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Seminar on Protection of Employees Against Hazards Released at Shipyards INT MARKT 30802 OHS conditions and Good Practices on working at shipyards in EU.

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Presentation on theme: "Seminar on Protection of Employees Against Hazards Released at Shipyards INT MARKT 30802 OHS conditions and Good Practices on working at shipyards in EU."— Presentation transcript:

1 Seminar on Protection of Employees Against Hazards Released at Shipyards INT MARKT OHS conditions and Good Practices on working at shipyards in EU Member States Seminar on Protection of Employees Against Hazards Released at Shipyards INT MARKT OHS conditions and Good Practices on working at shipyards in EU Member States Viktoras Šeškauskas State Environmental Protection Inspectorate Marius Urbonas State Environmental Health Centre Istanbul, Turkey, November 2008 Lithuania

2 Situation in Lithuanian shipyards In Lithuania a few modern shipyards: JSC Western Shiprepair, JSC Laivitė, Klaipėdos Shiprepair etc. owning modern equipment, renders services of ship repairs on 24/7 basis. High qualification of personnel enables these companies to carry out technically complicated projects and conversions. Some of them possesses certificates of quality management ISO 9001 and environment protection management ISO All orders of customers are carried out in accordance with requirements of IACS, PRS, and RINA. Lithuanian ship repair companies over 100 ships, including containing asbestos, are repaired per year. In Lithuania a few modern shipyards: JSC Western Shiprepair, JSC Laivitė, Klaipėdos Shiprepair etc. owning modern equipment, renders services of ship repairs on 24/7 basis. High qualification of personnel enables these companies to carry out technically complicated projects and conversions. Some of them possesses certificates of quality management ISO 9001 and environment protection management ISO All orders of customers are carried out in accordance with requirements of IACS, PRS, and RINA. Lithuanian ship repair companies over 100 ships, including containing asbestos, are repaired per year.

3 Activities of Ship repair services ship technical survey, all type ship repair and conversion; ship technical survey, all type ship repair and conversion; hull works, carbon steel and aluminium constructions; hull works, carbon steel and aluminium constructions; any pipe works, hot galvanization, thorough valve examination, adjustment; any pipe works, hot galvanization, thorough valve examination, adjustment; grit / sand / hydro blasting and all kind of painting works; grit / sand / hydro blasting and all kind of painting works; tank coating; tank coating; steering gear / propeller repair; steering gear / propeller repair; repair of electric, electronic, navigation equipment and automatics; repair of electric, electronic, navigation equipment and automatics; all type boiler repair ; all type boiler repair ; checking of alignment by laser; checking of alignment by laser; repair of main and auxiliary diesel engines repair of main and auxiliary diesel engines

4 Challenges in implementation of EU standards for the safety and health of workers at work in the new EU member country Lithuania Challenges in: OHS conditions at shipyards in EU Member States Statistics on fatal accident and occupational disease rates Implementation of OHS Management Systems at shipyards Good Practices on working at shipyards at EU Countries Attitude (way of thinking) Attitude (way of thinking) Legislation Legislation Structures Structures Practices: Practices: Knowledge & trainingKnowledge & training Risk assessmentRisk assessment

5 Hazards released at shipyards Physical hazards include: Collisions Collisions Collisions Confined space Confined space Confined space Confined space Slips and trips Slips and trips Slips and trips Slips and trips Falls from height Falls from height Falls from height Falls from height Equipment-related injury Equipment-related injury Equipment Electricity Electricity Electricity Welding Welding

6 Hazards released at shipyards Physical agents include: Noise Noise Noise Vibration Vibrationibration Lighting Lighting Lighting Barotrauma (hypobaric/hyperbaric pressure) Barotrauma (hypobaric/hyperbaric pressure) Barotrauma Electromagnetic fields (static and alternate) Electromagnetic fields (static and alternate) Optical (laser) radiation Optical (laser) radiation Ionizing radiation Ionizing radiation Ionizing radiation Ionizing radiation Cold stress (hypothermia) Cold stress (hypothermia)hypothermia Heat stress (hyperthermia) Heat stress (hyperthermia)hyperthermia

7 Occupational and environmental hazards released at shipyards Chemical agents include: Asbestos Asbestos Acids Acids Acids Lead, tin Lead, tin Lead Solvents Solvents Solvents Welding fumes Welding fumes Biological hazardsBiological hazards (bacteria, viruses) acteriairus Biological hazardsacteriairus

8 Hazards released at shipyards Fire hazards: Fire hazards: Explosion Explosion Explosion Fumes (noxious gases/vapors) Fumes (noxious gases/vapors) Highly-reactive chemicals Highly-reactive chemicals Highly-reactive chemicals Highly-reactive chemicals Petroleum Petroleum Petroleum Mechanical hazards include: Mechanical hazards include: Compressed air/high pressure fluids (such as cutting fluid) Compressed air/high pressure fluids (such as cutting fluid) Compressed airhigh pressurecutting fluid Compressed airhigh pressurecutting fluid Crushing Crushing Crushing Cutting Cutting Cutting Entanglement Entanglement Entanglement Friction and abrasion Friction and abrasion Frictionabrasion Frictionabrasion Impact Impact Impact Moving parts Moving parts Moving parts Moving parts Shearing Shearing Shearing Stabbing and puncture Stabbing and puncture Stabbingpuncture Stabbingpuncture Psychosocial issues include: Psychosocial issues include: Work-related stress, whose causal factors include excessive working time and overwork Work-related stress, whose causal factors include excessive working time and overworkstress overworkstress overwork Violence from outside the organisation Violence from outside the organisation Violence Bullying, which may include emotional, verbal, mobbing Bullying, which may include emotional, verbal, mobbing Bullyingemotionalverbalobbing Bullyingemotionalverbalobbing

9 MARITIME LABOUR CONVENTION, GUIDELINE B4.3.1 – PROVISIONS ON OCCUPATIONAL ACCIDENTS, INJURIES AND DISEASES (I) The competent authority should ensure that the national guidelines for the management of occupational safety and health address the following matters, in particular: (a) general and basic provisions; (a) general and basic provisions; (b) structural features of the ship, including means of access and asbestos-related risks; (b) structural features of the ship, including means of access and asbestos-related risks; (c) machinery; (c) machinery; (d) the effects of the extremely low or high temperature of any surfaces with which seafarers may be in contact; (d) the effects of the extremely low or high temperature of any surfaces with which seafarers may be in contact; (e) the effects of noise in the workplace and in shipboard accommodation; (e) the effects of noise in the workplace and in shipboard accommodation; (f) the effects of vibration in the workplace and in shipboard accommodation; (f) the effects of vibration in the workplace and in shipboard accommodation; (g) the effects of ambient factors, other than those referred to in subparagraphs (e) (g) the effects of ambient factors, other than those referred to in subparagraphs (e) and (f), in the workplace and in shipboard accommodation, including tobacco smoke; and (f), in the workplace and in shipboard accommodation, including tobacco smoke;

10 MARITIME LABOUR CONVENTION, GUIDELINE B4.3.1 – PROVISIONS ON OCCUPATIONAL ACCIDENTS, INJURIES AND DISEASES (II) The competent authority should ensure that the national guidelines for themanagement of occupational safety and health address the following matters, in particular: (h) special safety measures on and below deck; (h) special safety measures on and below deck; (i) loading and unloading equipment; (i) loading and unloading equipment; (j) fire prevention and fire-fighting; (j) fire prevention and fire-fighting; (k) anchors, chains and lines; (k) anchors, chains and lines; (l) dangerous cargo and ballast; (l) dangerous cargo and ballast; (m) personal protective equipment for seafarers; (m) personal protective equipment for seafarers; (n) work in enclosed spaces; (n) work in enclosed spaces; (o) physical and mental effects of fatigue; (o) physical and mental effects of fatigue; (p) the effects of drug and alcohol dependency; (p) the effects of drug and alcohol dependency; (q) HIV/AIDS protection and prevention; and (q) HIV/AIDS protection and prevention; and (r) emergency and accident response. (r) emergency and accident response.

11 LIST OF General LEGAL & ACTS REGULATIONS ON OCCUPATIONAL RISK IN LITHUANIA (I) LAW ON SAFETY AND HEALTH AT WORK 1 July 2003 No IX-1672 (As last amended on 7 June 2007 – No. X-1169) 1) Resolution of Government of the Republic of Lithuania, 5 October 2004 on the approval of the list of dangerous works. Official gazette (2002, No. 87–3751, 2004, approval of the list of dangerous works. Official gazette (2002, No. 87–3751, 2004, No. 148–5359). Including Shipyard activities No. 148–5359). Including Shipyard activities 2) Order of Ministry of Social Security and Labour and Ministry of Health Care, 16 October 2003 on the approval of regulations on occupational risk. Official gazette October 2003 on the approval of regulations on occupational risk. Official gazette (2003, No. 100–4504). Including Shipyard activities (2003, No. 100–4504). Including Shipyard activities 4) Order of Ministry of Social Security and Labour, 20 April 1998 on the approval of regulations on provision of workers with personal protective equipment. Official regulations on provision of workers with personal protective equipment. Official gazette (1998, No. 43–1188). Including Shipyard activities gazette (1998, No. 43–1188). Including Shipyard activities 5) Order of Ministry of Environment, 18 April 2005 on the procedure and assessment of licensing of dangerous waste management and applied qualification requirements for licensing of dangerous waste management and applied qualification requirements for workers of companies managing dangerous waste. Official gazette (2005, No. 51– workers of companies managing dangerous waste. Official gazette (2005, No. 51– 1719). Including Shipyard activities 1719). Including Shipyard activities 6) Order of Ministry of Health Care, 29 December 2001 on the approval of procedure of training program content, scope and health knowledge certification for activity with toxic (poisonous) substances. Official gazette (2002, No. 8–298). Including Shipyard activities 7) Draft Order of Ministry of Health Care of Lithuanian Hygiene Standard HN 113:2008 Ships. Hygiene regulations to according MARITIME LABOUR CONVENTION 2006 Ships. Hygiene regulations to according MARITIME LABOUR CONVENTION 2006

12 LIST OF LEGAL ACTS & REGULATIONS OF DANGEROUS CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES AND ASBESTOS IN LITHUANIA (II) Law of the Republic of Lithuania on Waste Management, 16 June Official gazette (1998, No. 61–1726, 2005, No. 84–3111). Law of the Republic of Lithuania on Control of Toxic (poisonous) Substances. Official gazette (2001, No. 64–2330, 2004, No. 163– 5947). 1) Order No A1-184/V-546 of Ministry of Social Security and Labour and Minister of Health, 16 July 2004 on the approval of regulations on work with asbestos. Official gazette (2004, No. 116–4342). in force from Including Shipyard activities 1) Order No A1-184/V-546 of Ministry of Social Security and Labour and Minister of Health, 16 July 2004 on the approval of regulations on work with asbestos. Official gazette (2004, No. 116–4342). in force from Including Shipyard activities 3) Order of Ministry of Social Security and Labour, 12 July 2005 on approval of schedule on competence requirements for companies performing demolition of asbestos-containing constructions, removal of asbestos-containing constructions and asbestos removal work. Official gazette (2005, No. 86 – 3247). Including Shipyard activities 3) Order of Ministry of Social Security and Labour, 12 July 2005 on approval of schedule on competence requirements for companies performing demolition of asbestos-containing constructions, removal of asbestos-containing constructions and asbestos removal work. Official gazette (2005, No. 86 – 3247). Including Shipyard activities 4) Order of Ministry of Environment, 30 December 2003 on approval of rules on waste disposal. Official gazette (2004, No. 68 – 2381). Including Shipyard activities 4) Order of Ministry of Environment, 30 December 2003 on approval of rules on waste disposal. Official gazette (2004, No. 68 – 2381). Including Shipyard activities

13 LIST OF GENERAL LEGAL ACTS ON THE RESTRICTION OF DANGEROUS SUBSTANCES AND ASBESTOS IN LITHUANIA (III) New Programme on the removal of asbestos containing products, Governmental Res. No 351 on Including Shipyard activities New Programme on the removal of asbestos containing products, Governmental Res. No 351 on Including Shipyard activities Order No V-827/A1-287 on Approval of Lithuanian Hygiene Standard HN 23:2007 Limit values of dangerous substances in workplaces air Minister of Health and Minister of Social Security and Labour. Including Shipyard activities Order No V-827/A1-287 on Approval of Lithuanian Hygiene Standard HN 23:2007 Limit values of dangerous substances in workplaces air Minister of Health and Minister of Social Security and Labour. Including Shipyard activities Governmental Res. No 1163 on the Restriction of importation, manufacture and use of asbestos or products containing asbestos, , amendment on and on Including Shipyard activities Governmental Res. No 1163 on the Restriction of importation, manufacture and use of asbestos or products containing asbestos, , amendment on and on Including Shipyard activities Order No 239 on Approval of Lithuanian Hygiene Standard HN 36:2002 Banned and restricted substances, Minister of Health, , amendments on Including Shipyard activities Order No 239 on Approval of Lithuanian Hygiene Standard HN 36:2002 Banned and restricted substances, Minister of Health, , amendments on Including Shipyard activities

14 Occupational injuries and diseases in Lithuania 2007

15 Occupational injuries and diseases in Lithuania All occupational accidents and occupational injuries and diseases should be reported so that they can be investigated and comprehensive statistics can be kept, analysed and published, taking account of protection of the personal data

16 Accidents at work Shipyard activities in Lithuania In JSC,,Klaipėdos terminals group , one employee death (Mechanical hazards ) in General Klaipeda terminal , one employee death (Mechanical hazards - 3 t containers) In JSC Klaipėdos laivų statykla (shipyards) serious injury, one employee (alcohol usage and falls from height) in JSC Klaipėdoje Smeltė serious injury, one employee (Mechanical hazards) in JSC Klaipėdos jūrų krovinių kompanija serious injury, one employee (Mechanical hazards) in JSC Klaipėdoje Smeltė serious injury, one employee (slips and trips) in JSC Klaipėdoje Smeltė , one employee death (Mechanical hazards) In JSC Baltijos laivų statykla serious injury, one employee (Electricity) In JSC Baltijos laivų statykla serious injury, one employee (Electricity)Electricity Total 8 accidents in Klaipeda shipyards: 3 deaths +5 serious injuries

17 Main Definitions in LithuaniaAccident at work Accident at work means an event at work, including traffic accidents during working time, which is investigated in accordance with the established procedure and deemed an accident at work, entailing a trauma (minor, serious or fatal injury). An event at work when a worker dies from illness not related to his employment, shall not be considered as an accident at work. Accident at work means an event at work, including traffic accidents during working time, which is investigated in accordance with the established procedure and deemed an accident at work, entailing a trauma (minor, serious or fatal injury). An event at work when a worker dies from illness not related to his employment, shall not be considered as an accident at work. Accident on the way to/from work means an event, including a traffic accident during working time on the way to or from work, which takes place on the direct way between a workers workplace and: Accident on the way to/from work means an event, including a traffic accident during working time on the way to or from work, which takes place on the direct way between a workers workplace and: 1) his residence, 2) the place outside the area of the undertaking where the worker may be during his rest period or has his meals, 2) the place outside the area of the undertaking where the worker may be during his rest period or has his meals, 3) the place outside the area of the undertaking where the wages are paid to the worker.

18 Main Definitions in LithuaniaOccupational disease, risk and health Occupational disease means an acute or chronic health disorder of the worker caused by one or more hazardous and/or dangerous factors in the working environment, deemed an occupational disease in accordance with the established procedure. Occupational disease means an acute or chronic health disorder of the worker caused by one or more hazardous and/or dangerous factors in the working environment, deemed an occupational disease in accordance with the established procedure. Occupational risk means the probability of injury or other harm to health of the worker due to exposure to a hazardous and (or) dangerous factor (factors) in the working environment. Occupational risk means the probability of injury or other harm to health of the worker due to exposure to a hazardous and (or) dangerous factor (factors) in the working environment. Occupational health means the health of workers in order to preserve and strengthen which the prevention of hazardous factors of the working environment determining damages to health, adapting of the working environment to physiological and psychological capabilities of workers, healthcare of workers are being carried out, and health strengthening measures are being implemented. Occupational health means the health of workers in order to preserve and strengthen which the prevention of hazardous factors of the working environment determining damages to health, adapting of the working environment to physiological and psychological capabilities of workers, healthcare of workers are being carried out, and health strengthening measures are being implemented.

19 Occupational diseases in Lithuania from

20 Occupational diseases released by hazards (factors) in Lithuania 2007

21 Occupational diseases according to economical activities in Lithuania 2007

22 Occupational Asbestos in Lithuania The number of potentially exposed workers – 7500 The number of workers exposed in construction industry Including of Shipyard activities – 3100 Asbestos-related occupational diseases in Lithuania : 3 cases of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease due to asbestos; 14 cases of pneumoconiosis in shipyards, asbestos cement industry, construction 14 cases of pneumoconiosis in shipyards, asbestos cement industry, construction workers, insulators and TV set producing industry workers; No registered asbestos-related mesothelioma or lung cancer cases (out of 125 No registered asbestos-related mesothelioma or lung cancer cases (out of 125 mesothelioma cases diagnosed in and approx new lung cancer cases per year). Findings of a survey Retrospective Assessment of Occupational Asbestos Exposure Among Respiratory Cancer Patients indicate that a fraction (3.4%) of the lung cancer cases could be attributed to occupational exposure to asbestos. {Including of Shipyard activities} Extrapolation of the estimate suggests at least 50 cases per year of asbestos-related lung cancers in Lithuania [Everatt RP, Smolianskiene G, Tossavainen A, Cicenas S, Jankauskas R. Occupational Asbestos Exposure Among Respiratory Cancer Patients in Lithuania. American journal of industrial medicine.2007; 50: ISSN ].

23 The workers exposed to asbestos The data of the Institute of Hygiene show that the patients with a heavy asbestos exposure worked in metal industry and construction, they also worked in shipbuilding, power plants, locomotive depots, in the plant of asbestos cement as tin- smiths, welders, foremen. In Lithuania, the workers had been most often exposed to asbestos when they insulated heating devices (boilers, furnaces) and pipes and while unreeling or removing the insulation during repair works at power plants, buildings, ships and locomotives.

24 OHS : Challenges in attitude 1) Difference: Occupational safety or Occupational safety or Occupational health and safety Occupational health and safety 2) Influence of OHS on BUSINESS PROFITABILITY

25 HEALTH: what is your attitude? Health is a state of complete Health is a state of complete physical,physical, mental andmental and socialsocial well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity (WHO's Constitution) Absence of disease = health or

26 Formula of success Trained staff Trained staff Proper technologies Proper technologies Available resources Available resources Progressive management Progressive managementWhyformuladoesnotwork???

27 Legislation: HEALTH and/or SAFETY Law on Safety of People at Work Law on Safety of People at Work (LT, 2003) (LT, 2003) Occupational Health & Safety Management Systems Assessment Scheme OHSAS 18001:2007 Occupational Health & Safety Management Systems Assessment Scheme OHSAS 18001:2007 (continuous improvement) Council Directive 89/391/EEC of 12 June 1989 on the introduction of measures to encourage improvements in the safety and health of workers at work Council Directive 89/391/EEC of 12 June 1989 on the introduction of measures to encourage improvements in the safety and health of workers at work

28 Challenges in harmonisation of legislation Example of Example of Hygienic Regulation on OELVs of Hazardous Chemical Substances in Air Hygienic Regulation on OELVs of Hazardous Chemical Substances in Air HN 23:2007 (LT) HN 23:2007 (LT) COUNCIL DIRECTIVE 98/24/EC on the protection of the health and safety of workers from the risks related to chemical agents at work

29 LEGISLATION: PREPARATION FOR REACH ENFORCEMENT Changes in Laws on: Changes in Laws on: Chemical Substances and Preparations;Chemical Substances and Preparations; State Control of Environmental Protection;State Control of Environmental Protection; Administrative Breaches CodeAdministrative Breaches Code Governmental Decision on REACH Implementation Governmental Decision on REACH Implementation Ministerial Order(s) on REACH Implementation Ministerial Order(s) on REACH Implementation Amendments to statutes of enforcement authorities Amendments to statutes of enforcement authorities National network of enforcement authorities National network of enforcement authorities

30 REACH ENFORCEMENT STRUCTURE Inspector ates: Under the Ministry of : Competent for enforcement on: State Environmental Protection Environment Produced, imported, professionally used chemicals State Labour Social Security and Labour Chemicals at workplaces State Non Food Products Economy Household chemicals, detergents Customs Department Finance Cross border flow of chemicals

31 TRIPARTITE STRUCTURES FUNCTIONSPolicy Impleme ntation Control STATEParlamentGovernmentCourt BRANCHMinistry Agency/ Board Inspectorate SHIPYARD Owners/ Top managers Specialists/ Ground level managers Trade unions/ Worker representati ves SHIP Steering wheel EngineAnchor

32 Practices: OHS system – oriented training Tripartite training of adults Tripartite training of adults Training program SAFETY, HEALTH AND WORKING CONDITIONS created by Prevent-Sweden, provided by Training Centre at Lithuanian Industrialists Confederation Training program SAFETY, HEALTH AND WORKING CONDITIONS created by Prevent-Sweden, provided by Training Centre at Lithuanian Industrialists Confederation Implemented by Lithuanian Electric PSC, Ignalina Nuclear PP, Philip Morris, etc. Implemented by Lithuanian Electric PSC, Ignalina Nuclear PP, Philip Morris, etc. PHARE-supported training for SMEs PHARE-supported training for SMEs

33 Practices: Practices: Risk assessment the key to healthy workplaces Why carry out a risk assessment? - Every few minutes somebody in the EU dies from work-related causes

34 CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY: BACKGROUND Officially: 12.7 million employees = 7.9% of the EU total workforce. True number likely to be substantially higher. Significant proportion of the labour force undeclared. EC: 7%–19% of all work in the EU is undeclared, problem particularly acute in construction. Officially: 12.7 million employees = 7.9% of the EU total workforce. True number likely to be substantially higher. Significant proportion of the labour force undeclared. EC: 7%–19% of all work in the EU is undeclared, problem particularly acute in construction. The EU construction industry is The EU construction industry is estimated to be worth 902 billion a year. estimated to be worth 902 billion a year. 47% of all construction workers work in businesses with fewer than 10 staff (EU average 36%). 47% of all construction workers work in businesses with fewer than 10 staff (EU average 36%).

35 INDUSTRY, INCLUDING SHIPYARDS ACTIVITIES: HEALTH IMPACTS OF PLANNING Many fatalities and accidents - due to planning decisions taken before any building work starts.

36 FINANCIAL COSTS OF POOR OHS STANDARDS A UK study estimated that costs of occupational accidents and ill- health in the construction sector – including the costs of delays, absenteeism and health and insurance charges, among others – accounted for 8.5% of project costs (1/12) A UK study estimated that costs of occupational accidents and ill- health in the construction sector – including the costs of delays, absenteeism and health and insurance charges, among others – accounted for 8.5% of project costs (1/12)

37 Highest standards in EU - Certified Management Systems (BVQI, 2003)

38 Certified Management Systems in Lithuania 2005/2008

39 VISION Healthy people Pure air and water, clear soil Prosperous business

40 Contacts: Viktoras Šeškauskas Head of Chemicals Control Division State Environmental Protection Inspectorate, Lithuania Mob. tel E. mail: Marius Urbonas Head of Public Health Expertise Division State Environmental Health Centre, Lithuania tel E. mail:


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