprietary information. Subject to JAPCs prior written consent before using for any other purposes than originally intended or before disclosing to any third party. Preparation for Construction

45 45 Application Document for Reactor Installation License (1) Application Text (1) name & address of applicant (2) purpose (3) type, thermal output and number (4) name & address of facility (5) Location, structure and equipment (6) Construction Plan (7) Fuel material and estimated annual consumption Method of disposing of spent fuel A. location of reactor facilities B. structure of reactor facilities a. seismic structure b. other main structure C. structure and equipment of reactor a. reactor core b. fuel c. coolant & reflector d.reactor vessel e. radiation shield f. others D. fuel handling & storage facilities E. reactor cooling system a. primary cooling system b. secondary cooling system c. emergency cooling system d. others F. instrumentation and control system F. radioactive waste treatment facilities G. radiation control system H. other facilities May contain JAPCs proprietary information. Subject to JAPCs prior written consent before using for any other purposes than originally intended or before disclosing to any third party. Preparation for Construction

46 46 Application Document for Reactor Installation License (1) Appendix documents chapter 1 : purpose of reactor establishment chapter 2 : reactor thermal output calculation chapter 3 : economic plan for construction chapter 4 : nuclear fuel acquisition plan chapter 5 : technical ability of applicant to establish and operate reactor chapter 6 : siting condition chapter 7 : topographical map around reactor chapter 8 : safety design of reactor facilities chapter 9 : radiation protection and waste treatment chapter 10 : safety analysis (1) site outline (2) meteorological condition (3) geological condition (4) sea & water condition (5) earthquake (6) social environment (1) safety design philosophy (2) facility layout (3) reactor & core (4) reactor cooling system (5) reactor containment system (6) turbine system (7) instrumentation & control system (8) electricity facility (9) fuel handling & storage system (10) radioactive waste treatment system (11) radiation control system (12) plant support facilities (13) emergency control center (14) operation & maintenance (15) quality assurance (1) radiation protection policy (2) radiation control (3) peripheral radiation monitored area & environmental radiation monitoring (4) radioactive waste treatment (5) dose evaluation of public around site (1) safety assessment policy (2) anticipated transient analysis (3) accident analysis (4) major accident & hypothetical accident analysis May contain JAPCs proprietary information. Subject to JAPCs prior written consent before using for any other purposes than originally intended or before disclosing to any third party. Preparation for Construction

47 47 May contain JAPCs proprietary information. Subject to JAPCs prior written consent before using for any other purposes than originally intended or before disclosing to any third party. Main Guidelines for Safety Examination for LWRs Site Evaluation Guidelines Safety Evaluation Guidelines Safety Design Guidelines Dose-objectives Guidelines Priority Classification Guidelines ECCS Performance Evaluation Guidelines Meteorological Guidelines for Safety Analysis Reactivity Initiated Event Evaluation Guidelines PWR Core Thermal Design Evaluation Guidelines Dose Target Evaluation Guidelines Radioactive Material Emission Measurement Guidelines Fire Protection Guidelines Seismic Design Guidelines Radiation Measurement Guidelines Law and Regulation for Construction of Nuclear Power Plants Law and Regulation

48 48 Purpose To confirm Adequacy of isolation between Reactor and Public in Accident Criteria Major Accident accidents which may occur in the worst case from technical point of view Hypothetical Accident accidents exceeding major accidents which may not occur from technical point of view Safety Examination Site Evaluation Guidelines Safety Examination Site Evaluation Guidelines Power Station The area where radiation hazard may occur if people stayed in the area continuously in case of a major accident. Non-residential Area Low Population Zone (Power Station Site) The area where appropriate measures can be taken to project the public from radiation in case of a hypothetical accident. Residential Area High Population Area The non-residential area and low population zone are included in the site of the power station. (There are no residents in these areas in Japan.) Collective doses; 20,000man-Sv or less Adults thyroid exposure doses; 3Sv or lessAccidents Whole body exposure doses; 0.25Sv or lessHypothetical Infants thyroid exposure doses; 1.5Sv or lessaccidents Whole body exposure doses; 0.25Sv or lessMajor May contain JAPCs proprietary information. Subject to JAPCs prior written consent before using for any other purposes than originally intended or before disclosing to any third party. Preparation for Construction

49 49 Safety Design Guidelines (1) Safety Design Examination Guideline for Power-generating LWR Facilities No. Requirement 1 Compliance to Codes & Standards 2 Consideration of Natural Phenomena (Earthquake, Flooding, Tsunami, Wind,Snow, etc.) 3 Consideration of External Events (Physical Protection, Airplane, etc. ) 4 Internally Generated Missile (Pipe Break, Rotating Equipment, Explosion, Fall, etc.) 5 Fire Protection (Prevention, Detection, Extinguish, Mitigation of damage) 6 Environmental Conditions for Equipment 7 Sharing Facilities (Maintain safety when facilities are shared by two or more reactors) 8 Man-machine Interface (Proper measures to prevent operators errors) 9 Reliability of Safety Facilities (Redundancy or diversity and Independency, Emergency Power Supply) 10 Testability May contain JAPCs proprietary information. Subject to JAPCs prior written consent before using for any other purposes than originally intended or before disclosing to any third party. Preparation for Construction

50 50 Safety Design Guidelines (2) Safety Design Examination Guideline for Power-generating LWR Facilities No. Requirement Reactor & Reactor Shutdown System (Fuel Integrity, One Rod Stack Margin, Diversity of Shutdown System, etc.) Reactor Coolant System (Integrity of RCPB, RCPB Leak Detection, Reactor Make-up, Residual Heat Removal, Emergency Core Cooling, Heat sink, Station Black Out, etc.) Reactor Containment System (Integrity of Containment Boundary, Isolation Valves, Containment Heat Removal, In-containment Atmosphere Control, etc.) Safety Protection System (Redundancy and Independency, Fail-safe, Separation from Normal Control System, etc.) Control room & Technical Support Center (Plant Monitoring & Control Function, Remote Shutdown from other place, Comfortableness of control room, Technical Support Center, Communication Equipment, etc.) (RCPB : Reactor Coolant Pressure Boundary) May contain JAPCs proprietary information. Subject to JAPCs prior written consent before using for any other purposes than originally intended or before disclosing to any third party. Preparation for Construction

51 51 Safety Design Guidelines (3) Safety Design Examination Guideline for Power-generating LWR Facilities No. Requirement Control System & Electric System Fuel Storage System & Fuel Handling System Radioactive Waste Treatment System Radiation Protection & Control May contain JAPCs proprietary information. Subject to JAPCs prior written consent before using for any other purposes than originally intended or before disclosing to any third party. Preparation for Construction

52 52 Dose-objective Guidelines Guideline for Dose-objective in the Vicinity of LWR Facilities for Power Generation Basic PhilosophyDose Limit for Public : 1mSv/y ( prescribed in the Law) As low as reasonably achievable Dose Objective : 0.05mSv/y Assessment Condition - Public near the P/S (considering future community formation) - Radiation Source : Gaseous radioactive waste (noble-gas, iodine) Liquid radioactive waste - External Dose / Internal Dose (Food Chain) (About 1/50 of annual exposure from natural radiation sources) Target for dose reduction effort of Utilities Preparation for Construction 0.05mSv/y Natural Radiation 2.4mSv/y May contain JAPCs proprietary information. Subject to JAPCs prior written consent before using for any other purposes than originally intended or before disclosing to any third party.

53 53 2 nd Public Hearing In the period of the safety examination by Nuclear Safety Commission (NSC), called the second examination (the double check), NSC holds the 2 nd public hearing to consider the opinions of local communities on the safety examination of the plant. May contain JAPCs proprietary information. Subject to JAPCs prior written consent before using for any other purposes than originally intended or before disclosing to any third party. Preparation for Construction

54 54 Planning Preparation for Construction Construction Operation UtilitiesGovernmentLocal Community Site Selection Environmental Examination Opinions of inhabitants 1st Public Hearing Advisory Committee for Resource & Energy Decision on basic program of power development Local Governors Consent Safety Examination2nd Public Hearing Opinions of inhabitants Reactor Installation License Application for Construction Plan Construction Permit (approval of Construction Plan) Welding Inspection Pre-service Inspection Fuel Inspection Start of Operation Periodical Inspection Safety Inspection Periodical Safety Review Environmental Survey Environmental Assessment May contain JAPCs proprietary information. Subject to JAPCs prior written consent before using for any other purposes than originally intended or before disclosing to any third party Procedural Steps for NPP Construction Start of Construction Application for Reactor Installation License Approval of Operational Safety Program Application for Operational Safety Program

55 55 Examination of Detailed Design Examination of Detailed Design -The utility is required by EUIL to obtain an approval for detailed design and the construction plan of the plant from METI before fabrication and construction. Approval of Construction Plan (Construction Permit) - These applications are usually submitted on the separate basis in accordance with the schedule of fabrication of each component and construction at site. Generally, the first application that covers the construction of the reactor building and the installation of reactor containment is submitted to METI. May contain JAPCs proprietary information. Subject to JAPCs prior written consent before using for any other purposes than originally intended or before disclosing to any third party. Preparation for Construction

56 56 Construction Permit (Approval of Construction Plan) METI (Examinations) Application for approval of construction plan Advisory Committee on Technical Matters Approval of Construction (Construction Permit) Explanations Comments Utility Start of Construction JNES(ex-NUPEC) (Audit Analysis) Instructions Experts May contain JAPCs proprietary information. Subject to JAPCs prior written consent before using for any other purposes than originally intended or before disclosing to any third party. Preparation for Construction

57 57 Planning Preparation for Construction Construction Operation UtilitiesGovernmentLocal Community Site Selection Environmental Examination Opinions of inhabitants 1st Public Hearing Advisory Committee for Resource & Energy Decision on basic program of power development Local Governors Consent Safety Examination2nd Public Hearing Opinions of inhabitants Reactor Installation License Application for Construction Plan Construction Permit (approval of Construction Plan) Welding Inspection Pre-service Inspection Fuel Inspection Start of Operation Periodical Inspection Safety Inspection Periodical Safety Review Environmental Survey Environmental Assessment May contain JAPCs proprietary information. Subject to JAPCs prior written consent before using for any other purposes than originally intended or before disclosing to any third party Procedural Steps for NPP Construction Start of Construction Application for Reactor Installation License Approval of Operational Safety Program Application for Operational Safety Program

58 58 - excavation of building foundation - reinforced concrete works of reactor buildings base mat - primary containment Vessel works - other building works - installation of reactor vessel - installation of piping and equipment - installation of core internals - cold / hot function test - fuel loading - startup test Major Activities in the construction of NPP May contain JAPCs proprietary information. Subject to JAPCs prior written consent before using for any other purposes than originally intended or before disclosing to any third party. Stage of Construction

59 59 Phase Start of Construction Start of Commercial Operation Preparatory Work (Site Preparation) Flow of Construction Works (Example of PWR Plant) Fuel Loading May contain JAPCs proprietary information. Subject to JAPCs prior written consent before using for any other purposes than originally intended or before disclosing to any third party. Stage of Construction

60 60 Planning Preparation for Construction Construction Operation UtilitiesGovernmentLocal Community Site Selection Environmental Examination Opinions of inhabitants 1st Public Hearing Advisory Committee for Resource & Energy Decision on basic program of power development Local Governors Consent Safety Examination2nd Public Hearing Opinions of inhabitants Reactor Installation License Application for Construction Plan Construction Permit (approval of Construction Plan) Welding Inspection Pre-service Inspection Approval of Operational Safety Program Fuel Inspection Start of Operation Periodical Inspection Safety Inspection Periodical Safety Review Environmental Survey Environmental Assessment May contain JAPCs proprietary information. Subject to JAPCs prior written consent before using for any other purposes than originally intended or before disclosing to any third party Procedural Steps for NPP Construction Start of Construction Application for Operational Safety Program Application for Reactor Installation License

61 61 - EUIL requires the pre-service inspection by METI at each stage of the fabrication and construction. - METI confirms that the utility has been conducting construction works in compliance with the construction plan and technical standards, and that the plant has adequate performance as prescribed in the construction plan and other licensing documents. Pre-service Inspection May contain JAPCs proprietary information. Subject to JAPCs prior written consent before using for any other purposes than originally intended or before disclosing to any third party. Stage of Construction

62 62 Pre-Service Inspection TEST ITEM CRITERIA (1) Accordance with the construction plan (2) Not such that facilities do not conform to the technological standards Stage (a) Stage (b) Stage (c) Stage (d) Stage (e) When the situation allows to test the structure, strength, or leakage of each facilities When the installation of the lower part of the steam turbine cabin or main unit of the auxiliary boiler is completed When the situation allows to load fuels When the Reactor reaches criticality When all the works stated in the construction plan is completed May contain JAPCs proprietary information. Subject to JAPCs prior written consent before using for any other purposes than originally intended or before disclosing to any third party. Stage of Construction

63 63 Factory Inspection Installation Inspection Equipment unit examination System Function test Heat up test On power test Stage (a),(b)Stage (a)Stage (c) Stage (d),(e) Stage(e) Quality Management Welding Inspection Fuel Inspection Pre-service inspection Stage of Construction Major Regulatory Inspections in NPP Construction Pre-Service Inspection HFTCFT Fuel Loading FactorySite Major Activities of Utility & Manufacturer

64 64 (c) Pressurizer Safety Valve Function Test (FT) RCS Pressure/Level Control System FT Chemical Volume Control System FT Safety Injection System FT Residual Heat Removal System FT Component Cooling Water System FT Main Steam Safety Valve FT Main Steam Relief Valve FT Safety Protection System FT Core Instrumentation System FT Reactor Make-up System FT Fuel Handling System FT SFP Purification & Cooling System FT Radiation Monitoring Facility FT HVAC System FT Radioactive Waste Treatment System FT Containment Spray System FT Containment Isolation Valve FT Reactor Containment FT Main Feedwater System FT Auxiliary Feedwater System FT Emergency Power Supply System FT Total Facility Inspection FT (d) Fuel Loading Test Control Rod Drive Mechanism Test Pressurizer Spray Test Control Rod Control Range Confirmation Test Total Interlock Test Moderator Temperature Efficiency Measurement Minimum Shutdown Margin Boron Concentration Measurement Critical Boron Concentration Measurement (e) Load Reduction Test Plant Trip Test Loss of Offsite Power Test Generator Load Loss Test Total Load Test Pre-Service Inspection May contain JAPCs proprietary information. Subject to JAPCs prior written consent before using for any other purposes than originally intended or before disclosing to any third party. Stage of Construction

65 65 Prior to the startup of the reactor, the utility, pursuant to the LRNR*, establishes the operational safety program to adequately prevent accidents that may arise from the operation of the nuclear power plant. The operational safety program must be authorized by METI. May contain JAPCs proprietary information. Subject to JAPCs prior written consent before using for any other purposes than originally intended or before disclosing to any third party. Stage of Construction * The Law on the Regulation of Nuclear Source Material, Nuclear Fuel Material and Reactors Operational Safety Program

66 66 Design and Construction Schedule of NPP in JAPAN May contain JAPCs proprietary information. Subject to JAPCs prior written consent before using for any other purposes than originally intended or before disclosing to any third party Safety Examination Environ.Assess. Environ. Scope Assess. #1 #2#6 to 8 Construction Permit Preparation for construction Decision of site and start construction (Electric Power Development Coordination Council) Basic Site Plot Plan / GA Study Examination by METI & NSC/AEC R/B,C/B,A/B Structure Case Study NSSS/BOP basic system design Safety Analysis & Safety Document Environ. Survey R/B,A/B Seismic Analysis & Design Detail Plot Plan / GA design Detailed Design of NSSS / BOP system / equipment Equipment installation (on site) Functional Test Excavation work Pre-Service inspection Commercial Operation Fuel Loading Bed Lock Inspection material properties, welding, fabrication, installation and functional test, etc. material procurement, processing, fabrication of equipment Documents (structure design, seismic Integrity, Quality Management, etc.) PCCV Construction Civil Construction Leak Rate Test CFT Example Welding Safety Management inspection HFT

67 May contain JAPCs proprietary information. Subject to JAPCs prior written consent before using for any other purposes than originally intended or before disclosing to any third party END

68 Appendix

69 May contain JAPCs proprietary information. Subject to JAPCs prior written consent before using for any other purposes than originally intended or before disclosing to any third party Basic Policy of the reform on Nuclear Regulatory Organizations and Lows 2013 The Japan Atomic Power Company The following materials may contain JAPC s proprietary and confidential information; and all or any part of these materials or information contained herein may NOT be used for any purposes other than originally intended or may NOT be reproduced, disclosed, transferred, distributed or in any manner transmitted in any tangible, electronic or any other form to any third party without prior written consent thereto by JAPC.

70 May contain JAPCs proprietary information. Subject to JAPCs prior written consent before using for any other purposes than originally intended or before disclosing to any third party Background 2011/03/11 The Great East Japan Earthquake, tsunami and Fukushima No.1 NPP accident happened 2011/08/15 The Cabinet of Japanese government decided the basic policy of the revision on nuclear regulatory organizations and related matters. 2012/01/31:The Cabinet decided nuclear regulatory organizations and lows reform act draft 2012/06/20:The enactment of the reform act above is passed by the Diet. 2012/09/19:The new nuclear regulatory organizations and lows reform system were activated

71 May contain JAPCs proprietary information. Subject to JAPCs prior written consent before using for any other purposes than originally intended or before disclosing to any third party Basic points of the reform on this nuclear regulatory system 1.The clear Separation between utilization and regulation Nuclear safety and Industrial Agency is separated from Ministry of Economy Trade and Industry and adds the function of Nuclear Safety Committee, and Nuclear Regulation Authority was established. 2. Integration Nuclear safety regulations are divided in several organizations, so they havent been worked effectively so those works are interrogated in Nuclear Regulation Authority to enhance the function of nuclear safety 3.Crisis Management Nuclear Regulation Authority positions crisis management in initial response for accidents as their important task and arrange their system for that. 4.Development of Human Resources Making much efforts to secure high quality human resource without regarded to public or private sectors to make sure works in the new agency. 5.New safety regulation Reviewing adequate regulations and related system such as introducing new regulatory constructers based on the accident at Fukushima NO.1

72 Nuclear Regulation Authority May contain JAPCs proprietary information. Subject to JAPCs prior written consent before using for any other purposes than originally intended or before disclosing to any third party Cabinet Office Outline of the new organization System Atomic Energy Commission Nuclear Safety Commission Nuclear and Industrial Safety Agency Ministry of Economy Trade Industry The conventional Nuclear Safety regulatory organization The new Nuclear Safety regulatory organization Nuclear Security Double Check Ministry of Education Culture Sports Science and Technology Regulation against NPP Regulation against Test Reactor Securing Independence of Regulations Realizing objective and scientific Regulations Separation Use & Regulations Integration on Nuclear Safety Enhancing Emergency Ministry of Environment TheSecretariat of the NRA

73 Planning Preparation for Construction Construction Operation METI Environmental Examination Decision on basic program of power development Safety ExaminationPublic Hearing Reactor Installation License Construction Permit (approval of Construction Plan) Welding Inspection Fuel Inspection Periodical Inspection Safety Inspection Periodical Safety Review May contain JAPCs proprietary information. Subject to JAPCs prior written consent before using for any other purposes than originally intended or before disclosing to any third party Procedural Steps for NPP Construction Approval of Operational Safety Program NRA Pre-service Inspection Construction Permit (approval of Construction Plan)


Download ppt "1 Project Management for Construction of N P P 2013 The Japan Atomic Power Company Projects Development Department The following materials may contain."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google