Presentation on theme: "Carbon Accounting Martin Fryer Sustainability Advisor Auckland Airport APEC Aviation Emission Taskforce Meeting Auckland 30 th /31 st July 2008."— Presentation transcript:
Carbon Accounting Martin Fryer Sustainability Advisor Auckland Airport APEC Aviation Emission Taskforce Meeting Auckland 30 th /31 st July 2008
Content Auckland Airport - The Gateway to New Zealand Climate Change and Sustainability The Principles of Carbon Accounting Carbon Accounting Standards Carbon Accounting Methodology AIAL Emission profiles FY06 to FY08 KPI/Targets/Carbon Neutrality Drivers/Initiatives/Next Steps Questions
Auckland Airport Essential infrastructure asset Second busiest for international passengers in Australasia Second ranked freight port (sea and airports) by value Total freehold land 1,500 hectares Over 70% of international passengers 12 million passenger movements annually 105 international and 322 domestic flights processed every day 53,000 shareholders 19,200 people work in the airport area 23% owned by Auckland and Manukau City councils
Economic impact study $19 billion – the value airport adds to NZ economy 13.7% – airports contribution to NZ GDP 283,000 – FTE jobs sustained nationally $12.5 billion – value of international freight and 16% of NZ total $10.7 billion – the value airport adds to Auckland economy 153,900 – FTE jobs sustained in Auckland 25.1% – of regions GDP 25.2% – of regions employment Auckland Airport Economic Impact Assessment was prepared by independent New Zealand based consultancy, Market Economics (2007)
Climate Change and Sustainability Sustainability is an integral part of our company vision representing our country and is inherent in our new branding. Comprehensive five year sustainability action plan covering fourteen key areas of our environmental, social and economic performance. First sustainability report FY07 included public disclosure of our carbon footprint. Responded to the Carbon Disclosure Project 2007 and 2008. Operate in a safe, secure, sustainable and efficient manner
The Principles of Carbon Accounting RELEVANCE Ensure inventory appropriately reflects the emissions of the company and serves the decision-making needs of users – both internal and external to the company. COMPLETENESS Account for and report on all emission sources and activities within the chosen inventory boundary. Disclose and justify any specific exclusions. CONSISTENCY Use consistent methodologies. Transparently document any changes to the data, inventory boundary, methods, or any other relevant factors in the time series. TRANSPARENCY Address all relevant issues in a factual and coherent manner, based on a clear audit trail. Disclose any relevant assumptions and make appropriate references to the accounting and calculation methodologies and data sources used. ACCURACY Ensure that the quantification of GHG emissions is neither under or overstated and that uncertainties are reduced as far as practicable. Achieve sufficient accuracy to enable users to make decisions with reasonable assurance as to the integrity of the reported information.
Carbon Accounting Standards Two standards available: ISO14064-1 Specification with guidance at the organizational level for quantification and reporting of greenhouse gas emissions and removals 2006. www.iso.org Greenhouse Gas Protocol - A Corporate Accounting and Reporting Standard Revised World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD) and World Resources Institute (WRI) 2007 www.ghgprotocol.org
Carbon Accounting Methodology Setting Organizational Boundaries Equity share approach Under the equity share approach, a company accounts for GHG emissions from operations according to its share of equity in the operation. Control approach Under the control approach, a company accounts for 100 percent of the GHG emissions from operations over which it has control (financial or operational). Setting Operational Boundaries Have to be comprehensive with respect to: Direct GHG emissions - emissions from sources that are owned or controlled by the company. Indirect GHG emissions - emissions that are a consequence of the activities of the company but occur at sources owned or controlled by another company.
Carbon Accounting Methodology Scope 1: Direct GHG emissions Direct GHG emissions occur from sources that are owned or controlled by the company, for example, emissions from combustion in owned or controlled boilers, furnaces, vehicles. Scope 2: Electricity indirect GHG emissions Scope 2 accounts for GHG emissions from the generation of purchased electricity consumed by the company. Purchased electricity is defined as electricity that is purchased or otherwise brought into the organizational boundary of the company. Scope 2 emissions physically occur at the facility where electricity is generated. Scope 3: Other indirect GHG emissions An optional reporting category that allows for the treatment of all other indirect emissions. Scope 3 emissions are a consequence of the activities of the company, but occur from sources not owned or controlled by the company. Some examples of scope 3 activities are extraction and production of purchased materials; transportation of purchased fuels; and use of sold products and services. Setting Operational Boundaries
AIAL Emissions Profile FY06 to FY08 FY06FY07FY08 Natural Gas611,7521,846 Petrol 91218207192 Petrol 96444229 Diesel320314294 AvGas320 JetA1774877 Electricity2,3866,5856,833 Staff Air Travel Short Haul <500km4124 Staff Air Travel Medium Haul 501 -1,600km1812 Staff Air Travel Long Haul >1,601km1307378 Construction2,2401,9033,184 Totals5,52010,95812,735
AIAL Emissions Profile FY08 EnergyFY08 usageUnitCO 2 e (t)Total CO 2 e (t)Source Natural Gas 35,242,000MJ0.000052391,846The Framework for a NZ ETS MfE September 2007 Petrol 9182,558l0.00232192The Framework for a NZ ETS MfE September 2007 Petrol 9612,002l0.002429The Framework for a NZ ETS MfE September 2007 Diesel108,402l0.00271294The Framework for a NZ ETS MfE September 2007 AvGas0l0.002170The Framework for a NZ ETS MfE September 2007 JetA130250l0.0025477The Framework for a NZ ETS MfE September 2007 Electricity 29,708,661kWhr0.000236,833Energy & Emissions 1990-2006 MED June 2007 Staff Air Travel Short Haul <500km150,604km0.00015924 Guidelines to GHG Conversion Factors for Company Reporting DEFRA 2007 Staff Air Travel Medium Haul 501 -1,600km88,654km0.00013212 Guidelines to GHG Conversion Factors for Company Reporting DEFRA 2007 Staff Air Travel Long Haul >1,601km729,472km0.00010778 Guidelines to GHG Conversion Factors for Company Reporting DEFRA 2007 Sub Total9,384
AIAL Construction Emissions FY08 Pavement & NRD WorksFY08 usageUnitkgCO 2 /unitTotal CO 2 e (t) Concrete (40MPa)3,058m34661,425 CBPR Embodied energy and CO 2 coefficients for NZ building materials Alcorn 2001 Steel (reinforcing)16,221kg0.3526 CBPR Embodied energy and CO 2 coefficients for NZ building materials Alcorn 2001 Cement60,000kg0.99460 CBPR Embodied energy and CO 2 coefficients for NZ building materials Alcorn 2001 Asphalt234,000kg0.01463 CBPR Embodied energy and CO 2 coefficients for NZ building materials Alcorn 2001 Aggregate595m33.52 CBPR Embodied energy and CO 2 coefficients for NZ building materials Alcorn 2001 Diesel (Construction)371,182l2.711,006The Framework for a NZ ETS MfE September 2007 Pier B Concrete (40MPa)36m346617 CBPR Embodied energy and Co2 coefficients for NZ building materials Andrew Alcorn 2001 Concrete (30MPa)418m3390163 CBPR Embodied energy and Co2 coefficients for NZ building materials Andrew Alcorn 2001 Concrete (10MPa)45m328213 CBPR Embodied energy and Co2 coefficients for NZ building materials Andrew Alcorn 2001 Steel (structural)340,000kg1.242422 CBPR Embodied energy and Co2 coefficients for NZ building materials Andrew Alcorn 2001 Steel (reinforcing)70,000kg0.35225 CBPR Embodied energy and Co2 coefficients for NZ building materials Andrew Alcorn 2001 Diesel15,925l0.0027143The Framework for a NZ ETS MfE September 2007 Sub Total3,184
KPI/Targets/Carbon Neutrality KPI Has to be based on emissions intensity to allow for growth: CO 2 /pax CO 2 /aircraft movement Targets Auckland Airport has a target of a 10% reduction in emissions per international passenger by 2012 (Adjusted FY06 base year). Carbon Neutrality Auckland Airport signed the ACI declaration on climate change in April 2008. Working towards carbon neutrality. Proceeding with caution (Inclusion/exclusion of scope 3 could be significant, NZ ETS, price of carbon, carbon neutral status of fuel and energy purchased).
Drivers/Initiatives/Next Steps Drivers Representing Our Country - a sustainable destination Negative public perception of aviation/climate change and air travel potential negative impact New Zealand Sustainable Tourism Strategy 2015 Company stakeholder expectations Initiatives/Next Steps GPU have been installed to allow airlines to switch off APU CAT III lighting installed to ensure landings even in fog conditions (reducing diverts and fuel burn) Operational efficiency improvements assisting with OTP Work with Auckland Regional Transport Authority to further improve public transport to the airport Development of our travel plan to improve surface access for employees and passengers.
Drivers/Initiatives/Next Steps Initiatives/Next Steps Pro-active energy conservation group Energy audit underway and energy management plan that will be shared with retailers and tenants Continue to produce annual profile Continue to respond to CDP Continue to investigate emissions from construction as an indicator for the sustainable development of airport infrastructure Produce a whole of airport operations profile (including LTO emissions) Put Auckland Airports profile in the context of the whole airport operations An airport company with a 10,000 tonne profile may only contribute 5% of total emissions therefore whole of airport profile could be 200,000 tonnes p.a. - offsetting the 5% could be seen as greenwash. Continue to investigate best practice and benchmarking.