Presentation on theme: "CREATING HAPPY INDIA Through Swadeshi Industries"— Presentation transcript:
1CREATING HAPPY INDIA Through Swadeshi Industries By V K DESAI TINYTECH PLANTS RAJKOT- GUJARAT WEB:
2“The pre-condition of happy society is that all the means of production of primary needs of the people must be in the hands of common masses.”- Mahatma Gandhiji
3If we implement only one advice of Gandhiji then, No Unemployment, No HungerNo Malnutrition, No much DiseasesNo Coal Mining, No Displacement of PeopleNo Terrorism, No War , No Big ScandalsNo much Transport, No Big HighwaysNo Import of Petroleum, No slavery of MNCsNo Urbanization, No PollutionAll billionaires will collapse.All big companies will collapse.Everywhere Peace and Happiness.
4What are the primary needs? FOOD- Rice, Wheat, Pulses, MilkEDIBLE OILJAGGERY, SUGARCLOTHESELECTRICITYCOOKING FUELCEMENT, BRICKS etc.
5According to Gandhiji- FOR RICE NO BIG RICE MILLSFOR EDIBLE OIL NO BIG OIL MILLSFOR SUGAR NO SUGAR FACTORIESFOR MILK NO MILK DIARIESFOR CLOTHES NO TEXTILE MILLSFOR ELECTRICITY NO POWER HOUSESFOR CEMENT NO CEMENT FACTORIESFOR COOKING NO CENTRALIZED GAS
6According to Gandhiji, DECENTRALIZE Rice Mills to family size rice hullers.Oil Mills to village size tiny oil mills.Textile Mills to family size home industry.Power Houses to farm / village size power plants.Cement Plants to village size family industries.Abolish Sugar Factories & promote only farm size Jaggery Units.
7RICE MILLING INDUSTRY Paddy production in India 200 million tones. Family size Rice Hullers of 5 HP should be established.Paddy processing capacity 300 to 400 kg/hr.3 Lakh units are required in villages.No polishing of Rice. It takes away nutrients.All units will be power independent.20% rice husk is generated. It is fuel for power.One Kg of rice husk generates 3 kg of steam.To drive 5 HP steam engine, 25 kg rice husk is required per hour. But it generates 60 kg rice husk per hour.So surplus rice husk can provide electricity to entire village at night.Decentralization of rice mills will add the wealth of Rs.40,000 crores in villages + 15 lakhs employment in villages.Huge potentiality of manufacturing rice hullers and steam engines.
9OIL MILLS Oil seed production in India 30 million tones. Family size Oil Expellers of 10 HP should be promoted.Crushing capacity 1 ton in 8 hours.3 Lakh units are required.22 inherent advantages of Tiny Oil Mills.No refining of oil. It causes Cancer.All units can be made power independent by biomass or solar.Decentralization of oil mills will add the wealth of Rs.30,000 crores in villages + 10 lakhs employment in villages.Huge potentiality of manufacturing tiny oil expellers and related machinery.
10TINYTECH Oil Expeller (Working in 85 countries) Works for every oil seed.Capacity 125 kg/hr.Provides fresh oil to 5000 people annually.Runs on 10 HP motor or steam engine.Only 1 person can operate it.Only 300 sq.ft area required.Earns Rs.3 lakh annually.
11OIL GHANI 5 lakh Ghanis were working in India upto 1950. 3 lakh Ghanis can work at present also in India.It provides the healthiest cold pressed edible oil below 50 degree Celsius.Crushing capacity 10 kg per batch of 40 minutes.Works on 2 HP electric motor.Ghani also works for making sweet from Sesame and Jaggery.Sweet making earns Rs per day in winter.Huge scope for engineers to fabricate Ghanis.
13SUGAR vs. JAGGERY 1 ton of sugarcane produces 100 kg of sugar. Or 1 ton of sugarcane produces 140 kg of jaggery.So 40% more production in Jaggery.Sugarcane yield is 35 crore tones annually.Sugar factory requires 50 times more capital than jaggery units of same production capacity.Jaggery units provides 40 times more employment than sugar factories for same capacity.Sugar industry exploits Rs.25,000 crores from the people.Jaggery is full of nutrients & beneficial to body.Sugar is white poison.It has 59 kinds of dangerous side effects.It creates diabetes.It stimulates heart attack.
14JAGGERY WITH POWER30,000 jaggery units are working in India crushing 10 crore tones of sugarcane.1 lakh jaggery units can work in India to crush 35 crore tones of sugarcane.Then India can provide Jaggery to 4 billion people in 150 countries.10 HP motor or diesel engine drives sugarcane crusher to crush 20 tons of sugarcane per day.Huge quantity of heat is wasted in a chimney of furnace.Waste heat can produce steam which will drive sugarcane crusher. So all jaggery units can be power independent.Mono tube boiler placed in a long vertical chimney will be enough to produce power.Huge scope for Engineers to make mono tube boilers, steam engines, sugarcane crushers, boiling pans etc.
16COTTON SPINNING MILLS 3 crore bales of cotton is produced annually. Each bale weighs 170 kg. So total lint cotton production is 500 crore kg.Amber Charkha of 8 spindle can spin 1 kg of yarn per day. 300 kg in a year.So 170 lakhs of Amber Charkhas can spin entire cotton of India in one year. No export of cotton bales.Blow room to roving stage spinning mills can be partially decentralized into 20,000 units owned by village co-operatives.Textile Spinning Mills exploit Rs.1 lakh crore annually.If decentralized into villages, wealth of Rs.1 lakh crore will be transferred to 170 lakh poor families.Huge scope of manufacturing Amber Charkhas and 100 watt D.C motors and photovoltaic panels to run Amber Charkhas.
17Inherent Advantages of Decentralized Textile Industry Local production and local consumption. Hence no transport expense.No bale binding necessary. Huge expense of bale binding is saved.To break the bales and make the cotton fibers loose and parallel is headache for textile mills. Half of the textile machinery is because of bales.Loose cotton spun directly without bale binding makes the cloth 20% more durable.Loose cotton spinning requires only simple machines and spinning process is simplified.Entire centralized system of ginning, bale binding, transporting to city, production in big textile mills, distributing cloth to villages is highly wasteful and exploitative involving many exploitative parties, brokers, commission agents, traders, merchants etc.
18DECENTRALIZED COTTON SPINNING Amber CharkhaRoving stage spinning unit
19POWER HOUSESGiant thermal power houses have installed capacity of 1,70,000 MW.Proposed Huge Nuclear Power Plants can kill India anytime.They exploit Rs.5 lakh crores from people annually.Mass scale scandals in coal mining.Mass scale displacement and eviction of people from their homes and villages.Half of India (i.e. 80% rural homes) have no power connection in their homes.So entire system is cruel, unjust, exploitative, wasteful, polluting and working in favor of handful of billionaires.
20TINY THERMAL POWER PLANT Steam Engine 8 HP.Mono tube Boiler 50 sq.ft heating surface.Alternator 3 KW.Cost Rs. 1.5 lakhs.Scope in India- 3 crores.Scope in the World- 8 crores.Fuel- Rice husks, cotton stalks or wood.Can be converted into solar power plant simply by adding Solar Concentrator.
21SIMPLEST THERMAL POWER PLANT Steam Engine with AlternatorMono Tube Boiler
22Inherent Advantages of Tiny Thermal Power Plants Only 25% investment per KW of giant power plants. So 4 times capacity can be built from the same investment.Very simple technology. Only Steam Engine + Small Boiler becomes Tiny Thermal Power Plant.Direct mechanical power can be used. No electricity generation. So generators, motors, transformers, transmission lines are eliminated.Any fuel or biomass, agricultural waste, crop residue, forestry waste, wood etc. will work.Tiny Ice Plants & Cold Storage can work free of cost from exhaust steam . Cogeneration in oil milling, rice milling, jaggery making will save lot of energy.It will greatly save transport expenses of agricultural produces from villages to cities.It will create dominant rural prosperous happy economy for all.Gestation period is only 4 days instead of 4 years for giant power plants.Water lifting & quick rural electrification by rural people themselves.People can enjoy freedom from the tyranny of electricity companies.
24MY SOLAR CONCENTRATORS Salient Features CHEAPEST in the world. Cost US$140/sq.mt which is 40% of market price.Having fixed focus. So no worry of latitude, polar axis, north south direction or seasonal adjustments.Completely folding and pre-fabricated design with quick assembly at site in 2 days.User friendly in cleaning of mirrors as all mirrors are at human height.No foundation is essential as ready made Folding Base Frame is provided.In 90 sq.mt concentrator, 500 mirrors of 90cm x20cm size installed on 48 swinging beams are provided on the square frame of 11.5mt x 11.5mt which revolves on vertical axis.Each mirror reflector has unique mirror bending device on its back side which concentrates reflected light of 90cm length in to 9 cm length.Unique and ideally suitable alternative for steam cooking system for hostels. It may cook for 800 to 1000 people. Heat power is about 40KW.Tracking is manual. But only one person can manage tracking of 5 such concentrators.Clever electronic engineers can devise tracking system.Every person is free to copy my solar concentrator.Huge scope of 3 crores of Concentrators for SOLAR REVOLUTION in India.Concentrator is so much simple that village blacksmiths, carpenters, welders and clever technicians can fabricate it.
25CEMENT INDUSTRY It is too much centralized giant industry. Only 42 families own 97 giant cement plants each of 1 million tones per annum capacity or bigger.Government earns Rs.150 per bag of cement by way of various taxes.Cement industry exploits Rs. 1,40,000 crores annually.60% rural population can not afford cement for their homes.Most of the cement is used for exploitative infrastructure and not for people. So entire system is cruel, unjust, exploitative, wasteful, polluting and working in favor of handful of billionaires.
27Inherent Advantages of Tiny Cement Plants Cement can be made by very simple tiny equipments.Giant Cement Plant of 1 million ton per annum costs Rs.900 crores i.e. Rs.15 lakh per ton capacity.Tiny Cement Plant costs Rs.2 lakh per ton. So only 14% investment for equal production.Local production, local consumption. No transport.Small pockets of limestone reserves can be utilized.Cement is key commodity for constructing rural homes, wells, check dams, farm warehouses, farm factories, public buildings etc.6 lakh cement plants of 1 ton/day capacity can be established in India to produce 18 crore tones of cement providing employment to 30 lakh people.Cement production at tiny scale will cost Rs.70 per bag.Huge scope for engineers to decentralize cement industry.
28CEMENT FOR SLAVERY? OR CEMENT FOR SWARAJ? CEMENT FROM GIANT CEMENT PLANTS GO FOR CONSTRUCTING-Big highways (Sucking the blood of common masses)-For huge government buildings (Legalized terrorist centers)-For huge dams (Which Gandhiji opposed)-For constructing colleges / universities (Robbers training schools and slaughter houses of culture)-For huge nuclear power plants (Killing entire nation at a stretch)-For ports / airports etc. (Facilitating draining of wealth by MNCs).So ultimately it sucks the entire nation and brings slavery.CEMENT FROM TINY CEMENT PLANTS GO FOR CONSTRUCTING rural homes, check dams, wells, farm structures, godowns, cattle shelters, small cold storages, temples, cultural centers and will contribute to real rural development and real Swaraj.
29DOMESTIC BIO-GAS PLANTS As you buy refrigerator, you can buy ready made bio-gas plant of FRP.No excavation, no masonry, no construction.No cattles required. It works on kitchen waste.Daily 2 kg organic kitchen waste + 10 lit water is required.Generally 4 families generate 2 kg waste daily.Biogas plant will be your permanent cylinder.Effluent 10 liters everyday is excellent organic manure for growing organic vegetables.
30Domestic Biogas Plant Gas Holder (Blue) has 800 lit capacity. Digester (Red) has 1200 lit capacity.Charging of kitchen waste is from the top funnel.Grinding of kitchen waste is required.Bottom valve is for emptying (When shifting the home).No other maintenance.
31BUSINESS OF BIOGAS PLANTS Scope of 7 crores of biogas plants in urban India.It will save Rs.14,000 crores going to gas companies.Two persons can manufacture 1 biogas plant daily as a home industry.Trained technicians available in every town.No electricity connection required.Weight is only 60 kg, but life long strength.Main raw materials include resins and chemicals.Thousands of manufacturers required.Moulds and Dies are available.
32SOLAR COOKERS Domestic Parabolic Solar Cooker Small Community Solar Cooker- 3 sq.mt
33HUGE SCOPE OF SOLAR COOKERS 5 crores of domestic parabolic solar cookers can work in India.25 lakhs of small community parabolic solar cookers can be established in India.2 lakh village blacksmiths and technicians can make solar cookers for Rs.3000 and community cooker for Rs and can earn Rs.1 lakh annually.Crores of tons of biomass and wood fuel can be saved and CO2 pollution can be avoided.There will be huge relief to women from smoke.
34WIND MILLS Home Wind Mill 150W to 500W Water Pumping Wind Mill 20 ft. dia
35HUGE SCOPE OF WIND MILLS 1 crore of Tiny Wind Turbines of 150 W to 500 W can be installed on rural Indian homes.5 lakh water pumping wind mills of 20 ft. dia with cloth sails will greatly contribute to agriculture and Gram Swaraj.These wind turbines and water pumping wind mills are so simple that it can be fabricated by village blacksmiths and technicians.150 W wind turbine with steel blade rotor of 1.5 m dia weighs only 20 kg and cost less than Rs.5000 (If mass produced).Permanent Magnet Generators can be made by electric motor manufacturers.Auto alternators will work in place of PMGs later on.Wind turbines and water pumping wind mills will add the wealth of Rs.5000 crores in villages annually.
36HUGE SCOPE FOR ENGINEERS Scope for 5 crores of Domestic Solar Cookers.Scope for 25 lakh of Small Community Cookers.Scope for 2 crores Large Solar Concentrators.Scope for 1 crore Wind Turbines upto 500 W.Scope for 20 lakh Wind Turbines upto 5 KW.Scope for 2 crores of Steam Engines upto 20 HP.Scope for 3 lakh Oil Expellers.Scope for 3 lakh Rice Hullers.Scope for 6 lakh Tiny Cement Plants Equipments.Scope for 5 lakh Tiny Ice Plants.Scope for 3 lakh Village Soap Plants.Scope for 1 crore Simple Electric Bikes.Scope for earning 1 crore Rupees for 1 lakh Engineers.Above list is partial, not exhaustive.
37Listen to Gandhiji (1)“What is industrialism but a control of the majority by a small minority? There is nothing attractive about it nor is there anything inevitable in it.”
38Listen to Gandhiji (2)“I claim that to industrialize India in the same sense as Europe is to attempt the impossible.”
39Listen to Gandhiji (3)“The present use of machinery tends more and more to concentrate wealth in the hands of a few in total disregard of millions of men and women whose bread is snatched by it out of their mouths.”
40Listen to Gandhiji (4)“The blood of the villages is the cement with which the edifice of the cities is built. I want the blood that is today inflating the arteries of the cities to run once again in the blood vessels of the villages.”
41Listen to Gandhiji (5)“Any country that exposes itself to unlimited foreign competition can be reduced to starvation and therefore, subjection if the foreigners desire it.”
42Listen to Gandhiji (6)“The displacement of village labour is impoverishing the villagers and enriching the moneyed men. If the process continues sufficiently long, the villagers will be destroyed without any further effort. No Chengis Khan could devise a more ingenious or more profitable method of destroying these villages.”
43Listen to Gandhiji (7)“What India needs is not the concentration of capital in a few hands, but its distribution so as to be within easy reach of villages.”