Presentation on theme: "Subsystems of a TV Production Studio. Studio – big room with high ceiling Prop storage – known as a Scene Dock, for temporary storage of active sets/props."— Presentation transcript:
Subsystems of a TV Production Studio
Studio – big room with high ceiling Prop storage – known as a Scene Dock, for temporary storage of active sets/props Audience holding – a room to security check in-studio audiences Production Control Room – room nearby like a coaches skybox Green Room & Makeup – rooms for performers (talent)
The individual pieces of video equipment are tied together with electronic pulses called sync. Signals from pieces of equipment are sent here and there by being amplified with distribution amplifiers. Signals from cameras (video) go simultaneously to the switcher, the monitor wall, and to video control – as well as to the onboard camera viewfinders.
Personnel are connected via headsets The system connects the director to the cameras, floor director, audio, switcher, and announcer. Optionally, another set connects the producer to the stage manager, lighting director, studio audio mixer, and other production assistants. In-studio operators usually wear double- muff headsets to block loud in-studio noise (or in football stadia).
The control room usually has a monitor wall and two consoles where people sit. The monitor wall typically has a TV monitor for each source of video, plus other functions The front console usually has a production switcher where the program is switched, a position for the director, and a position for the assistant director. The back console usually has a position for graphics and for one or two producers
Audio control room usually overlooks the production control room. The audio engineer uses a big audio mixer to blend all the audio signals (sounds). Microphone cables are bundled together and fed to the studio – called snakes Audio signals from microphones, video tapes, servers and elsewhere go to the audio CR and then to recorders or to transmitter.
Relay racks are the standard equipment cabinets used in professional audio and video. They are a standard 19 wide.
Lights are hung on battens in the studio. There are several types: fresnel (freh- NELL)spots, scoops, broads and ellipsoidals Each batten has a number of outlets that are connected to electrical circuits. Each electrical circuit is controlled by the dimmer pack, which are kept in a separate room. The dimmers are controlled by a low-voltage mixing board in the studio.
The IFB (Interruptible Feedback) is a one-way radio earpiece It connects the producer in the control room to talent in the studio. Talent usually also wears a production headset earpiece or a program audio earpiece. Or the IFB will feed program audio until the producer in the control room speaks.