6In Its InfancyThe first telecast was introduced at the 1939 World’s Fair. It was a speech by Franklin D. Roosevelt.The first live TV show with an audience was Truth or Consequences, which aired on NBC TV in 1941.
7The first TVs were black & white Only 15 hrs/week of showsNews was read from a script
81 Almost stopped during WWII, While TV did not begin inAlmost stopped during WWII,but became very popular after war because people had money!
14Laws in the 1940’s & 1950’s FCC created in 1934 (Federal Communications Commission)There was a need for regulation. Stations now had to have a license to operate.Set the laws for all media. Still in operation today..FCC assigned TV stations.
16Freedom Of Information Act Like all federal agencies, the Department of Justice (DOJ) generally is required under the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) to disclose records requested in writing by any person. However, agencies may withhold information pursuant to nine exemptions and three exclusions contained in the statute.
17New TechnologyComputer Mouse CCD’s Internet Optical Disk (now compact disk CD/DVD) Tape cassette Weather Satellite Color TV
19Vietnam Changes Us! America goes to war…Vietnam 1st time to see a war TVAmerica watched it live…and some soldiers were their family!
20Firsts of The Sixties First Satellite Live TV Transmission The Edge of Night became TV’s First 30 minute soap operaFirst Audio CassetteInvention of the VideodiscFirst form of internetVCR inventedNeil Armstrong becomes first man to walk on the moon
21Popular Programs in the 60’s The Andy Griffith ShowWalt Disney’s Wonderful World of ColorLassieCandid CameraBewitchedThe Beverley HillbilliesBatman
23FCC Imposes Heavy Regulations! Lots and lots of lawsLimits how many stations a company can ownImposed fines for improper language
24July 3, 1978 FCC v Pacifica (FCC v George Carlin) Supreme Court rules 5-4 (Stevens, Burger, Rehnquist, Blackmun, Powell ) in favor of FCC. Dissenting justices: Brennan, Stewart, White and Marshall. Court basically says "S**t, piss, f**k, c**t, c**ksucker, motherf**ker and tits" are "indecent," and the FCC can ban them from radio & TV during hours when children might hear them.(7 Dirty Words)
25Technology of the 70s1970The floppy disk was invented.1971The LCD display screen was invented.1972Word processor inventedThe first video game “Pong” was played.1979Cell phones & Walkman invented
26Want to Buy a TV?Televisions in the 1970s had a variety of price ranges, and the more expensive ones were in color.Black and White Tabletop range: $65-$154Black and White Console range: $230-$260Color Tabletop: $260-$590Color Console: $360-$850Still want to buy a TV???
27Television Firsts in the 1970s 1975- Home Box Office, or HBO, the first commercial cable network, is transmitted by Time, inc.1974- Western Union launches the first communications satellite, Westar.1978- Satellite distribution for television begins.1977- More than 75% of TV equipped homes are able to receive color TV.
29CamerasMost Cameras were priced around $20k - $55k
30Television Zenith, 25“ color $599 1970 TV SetsTelevision Zenith, 25“ color $599
311971 – 1st VCRWar between VHS & BetaConsumers didn’t like Beta so VHS won. The professional world went on to use Beta for years…still being used. It is the better tape format.
32TV ShowsIn the 70s, Billy Crystal was the 1st person to play a major character who was gay, named Jody Dallas.Brady Bunch introduced 3 words: “Oh, my nose!”All in the Family aired the 1st flushing toilet, & woman nearly raped.
33ESPN Debuts in 1979ESPN reached 57 million households, making it the most successful basic cable channel show.(World Cup)(Legendary News Anchor Auditions for SportsCenter. )
34MTV Changes Television Pushed the envelopeChanged types of shotsOriginally…just about the music
35The show Happy Days recovered from mediocre ratings after its debut on January 15, 1974 and became one of the most popular programs of the late 1970s. And it survived until mid an astonishing ten and a half years. In 1980, the Smithsonian Museum of American History honored the series' role in America's popular-culture history by putting one of the Fonz's leather jackets on display. "Happy Days" was set in the 1950s in Milwaukee, the heart of middle-class America, and told the story of the Cunningham family.
36Game ShowsWheel of Fortune- hosted by Chuck Wollary and Susan Stafford.Family Feud debut hosted by Richard Dawson.Hollywood Squares came out.Jeopardy!- Art Fleming was the host, the game had some differences form today’s game.Make Me Laugh- Comedians take turns trying to make contestants laugh.The Newlywed Game- very popular.The Price is Right- with Bob Barker in 1972.
37Commercials1970 featured Coca-Cola’s “I’d Like to Teach the World to Sing”Coca-Cola goes on to sell millions of records of the non-commercial version of the popular jingle.(Levi’s)(Doritos)(Pepsi)
38Recognize these? Surprisingly they were around back in the 70’s. Here are a few commercials advertising McDonalds, the delicious Kool-aid, and the fun family game Trouble.
39Banned CommercialDodge Charger 500 made a commercial to advertise their product, but the commercial was banned for being to provocative.
40January 2, 1970Congress bans all cigarettes advertising on TV & Radio Stations.The broadcast business lost over $220 Millions in advertising.
44Cable TV Launched in late 70’s but really took off in the 80’s. In the beginning…designed to rebroadcast networks for people that couldn’t get good reception. Early 80’s MTV, ESPN and CNN changed TV as we know it today.
45VCRs The VCR market exploded Movie Rental companies start Film industry afraid people would stop going to the movies
46Type of EquipmentTabletop TV – $500Betamax – $2495
47First camcorders Camcorders took the world by storm in the 1980s Before the camcorder…the VCR and camera were 2 separate pieces
5380’s TV Laws FCC decides to deregulate TV Congress and the FCC expanded the number of TV stationsExtended TV licenses to 5 yearsViolence on TV grows as a result of the deregulation
54Deregulation brought on controversial TV shows YouTube - Who Shot JR
55As violence grows on TV…public interest groups form to fight it! Public demands that television be better regulated, due to much more content being released through cableIt won’t be until the mid-nineties when actions are made to warn viewers of graphic and suggestive content in television
5680’s FIRSTS First BlockBuster Cell phones get smaller First lingerie commercial with real womenCNN first 24 hour TV program
57New Channels Home Shopping Network begins The FOX network began CNN was the first channel to offer 24 hour new coverage
60The first reality TV show was “The Real World” Cops (an early form of the reality TV show) aired in the 1990s as well
61Study shows that children between the ages of 2 -17 watch 3 to 4 hours of television daily. Over 60 percent of those programs contain some form of violence.
62FCC thinking of stepping in and regulating TV, again. School Shootings on TVColumbineTexas TechYouTube - School ViolenceIn 1996, the TV industry decided to display ratings of the programsV-Chip comes to give parents control.Didn’t really take off.FCC thinking of stepping in and regulating TV, again.
63Hit Children’s Shows:Barney, Arthur, Sesame Street, Clifford the Big Red DogYouTube - Sesame Street: Ocean Emotion
64TV Keeps Pushing the Envelope 1st kiss between 2 LesbiansOn “Relativity”(set bar for future)5 yrs later tons of shows depict homosexuality
67New Millennium brings changes to how we watch TV Digital portable devices changing the way we watch TVDVR becomes popularAdvertisers working harder to audience
68FCC & TV IndecencyFCC cracks down after the “Janet Jackson wardrobe” malfunction during Super bowl.CBS fined $550,000FCC fines other stations for infractionsMost networks use 7 seconddelay for live broadcastsFCC Firm On Super Bowl Indecency Fine - CBS News
69In groups of 3, answer the remaining questions. In the yearIn groups of 3, answer the remaining questions.
70The internet changes everything! In groups of 3, answer the remaining questions.
71Video on demand Streaming Video Download video to ipods Watch shows on internetAlmost all shows incorporate internet into showPublic becomes part of the showDVR changes our viewing habits
72Broadcast News fights to stay alive Streaming VideoDownload video to ipodsWatch shows on internetAlmost all shows incorporate internet into showPublic becomes part of the show
73Advetisers fight to stay alive DVR comes aliveVideo on demand changes our TV viewingAdvertisers work hard to get us to watch their ads
74Analog dies…Digital World HDTV comes aliveProduction world goes digital…tape is dyingVHS dies…Blu Ray takes overNow there is 3-D TV!
75Just a quick look through history from the TV set. In groups of 3, answer the remaining questions.