31. Directive 2009/125/EC on the eco-design of Energy-related Products (ErP)
4AimPromotion of sustainable development through free movement of ErP, environmental protection and increased security of energy supply
5Related legislationDirective on management of waste from EEE based on Article 175Directive on the restriction of certain hazardous substances in EEE based on Article 95Existing legislation on minimum energy efficiency requirements based on Article 95Eco-label, EMAS……
6Products coveredIn principle all energy sources are covered, in practice at first products using electricity or fuels
7Household Appliances Washing machines Clothes dryers Dish washing machinesElectric ovensHot platesMicrowavesToastersFryersGrinders, coffee machines and equipment for the opening or sealing of containers or packagesElectric knivesOther appliances for cooking, food processing, cleaning, clothes maintenance; appliances for hair cutting, har drying, tooth brushing, shaving, massaging and other body care appliancesScales
10IT and Consumer Equipment IT equipmentRadiosTelevisionsVideo cameras and recordersHi-fi recorders and audio amplifiersHome theater systemsMusic instrumentsToys, leisure and sports equipmentElectric trains or car racing sets
14Products Not Covered(a) Voltage converters; (b) Uninterruptible power supplies; (c) Battery chargers; (d) Halogen lighting converters; (e) External power supplies for medical devices; (f) External power supplies placed on the market no later than 30 June 2015 as a service part or spare part for an identical external power supply which was placed on the market not later than one year after this Regulation has come into force, under the condition that the service part or spare part, or its packaging, clearly indicates the primary load product(s) for which the spare part or service part is intended to be used with. (g) Means of transport
15ErP features :Structure ErP framework does not create immediate obligations for manufacturers but allows the Commission to do so through implementing measuresImplementing measures are adopted by the Commission assisted by a regulatory CommitteeThey define eco-design requirements, conformity assessment procedures and implementation datesImpact assessment precedes the submission of Commission draft measures)Stakeholders participate throughout the whole process (studies, impact assessments, consultations, preparatory discussions within the Committee)
16Eco-design requirements Generic, aiming at the improvement of the overall environmental performance, focusing on environmental aspects identified in the implementing measureand/orSpecific, in the form of limit values or thresholds for selected environmental aspects with a significant adverse impact on the environment
17Implementing measures Implementing measures are proposed for products which:represent a significant volume of sales and trade in the internal market (indicative threshold units/year) andinvolve a significant environmental impact andpresent a significant potential for improvementThe entire life cycle of the product will be consideredOther aspects (product performance, health&safety, impact on consumers, manufacturers’ competitiveness) are taken into account
18ErP: Stand By Off Mode Implementing Measure The Implementing Measure (IM) for stand by/off mode was adopted in December 2008 by the European Commission and came into force on January 7th, 2009.This is the first implementing measure under the ErP Directive enforced. The purpose of the Stand by/off mode Regulation is to ensure the lowest possible energy use of all household and office products in passive standby and off modes.
19Stand by/off mode Limits Power consumption data in Watts rounded to the second decimal placeBy January 7, 2010: Off Mode not to exceed 1.00W consumptionBy January 7, 2010: Standby Mode not to exceed 1.00W; or 2.00W if providing information or status displayBy January 7, 2013: Off Mode not to exceed 0.50W consumptionBy January 7, 2013: Standby Mode not to exceed 0.50W; or 1.00W if providing information or status display
20External Power Supply Implementing Measure (278/2009)
21Implemeting measure on simple set-top boxes (Set-top boxes are used in cable television and satellite television systems, to transform the signal from the cable or satellite to a form that can be used by the television set or other receiver)Standby modeActive modeSimple STB0,5 W5 WAllowance for display function+0,5 W-Allowance for hard disk+6 WAllowance for second tuner+1 WAllowance for decoding HD signals
23Implementing measure on tertiary lighting Sets requirements for linear and compact fluorescent lampsRequirements on minimum lumen maintenance levelsFrom 2017 (eight years after the regulation takes effect) all fluroescent lamps must be designed to work with an electronic ballast.From 2012 new luminaires must be sold with electronic ballasts and from 2017 magnetic ballasts will not be permitted even for replacement in existing luminaires.Minimum performance requirements for HID (High intensity discharge) lamps, which means phasing out of HPM (High-pressure mercury) lamps, although the largest wattages are phased out first.90 % of the HPS (High-pressure sodium) lamps should have a life time of more than h.Metal halogen lamps should have a minimum life time of hRequirements of directional light sources for street lighting luminaires (not only HID) to reduce light pollution.Minimum performance requirements for all HID lamps to minimize mercury content
24Implementing measure on electric motors From 2011: Minimum energy performance at the IE2 efficiency levelFrom 2015: Minimum energy performance at the IE3 efficiency level, or IE2 if the motor is combined with a Variable Speed Drive (VSD)From 2017: Minimum energy performance at the IE3 efficiency level for all motors
25Implementing measure on circulators in buildings glandless impeller pumps up to 2500Wused primarily for central heating systemsmainly used for the circulation of water in heater applications in buildingsFrom 2013: minimum energy performance of EEI 0,27From 2015: minimum energy performance of EEI 0,23EEI – ratio between annual consumption of the appliance and a standard consumption of a typical similar model
26Implementing measure on televisions Off mode: 0,3 - 0,5 WStandby: 0,5 - 1,0 W (depending on reactivation function etc)Energy labelling requirements for televisionsIn 2014, 2017 and 2020 the efficiency classes A+, A++ and A+++ would be introduced.
27Implementing measure on refrigerators and freezers Compression-type refrigerating appliances:From 1 July 2010: EEI < 55From 1 July 2012: EEI < 44From 1 July 2014:EEI < 42Absorption-type and other-type refrigerating appliances:From 1 July 2010: EEI < 150From 1 July 2012: EEI < 125From 1 July 2015: EEI < 110Three new energy classes: A+, A++ and A+++
29Drafted regulation:Room air conditioning appliances
30Studies completed Boilers Water heaters PC-s and computer monitors Imaging equipmentResidential ventilation and kitchen hoodsElectric pumpsCommercial refrigerators and freezersRefrigerating and freezing equipmentDistribution and power transfomersSolid fuel small combustion installationsLaundry driersVacuum cleanersComplex set-top boxesDirectional lightingNon-tertiary coffee machinesNetworked standby lossesSound and imaging equipmentMedical imaging equipment
31Studies ongoing Local room heatng products Central heating products Domestic and commercial ovensDomestic and commercial hobs and grillsProfessional wet appliances and dryersTertiary air conditionngUninterruptible power suppliesPumps for waste watersLarge pumps and pumps for pools, fountains, aquariumsSpecial motorsCompressorsIndustrial ovensMachine tools
32Harmonised standards in support of the ErP framework “……………...(25) One of the main roles of harmonised standards should be to help manufacturers in applying the implementing measures adopted under this Directive. Such standards could be essential in establishing measuring and testing methods. In the case of generic ecodesign requirements harmonised standards could contribute considerably to guiding manufacturers in establishing the ecological profile of their products in accordance with the requirements of the applicable implementing measure. These standards should clearly indicate the relationship between their clauses and the requirements dealt with. The purpose of harmonised standards should not be to fix limits for environmental aspects.(26) For the purpose of definitions used in this Directive it is useful to refer to relevant international standards such as ISO………………………………………… »
33Harmonised standards in support of the ErP framework (continued) Harmonised standards provide presumption of conformity with the provisions of the applicable implementing measure that they cover (Article 8) i.e., the application of several harmonised standards may be necessary for demonstrating compliance with the implementing measureStandardisation can provide a valuable support for the implementation of ErPstandards may be used for defining measurement and testing methodsthey may also be used to support and guide the assessment of the environmental performance of the product (Annex I) and for communication purposes (Annex I, part 2)standardisation should not be used to tackle political issues, such as fixing a limit for a given environmental aspect
34The ErP mandate – scope The ErP mandate : a programming mandate Standardisation efforts on the following items should be considered, in particular regarding:use of materials derived from recycling activitiesuse of substances …..use of consumablesenergy consumption throughout the life cyclewater consumption throughout the life cycleEase for reuse and recycling as expressed through: number of materials and components used, marking of plastics according to ISO, use of standard components, time necessary for disassembly……………………………………………………………………………………….
35The ErP mandate – scope (continued) Shall be taken into account:Other standards (e.g. the measurement standards for energy labelling or efficiency requirements)guidance documents and technical reports currently available or in preparation in this area at a national or international level (e.g. ISO TR 14062, IEC Guide 109, ISO Guide 64, ISO series),specifications established by interested organisations such as manufacturers’ associations; best practices in industry
36The ErP mandate – stakeholders’ participation “ ……The elaboration of the standardisation programme should be undertaken in co-operation with the broadest possible range of interested groups, including international and European level associations. Those involved should include manufacturers and installers of energy-using products, including SME’s; consumers; environment NGO’s; the waste treatment industry; the competent authorities of the Member States as well as members of the scientific community. In particular, co-operation with environment non-governmental organisations and with organisations representing SME’s is regarded as essential….”
37SummaryErP aims at the sustainable development of energy-using products and deals with product designIt is a framework Directive; legal obligations for manufacturers will come with the implementing measuresThose will be adopted by a transparent process (stakeholder consultation) and adequate analysis (impact assessment)Priority is given to self-regulatory activities by industry
39Waste from Electrical and Electronic Equipment 2. The WEEE DirectiveWaste from Electrical and Electronic EquipmentObjectivesA Producer Responsibility Directive aimed at reducing waste from electrical and electronic products by increasing recovery and recycling and minimising environmental impact.
40WEEE and RoHS Directives the history* 10 years of debate* Wide differences of view* Commission proposal - Summer 2000* Many proposed amendments from MEPs* Common Position - Nov 2001
41Producer - a definition “PRODUCER” means any person or organisation who, irrespective of the selling technique used, including by means of distance communication:1. Manufactures and sells his own brand2. Resells under his own brand3. Imports or exports
42Very wide waste stream, domestic and business to business What Equipment and Products are covered?* All equipment dependent on electrical currents and magnetic fields* Ten indicative categories:1. Large household Toys, leisure and sports2. Small household Medical devices3. IT and telecomms Monitoring equipment4. Consumer equipment Automatic dispensers5. Lighting equipment6. Electrical & Electronic toolsVery wide waste stream, domestic and business to business
43Requirements of the WEEE Directive * Separate collection of WEEE - 4kg per person per year* Treatment according to standards* Recovery and recycling - it sets %age targets* Producer pays from collection onwards* Retailers to offer free take-back* Consumers to return WEEE free of charge* B2B situation unclear and open to member state interpretation
44Requirements for Treatment * All fluids to be removed* Member States to set up quality standards* Treatment facilities to hold permits* Specific storage requirements* Specific dismantling requirements
50European Parliament’s Role * Co-decision procedure* First Reading 15 May 2001* A Second Reading is a certainty* Council to submit Common Position text in November 01
51Views of the European Parliament * 270 amendments in committee* Over 100 in Plenary* More emphasis on Individual Producer Responsibility* MEPs want consumers to be made to separate waste* Want higher collection and recycling targets* They also want the inclusion of consumables
523. RoHS Directive* restriction of the use of certain hazardous substances in electrical and electronic equipment* Complementary to WEEE Directive* WEEE Directive is Article 175* RoHS is Article 95 (single market)
53RoHS Directive - What does it cover? * All the products covered by the WEEE Directive* With the exception of- medical equipment and- monitoring and control equipment* From 2007, the following are banned:- lead- mercury- cadmium- hexavalent chromium- polybrominated biphenyls & polybrominated diphenyl ethers
54Areas that still need resolution and clarification * Collective or Individual Producer Responsibility* Historic Waste - is this legal?* Retroactive legislation - unfair burden on industry* Orphaned products - who will pay?* Producers pay for orphaned products? - penalisesuccessful companies with costs of unsuccessful ones* Visible fees?* In store retailer take-back required? - H&S issues, costs* Treatment permits essential?