Presentation on theme: "Motor Vehicles, Mechanized Equipment and Marine Operations"— Presentation transcript:
1Motor Vehicles, Mechanized Equipment and Marine Operations OSHA: Subpart OMotor Vehicles, Mechanized Equipment and Marine Operations
2EquipmentEquipment near a highway or active construction site, at night, must have lights or reflectors, or have barricades with lights or reflectors to identify its locationA safety tire rack or other method of protection must be used when changing tires or inflating tiresTire Cage
3EquipmentEquipment must be blocked or fully lowered when repair work is being done under itWhen parked set the parking brake; when parked on an incline chock the wheels and set the parking brakeWhen charging batteries conform to the standards of Subpart K.Any glass used for the cab of a tractor or other piece of machinery must be safety glass that gives no distortion and allows safe use.When working around power lines, all equipment must conform to (a)(15).
4Motor VehiclesApplies to any vehicle that operate at a jobsite that is off the highway and that is not open to public trafficAll vehicles must have working service brakes, emergency brake system, and parking brake system.All vehicles need at least 2 head lights and 2 tail lights. Must have brake lights.All vehicles must be equipped with operable audible warning device at the operator’s station.If vehicle has no rear view than it needs a spotter or an audible signal when backing up.
5Motor VehiclesAll vehicles with cabs must have a windshield and wipers. Broken glass must be replacedHaulage vehicles: Cab Shield and/or canopy required on all vehicles that are cranes, power shovels, or similarly equipmentTools & Materials must be secured when being transported in the same compartment as workers.Vehicles used to transport employees must have a secured seat for each employee carried.All vehicles must be equipped with proper seatbelts.
6Motor VehiclesTruck with dumping bodies: Locked Support required when being repaired or maintainedLevers that control the hoisting or dumping devices must have latch that prevents bumping controls & accidentally dumping or hoisting.Trip handles must be located so that the operator is not in the path of the dumping material.
7Motor VehiclesAll rubber tired vehicles need fenders, mud flaps can be used instead of fenders when necessaryAll machinery must go through proper checking prior to use. All necessary parts of vehicle must be checkedFendersMud flaps
8Material Handling Equipment Seat belts shall be provided on all equipment covered by this section and shall meet the requirements of the Society of Automotive Engineers, J386 – Seat Belts for Construction EquipmentSeat belts not needed for equipment which is designed only for standup operationSeat belts need not be provided for equipment which does not have a roll- over protective structure (ROPS) or adequate canopy protection
9Material Handling Equipment Access roadways must be constructed to safely allow for the movement of equipment and vehiclesPneumatic-Tired Earthmoving Haulage Equipment (trucks, scrapers, tractors, and trailing units) whose maximum speed exceeds 15 mph shall be equipped with fenders on all wheels to meet the requirements of Society of Automotive Engineers SAE J321a – 1970 Fenders for Pneumatic-Tired Earthmoving Haulage Equipment
10Material Handling Equipment All bi-directional machines such as rollers, compactors, front-end loaders, bulldozers, and similar equipment, shall be equipped with a horn, distinguishable from the surrounding noise level, which shall be operated as needed when the machine is moving in either direction.Earthmoving or compacting equipment with an obstructed rear view must have a reverse signal alarm or receive a safe signal from a fellow employee before reversing
11Pile Driving Equipment Pressure vessels, Boilers and piping systems used with pile driving equipment shall meet requirements of the American Society of Mechanical EngineersOverhead protection for operator must be min 2” plank and not obscure vision.Guys, outriggers, thrustouts, or counterbalances shall be provided as necessary to maintain stability of pile driver rigs
12Pile Driving Equipment Barges or floats supporting pile driving operations shall meet the applicable requirements ofWhen driving piles in a pit, the walls of the pit must be sloped to the angle of repose or bracedWhen cutting the top off of a driven pile, all pile driving must be stopped unless the pile is at least twice the length of the pile from the cutting operation.
13Site ClearingWorkers engaged in site clearing must have protection from plants, insects, and animals that may be hazardous. They must also know first aid for these hazards.All equipment used for site clearing must have roll over protection:Not less than 1/8-inch steel plate or 1/4-inch woven wire mesh with openings no greater than 1 inch, or equivalentNot less than 1/4-inch woven wire mesh with openings no greater than 1 inchRoll over protection
14Marine Operations and Equipment All material handling operations must be with in compliance of OSHA 1918 “Safety and Health Regulations for Longshoring”The term longshoring means any handling of any construction materials into or off of any type of marine vesselAdequate ramp must be provided for vehicles or employees to board safelyWhen ladders are used- they must be of double rung or flat tread type, Jacobs ladders must hang with out slackHandrails must be at 33” height and walkways must be un-obstructed and illuminated
15Marine Operations and Equipment Decks and surfaces must be maintained in safe condition.Employees should not be permitted to walk unless there is clear passageMust be 24” to permit safe walkway around vessel, or adequate protection must be provided
16Marine Operations and Equipment Employer shall ensure that there is in the vicinity of each barge in use at least one U.S. Coast Guard-approved 30-inch life ring with not less than 90 feet of line attached and at least one portable or permanent ladder which will reach the top of the apron to the surface or the waterEmployees walking or working on the unguarded decks of barges shall be protected with U.S. Coast Guard- approved work vests or buoyant vests.
17ReferencesOSHA (2007). OSHA Standards for the Construction Industry (1st ed. ). Chicago, IL: CCH. University of Florida (2007, January). CFR 1926 Subparts J thru O. Retrieved December 9, 2009 from School of building construction Web site: