Presentation on theme: "Evaluating Costs and Benefits of a Smart"— Presentation transcript:
1Evaluating Costs and Benefits of a Smart Polygeneration Microgrid Project in a University CampusStefano Bracco*, Federico Delfino**, Fabio Pampararo**, Michela Robba*** and Mansueto Rossi**University of Genoa - ITALY*Dept. of Mechanical, Energy, Management & Transportation Engineering**Dept. of Electrical, Naval & ICT Engineering***Dept. of Informatics, Bioengineering, Robotics & Systems Engineering
2Outline of the presentation The Savona Campus: a research & teaching facility of the University of GenoaThe Smart Polygeneration Microgrid (SPM) projectThe Smart Energy Building (SEB) projectEconomic & Environmental AnalysisReduction of annual energy operating costsReduction of CO2 emissionsConclusions
3The Savona Campus: a R&T facility of the University of Genoa 50,000 square meterscourses from the Faculties of Engineering, Medicine, and Media Scienceslaboratories, research centers and private companies (several operating in the environment &energy field)library, residences, canteen, café, etc…
4The Smart Polygeneration Microgrid (SPM) Project Special project in the energy sector funded by the Italian Ministry of Education, University and Research (amount 2.4 M€)SPM is a 3-phase low voltage (400 V line-to-line) “intelligent” distribution system running inside Savona Campus and connecting:2 mCHP Gas Turbine (95kWe, 170 kWth) fed by natural gas;1 PV field (80 kWp);3 CSP equipped with Stirling engines (3 kWe; 9 kWth);1 absorption chiller (H2O/LiBr) with a storage tank;1 electrical storage: NaNiCl2 batteries (100 kWh)2 PEV charging stations.
5SPM one-line diagram: The Smart Polygeneration Microgrid (SPM) Project - 400 V distribution system (ring network, 500m long)five switchboards
6SPM planning, supervision & control system The Smart Polygeneration Microgrid (SPM) ProjectSPM planning, supervision & control system
7SPM ICT infrastructure The Smart Polygeneration Microgrid (SPM) ProjectSPMICT infrastructure
8The Smart Polygeneration Microgrid (SPM) Project Main goals:to build a R&D facility test-bed for both renewable and fossil energy sourcesto promote joint scientific programs among University, industrial companies and distribution network operatorsDay-ahead production scheduling of dispatchable sources and storage exploiting renewables forecast and optimization techniquesto optimize thermal & electrical energy consumptions, minimizing the CO2 emissions, annual operating costs and primary energy use of the whole University Campus
9The Smart Energy Building (SEB) Project Special project in the energy efficiency sector funded by the Italian Ministry for Environment (amount 3.0 M€)SEB is an environmentally sustainable building connected to the SPM, equipped by renewable power plants and characterized by energy efficiency measures:Geothermal heat pumpPV plant on the roof (20 kWp)Micro wind turbine (horizontal axis, 3 kW)High performance thermal insulationmaterials for building applicationsVentilated facades
10SPM & SEB inside the Savona Campus of the University of Genoa SEB is an “active load” of the SPMSEB is an energy “PROSUMER”
13Storage-related research activity SPM OPTIMAL SCHEDULINGDEMS usescosts and revenues functions;forecast of electric and thermal energy demand;operative constraints (equipment ratings, maximum power ramp, etc.);forecast of the renewable units production by resorting to weather services and historical recordsto compute a scheduling for dispatchable sources including storage, which minimizes the daily energy costs. The optimization process has a time-horizon of 1 day (typical of a day-ahead energy market session), subdivided in 15 minutes time-intervals. The optimization method is based on linear programming.This research line results at the storage level in an automatic production shifting application
14Production from dispatchable sources PV Production & Demands Storage-related research activityProduction from dispatchable sourcesPV Production & DemandsStorage state of charge variation on a typical winter day
15Economic & Environmental Analysis Two different scenarios are consideredAS-ISWithout SPM & SEBTO-BEWith SPM & SEBElectrical Energy→ National GridThermal Energy→ 2 boilers (gas,1000 kWth)Electrical Energy→ National Grid + SPM + SEBThermal Energy→ 2 boilers + SPM + SEB
16Including also maintenance cost AS-IS scenario: energy consumptions and operating costsIncluding also maintenance cost
17˜ 37% delivered by SPM and SEB generation units TO BE scenario: share of electricity and heat generationELECTRICITY˜ 37% delivered by SPM and SEB generation unitsHEAT˜ 25% delivered by SPM and SEB generation units
18SPM / SEB energy consumption and production Assumptions:winter operation for mGTs,2000 hours at rated powerabsorption chiller turned off
19Calculation of the total operating costs for the 2 scenarios where:; Mf_k = m3 natural gas used by each mGTand Cm and pf being respectively the maintenance cost and the natural gas price for the mGTs
20Calculation of the total operating costs for the 2 scenarios
21Calculation of the CO2 emissions for the 2 scenarios where: ef-n = tCO2/MWhel (the emission factor of the Italian electrical mix);ηel_Grid =0.9 (national electrical grid efficiency);ef-NG = 1.961·10-3 tCO2/m3 (natural gas emission factor);Of = (natural gas oxidation factor);LHV=9.7·10-3 MWhpe/m3 (natural gas lower heating value).
22Calculation of the CO2 emissions for the 2 scenarios
23Economic & Environmental Analysis Economic and environmental benefits provided by the system SPM + SEB can be further increased by:using the mGTs in trigeneration asset (resorting to the absorption chiller) in order to cool the library of the Savona Campus (now cooled by means of an electrical heat pump) during summer months (+ 600 working hours for the mGTs with respect to the examined case)
24ConclusionsThe “Sustainable Energy” R&D infrastructures under construction at the Savona Campus of the University of Genoa have been described and the main research lines that can be investigated by means of their use have been outlinedAn approach has been presented to assess the Campus operating costs, CO2 emissions and primary energy saving on a yearly time-scaleIt has been shown that the Smart Polygneration Microgrid (SPM) and the Smart Energy Building (SEB) contribute to increase the overall energy efficiency of the Campus, lowering its environmental impactIt should be underlined that the revenues obtained by the improved energy performances of the whole Campus can be then employed to financially support research activities and to yearly upgrade the two pilot plants SPM + SEB
25Thank you for the attention Vale! Federico Delfino University of Genoa – ITALYDept. of Electrical, Naval & ICT EngineeringVale!